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A Clash Of Values Chanukah And Greek Art
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A Clash Of Values Chanukah And Greek Art

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  • Transcript

    • 1. A CLASH OF VALUES THE CHANUKAH STORY AND THE HISTORY OF GREEK ART
    • 2. THE DIFFERENT PERIODS OF GREEK HISTORY AND ART
      • 600-480 BCE: THE ARCHAIC PERIOD
      • 480-450 BCE: THE EARLY CLASSICAL PERIOD
      • 450-400 BCE: THE CLASSICAL PERIOD
      • 400-323 BCE: THE LATE CLASSICAL PERIOD
      • 323-31 BCE: THE HELLENISTIC PERIOD
    • 3. THE CHANUKAH STORY TAKES PLACE IN APPROXIMATELY 164 BCE, PLACING THE HOLIDAY FIRMLY WITHIN THE HELLENISTIC PERIOD
    • 4. THE ARCHAIC PERIOD: KOUROS, CA. 600 BCE
      • MARBLE
      • APPROX. 6’ HIGH
      • RIGID AND FRONTAL
      • ONE FOOT FORWARD AND FIST CLENCHED
      • HAIR AND ARMS ATTACHED TO BODY
      • ELEMENTS OF EGYPTIAN ART
    • 5. ARCHAIC TO CLASSICAL: DYING WARRIORS, CA. 500-490 BCE AND CA. 490-480 BCE
      • MARBLE
      • BOTH FROM THE TEMPLE OF APHAIA, AEGINA, GREECE
      • LOOK HOW ART CHANGES IN TEN YEARS!
      • WHAT IS THE ARCHAIC SMILE?
    • 6. EARLY CLASSICAL ART AND KRITIOS BOY , CA. 480 BCE
      • MARBLE
      • FROM THE ACROPOLIS, ATHENS, GREECE
      • INTRODUCES THE WORLD TO THE CONTRAPPOSTO POSE!
      • HUMANS SHIFT THEIR WEIGHT AND THE POSITION OF THE MAIN BODY PARTS AROUND THE VERTICAL, BUT FLEXIBLE, AXIS OF THE SPINE
    • 7. EARLY CLASSICAL: WARRIOR, CA. 460-450 BCE
      • FOUND IN THE SEA OFF RIACE, ITALY
      • BRONZE
      • THE CONTRAPPOSTO POSE IN FULL VIEW
    • 8. EARLY CLASSICAL: DISKOBOLOS , 450 BCE
      • AN ARTIST: MYRON
      • MARBLE
      • FREED FROM FRONTAL, RIGID POSE
    • 9. GOING FURTHER IN HIGH CLASSICAL ART: DORYPHOROS , CA. 450-440 BCE
      • POLYKLEITOS ESTABLISHES A CANON
      • AIM IS TO IMPOSE ORDER ON HUMAN MOVEMENT, TO MAKE IT “BEAUTIFUL,” TO “PERFECT” IT
      • MARBLE
      • ROMAN MARBLE COPY AFTER BRONZE ORIGINAL
    • 10. WHERE ARE THE WOMEN? HIGH CLASSICAL ART AND THE GODDESSES OF THE ACROPOLIS, CA. 438-432 BCE
      • THREE GODDESSES (HESTIA, DIONE, AND APHRODITE?)
      • FROM THE EAST PEDIMENT OF THE PARTHENON
      • GODDESSES ARE SHOWN CLOTHED
      • GARMENTS SEEM WET AS THEY CLING TO BODY AND SHOW CLEAR PARTS OF THE BODY UNDERNEATH
    • 11. LATE CLASSICAL: FROM THE DIVINE IDEAL TO THE EARTHLY SENSUAL
      • PRAXITELES, APHRODITE OF KNIDOS , CA. 350-340 BCE
      • GODDESSES ARE UNCLOTHED FOR THE FIRST TIME
      • SHOWN DOING HUMAN TASKS (TAKING A BATH)
      • NO LONGER IN IDEAL, DIVINE REALM
    • 12. LATE CLASSICAL: MORE PSYCHOLOGICAL
      • LYSIPPOS, APOXYOMENOS (SCRAPER) , ROMAN MARBLE COPY, CA. 330 BCE
      • ARM THRUSTS FORWARD
      • ENCOURAGES VIEWING SCULPTURE FROM MULTIPLE ANGLES
    • 13. WITHIN THE EARTHLY, INTENSELY PSYCHOLOGICAL REALM OF HELLENISM
      • EPIGONOS(?), DYING GAUL, ROMAN MARBLE CPY, TURKEY, CA. 230-220 BCE
      • TOTALLY LOST IN PAIN AND ANGUISH
      • NO RECTANGULAR BOX OF BODY
    • 14.  
    • 15. TWO FAMOUS FEMALE FORMS: THE NIKE OF SAMOTRHACE, CA. 190 AND THE VENUS DE MILO, CA. 150-125 BCE
    • 16. SEE HOW FAR WE’VE COME
      • SEATED BOXER, BRONZE, CA. 100-50 BCE
      • FATIGUED AND WEARY, BOXER SITS DOWN AFTER THE FIGHT, AWAITING JUDGES’ VERDICT
    • 17.