PRESENTATION ON DEVELOPMENT OFGREATER MOHALI AREA
The Region GREATER MOHALI AREAArea : 1160 sq.km MullanpurPopulation : 711,210 KhararUrban Population : 40% SAS Nagar ZirakpurRural Population : 60% Derabassi BanurLocal Planning Areas : SAS Nagar, Kharar,Mullanpur, Banur, Zirakpur, Derabassi
The Region PERIPHERY CONTROLLED AREA Jurisdiction: Whole of the Periphery- controlled area of Chandigarh, in Punjab, as defined in the Punjab New Capital (Periphery) Control Act, 1952 & some area of Lalru Area – 1350 Sq. Km. Town -7 Villages-442
ABOUT CHANDIGARH Well Known as “The City beautiful”,Chandigarh is Capital of Punjab. KnownInternationally for its Architecture andUrban Planning, it is the first planned city ishome to numerous architectural projectsof Le Corbusier. Chandigarh is the city of multicultural peoples, languages and the citywith full of artistic monuments and artisticpeople.
Mohali, new and vibrant city located next toChandigarh where the ultra modern infrastructureis getting ready. Mohali was conceived after thetrifurcation of Punjab and its capital Chandigarhbecoming a U.T. in the year 1966. Mohali andChandigarh are contiguous areas with only theboundary dividing this area. It is officially namedafter the eldest son Sahibzada Ajit Singh of GuruGobind Singh ji. The Planning of Mohali issynchronized with that of Chandigarh on thebasis of Grid iron pattern with each sector havingdimensions of 1.2 k.m. x 0.8 k.m. The Concept ofsectors is based on neighborhood pattern.
ABOUT GMADA GMADA has set up with a goal ofachieving a balanced development of the area by preparation of perspective plans, strengthening ofinfrastructure facilities and promotion of Growth Centres. GMADA intends to develop Mohali as a world city where the grass is greener, the roads wider, the air cleaner and where proactive and responsive governance is the norm.
REGIONAL PLAN- GMR The Local planning area is declared under the provision of The Punjab Regional & Town Planning & Development (Amendment) Act 2006. Regional Plan is prepared for the region showing Broad Areas to be covered for Development Purposes. Master Plan of the Declared local Planning Areas is prepared and notified for inviting objections and suggestions from the general public. After finalizing The Master Plan, Zonal Development Plans are prepared giving details of the uses permitted in the area.
REGIONAL PLAN- GMR Objections & Suggestions Regarding Master Plan are invited from the General Public and are considered or Rejected by the Punjab Regional & Town Planning & Development Board. Thereafter the final Master Plan is Published. Due to Economic Social & Political Pressure the Authority faces Problems for Implementing the Master Plan in TOTO. In order to overcome the above said Problems the Government has Introduced – 1. Land Pooling Scheme. 2. TDR Scheme.
CRITICAL ECONOMIC CLUSTERS/ZONESEconomic Cluster Primary/Secondary Economic ActivitiesCentral CBD, Financial District, Art & Culture Centre,S.A.S. Nagar Administrative Centre.South-Eastern Airport Hub, Logistic Hub, Aviation RelatedS.A.S. Nagar IndustriesZirakpur Hardcore Manufacturing, Warehousing, Medium/Small Manufacturing.Banur-Zirakpur Corridor Instructional-Knowledge Belt, Business- Technological Corridor, Regional Park, Southern Gateway(Direct linked to Delhi)Shivalik Hills Nature Conservation and Preservation, Public enjoyment of the fauna and flora, Regional Ecological Park, Micro-Climatic Modifiers.Mullanpur Resort Centre, Low Density Country Living, Northern Gateway.Agriculture(Rural)Zone Diversification of Agriculture Activities, RGC, Critical mass approach to rural development, Preservation of Agriculture Land.
