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Integration For Shir Ha Shirim
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Integration For Shir Ha Shirim


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    • 1. Art of the Natural World: Inspired by Shir ha-Shirim
    • 2. Shir ha-Shirim uses nature to describe love – ultimately the love between God and B’nai Yisrael Let’s see how other cultures use nature
    • 3. Song of Songs 2:8-9
      • 8 Hark! my beloved! behold, he cometh, leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.
      • 9 My beloved is like a gazelle or a young hart; behold, he standeth behind our wall, he looketh in through the windows, he peereth through the lattice.
      • ח   קוֹל דּוֹדִי , הִנֵּה - זֶה בָּא ; מְדַלֵּג , עַל - הֶהָרִים -- מְקַפֵּץ , עַל - הַגְּבָעוֹת .
      • ט   דּוֹמֶה דוֹדִי לִצְבִי , אוֹ לְעֹפֶר הָאַיָּלִים ; הִנֵּה - זֶה עוֹמֵד , אַחַר כָּתְלֵנוּ -- מַשְׁגִּיחַ מִן - הַחַלֹּנוֹת , מֵצִיץ מִן - הַחֲרַכִּים .
    • 4. Storage jar from the Chalcolithic period, 8000-2000 BCE, found in modern day Iran
    • 5. Vessel stand with ibex support, 2600-2350 BCE. Mesopotamia. Copper inlaid with shells and lapis lazuli
    • 6. Vessel terminating in the forepart of a stag, ca. 15 th -13 th century BCE, silver inlay with gold
    • 7. Humans have often responded to the lushness of the spring landscape:
      • 11 For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone;
      • 12 The flowers appear on the earth; the time of singing is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land;
      • 13 The fig-tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines in blossom give forth their fragrance. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away.
      • יא   כִּי - הִנֵּה הַסְּתָו , עָבָר ; הַגֶּשֶׁם , חָלַף הָלַךְ לוֹ .
      • יב   הַנִּצָּנִים נִרְאוּ בָאָרֶץ , עֵת הַזָּמִיר הִגִּיעַ ; וְקוֹל הַתּוֹר , נִשְׁמַע בְּאַרְצֵנוּ .
      • יג   הַתְּאֵנָה חָנְטָה פַגֶּיהָ , וְהַגְּפָנִים סְמָדַר נָתְנוּ רֵיחַ ; קוּמִי לכי ( לָךְ ) רַעְיָתִי יָפָתִי , וּלְכִי - לָךְ . 
      Song of Songs 2:11-13
    • 8. Song of Songs 2:14-15
      • 14 O my dove, that art in the clefts of the rock, in the covert of the cliff, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet is thy voice, and thy countenance is comely.’
      • 15 'Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vineyards; for our vineyards are in blossom.'
      • יד   יוֹנָתִי בְּחַגְוֵי הַסֶּלַע , בְּסֵתֶר הַמַּדְרֵגָה , הַרְאִינִי אֶת - מַרְאַיִךְ , הַשְׁמִיעִנִי אֶת - קוֹלֵךְ :  כִּי - קוֹלֵךְ עָרֵב , וּמַרְאֵיךְ נָאוֶה . 
      • טו   אֶחֱזוּ - לָנוּ , שֻׁעָלִים -- שֻׁעָלִים קְטַנִּים , מְחַבְּלִים כְּרָמִים ; וּכְרָמֵינוּ , סְמָדַר .
    • 9. Ti hunting Hippopotami, relief from the mastaba of Ti, 2450-2350 BCE, Old Kingdom Hippopotami were symbols of chaos in Egypt, so Ti is shown here defeating chaos
    • 10. Fowling Scene with Nebamun, an Egyptian nobleman, 1400-1350 BCE, New Kingdom, Egypt.
    • 11. Spring Fresco, 1650 BCE, the world’s first true landscape. Minoan art, Akrotiri, Thera, modern day Greece Note the doves
    • 12. The Lover/Israel as an Enclosed Garden
      • 12 A garden shut up is my sister, my bride; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.
