ANCIENT EGYPT AND THE ISRAELITES FROM SLAVERY TO FREEDOM
EGYPT WAS UNIFIED IN PRE-DYNASTIC TIMES,  C. 3200 BCE <ul><li>UPPER EGYPT AND LOWER EGYPT REFER TO THE WAY THE NILE FLOWS ...
Palette of Narmur, Hierakonpolis, Upper Egypt, slate, c. 3150 BCE
Wall painting at Hierakonpolis, 3200 BCE
WE’RE NOT GOING TO TAKE IT ANYMORE! <ul><li>Treatment of SLAVES in Egypt was cruel throughout Egyptian history, including ...
FOR IT’S WORK, WORK, WORK EVERY DAY AND EVERY NIGHT  <ul><li>This fresco, or wall painting, is from a 15th century B.C. to...
<ul><li>King Khafre wears the Egyptian nemes and has the false beard of the Egyptian pharoahs </li></ul><ul><li>The pharoa...
On left: Pharoah death mask with uraeus On right: Amulet in the shape of a uraeus
GOD HAS TO SHOW THE EGYPTIANS WHO’S  BOSS * ALL THE PLAGUES ATTACK WHAT THE EGYPTIANS THINK IS HOLY * THE PLAGUES ALSO BRI...
THE NILE WAS THE MAIN SOURCE OF LIFE IN EGYPT SO THAT’S WHAT GETS ATTACKED FIRST <ul><li>The Egyptians felt the Nile was a...
WHY A PLAGUE OF FROGS? <ul><li>Since frogs came from the Nile, they were associated with fertility, rebirth and therefore ...
Why  Kinim  – Lice? <ul><li>The Egyptians were very clean people </li></ul><ul><li>They shaved their heads and wore wigs <...
DEVER:  CATTLE WERE SACRED AND VERY IMPORTANT TO EGYPTIAN LIFE <ul><li>CATTLE WERE USED FOR MILK, MEAT, HIDES, AND MANY OT...
THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS CELEBRATED THEIR HARVEST IN THE SPRING <ul><li>GOD MESSES WITH THE EGYPTIANS’ HARVEST BY SENDING LOC...
WHY IS THERE A PLAGUE OF DARKNESS? <ul><li>PYRAMIDS AT GIZA WERE BUILT CIRCA 2500 BCE AS TOMBS FOR THE PHAROAHS KHAFRE, KH...
JUST A COOL PICTURE OF HOW THE PYRAMIDS MAKE THE SUN LOOK BEAUTIFUL AND LIKE SOMETHING TO WORSHIP
THE EGYPTIAN PHAROAHS DEPICTED THEMSELVES AS POWERFUL PEOPLE/GODS <ul><li>The Sphinx is thought to be the face of Khafre a...
SOME PEOPLE BELIEVE RAMSES II IS THE PHAROAH IN THE TORAH
Colossal Enthroned Ramses II, façade of rock-cut temple, Abu Simbel, Egypt, rock, New Kingdom, c.1270-1212 BCE
THE TOMB OF RAMSES’ SONS HAS BEEN FOUND IN RAMSES’ TEMPLE! <ul><li>WHY DOES GOD GIVE MAKAT BEKHOROT? </li></ul><ul><li>THE...
THE EGYPTIANS GAVE OFFERINGS TO THEIR PHAROAHS/GODS <ul><li>Offering Procession, Tomb of Ounsou, Thebes, Egypt, wall paint...
MAP OF POSSIBLE ROUTES OUT OF EGYPT
Why Does the Exodus End with a Yam Suf,  a Sea of Reeds?
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Exodus Presentation For Yavneh

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This presentation shows the brutal way slaves were treated in Egypt and the general awesomeness of the Egyptian empire. Thus students see how God has to work hard bring down the Egyptian empire because they are so powerful in their own and in B'nai Yisrael's minds. God shows how clever He is by attacking just what is so powerful and important to the Egyptians economically and, more importantly, religiously.

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  • Exodus Presentation For Yavneh

