http://www.bibleplaces.com/moabedom.htm Moab is the land where Ruth lived. She married one of the sons of Elimelech and Naomi, before following her mother-in-law to Bethlehem. At the time Judah was experiencing a severe famine, but Moab was apparently receiving more rainfall. This may be explained by the elevated plateau that Moab is on.
The Middle Assyrian Empire (1392-1180 BCE) Ruled Assyria during the Time of Ruth Tukulti-Ninurta, brutal Assyrian king who ruled from 1248-1208 before being killed in his palace which nobles and son set on fire Ashur was the principal god of the Assyrians
The Kassites and Hittites Ruled in Babylonia, (ca. 1600-717 BCE) This ziggurat was built 14 th century BCE and was used until the 11 th century
The Lion’s Gate at Boghazkoy, Anatolia, from a Famous Hittite Palace The Hittite Empire period was 1343-1200 BCE
It’s clear that there is levirate marriage in the Torah – the Tamar and Judah story – the laws of which most closely resemble Hittite Law
Unclear in the Torah if what Tamar and Judah do is desirable
Most probably the kinsman-redeemer in Ruth is not legally obligated to marry Ruth, but is he morally obligated to do so?
What do you think, based on the laws and ideas you’ve seen from the ancient Near East?
Here’s Something Else: How Does Boaz Begin the Transaction with the Kinsman-Redeemer ?
10 ‘Moreover, Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I acquired to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place; ye are witnesses this day.' What do you think of Boaz’s actions now?
Is Going Beyond the Bounds of the Law Really What We Need to Do?
Lot’s daughters went beyond the law and slept with their father in order to continue the world. From them, we get Ammon and Moab
Tamar goes beyond what is required of her and Perez, Boaz’s ancestor, comes from her What do both Ruth and Boaz do that is beyond what one would expect legally? What do they merit?
The Torah is not just a Code of Laws; It is a Code of Honor Happy Shavuoth!