E&P Def. Answers

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definitions for elements and principles of design

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E&P Def. Answers

  1. 1. ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN ELEMENTS SPACE- Areas “leftover” in an artwork. SHAPE- A flat, two-dimensional area with height and width, which might have an edge, or outline, around it. FORM- A three-dimensional object, such as a cube or a ball. LINE- A mark on a surface created by a pen, pencil, or brush. TEXTURE- The way something feels or looks like it feels. VALUE- The lightness or darkness of a color. Tints have a light value. Shades have a dark value. COLOR- The visual quality of objects caused by the amount of light reflected by them. Also know as hue. PRINCIPLES BALANCE- The way an artwork is arranged to make different parts seem equally important. EMPHASIS- Importance given to certain objects or areas in an artwork. Color, texture, shape, space, and size can be used to create dominance, contrast, or a focal point. RHYTHM- The repetition of elements, such as lines, shapes, or colors, that create a feeling of visual motion in an artwork. VARIETY- The combination of elements of art, such as line, shape, or color, to provide interest in an artwork. PATTERN- Repeated colors, lines, shapes, forms, or textures in an artwork. PROPORTION- The relation of the parts, or sizes, of an artwork to each other and to the whole. UNITY- The quality of seeming whole and complete, with all parts looking right together. THREE STYLES OF ART REALISM- A style of art that represents people, places, objects, or events as they are perceived by the senses. ABSTRACT- A style of art that is not realistic. Abstract art usually contains geometric shapes, bold colors, and lines. NON-OBJECTIVE- A type of art that usually shows color, form, and texture, but has no recognizable subject, such as a person or an animal.

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