      • 13 Thy shoots are a park of pomegranates, with precious fruits; henna with spikenard plants,
      • 14 Spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices.
      • 15 Thou art a fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and flowing streams from Lebanon.
      • יב   גַּן נָעוּל , אֲחֹתִי כַלָּה ; גַּל נָעוּל , מַעְיָן חָתוּם .
      • יג   שְׁלָחַיִךְ פַּרְדֵּס רִמּוֹנִים , עִם פְּרִי מְגָדִים :  כְּפָרִים , עִם - נְרָדִים .
      • יד   נֵרְדְּ וְכַרְכֹּם , קָנֶה וְקִנָּמוֹן , עִם , כָּל - עֲצֵי לְבוֹנָה ; מֹר , וַאֲהָלוֹת , עִם , כָּל - רָאשֵׁי בְשָׂמִים .
      • טו   מַעְיַן גַּנִּים , בְּאֵר מַיִם חַיִּים ; וְנֹזְלִים , מִן - לְבָנוֹן .
      Song of Songs 4:12-15
    • 13. Second Style Wall Painting, from the Villa of Livia, Augustus’ wife, Primaporta, Italy, ca. 30-20 BCE. In ancient Rome, the rich could enjoy spring gardenscapes all year with these trompe l’eoil walls
    • 14. Master of the Upper Rhine, Garden of Paradise , ca. 1415
    • 15. Sandro Botticelli, Primavera, ca. 1482, Renaissance Italy
    • 16. The Swing by Jean-Honore Fragonard, 1767 Rococo art of the 18 th century focused on the aristocratic class at play in lush landscapes and gardens
    • 17. The beloved is like a kingly palace in a majestic setting:
      • 5 Thy neck is as a tower of ivory; thine eyes as the pools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bath-rabbim; thy nose is like the tower of Lebanon which looketh toward Damascus.
      • 6 Thy head upon thee is like Carmel, and the hair of thy head like purple; the king is held captive in the tresses thereof.
      • ה   צַוָּארֵךְ , כְּמִגְדַּל הַשֵּׁן ; עֵינַיִךְ בְּרֵכוֹת בְּחֶשְׁבּוֹן , עַל - שַׁעַר בַּת - רַבִּים -- אַפֵּךְ כְּמִגְדַּל הַלְּבָנוֹן , צוֹפֶה פְּנֵי דַמָּשֶׂק .
      • ו   רֹאשֵׁךְ עָלַיִךְ כַּכַּרְמֶל , וְדַלַּת רֹאשֵׁךְ כָּאַרְגָּמָן :  מֶלֶךְ , אָסוּר בָּרְהָטִים .
      Song of Songs 7:5-6
    • 18. During the early 19 th century, America imagined itself kingly and majestic as well
      • WHOEVER has made a voyage up the Hudson must remember the Kaatskill mountains. They are a dismembered branch of the great Appalachian family, and are seen away to the west of the river, swelling up to a noble height, and lording it over the surrounding country. Every change of season, every change of weather, indeed, every hour of the day, produces some change in the magical hues and shapes of these mountains, and they are regarded by all the good wives, far and near, as perfect barometers. When the weather is fair and settled, they are clothed in blue and purple , and print their bold outlines on the clear evening sky, but, sometimes, when the rest of the landscape is cloudless, they will gather a hood of gray vapors about their summits, which, in the last rays of the setting sun, will glow and light up like a crown of glory. – Description of the Catskill Mountains in “Rip Van Winkle” by Washington Irving
    • 19. The Hudson River School in America The painters did in art what the writers did in literature
    • 20. The Hudson River School, Rocky Mountains, Lander’s Peak, 1863, by Albert Bierstadt, one of the school’s founders
    • 21. Twilight in the Wilderness, 1860, Frederic Edwin Church, another Hudson River School artist
    • 22. Thomas Cole, The Ox Bow , 1836, from the Hudson River School in America