MASTER PLANS FOR MOHALI AREAJurong International to prepare Master Plans for sixencircling towns of Chandigarh: 1. Mullanpur, 4. Banur, 2. Mohali, 5. Zirakpur, 3. Kharar, 6. Derabassi. Jurong to deliver 1. Six Master Plans & Zonal Development Plan 2. Six Infrastructure Plans 3. Prototype Sectoral Development Plans- for residential 4. Prototype Sectoral Development Plans- for commercial centers, 5. Spatial Data Bank
MASTER PLANNING OF GREATER MOHALI REGION: GROWING OPPORTUNITIESMaster Plans already notified: 2 Towns ( Mohali & Mullanpur )Master Plans displayed for objections: 2 ( Zirakpur & Dera bassi)Master Plans under final stage: 2 Towns ( Kharar & Banur)Punjab’s first ‘Eco Town’, Mullanpur Approval granted to master plan of Mullanpur Local Planning Area to develop 15,130 acres of land spread across 33 villages on the outskirts of Chandigarh According to the plan, industries in Mullanpur will be catering to service-oriented businesses such as IT, health and tourism New Urban Estate in 450 Acres
ECONOMIC DRIVERS High Technology, Value –added kind of industrial development in the form of: Science Park Business Park R&D Park Setting up of IT Parks and Bio-technology Industries. Punjab is ranked seventh in terms of education amongst the states Set up of new IIT in the State. Punjab has a well developed educational system consisting of 5 Universities, 2 deemed universities
HIGH GROWTH Fourth most urbanized (34%) state in the country. Urban population rise to 50% as against 36% for India by 2025. Has a stronger middle class base because of more equitable income distribution (post green revolution). Every year from two crops procured, Rs. 20000 Cr. Comes to Punjab from outside of which the value addition is at least Rs 10000 Cr. Punjabi habit of spending and belief in quality of life comparable to International standards due to larger NRI population—carving for good housing and retail trade
MOHALI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT Direct Air Connectivity to actualize the development Approved by GOI Mohali International Airport will facilitate direct international flights.MOU signed between AAI & GMADAJV between AAI & GMADA envisaged300 acres of land identified to be given free of costLand acquisition process initiated . To facilitate NRI belt of this Region open up trade, business & tourism 15
KNOWLEDGE CITY, SECTOR 81, SAS NAGAR Cluster Approach for 400 acres of earmarked land in sector 81, Mohali Indian Institute of Science Education & Research (IISER) National Institute of Nano technology (NINT) International level Management Cluster General Management School Health Management School Public Policy School Bio-Technology Cluster Comprising National Institute of Agro-Food Biotechnology The Biotechnology Park The Bio-processing unit . 16
AEROTROPOLIS DEVELOPMENT In order to complement and support the International Airport, a triangular plot of mixed use is being proposed which is adjacent to the Airport boundary and permissible uses within this zone will include: Hotel & Convention Hall Exhibition & Exposition Halls Aviation Academy Logistics Uses Offices for Aircraft Companies Aircraft catering & Kitchens etc.
SOCIAL, RECREATIONAL & SPORTS INFRASTRUCTUREEnvisaged GMADA projects for making lifemeaningful , healthy & responsive:Punjab Habitat Centre on the lines of India Habitat Centre in Sector 68, Mohali for facilities like Art Gallery, Food courts , Space for offices, Health Club etc GMADA Golf Course on 300 acres Land A Golf Range in SAS Nagar Recreational Swimming Pool Sports Club etc.
FUNCTIONS & ACTIVITIES To make provisions for better planning & regulating the development of land. Providing amenities and services in urban areas. Construction of houses. Promoting research and development of new techniques in: Planning Urban Development House construction Development of Quality Infrastructure. For directing the planning & development process. Promoting companies, associations and other bodies for carrying out the purposes of the Act. Performing functions supplemental, incidental or consequential to functions referred above.
INVOLVEMENT OF PRIVATE PROMOTERS In order to develop the area as per the provisions of the Master Plan,it is not possible to develop this area by the government itself. So variousprivate agencies have come forward to develop the sector and also in PPPmode and licenses are being given under the Punjab Apartment andProperty Regulation Act, 1995. Minimum area requirement for development a colony where isbetween 25 to 100 Acres where in all the facilities / development such aseducational, health, commercial, Roads, Parks, Electricity, Water etc. are tobe provided by the colonizers. Most of the Southern sectors of Mohali are being developed byprivate developers of International repute i.e. Emmar MGF, DLF, Unitech, TDIetc.
INFRASTRUCTURE GOALS To Optimize use of existing infrastructure. To integrate common aspects of infrastructure needs and requirements to ensure planning for sustainable and affordable development to meet the growth of the Greater Mohali Region. To utilize modern and innovative technology in infrastructure provision to improve service level and to attain a high quality environment within the Greater Mohali Region. To control and coordinate all infrastructure and utility service providers and to set targets for quality water, energy resources and waste resources.
CHALLENGESRequirement of huge capital: For world class infrastructure, lifestyle and administration with enterpriseProblems with Land Acquisition: Demands of Land owners is very high Premium of land is very high Land cost approx. US$312,500 per acre.Population Growth
REMIDIESAcquire land for commercial purposes to meet the requirement of huge capital.Problems with Land Acquisition: Government introduced Land Pooling Scheme. Participation of Land owners / Farmers in joint development.