Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Introducing the 787
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Introducing the 787

10,483
views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Travel, Business

2 Comments
9 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Boeing 787, very nice!!!! Thanks........
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Nice introduction of B787, great work!
    Happy new year!
    CY.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
10,483
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
211
Comments
2
Likes
9
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Introducing the 787 - Effect on Major Investigations - And Interesting Tidbits Tom Dodt Chief Engineer – Air Safety Investigation ISASI September, 2011COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 1
  • 2. 787 Size Comparison 767-400 787-8 777-300~Pax 3-Class 245 250 368~Span 170 ft 197 ft 200 ft~Length 201 ft 186 ft 242 ft~MTGW 450,000 lbs 500,000 lbs 660,000 lbs~Range 5,600 NM 7,650 NM 6,000 NMCruise Mach 0.80 0.85 0.84 COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 2
  • 3. By weight 787 777 - Composites 50% 12%Composite Structure - Aluminum 20% 50% Other Carbon laminate Steel 5% Carbon sandwich 10% Fiberglass Titanium 15% Composites Aluminum 50% Aluminum/steel/titanium pylons Aluminum 20%COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 3
  • 4. COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 4
  • 5. 787 Wing Flex - On-Ground On-Ground 0 ftCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 5
  • 6. 787 Wing Flex - 1G Flight 1G Flight ~12 ft On-Ground 0 ft 1G FlightCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 6
  • 7. 787 Wing Flex Ultimate-Load ~26 ft 1G Flight ~12 ft On-Ground 0 ft Max-LoadCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 7
  • 8. 787 Static Load Test @ Ultimate LoadCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 8
  • 9. Investigations with Composite Materials • Terms: Composites Aluminum disbond fatigue delaminate beach marks inter-laminar shear striation counts water absorbsion corrosion fiber architecture metallurgical prop. • Material Forensics Techniques will be different • On-Site with Exposed Composite Fibers Eyes - goggles or full face protection Nose - HEPA filter Hands - gloves Exposed Skin - coverallsCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 9
  • 10. 787 Cabin ExperienceCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 10
  • 11. 787 Windows 787 787 777 777COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 11
  • 12. Cleaner Cabin AirCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 12
  • 13. Ride Quality - Smoother Ride Vertical Gust Suppression 2 Change in altitude (m) • Uses the flaperons and elevators 1 • Counters light to moderate 0 turbulence to improve ride quality -1 • Passengers have a more comfortable flight -2 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Time (sec) With Enhanced Gust Suppression Without Enhanced Gust SuppressionCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 13
  • 14. 787 Cabin Experience Windows - Larger Pressure - Lower Humidity - Higher Air Quality - Improved Ride Quality - Improved Food Service - Unchanged (sorry)COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 14
  • 15. 787 Pax Oxygen 787 - Gaseous Oxy @ 3000 psi - Steel cylinder 777 - Chem Oxy Generators (2x)COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 15
  • 16. 787 Fuel Tank InertingCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 16
  • 17. Quiet for Airport Communities 85 dB Noise Contours at Heathrow London Heathrow 787 noise footprint stays in the airport property 767-300 787- 8 Feet 0 5000 • 85 dBA contours Meters 0Source MS Mappoint, (c) Microsoft, Inc. 1500 4001041404 • 3,000 nmi missionCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 17
  • 18. Engine Technology Advancements • No-engine-bleed-air systems architecture • Higher bypass ratio • Low-noise nacelles with chevronsCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 18
  • 19. Airplane/Engine Architecture • No-engine-bleed-air systems 777 787 Wing LE Anti-Ice bleed air electric Air Conditioning bleed air electric Cabin Pressure bleed air electric Engine start bleed air electric • Engine Generators 777 787 240 kVA 1000 kVA (2 @ 120 kVA) (4 @ 250 kVA) Generators Starter/Gen’sCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 19
  • 20. Variable Frequency Power Generation 777 115 VAC 400 Hz 787 230 VAC 360-800 HzCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 20
