Wiki Olympics Greek Art PresentationPresentation Transcript
Greek Art and Architecture
The Francois Vase
Named after discoverer, Alexander Francois
Discovered in Etruscan tomb in 1844
Circa 570/560 BCE
Black on yellow painting technique, used in the Classical period
Vase style: amphora. Used for food storage
Four friezes from bottom to top depicting scenes from Greek mythology, such as the Calydonian Boar Hunt on the lower freize. The Calydonian Boar was a mythological monster. Shows the dominance of violence in Greek society. All four friezes tell the story of several gory and violent scenes in mythology.
Niobid Painter: Apollo and Artemis Slaying Children of Niobid
In mythology: Niobe was the wife of King Amphion, ruler of Thebes. A woman with many children, Niobe boasted to Leo about all of her children, since Leo’s only children were Apollo and Artemis. The two children avenged their mother’s grief and killed all of Niobe’s children.
Yellow on black vase, reverse of Francois vase
Circa 460 BCE
Shows evolution of quality of vases—at this point vases were glossed by letting air into the kiln.
Krater vase, used for mixing wine and water
Krater Vase Characteristics of vase: Shows the lack of morals and the overwhelming sense of competition during this era. The Greeks allowed destructive feelings, such as jealousy, to take over their lives.
Temple of Apollo
Built circa 450-400 BCE
Seven of the original 36 columns are still standing
Temple was destroyed by earthquakes
Built in the Greek city of Corinth
Like most doric columns they have no base and are wide and heavy
Shaft is monolithic, meaning it is one piece of stone instead of having several different parts
Made of porous stone and very soft limestone, causing the building to decay over time
Exemplification of the concept of symmetry exercised in the structure of Greek buildings. All columns are evenly spaced and equal in size. Doric capital Monolithic shaft No base