Mesopotamia, the area where Avraham, Yitzchak and Ya’acov, come from had many city-states
Each city-state had a major god it worshipped and some minor gods it honored as well
Each city-state had a ruler named an ensi
There were priests, noblemen, commoners and slaves in the city-states
The Avot were from tribes
Tribes were a big part of Mesopotamian life
Tribes were nomadic or semi-nomadic
The Avot were semi-nomadic; they were shepherds.
Tribes were organized like a family
Members of the tribe were close and looked out for each other
They had a leader – a male leader – who ran the tribe
They had rules about how to get along well with other people in the tribe
What Were Canaanites Like?
Canaanites were Semites
Semites have beards
They wear colorful clothing
They use donkeys and sheep to transport their property
Note how many musical instruments are shown here!
What Was Egypt Like?
Egypt was an empire
It was ruled by a king, a pharaoh,
The pharaoh was considered a god, a sun god
There Were Many Levels of Egyptian Society
Scribes Were an Important Part of Life in Egypt . . .
. . . So Were Priests
Priests had to appease the gods
The priests had to figure out what the gods wanted
Priests did jobs like record the flood levels of the Nile
Sumerian votive statues People in the ancient Near East wore fringed robes Egyptian priests wore robes of linen
Workers in Egypt
So How Would a Canaanite do in Egypt?
32 And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, that did eat with him, by themselves; because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.