(1) When the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the returned exiles were building a temple to God, (2) they approached Zerubbabel and the chiefs of clans and said to them, “Let us build with you, since we too worship your God, having offered sacrifices to Him since the time of Esarhaddon of Assyria, who brought us here.”
The Hittites used a pole or tree shown by the gate of a city or a building to represent the freedom rights of the place.
In Hittite laws, the building of a pole or tree was found in connection with the freedom rights granted to the people of three holy cities: Nerik, Arinna, and Ziplanta.
Upon return from exile, cultures like the Hittite one often showed freedom and liberation by having altars rebuilt, returning sheep and cattle to their herds, and having mothers caring for their sons, and cows, for their calves.
In the Rosetta Stone, King Ptolemy V of Epiphanes is thanked for the liberation he proclaimed in 197 BCE when he was crowned ptolemy.
Among his proclamations: grants to temples, cancellation of taxes owed to the king, freeing of prisoners, cancellation of debts owed to the king by the temples, pardon for exiled rebels, remission of debts owed by priests to the king, restoration of temples