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PETROLEUM PRODUCTS<br />14.10.09<br />))) 07MET.TK (((<br />All About Metallurgical & Materials Engineering<br />Download ...
Asphaltic crude<br />Petroleum with a high content of naphthenic compounds, such as asphaltenes. Asphaltic crude is also k...
Paraffinic Crude	<br />For a waxy crude it is customary to measure its cloud point and pour point according to ASTM method...
Fractions of Paraffinic crude<br />Distillate:		 Gas<br />					gasoline<br />					kerosene 							diesel<br />Residue (Fue...
Fractions of asphaltic crude<br />Distillate	:	Gas, <br />				Gasoline<br />				 kerosene<br />				diesel<br />Fuel Oil (R...
Petroleum fractions used in Pakistan<br />Petrol<br />High Octane Blending Compound (HOBC)<br />Compressed Natural Gas(CNG...
Bitumen & Bituminous coal<br />Bitumen: Any of various flammable mixtures of organic liquids (aromatic), occurring natural...
Liquid fuels for the furnace<br />Gas oil<br />Heavy fuel oil<br />Light fuel oil<br />Coal tar fuel<br />
Fuels Oils<br />Fuel oil is made of long hydrocarbon chains, particularly alkanes, cycloalkanes and<br />   aromatics.<br ...
Fuels Oils<br />Distillate Fuel Oils: A general classification for the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distil...
Fuels Oils<br />Included are products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils and No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuels....
Light Fuel Oils<br />Streams obtained from distillation and cracking processes .<br />Contain a mixture of saturated, arom...
Heavy Fuel Oils<br />viscous liquids with a characteristic odour.<br />require heating for storage and combustion.<br />us...
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Petroleum Products @ Www.07 Met.Tk

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  1. 1. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS<br />14.10.09<br />))) 07MET.TK (((<br />All About Metallurgical & Materials Engineering<br />Download This & More Stuff @ WWW.07MET.TK<br />
  2. 2. Asphaltic crude<br />Petroleum with a high content of naphthenic compounds, such as asphaltenes. Asphaltic crude is also known as naphthene-based crude oil when the paraffin wax content is low. <br />This type of oil is suitable for making gasoline, lubricating oil and asphalt.<br />
  3. 3. Paraffinic Crude <br />For a waxy crude it is customary to measure its cloud point and pour point according to ASTM methods.<br />Crude petroleum oil that contains predominately alkanes as contrasted with asphaltic- or naphthenic-base crudes; used as a source of fuels and high-grade lubricating oils. <br />the dynamic viscosity of crude oil increased with the increase of paraffinic content in crude oil.<br />
  4. 4. Fractions of Paraffinic crude<br />Distillate: Gas<br /> gasoline<br /> kerosene diesel<br />Residue (Fuel Oil): Wax (lubricating oil), Residue<br />
  5. 5. Fractions of asphaltic crude<br />Distillate : Gas, <br /> Gasoline<br /> kerosene<br /> diesel<br />Fuel Oil (Residue): Diesel<br /> lubricating oil<br /> bitumen<br />Refined lubricating oil <br />
  6. 6. Petroleum fractions used in Pakistan<br />Petrol<br />High Octane Blending Compound (HOBC)<br />Compressed Natural Gas(CNG)<br />Light Diesel<br />Kerosene Oil<br />Gasoline<br />Furnace Oil <br />Asphalt (residual oil) <br />Brake Fluid <br />Grease <br />Transformer Oil <br />Lubricating Oil <br />
  7. 7. Bitumen & Bituminous coal<br />Bitumen: Any of various flammable mixtures of organic liquids (aromatic), occurring naturally or obtained by distillation from coal or petroleum, that are a component of asphalt and tar and are used for surfacing roads and for waterproofing.<br />bituminous coal: a dark coal that burns easily with a smoky flame yielding pitch or tar: also called soft coal<br />
  8. 8. Liquid fuels for the furnace<br />Gas oil<br />Heavy fuel oil<br />Light fuel oil<br />Coal tar fuel<br />
  9. 9. Fuels Oils<br />Fuel oil is made of long hydrocarbon chains, particularly alkanes, cycloalkanes and<br />  aromatics.<br />Fuel oil is a fraction obtained from petroleum distillation, either as a distillate or a residue. <br />The heaviest commercial fuel that can be obtained from crude oil, heavier than  gasoline and naphtha is also fuel oil. <br />
  10. 10. Fuels Oils<br />Distillate Fuel Oils: A general classification for the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. <br />used for space heating<br />on and off highway diesel engine fuel (including railroad engine fuel and fuel for agricultural machinery)<br />and electric power generation. <br />
  11. 11. Fuels Oils<br />Included are products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils and No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuels. <br />No. 1 distillate is a petroleum distillate which meets the specifications for No. 1 heating or fuel oil as defined in ASTM D 396 and/or the specifications for No. 1 diesel fuel as defined in ASTM D 975.<br />
  12. 12. Light Fuel Oils<br />Streams obtained from distillation and cracking processes .<br />Contain a mixture of saturated, aromatic and olefinic hydrocarbons with carbon numbers predominantly in the C9 to C30 range.<br />Composition is complex and varies with the source of the crude oil.<br />Extremely flammable. Flash Point &lt;620C<br />typical boiling range from 150 to 550°C.<br />
  13. 13. Heavy Fuel Oils<br />viscous liquids with a characteristic odour.<br />require heating for storage and combustion.<br />used in medium to large industrial plants, marine applications and power stations in combustion equipment such as boilers, furnaces and diesel engines.<br />typical boiling range from 350 to 650°C.<br />They consist of aromatic, aliphatic and<br /> naphthenic hydrocarbons, typically having carbon numbers from C20 to C50,<br />

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