Ss9

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Ss9

  1. 1. Social Studies Vocabulary, People and Places Pages 230 and 236 Arthur R.
  2. 2. P eople p. 230 People p. 236 <ul><li>Livy : Historian of the Roman Republic who wrote about the struggle between plebeians and patricians of Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Hannibal : General of Carthage who marched his army from Spain to Rome in the Second Punic War. </li></ul><ul><li>Scipio : Roman General who defeated Hannibal in The Battle of Zuma outside Carthage, North Africa, in 202 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Julius Caesar : Roman general who became the republic’s dictator in 45 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Augustus : First Roman emperor; won the civil war following Julius Caesar’s assassination and went on to unify the empire and establish the Pax Romana </li></ul><ul><li>Cleopatra : Ruler of the Egyptian government ijn Alexandria who backed Caesar in the civil war he waged from 49 to 45 B.C.E. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Places p.230 Places p.236 <ul><li>Forum : The city market and meeting place in the center of Ancient Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Carthage : An Ancient City on the north coast of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Zama : Site in Northern Africa where the Romans defeated the Carthaginian Army in 202 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Gaul : An Ancient region and Roman province that included most of present-day France </li></ul><ul><li>Colosseum : A large stadium in ancient Rome where athletic events took place </li></ul><ul><li>Pantheon : A large, domed temple built in Ancient Rome to honor many gods and goddesses </li></ul><ul><li>Pompeii : An ancient city in southwestern Italy that was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary p.230 & p.236 <ul><li>aqueduct : a structure for carrying water over long distances </li></ul><ul><li>census: a count of people within an area </li></ul><ul><li>civil war : a conflict within a country </li></ul><ul><li>consul : an elected Roman official </li></ul><ul><li>gladiator : a Roman athlete </li></ul><ul><li>patrician : any rich citizen in ancient Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Pax Romana : “Roman Peace” </li></ul><ul><li>plebeian : any poor citizen in ancient Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Punic Wars : a series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage </li></ul><ul><li>representative : someone who represents another person </li></ul><ul><li>republic : a form of government where the people elect people to represent them (representative) </li></ul><ul><li>Senate : The law-making body of Rome’s ancient government </li></ul><ul><li>tribune : an elected Roman official </li></ul><ul><li>Twelve Tables : The earliest written Roman set of laws </li></ul>

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