On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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Child labour The term “child labour” is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.
CHILD LABOUR WORLDWIDE Source: http://www.ilo.org/ipec/areas/lang--en/index.htm http://www.stopchildlabour.eu
Cause of child labour POVERTY Poverty is the main cause of child labour but it is a symptom as well. Poor parents send their children to work for reasons of economic expediency. Millions of children around the world have to work to support themselves and their families, especially in South Asia and Africa. Source: http://uk.oneworld.net/guides/chillabour http://www.freethechildren.com
Education is the key to ending the exploitation of children. If an education system is to attract and retain children, its quality and relevance must be improved as well. Laws specifically covering child labour are not enough. Although, many countries have national child labour laws that establish a minimum age for work and regulate working conditions. But, these laws tend to be effective in combating child labour abuses in the formal sector in urban areas. Source: http://www.freethechildren.com http://www.ifm-sei.org
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
Convention 138 of the International Labour
Convention 182 of the International Labour
ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination
of Child Labour (IPEC)
Facts and result More than 200 million children worldwide are still in child labour and a staggering 115 million at least, are subject to its worst forms. Many countries which have ratified the Convention are failing to set themselves time-bound objectives, the essential driver for meaningful national policy initiatives. A major review published by the ILO in 2010 says that “the pace of progress is not fast enough to achieve the 2016 target." Although almost every country has laws prohibiting the employment of children below a certain age, but legislation too often proves ineffective. New laws periodically introduced in South Asia are shrugged off by hardened business owners and disillusioned campaigners alike. Source: Facts on Child Labour 2010 (ILO) Source: http://uk.oneworld.net/guides/chillabour