  • 21. EE vs Pneumatic Power DistributionCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 21
  • 22. FLIGHT DECK NON-NORMALElectronic SYS MENU CB CB CB CB BY STATE CB SEARCH RECENT CBCircuit Breakers CB BY ATA CB BY BUS BY LOCATION USED CB CUSTOM LIST CE2100713 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 1 TRIPPED DETAILS CONTROL • No physical CBs in Flight Deck CE2100714 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 2 DETAILS CONTROL  CE2100715 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 3 DETAILS CONTROL CE2100701 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 4 DETAILS CONTROL• CB control and state indication CE2100702 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 5 DETAILS CONTROL are display based. 1 CK2100780 CONTACTOR NAME 6 TRIPPED DETAILS CONTROL CE2100716 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 7 ? UNK DETAILS CONTROL• Accessible on Multi-Function CE2100717 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 8 DETAILS CONTROL Display (MFD) and CE2100718 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 9 DO NOT CLOSE DETAILS CONTROL maintenance access devices CE2100719 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 10 DETAILS CONTROL CE2100703 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 11 DETAILS CONTROL 2• A few Thermal CB are located CE2100721 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 12 DETAILS CONTROL in the Fwd EE-Bay CE2100722 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 13 DO NOT CLOSE DETAILS CONTROL CE2100723 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 14 ? UNK DETAILS CONTROL CK2100724 CONTACTOR NAME 15 DETAILS CONTROL  CE2100725 CIRCUIT BREAKER NAME 16 DETAILS CONTROL COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 22
  • 23. Overhead Panels - Circuit Breakers 787 777COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 23
  • 24. Avionics Integration 777 787 Integrated Surveillance WXR EGPWS TCAS ATC Surveillance System (ISS) Nav Radios VOR MB MMR DME RA RA DME Integrated Navigation Radios (INR)Comm Radios VHF HF SATCOM SATCOM HF VHF Inertial ADIRU SAARU Earth Reference System (ERS) Other LRUs WEU Others Common Core Resource (CCR) Air Data AIMS Crew Alerting Displays Comm Management DFDAC Data Acquisition FM / TM Displays CMF / ACMF / QAR FM / TM / AT FDCF Health Management Gateways Gateways Others OthersCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 24
  • 25. Integrated FCE Equivalent Channel of Flight Controls and High Lift 777 PSA ACE PFC 787 AFDC FSEU PCM ACE FCMCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 25
  • 26. Common Core SystemCommon Computing Resource• High integrity computing resources for hosted systems applicationsCommon Data Network• High Integrity Network• Open industry standard interfaces A664 Remote Data Concentrators • 21 RDCs • Remote I/O capability • Reduces airplane wiringCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 26
  • 27. CCS Hosted Functions • Avionics Communication and Audio • Avionics Flight Management and Navigation • Avionics Thrust Management and Auto-throttle • Avionics Primary Display Function • Avionics Crew Alert/Warning and Surveillance • Avionics Crew Information Services • Avionics Maintenance and Data Loading • Cabin Management and Air Show • Environmental Control System Functions: Power Electronics and Other Equipment Liquid/forced air Cooling, Air Conditioning, Cabin Pressurization, Ice & Rain Protection, Air Distribution, Galley Refrigeration, Low Pressure Systems, Cargo Heat, Wheel Well Fire Detection and Cargo Fire Detection/Protection • Electrical Utility System Control Functions Remote Power Distribution System (RPDS), Power Distribution Panels (PDPs), Generator/Bus Power Control Units (GCU/BPCU), Proximity Sensors, Window Heat, Tail Strike, Emergency Passenger Assist System (EPAS), Exterior Lighting • Data Interface to Flight Controls Electronics (FCE) • Interface to Flight Deck Panels and Switches • Fuel Management and Fuel Quantity Indication • Hydraulics Control • Mechanical System Interface Functions in Brakes, Landing Gear, Nose Wheel Steering • Payloads Interface Functions in Galleys, Water & Waste, Emergency Lighting • Data Interface to Propulsion Controls in EEC, Engine Fire Detection/Protection, Thrust Reverser • Specific functionality supported by the CCS is described in the CCS SDD (Ref. 4) as well as in individual 787 CCS hosted function System Description • Documents (SDDs) identified in their respective certification plans listed in Ref. 4.).COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 27
