CAMPING OUT: Israel in the  Midbar
א    וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל - מֹשֶׁה  בְּמִדְבַּר סִינַי ,  בְּאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד :   בְּאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי בַּשָּׁנָה הַשּ...
What is the Sinai Peninsula exactly? <ul><li>The Sinai Peninsula lies between Egypt and Israel and is comprised of three m...
 
Monastery of St. Catherine
ב    אִישׁ עַל - דִּגְלוֹ בְאֹתֹת לְבֵית אֲבֹתָם ,  יַחֲנוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל :   מִנֶּגֶד ,  סָבִיב לְאֹהֶל - מוֹעֵד יַחֲ...
THE FAMOUS STANDARD OF UR <ul><li>Though the work is called a “standard,” we don’t really know if it was used as such </li...
THE ARCH OF TITUS <ul><li>This triumphal arch was built in 81 CE to commemorate Titus’ defeat of the Jews </li></ul><ul><l...
THE FAMOUS BATTLE  OF KADESH Reliefs are from the Temple of Abu Simbel
<ul><li>Spies being beaten to give Ramses II information about his Hittite enemy’s position </li></ul>
Reconstruction of  the Battle of Kadesh
Peace Treaty between Ramses II and the Hittite king, Muwatalish <ul><li>After a four-day battle with heavy losses on both ...
Ramses’ Army <ul><li>Was divided into four camps that marched under the protective banner, “standard”, of a god </li></ul>...
B’nai Yisrael’s Camp
The Jewish Temple at Elephantine
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  • Military Encampments In The Ancient World For Slide Share

    1. 1. CAMPING OUT: Israel in the Midbar
    2. 2. א    וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל - מֹשֶׁה בְּמִדְבַּר סִינַי , בְּאֹהֶל מוֹעֵד :  בְּאֶחָד לַחֹדֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי בַּשָּׁנָה הַשֵּׁנִית , לְצֵאתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם -- לֵאמֹר . 1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai , in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying: Numbers 1:1 SEFER BAMIDBAR NUMBERS
    3. 3. What is the Sinai Peninsula exactly? <ul><li>The Sinai Peninsula lies between Egypt and Israel and is comprised of three main parts: the coastal plain in the north, the central plateau with its cliffs of white limestone, and the southern, mountainous region. </li></ul>
    4. 5. Monastery of St. Catherine
    5. 6. ב    אִישׁ עַל - דִּגְלוֹ בְאֹתֹת לְבֵית אֲבֹתָם , יַחֲנוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל :  מִנֶּגֶד , סָבִיב לְאֹהֶל - מוֹעֵד יַחֲנוּ . 2 'The children of Israel shall pitch by their fathers' houses; every man with his own standard, according to the ensigns . . . . Numbers 2:2 What is a standard?
    6. 7. THE FAMOUS STANDARD OF UR <ul><li>Though the work is called a “standard,” we don’t really know if it was used as such </li></ul><ul><li>Leonard Woolley, the man who excavated Ur, named the work a “standard” </li></ul>
    7. 8. THE ARCH OF TITUS <ul><li>This triumphal arch was built in 81 CE to commemorate Titus’ defeat of the Jews </li></ul><ul><li>The carrying of standards can be seen clearly here </li></ul><ul><li>Rulers wrote the name of the cities they had conquered on the standards </li></ul>
    8. 9. THE FAMOUS BATTLE OF KADESH Reliefs are from the Temple of Abu Simbel
    9. 10. <ul><li>Spies being beaten to give Ramses II information about his Hittite enemy’s position </li></ul>
    10. 11. Reconstruction of the Battle of Kadesh
    11. 12. Peace Treaty between Ramses II and the Hittite king, Muwatalish <ul><li>After a four-day battle with heavy losses on both sides, the two kings were persuaded to sign a peace treaty, the world’s first one. </li></ul><ul><li>A copy of it can be found at the United Nations headquarters </li></ul>
    12. 13. Ramses’ Army <ul><li>Was divided into four camps that marched under the protective banner, “standard”, of a god </li></ul><ul><li>Ramses II personally led the division of Amun </li></ul><ul><li>The other three camps were Re, Ptah, and Seth </li></ul>
    13. 14. B’nai Yisrael’s Camp
    14. 15. The Jewish Temple at Elephantine

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