Global and pakistan scenerio of oilPresentation Transcript
Presenter:Khawaja Ilyas Ahmed 08-ME-13
An oil is any substance that is liquid at ambient temperatures and does not mix with water but may mix with other oils and organic solvents. Types of Oil: vegetable oils, volatile essential oils, petrochemical oils, synthetic oils.
Organic oils Organic oils are produced in remarkable diversity by plants, animals, and other organisms through natural metabolic processes. Mineral oils Crude oil, or petroleum, and its refined components, collectively termed petrochemicals, are crucial resources in the modern economy. Crude oil originates from ancient fossilized organic materials, such as zooplankton and algae, which geochemical processes convert into oil Cosmetics Oils are applied to hair to give it a lustrous look, to prevent tangles and roughness and to stabilize the hair to promote growth. PaintingColor pigments are easily suspended in oil, making it suitable as a supporting medium for paints. The oldest known extant oil paintings date from 650 AD
Heat transfer Oils are used as coolants in oil cooling, for instance in electric transformers. LubricationOils are commonly used as lubricants. Mineral oils are more more commonly used as machine lubricants than biological oils are. FuelSome oils burn in liquid or aerosol form, generating heat whichcan be used directly or converted into other forms of energy suchas electricity or mechanical work. To obtain most of these oils,crude oil is pumped from the ground and is shipped via oil tankerto an oil refinery. There, it is converted from crude oil to dieselfuel (petro-diesel), ethane (and other short-chain alkanes), fuel oils(heaviest of commercial fuels, used in ships/furnaces), gasoline(petrol), jet fuel, kerosene, etc and is used as fuel.
Oil has been produced in what is now the republic of Pakistan from the early 1920s. A number of fields were discovered in the upper Indus basin in the 1930s and 1940s. around 1980 a large number of hydrocarbon discoveries have been made in the central and southern parts of the country In 1999 there were at least 70 oil and condensate fields in production, although none of them was of any great size. In 2006, Pakistan produced an average of 58,000 bbl/d of crude oil, but has ambitious plans to increase its current output to 100,000 bbl/d by 2010. According to the 2008 BP Statistical Energy Survey, Pakistan consumed an average of 362.38 thousand barrels a day of oil in 2007. According to the 2008 BP Statistical Energy Survey, Pakistan had 2007 natural gas production of 30.8 billion cubic meters and consumption of 30.8 billion cubic meters.
Overall Oil production is less than the oilconsumption so it is the need of hour toovercome this less production by discoveringmore oil fields and by searching out some othermeans of energy like wind energy, solar energyetc.