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  • 1. GMO-A New, Healthier Fast Food??? Andrea Vo Psychobiology HC177: Biotech & Art
  • 2. Abstract Many children and adults in America become obese or nutrient-deficient because they eat too much fast food. Instead of eating vegetables and fruits, they snack on fries and fats and oils. I propose to genetically modify the foods that fast food places serve to incorporate some of the necessary nutrients within the French fries, burgers, and other fast foods. The problems of GMO in fast foods would probably include the high costs of production and perhaps detrimental effects on the environment and consumers. http://thestockmasters.com/images/mcdonalds- However, with thorough research and fat.jpg comprehensive testing, I hope to market this new and improved fast food out as a healthier, cost-effective indulgence.
  • 3. Concept Genetically modified foods is still a new project undergoing testing. I will take GMOs a step further to introduce it into mainstream fast foods to help rectify nutritional deficiencies among many Americans.1 Inducing potatoes to produce vitamins naturally and hamburger buns to have iron and certain minerals can help alleviate Americans who eat fast foods often to regain a healthier balance in their diets.
  • 4. Context & Precedents 67% of Americans over 20 are overweight, and 34% are obese. Although Americans are “overfed” in carbohydrates, fats, and sodium, they are deficient in several key nutrients.2 Potassium, Vitamin E, Vitamin A, and iron are several minerals and vitamins we lack as a result of our unhealthy diets.3 An example of a successful GMO is “Golden Rice” attempted to address the Vitamin A deficiency in poorer parts of the world.3 Because many people ate rice in those communities, engineering rice to produce beta-carotene that would convert to Vitamin A helped introduce the needed essentials to people who would otherwise lack these nutrients.
  • 5. Project Proposal Genetically modified potatoes used to make French fries will incorporate vitamins. Instead of purely eating salt and starch, fast-food consumers will also be ingesting a portion of their daily nutrient values, such as Vitamin A of the original “Golden Rice.” + = http://images.clipartof.com/small/404 http://www.streetsedge.com/images/fr http://www.mmeade.com/cheat 16-Clipart-Illustration-Of-A-Healthy- enchfries.jpg /vitabot2.gif Little-Boy-Smiling-And-Running.jpg
  • 6. Nutrient-Pumped Hamburgers Also, fast food burgers will have modified buns, lettuce, and tomatoes that are genetically modified to include fiber and vitamins. The flour used to make hamburger buns will be engineered to have iron, while the lettuce will have potassium and calcium. Consumers will be able to consume part of their daily values than only fats and oils when they order hamburgers. http://brandonblattner.com/home/wp- content/uploads/2010/01/famous-cartoon-character-popeye1.jpg
  • 7. Some problems that arise from GMOs in our fast foods include the costs it will undoubtedly have on research and production. Also, the effect of these foods on the environment and people may be adverse. However, I hope that with thorough research, GMOs can be accomplished successfully and safely. Also I would like to mass-produce these fast foods inexpensively for those in developing countries or poorer communities as part of a fight against world hunger/nutrient deficiency. http://www.community.nsw.gov.au/DOCSwr/_assets/annual_report07/images/overview_kid s.jpg
  • 8. The concept of a “healthier fast-food” is perhaps paradoxical. However, many of us eat fast foods out of convenience or taste to the point that we neglect nutritional values. If we are able to genetically modify these foods to incorporate just a few of these nutrients and mass-produce it, children and adults alike can supplement their diets with calcium, iron, and vitamins. This is of course not a complete substitute for a truly healthy meal, but it can still considerably lessen some nutritional http://www.unc.edu/world/College_Updat deficiencies in the world. es_2009/world-globe.jpg
  • 9. Reference 1. “Obesity and Overweight.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2010-2-11 <http://www.faqs.org/nutrition/Diab-Em/Dietary-Trends- American.html> 2. Herbes, Kirsten. “Dietary Trends, American.”Facts.org. 2010-2-11. <http://www.faqs.org/nutrition/Diab-Em/Dietary-Trends-American.html> 3. “Missing Nutrients: Where Our Diets Fall Short.” Dole. 2010-2-11 <http://www.dole.com/LiveRight/Prevention/PreventionDetails/tabid/837/Defa ult.aspx?contentid=4362> 4. “Golden Rice an Effective Source of Vitamin A.” Science Daily. 2010-2-11 <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090513121102.htm>
  • 10. Bibliography 1. “20 Questions on Genetically Modified (GM) Foods.” World Health Organization. 2010-2-11. http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/biotech/20questions/en/ 2. “Avoiding Nutritional Deficiencies.” Active Network. 2010-2-11. http://www.active.com/running/Articles/Avoiding_nutrient_deficiencies_21642.htm 3. “Five Nutritional Deficiencies and how to correct them.” Cortlandt Forums. 2010-2-11. hp://www.cortlandtforum.com/5-nutritional-deficiencies-and-how-to-correct-them/article/121111/ 4. “Golden Rice.” Living on Earth. 2010-2-11. <http://www.loe.org/shows/segments.htm?programID=09- P13-00005&segmentID=3> 5. “Golden Rice an Effective Source of Vitamin A.” Science Daily. 2010-2-11. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/05/090513121102.htm 6. “Golden Rice is part of the solution.” Golden Rice.org. 2010-2-11. http://www.goldenrice.org/ 7. Herbes, Kirsten. “Dietary Trends, American.”Facts.org. 2010-2-11. <http://www.faqs.org/nutrition/Diab- Em/Dietary-Trends-American.html> 8. “McDonald’s USA Nutrition Facts.” McDonalds. 2010-2-11. http://nutrition.mcdonalds.com/nutritionexchange/nutrition_facts.html 9. “Missing Nutrients: Where Our Diets Fall Short.” Dole. 2010-2-11 <http://www.dole.com/LiveRight/Prevention/PreventionDetails/tabid/837/Default.aspx?contentid=4362> 10. “Obesity and Overweight.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2010-2-11 <http://www.faqs.org/nutrition/Diab-Em/Dietary-Trends-American.html>