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Chapter 6 Chapter 6 Presentation Transcript

  • 1
    Gardner’s Art Through the Ages:The Western Perspective
    Chapter 6
    Italy Before the Romans:
    The Art of the Etruscans
  • 2
    Italy in Etruscan Times
  • 3
    Goals
    • Identify the geographic area of the Etruscan people.
    • Examine the possible origins of Etruscan art and culture.
    • Understand how and why the architecture and art of the Etruscans is different from that of the Greeks.
    • Understand the funerary customs of the Etruscans.
  • 4
    Etruscan Origins and Geographical Locations/Villanovan Period
    • Identify the geographic area of the Etruscan people.
    • Examine the possible origins of Etruscan art and culture.
    • Examine the religious and mythological similarities among the Etruscans, Romans and Greeks.
  • 5
    Early Etruscan Art
    • Examine the orientalized designs of Etruscan jewelry.
    • Understand jewelry making techniques and materials originating in the east.
  • 6
    Figure 6-1 Fibula with Orientalizing lions, from the Regolini-Galassi Tomb, Cerveteri, Italy, ca. 650–640 BCE. Gold, approx. 1’ 1/2” high. Vatican Museums, Rome.
  • 7
    Etruscan Architecture
    • Understand why Etruscan temple architecture is different from Greek architecture.
    • Compare the Etruscan and Greek temples in terms of materials, columns, space, function and placement of statuary.
  • 8
    Figure 6-2 Model of a typical Etruscan temple of the sixth century BCE, as described by Vitruvius. Istituto di Etruscologia e di Antichità Italiche, Università di Roma, Rome.
  • 9
    Etruscan Sculpture
    • Examine the formal qualities of the Etruscan Apollo and the “Sarcophagus of the Cerveteri.”
    • How are both objects unique in terms of materials, poses, and social commentary?
    • Examine the role of women in Etruscan society.
  • 10
    Figure 6-3 Apulu (Apollo), from the roof of the Portonaccio Temple, Veii, Italy, ca. 510–500 BCE. Painted terracotta, approx. 5’ 11” high. Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome.
  • 11
    Figure 6-4 Sarcophagus with reclining couple, from Cerveteri, Italy, ca. 520 BCE. Painted terracotta, approx. 6’ 7” X 3’ 9 1/2”. Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome.
  • 12
    Figure 6-5 Aerial view of Banditaccia necropolis, Cerveteri, Italy, seventh to second centuries BCE.
  • 13
    Figure 6-6 Plan of the Tomb of the Shields and Chairs, Cerveteri, Italy, second half of the sixth century BCE.
  • 14
    Figure 6-7 Interior of the Tomb of the Reliefs, Cerveteri, Italy, third century BCE.
  • 15
    Etruscan Classical and Hellenistic Periods
    • Understand the funerary customs and beliefs of the Etruscans and their resulting artistic forms in tomb architecture, low relief sculpture, and wall painting.
    • Examine later Etruscan art in terms of materials and subject matter as result of contact and being conquered by the Greeks and the Romans.
  • 16
    Etruscan Tombs and Funerary Art
    • Understand the materials, methods and techniques used in Etruscan wall painting.
    • Explore the subject matter in Etruscan painting.
  • 17
    Figure 6-8 Leopards, banqueters, and musicians, detail of mural paintings in the Tomb of the Leopards, Tarquinia, Italy, ca. 480–470 BCE.
  • 18
    Figure 6-9 Diving and fishing, mural paintings in the Tomb of Hunting and Fishing, Tarquinia, Italy, ca. 530–520 BCE.
  • 19
    Classical and Roman Etruscan Art
    • What evidence is present for the influence of the Greeks and Romans in the Etruscan art?
    • What is the importance of the Capitoline Wolf?
  • 20
    Figure 6-10 Capitoline Wolf, from Rome, Italy, ca. 500–480 BCE. Bronze, approx. 2’ 7 1/2” high. Palazzo dei Conservatori, Rome.
  • 21
    Figure 6-11 Chimera of Arezzo, from Arezzo, Italy, first half of fourth century BCE. Bronze, approx. 2’ 7 1/2” high. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Florence.
  • 22
    Figure 6-12 NOVIOS PLAUTIOS, Ficoroni Cista, from Palestrina, Italy, late fourth century BCE. Bronze, approx. 2’ 6” high. Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome.
  • 23
    Figure 6-13 Porta Marzia (Gate of Mars), Perugia, Italy, second century BCE.
  • 24
    Figure 6-14 Sarcophagus of Lars Pulena, from Tarquinia, Italy, early second century BCE. Tufa, approx. 6’ 6” long. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Tarquinia.
  • 25
    Figure 6-15 Aule Metele (Arringatore), from Cortona, near Lake Trasimeno, Italy, early first century BCE. Bronze, approx. 5’ 7” high. Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Florence.
  • 26
    Discussion Questions
    • Where do you believe the Etruscans originated? Why is their origin not known?
    • What does Etruscan wall painting tell us about Etruscan life? How is this different from the wall paintings of the Egyptians? of the Aegean cultures?
    • What aspects of Etruscan art and architecture is unique to them?