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Height And Light
 

Height And Light

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Height And Light Height And Light Presentation Transcript

  • HEIGHT AND LIGHT The Great Cathedrals of the Middle Ages
  • The Romanesque Era The Lead-Up to the Gothic Age
  • Aerial view of the Abbey of Conques Built 1050-1100
  • . . . . to see relics like this one Pilgrims traveled to churches
  • Reliquary of Sainte Foy
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  • Nave of the church of Sainte Foy
  • The Last Judgment was a typical subject matter for portals in the Romanesque era
  • The Age of the Great Cathedrals Chartres Cathedral Thirteenth Century
  • Chartres Cathedral Cathedrals towered over cities of the Middle Ages
  • The plan of Romanesque and Gothic churches often resembles that of a cross. The basic parts are nave, transept and apse. Chartres’ Plan, Its Basic Layout:
  • The Flying Buttress: A Great Innovation of The Gothic Cathedral The flying buttress allowed the stone walls of a cathedral to be eliminated and replaced by stained glass windows that let in “ lux nova,” what Abbot Suger called “new light.” Flying buttresses absorb the pressure of the weight of a cathedral’s masonry
  • Chartres’ nave: a worshiper would feel insignificant in this building that reminded him that God has ultimate power (and the way to reach God, of course, was through the church)
  • Chartres’ nave arcade, triforium and clerestory windows
    • Paris
    • Chartres
    • Reims
    • Amiens
  • Churches were illuminated by beautiful stained glass windows
  • One of the most famous stained glass windows from Chartres: Notre-Dame de la Belle-Verrière The Church was dedicated to Mary. It is said to even have a relic that belonged to her: part of her mantle
    • The rose window was a typical feature of cathedral facades and interiors
    • This is the north rose window from Chartres, made c. 1235
    • It features the Virgin Mary in a roundel in the center, surrounded by four doves that symbolize the Holy Ghost and angels with censers and candlesticks.
    • Beyond is a circle of diamond-shaped panels showing seated, crowned figures – the kings of Judea in chronological order.
    • The outermost circle shows standing figures of prophets wearing “Jews’ caps” and holding scrolls.
    • In small quatrefoils are fleur-de-lis, which represent the French monarchy. Thus the window links the royal family of Christ with French royalty
    • Gold castles on a red background also link the French monarchy with the Virgin Mother
    • The link between the French monarchy and Mary is also present because King Louis VII and Queen Blanche of Castile donated the rose window to the church
  • The jamb figures below were created a generation after the ones on the left. How have the sculptures changed over the course of the Gothic period? Jamb figures looked like they were part of a column
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  • The two towers of the west front of Chartres are of different periods. Can you tell which one is earlier and which one is later?
  • The Canterbury Cathedral, exterior choir and ambulatory, interior nave and choir, and tomb
  • WHAT EFFECT DID ALL THIS CATHEDRAL BUILDING HAVE ON THE JEWS? NOT SUCH A ROSY PICTURE:
  • The Strasbourg Cathedral, Strasbourg, France Built 1190-1439
  • Left: Ecclesia Portal Right: Synagoga Portal
  • Again, but in glass: Ecclesia and Synagoga Stained glass in the Elizabeth Church, Marburg, Germany
  • LEFT: Anti-Semitism - Pope Gregory orders the Talmud to be burned A.D. 1239 after a disputation. Panel - Pedro Berruguete, 15th century. Note the non-heretical book floating above the fire RIGHT: In this 14th Century Catalan wall-painting a Jew is shown wearing the customary yellow circle which all Jews were forced by law to wear sewn on their outdoor clothing.