Indian political system
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Indian political system

on

  • 24,934 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
24,934
Views on SlideShare
24,911
Embed Views
23

Actions

Likes
2
Downloads
880
Comments
3

4 Embeds 23

http://localhost 13
http://www.socialization.me 5
http://socialization.me 3
https://twitter.com 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Indian political system Presentation Transcript

  • 1. INDIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM:DEMOCRACY AND CITIZEN’S RIGHT TO INFLUENCE GOVERNMENT
  • 2. 1.INTRODUCTION
    2.POLITICAL SYSTEM
    3.3 PILLARS OF POLITICAL SYSTEM
    4.POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
    5.ELECTION COMMISION
    6.PRESIDENT’S RULE
    7.JAMMU AND KASHMIR :SPECIAL CASE
    OVERVIEW
  • 3. REPUBLIC OF INDIA
    TYPE OF GOVERNMENT:MULTIPARTY SYSTEM
    LARGEST DEMOCRACY OF THE WORLD
    HEAD OF THE STATE: HON’PRATHIBHA D.PATIL
    HEAD OF THE GOVERNMENT:DR.M.SINGH
    INTRODUCTION
  • 4.
    • India is a federal state with its central government and capital in NEW DELHI.
    • 5. India comprises of 29 states and 7 union territories.
    POLITICAL SYSTEM
  • 6.
    • EXECUTIVE
    • 7. JUDICIARY
    • 8. LEGISLETURE
    3 PILLARS OF POLITICAL SYSTEM
  • 9.
    • Comprises of PRESIDENT, v.president and the council of minister
    • 10. All the executive powers are vested in president, who acts on the advice on the council of ministers.
    • 11. PRIME MINISTER is the leader of majority party and the parliament who heads the council of ministers.
    1.EXECUTIVE
  • 12. It is a system in which three or more political parties have the capacity to gain the control of government separately or in coalition
    It is essential for representative democracies, it prevent the leadership of the single party from setting out policy without challenge.
    Examples are TAIWAN, GERMANY,INDIA,DENMARK FRANCE
    MULTIPARTY SYSTEM
  • 13. When three or more parties controls the government and government thus formed is called coalition government
    For e.g. UPA- inc,dmk,tdp,ncp
    NDA- bjp,jd(u),rastriyalokdal
    3RD FRONT-cpi, cpm,forward block,trs,jd(s),aiadmk
    COALITION GOVERNMENT
  • 14. HON’SUPREME COURT-comprises of chief justice and 25 other judges appointed by the president
    Judges hold the office till 65 yrs. Of age
    President may consult the supreme court or any question of factor law of public importance
    C.J.I-MR.K.G.BALAKRISHNAN
    He is the first ST c.j.i. of India
    2.judiciary
  • 15. High courts-18 high courts
    Judges are appointed by the president in the consultation of c.j.i and the governor of the state
    each high court has powers of superintendence over all courts within its jurisdiction
    Continued…………….
  • 16. Parliament has the power to make laws for the whole or any part of territory of India
    List 1 of the constitution
    State legislature have the power to make the laws for the states.
    List 2 of the constitution
    List 3-combining parliament and state legislatures
    3.LEGISLATURE
  • 17. Parliament comprise of two houses-lok sabha and rajyasabha
    Lok sabha-(lower house)-elected directly by the people of India
    545 seats, 2 of which are selected by president which represents Anglo Indian community
    Head of lok sabha-elected by the Mps
    Current lok Sabah speakar-Meira Kumar
    First lady speaker in the history of republic of India
    POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
  • 18. Rajya sabha(upper house)-indirectly selected by the people India
    245 members
    233 represent states and union territories
    12 members are nominated by president
    Continued…………..
  • 19. Established on 25 jan.1950
    1st election was on 1952
    17 crore 60 lakh people took part in which 85% are illiterate and 15% are literate
    Shiv Kumar sen was the 1st chief election commissioner
    Mr.Navin chawla is the current chief election commissioner
    ELECTION COMMISION OF INDIA
  • 20. World’s busiest election commission
    Average election per year-5
    Golden period-Mr. T.N. SHESHAN(1990-96)
    Demerits-power regarding the disqualification
    e.g. VARUN GANDHI’s speech in pilibhit
    Can’t say that the ruling government does not influences its working
    CONTINUED……………..
  • 21. It is the only state in India which enjoys special autonomy under the article 370 of constitution of India
    According to which no law can be enacted by the parliament of India excepts in field of defense, communication and foreign policy
    Supreme court jurisdiction has been extended over J&k
    Only state which has its own flag and constitution
    Indians from other state can’t purchase property in J&K
    Under armed forces act, Indian armed forces has been enforced
    JAMMU AND KASHMIR:SPECIAL CASE
  • 22. Used when state legislature and state executive are dissolved and state is under direct federal rule enabled by article 356
    Article 356 gives authority to central government to president’s rule if there has been failure of constitutional machinery of the state
    Earlier on it was become usual practice to use this power till the land mark case of S.R.BOMMAI vs. UNION OF INDIA
    PRESIDENT’RULE IN INDIA