    1. 1. ANCIENT EGYPT AND THE ISRAELITES FROM SLAVERY TO FREEDOM
    2. 2. EGYPT WAS UNIFIED IN PRE-DYNASTIC TIMES, C. 3200 BCE <ul><li>UPPER EGYPT AND LOWER EGYPT REFER TO THE WAY THE NILE FLOWS </li></ul><ul><li>MEMPHIS AND THEBES ARE TWO FAMOUS ANCIENT EGYPTIAN CITIES </li></ul>
    3. 3. Palette of Narmur, Hierakonpolis, Upper Egypt, slate, c. 3150 BCE
    4. 4. Wall painting at Hierakonpolis, 3200 BCE
    5. 5. WE’RE NOT GOING TO TAKE IT ANYMORE! <ul><li>Treatment of SLAVES in Egypt was cruel throughout Egyptian history, including the time of B’nai Yisrael’s enslavement. </li></ul><ul><li>In this wall painting from a 15th century B.C. tomb, a farm overseer is thrashing a slave while another slave begs for mercy. </li></ul><ul><li>In Shemot, it was treatment like this that caused Moshe to kill an Egyptian and run away from Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    6. 6. FOR IT’S WORK, WORK, WORK EVERY DAY AND EVERY NIGHT <ul><li>This fresco, or wall painting, is from a 15th century B.C. tomb in Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>If you study this painting closely, what types of work can you see the slaves performing? </li></ul><ul><li>This is the type of work B’nei Yisrael did while they were in captivity in Egypt. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>King Khafre wears the Egyptian nemes and has the false beard of the Egyptian pharoahs </li></ul><ul><li>The pharoahs were also shown with a uraeus, a serpent protruding from the forehead. The serpent spat destruction at the pharaoh’s enemies </li></ul>WHY DO MOSHE AND AHARON DO MAGIC TRICKS WITH SNAKES?
    8. 8. On left: Pharoah death mask with uraeus On right: Amulet in the shape of a uraeus
    9. 9. GOD HAS TO SHOW THE EGYPTIANS WHO’S BOSS * ALL THE PLAGUES ATTACK WHAT THE EGYPTIANS THINK IS HOLY * THE PLAGUES ALSO BRING LIFE IN EGYPT TO A HALT
    10. 10. THE NILE WAS THE MAIN SOURCE OF LIFE IN EGYPT SO THAT’S WHAT GETS ATTACKED FIRST <ul><li>The Egyptians felt the Nile was a god and that their lives were a gift from the Nile </li></ul><ul><li>God has to show the Egyptians and B’nai Yisrael that God controls everything in the world, even the Nile </li></ul>
    11. 11. WHY A PLAGUE OF FROGS? <ul><li>Since frogs came from the Nile, they were associated with fertility, rebirth and therefore childbirth </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptian goddess Heqet was shown as a woman with a frog head </li></ul><ul><li>So the plague of frogs attacks the Egyptians’ belief in the Nile and in fertility and childbirth – good midah k’neged midah for the Egyptians’ trying to kill all the Israelite males </li></ul>
    12. 12. Why Kinim – Lice? <ul><li>The Egyptians were very clean people </li></ul><ul><li>They shaved their heads and wore wigs </li></ul><ul><li>They worshiped the cat because cats were clean animals </li></ul>Barber shaving the head of a soldier Tomb of Userhat, 18th dynasty
    13. 13. DEVER: CATTLE WERE SACRED AND VERY IMPORTANT TO EGYPTIAN LIFE <ul><li>CATTLE WERE USED FOR MILK, MEAT, HIDES, AND MANY OTHER THINGS </li></ul><ul><li>GOD SENDS A PLAGUE TO MAKE THE CATTLE SICK </li></ul><ul><li>THE PLAGUES AGAINST THE CATTLE AREN’T DONE YET; HAIL- BARAD - WOULD HARM ANY LIVESTOCK LEFT OUTSIDE </li></ul>
    14. 14. THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS CELEBRATED THEIR HARVEST IN THE SPRING <ul><li>GOD MESSES WITH THE EGYPTIANS’ HARVEST BY SENDING LOCUSTS TO EAT THE EGYPTIANS’ CROPS </li></ul><ul><li>GOD TELLS B’NAI YISRAEL THEY WILL BE WORSHIPPING HIM IN THE SPRING! </li></ul>
    15. 15. WHY IS THERE A PLAGUE OF DARKNESS? <ul><li>PYRAMIDS AT GIZA WERE BUILT CIRCA 2500 BCE AS TOMBS FOR THE PHAROAHS KHAFRE, KHUFU AND MENKAURE </li></ul><ul><li>KHAFRE’S PYRAMID IS CONSIDERED ONE OF THE ANCIENT WONDERS OF THE WORLD </li></ul><ul><li>THE SHAPE OF THE PYRAMIDS WAS MEANT TO MIMIC THE SUN’S RAYS </li></ul><ul><li>THE EGYPTIANS WORSHIPPED THE SUN AND OFTEN THE PHAROAHS SAID THEY WERE SUN GODS </li></ul>
    16. 16. JUST A COOL PICTURE OF HOW THE PYRAMIDS MAKE THE SUN LOOK BEAUTIFUL AND LIKE SOMETHING TO WORSHIP
    17. 17. THE EGYPTIAN PHAROAHS DEPICTED THEMSELVES AS POWERFUL PEOPLE/GODS <ul><li>The Sphinx is thought to be the face of Khafre and is another way the ruler presented himself in a powerful way </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine how powerful your God would have to be in order to defeat these important-looking rulers that all Egyptians and their slaves looked at all the time </li></ul>
    18. 18. SOME PEOPLE BELIEVE RAMSES II IS THE PHAROAH IN THE TORAH
    19. 19. Colossal Enthroned Ramses II, façade of rock-cut temple, Abu Simbel, Egypt, rock, New Kingdom, c.1270-1212 BCE
    20. 20. THE TOMB OF RAMSES’ SONS HAS BEEN FOUND IN RAMSES’ TEMPLE! <ul><li>WHY DOES GOD GIVE MAKAT BEKHOROT? </li></ul><ul><li>THE EGYPTIANS WANTED TO PASS THEIR KINGSHIP DOWN TO THEIR SONS, WHO WOULD THEN BE CONSIDERED GODS </li></ul>
    21. 21. THE EGYPTIANS GAVE OFFERINGS TO THEIR PHAROAHS/GODS <ul><li>Offering Procession, Tomb of Ounsou, Thebes, Egypt, wall painting, New Painting, 1500 BCE </li></ul><ul><li>God tells B’nai Yisrael to bring HIM the PASCHAL LAMB </li></ul>
    22. 22. MAP OF POSSIBLE ROUTES OUT OF EGYPT
    23. 23. Why Does the Exodus End with a Yam Suf, a Sea of Reeds?
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