  • 28. Hydraulic System Architecture 5000 psi systems Left Left System Center System Right Right System Engine Engine 25 gpm +/- 270V DC 27 gpm 27 gpm +/- 270V DC 25 gpm +/- 270V DC Engine Electric Driven Pump Electric Electric 13 gpm Driven Pump Electric (EDP) Electric (EDP) Motor Pump Motor Pump Motor Pump Ram Air Motor Pump (EMP) (EMP) (EMP) Turbine (EMP) 27 gpm (RAT) 27 gpmOB Aileron – L Wing: OB & IB L Wing: OB L Wing: IBIB Flaperon R Wing: IB R Wing: OB & IB R Wing: OB L Wing: 3 L Wing: 1, 7 L Wing: 2, 6Spoilers IB & OB R Wing: 12 R Wing: 8, 14 R Wing: 9, 13Elevator Left Left & Right RightRudder PCU PCU PCUThrust Reverser Left RightTrailing Edge Flaps MotorLeading Edge Flaps MotorNose Landing NormalGear & Steering ReserveMain Landing Gear Left & RightCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 28
  • 29. Landing Gear SystemsNew Control-by-Wire• Landing Gear Actuation - Electronic control and sequencing of landing gear and doors• Brake System - Control-by-wire brakes, autobrake and anti-skid - Electric Brake Actuators• Nose Gear Steering - Control-by-wire (pedals & dual tillers) - Hydraulic actuationCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 29
  • 30. Cabin Air Conditioning System Heat Exchanger inlet Heat Cabin Air Exchangers Compressor Inlet (Deflector door shown deployed) Cabin Air Compressors Electric Ram FanCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 30
  • 31. External Air Sources Heat Exchanger Inlet Cabin Air Compressor Inlet Heat Exchanger Exhaust DoorsCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 31
  • 32. 787 EAFREnhanced Airborne Flight Recorder • Dual-Combi Architecture • Both recorders are same P/N - self contained acquisition function - FRED file in memory (Flight Rec. Elec. Doc. - ARINC 647) - flight data 25 hours minimum - voice - 2 hours - datalink • FWD EAFR - RIPS for voice recording only • AFT EAFR - no RIPSCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 32
  • 33. Forward EAFR & RIPSCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 33
  • 34. Aft RecorderCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 34
  • 35. Recording Format • EAFR Flight Data recording format - ARINC 767 - raw data file size ~800 MB (zips to 200 MB) - Approx equivalent to 5000+ WPS recorder • The 787 “QAR” - called "Continuous Parameter Logging" (CPL) - stored on the mass storage devices (server) - ARINC 767 recording formatCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 35
  • 36. Flight Controls - 777 / 787 Common Functionality Common 777 / 787 Fly-by-wire Functionality • Stall Protection • Overspeed Protection • Bank Angle Protection • Tail Strike Protection • Thrust Asymmetry Compensation • Yaw Damping, Over-yaw Protection • Gust Load Alleviation • Fin Load Alleviation • Flap Load Relief & Autogap • Lateral Gust Suppression • Modal SuppressionCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 36
  • 37. Flight Controls - 787 New Features • P-Beta control law • Vertical Gust Suppression (turbulence) • Enhanced Stall Protection - Limits high angles of attack • Enhanced Thrust Asymmetry Compensation - Adds inertial yaw detection on ground - Generates rudder & steering for yaw disturbancesCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 37
  • 38. P – Beta Control Law • Wheel commands roll rate (P) • Pedals command sideslip angle (Beta) • Opposes disturbances • Coordinates lateral and directional control • Automatic aileron & rudder trim - No aileron trim switchCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 38
  • 39. Air Data System Design Philosophy Federated AD & IR Voted AD & IR (all previous models) (777, 787) AD IR PFD  FO PFD  FO AD SAARU AD Stby AD/IR Stby IR AD AD AD IR PFD  Capt AD IR FDI PFD Capt Voted AD-IR FT-ADIRU Fault arbitration Fault arbitration by CREW by SYSTEM AD = Air Data IR = Inertial Reference FDI = Fault Detection & Isolation PFD = Primary Flight DisplayCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 39
  • 40. Air Data System - Common Mode Vulnerability • Common Mode Hazards to Pitot-Static sensors - Mud Daubers - Icing - Volcanic Ash - Hail - Radome failure - Birds - Pitot covers - Taped Static Ports - Maintenance errors (pneumatic plumbing) • 787 new capabilities for protection - Synthetic airspeed - GPS altitude - Common Mode MonitorCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 40
