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  • 1. 1
    Gardner’s Art Through the Ages:The Western Perspective
    Chapter 10
    In Praise of Allah:
    The Art of the Islamic World
  • 2. 2
    The Islamic World
  • 3. 3
    Goals
    • Examine the origins and roots of the Islamic faith that are manifest in the art and architecture.
    • 4. Understand the near Eastern artistic traditions that shape original forms in the art of Islam.
    • 5. Understand and cite architectural developments and the terminology of Islamic religious, funerary and other structures.
    • 6. Examine the media, techniques and designs that are specific to the art of Islam, particularly in the ‘luxury’ arts.
    • 7. Understand the contributions of Islamic art and ideas to later western art and culture.
  • 4
    Rise of Islam: Early Islamic Architecture and Art
    • Examine the origins and roots of the Islamic faith that are manifest in the art and architecture.
    • 8. Understand the near Eastern artistic traditions that shape original forms in the art of Islam.
    • 9. Understand and cite architectural developments and the terminology of Islamic religious, funerary and other structures.
    • 10. Examine the media, techniques and designs that are specific to the art of Islam, particularly in the ‘luxury’ arts.
    • 11. Understand the contributions of Islamic art and ideas to later western art and culture.
  • 5
    Early Architecture
    • Understand the earliest Islamic architecture as derived from the beliefs and traditions of Muslims.
  • 6
    Figure 10-1 Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 687–692.
  • 12. 7
    Figure 10-2 Interior of the Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 687–692.
  • 13. 8
    Figure 10-3 Aerial view of the Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria, 706–715.
  • 14. 9
    Figure 10-4 Detail of a mosaic in the courtyard arcade of the Great Mosque, Damascus, Syria, 706–715.
  • 15. 10
    Figure 10-5 Plan of the Umayyad palace, Mshatta, Jordan, ca. 740–750 (after Alberto Berengo Gardin). [Key: 1. Entrance gate; 2. Mosque; 3. Small courtyard; 4. Large courtyard; 5. Audience hall.]
  • 16. 11
    The Islamic Artistic Vocabulary
    • Understand the near Eastern artistic traditions that shape original forms in the art of Islam.
    • 17. Understand the various formal design elements that apply to Islamic art and why they are important.
  • 12
    Figure 10-7 Aerial view of the Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia, ca. 836–875.
  • 18. 13
    Figure 10-8 Plan of the Great Mosque, Kairouan, Tunisia, ca. 836–875.
  • 19. 14
    Architectural Developments
    • Understand and cite architectural developments and the terminology of Islamic religious, funerary and other structures.
  • 15
    Figure 10-9 Malwiya minaret of the Great Mosque, Samarra, Iraq, 848–852.
  • 20. 16
    Figure 10-10 Mausoleum of the Samanids, Bukhara, Uzbekistan, early tenth century.
  • 21. 17
    Figure 10-11 Prayer hall of the Great Mosque, Córdoba, Spain, eighth to tenth centuries.
  • 22. 18
    Figure 10-12 Maqsura of the Great Mosque, Córdoba, Spain, 961–965.
  • 23. 19
    Figure 10-13 Dome in front of the mihrab of the Great Mosque, Córdoba, Spain, 961–965.
  • 24. 20
    Figure 10-14 Confronting lions and palm tree, fragment of a textile said to be from Zandana, near Bukhara, Uzbekistan, eighth century. Silk compound twill, 2’ 11” x 2’ 9 1/2”. Musée Historique de Lorraine, Nancy.
  • 25. 21
    Figure 10-15 SULAYMAN, Ewer in the form of a bird, 796. Brass with silver and copper inlay, 1’ 3” high. Hermitage, Saint Petersburg.
  • 26. 22
    Late Islamic Arts and Architecture
    • Examine the media, techniques and designs that are specific to the art of Islam, particularly in the ‘luxury’ arts.
    • 27. Understand the contributions of Islamic art and ideas to later western art and culture.
  • 23
    The Luxury and Useful Arts
    • Explore the art of calligraphy, delicate tile and mosaic, and carpet weaving in their expression of Islamic ideas. Understand the importance of the written and decorative page.
  • 24
    Figure 10-16 Koran page with beginning of surah 18, al-Kahf (The Cave), ninth or early tenth century. Ink and gold on vellum, 7 1/4” x 10 1/4”. Chester Beatty Library and Oriental Art Gallery, Dublin.
  • 28. 25
    Figure 10-17 Muqarnas dome, Hall of the Two Sisters, Alhambra palace, Granada, Spain, 1354–1391.
  • 29. 26
    Figure 10-18 Madrasa-mosque-mausoleum complex of Sultan Hasan (view from the south with the mausoleum in the foreground), Cairo, Egypt, begun 1356.
  • 30. 27
    Figure 10-20 SINAN, Mosque of Selim II, Edirne, Turkey, 1568–1575.
  • 31. 28
    Figure 10-22 SINAN, interior of the Mosque of Selim II, Edirne, Turkey, 1568–1575.
  • 32. 29
    Figure 10-23 Aerial view of the Great Mosque (looking southwest), Isfahan, Iran, eleventh to seventeenth centuries.
  • 33. 30
    Figure 10-24 Winter prayer hall of the Shahi (Imam) Mosque, Isfahan, Iran, 1611–1638.
  • 34. 31
    Weaving in Tile and Wool:Luxury Continued
    • Examine the extraordinary Islamic tile and mosaic designs.
    • 35. Understand the carpet tradition and its expression of faith.
  • 32
    Figure 10-25 Mihrab from the Madrasa Imami, Isfahan, Iran, ca. 1354. Glazed mosaic tilework, 11’ 3” X 7’ 6”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  • 36. 33
    Figure 10-26 MAQSUD OF KASHAN, carpet from the funerary mosque of Shaykh Safi al-Din, Ardabil, Iran, 1540. Knotted pile of wool and silk, 34’ 6” X 17’ 7”. Victoria and Albert Museum, London.
  • 37. 34
    Figure 10-29 MUHAMMAD IBN AL-ZAYN, basin (Baptistère de Saint Louis), from Egypt, ca. 1300. Brass, inlaid with gold and silver, 8 3/4” high. Louvre, Paris.
  • 38. 35
    Figure 10-30 Canteen with episodes from the life of Christ, from Syria, ca. 1240–1250. Brass, inlaid with silver, 1’ 2 1/2” diameter. Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
  • 39. 36
    Discussion Questions
    • What is the role of art and architecture in the Islamic world?
    • 40. What do you think are the most impressive visual qualities of Islamic art?
    • 41. What are some of the unique feature of Islamic mosques, mausoleums and madrasas?