Hospital pharmacy course: It is a specialized field
of pharmacy which forms an integrated part of
patient health care in a health facility.
Hospital pharmacy and hospital pharmacist:
Hospital pharmacy is the health care service,
which comprises the art, practice, and profession
of : i.Choosing, Prparing, Compounding, Dispensing
medicines and medical devices, ii.Advising healthcare
professionals and patients on their safe, and efficient
It is the profession that strives to continuously
maintain and improve the medication management
and pharmaceutical care of patients to the highest
standards in a hospital setting.
To be part of the medication management in
hospitals, which encompasses the entire way in
which medicines are selected, procured, delivered,
prescribed, administered and reviewed to optimize
the contribution that medicines make to producing
informed and desired outcomes
To enhance the safety and quality of all medicine
related processes affecting patients of the hospital
To ensure the 7 “rights” are respected: right patient,
right dose, right route, right time, right drug with
the right information and documentation.
Contents of hospital pharmacy course
The contents of the hospital pharmacy course are arbitrarily divided into two
This part concerned with the
rules, regulation and policies
2 Selection and purchase of
3 Storage and record keeping
4 Distribution Medication system
5 The management of pharmacy
staff in the hospital.
6 Committees in the hospitals
Contents of hospital pharmacy course
1I- Technical Pharmacy: 1 Extemporaneous Compounding
and regulations used in
2 Injectable preparations: LVP,
TPN, intended for intravenous
use and those sterile large volume
solutions used for irrigation,
surgery or for dialysis.
3 Veterinary, Radio-
Institutional, Organizational Structure
Controlling of :
Distribution System Drug
Every hospital, large or small, has an organizational structure that allows
for the efficient management of departments.
Traditional Organizational Chart-1
IN A LARGE HOSPITAL (USA)
In Large hospitals, departments of pharmacy
have a more divisions.
The following are some of the responsibilities of
each division of the department of Hospital
Pharmacy in a large hospital:
Common organizational categories might include
1. Administration Services
2. Informational Services
3. Therapeutic Services
4. Diagnostic Services
5. Support Services
Grouping of Hospital Departments all over the world
includind UAE depends on:
A. Each hospital department performs specific
functions and shares similarity of duties.
B. Aim: to promote efficiency of the healthcare
C. Board: Hospital President, Vice Presidents,
Executive Assistants, Department Heads (one policy)
• Purchase &
Associate Director of Pharmacy
Director of Pharmacy
• Assay & QC
• Sterile Product
• Central Supply
• IV Admixture
Administrative Services Division in Pharmacy s
Plan and coordinate departmental activities (out and
Develop policies (e.g narcotics records can be kept
for 1-3 years)
Schedule personnel and provide supervision
(rotation & holidays)
Coordinate administrative needs of the Pharmacy &
Therapeutics Committee ( selection of drug essential
list for each hospital department according to needs)
Supervise departmental office staff ( lab. Boy,
technicians & clerks)
1-Education Training Division
Participate in hospital wide education
programs involving nurses, doctors etc.
Train newly employed pharmacy
2-Pharmaceutical Research Division
Cooperate with the medical research staff
of projects involving drugs ( if present!!
May be in case of clinical pharmacist)
3.In-patient Services Division
Provide medications for all in-patients of the hospital
on a 24-hour per day basis (rotation system)
Cooperate with the medical drug research (( if
present!! May be in case of clinical pharmacist))
4.Out-Patient Services Division
Dispense out-patient prescriptions
Maintain prescription records.
Provide drug consultation services to staff and
5.Drug Information Services Division
Provide drug information on drugs and drug
therapy to health professional staff.
Participate in the hospital’s pharmacy newsletter (if
Maintain literature files.
6.Departmental Services Division
Coordinate and control all drug delivery and distribution
systems (Unit Dose to inpatients)
7.Purchasing and Inventory Control
Maintain drug inventory control (input and output
Purchase all drugs (record)
Receive, store and distribute drugs (record)
8.Central Supply Services Division
Develop and coordinate distribution of medical supplies
and irrigating fluids.
9.Assay and Quality Control
Not present (UAE)
10.Manufacturing and Packaging Division
Maintain a unit dose program.
11.Sterile Products Division
Manufacture sterile ophthalmic, irrigating
LVP, IV admixtures, TPN.
Centralize the procurement, storage and
dispensing of radioisotopes used in clinical
practice. ( It is in Twam hospital)
13.Intravenous Admixture Division
Included in the sterile product division
The director of pharmacy service shall
be responsible for:
Monitoring all the previous
processes mentioned in the functions.