  • 41. 787 Synthetic Airspeed • Calculated from angle of attack and inertial data - AOA – voted dual sensors plus inertial data - Accurate Coefficient of Lift (CL) - Airplane Mass from FMC - Validated after Takeoff • Algorithm developed for enhanced stall protection • Avoid displaying data known to be bad - Loss of valid voted VCAS = Display synthetic airspeed VSYN - Loss of valid voted PSTATIC = Display GPS altitudeCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 41
  • 42. Onboard Health Management Objective: Reduce schedule interruptions and maintenance costs Integrated data load and Airplane level fault configuration reporting consolidation and correlation, and data collection Electronic Distribution of Software Media-less data transfer to/from ground stations Electronic link to maintenance manuals Coordinated airplane and ground processing Fault Prediction approachCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 42
  • 43. Sat CommCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 43
  • 44. G-YMMM Investigation Organization Observer State of Occurrence (UK) British Airways Investigator-In-Charge Observer AAIB EASA State of Manufacture (UK) State of Manufacture (USA) State of Manufacture (USA) Technical Advisor US Accredited Representative US Accredited Representative Rolls-Royce NTSB Inv. Agency Technical Advisor FAA Technical Advisor Boeing Technical Advisor Technical Advisor Supplier Sub-SupplierCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 44
  • 45. COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 45
  • 46. COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 46
  • 47. 747 Dream LifterCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 47
  • 48. Partners Across the Globe are Bringing the 787 Together U.S. Australia Asia Europe Boeing Boeing Fuji Messier-Dowty Spirit Mitsubishi Rolls-Royce GE Canada Kawasaki Latécoère Wing tips Goodrich Boeing KAL-ASD Alenia Seoul, Korea Messier-Dowty SaabFixed trailing edge WingNagoya, Japan Nacelles Nagoya, Japan Mid forward fuselage Chula Vista, CA Nagoya, Japan Forward fuselage Moveable trailing edge Center fuselage Wichita, KS Melbourne, Australia Grottaglie, Italy 41 43 Tail fin Cargo access doors 44 Frederickson, WA Passenger entry doors Linköping, Sweden Toulouse, France 46 47 Wing/body fairing Landing gear doors 48 Winnipeg, Canada 11 45 Main landing gearHorizontal stabilizer Aft fuselage wheel wellFoggia, Italy Charleston, SC Nagoya, Japan Engines Center wing box GE – Evandale, Ohio Nagoya, Japan Rolls Royce – Derby, UK Fixed and moveable Landing gear leading edge Gloucester, UK Tulsa, OKCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 48
  • 49. Dreamlifter Route Structure Section 44 Section 11/45 Nagoya, Japan Section 41 Grottaglie, Italy to to Charleston, SC Wichita, KS to Everett, WA Charleston, SC Horizontal Stabilizer Joined Foggia, Italy Section 43 Nagoya, Japan Section to Charleston, SC to Charleston, SC 47-48 Section 46 Joined Charleston, SC to Grottaglie, Italy Section 43-46 Everett, WA to Charleston, SC Charleston, SC to Everett, WA Wing Nagoya, Japan to Everett, WA Worldwide operations, less work in processCOPYRIGHT © 2010 2011 THE BOEINGCOMPANY COPYRIGHT © THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 49
  • 50. Dreamlifter Enables Global Operations• Efficient transport of 787 major sub- assemblies from international partners• Main deck is 65,000 cubic feet - 3x capacity of 747-400 Freighter• Reduced transportation times versus surface transportation - Dramatically reduced final assembly flow times - Less inventoryCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 50
  • 51. COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 51
  • 52. COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 52
  • 53. COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 53
  • 54. COPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 54
  • 55. 787 Structure from Asia Fuji Heavy Industries Kawasaki Heavy Industries Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Korean Air International partners providing key 787 structureCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 55
  • 56. 787 Structure from Europe Alenia Aeronautica Alenia Aeronautica Latecoere Messier-Dowty Saab International partners providing key 787 structureCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 56
  • 57. 787 Structure from North America Spirit Boeing - Charleston Boeing - Charleston International partners providing key 787 structureCOPYRIGHT © 2010 THE BOEING COMPANY Smith, 7-April-2011, ESASI-Lisbon | 57