Air TRAVEL management ASSIGNMENT PRESENTED BY : - MOND. ARSHAD KHAN C – 3 BATCH
INTRODUCTION I am working in GLAMOUR AIRLINES. My BOSS sent me across to win over a very important client. His name is Jack D’ Souza and he is from India. I am presenting a tour package for him , for that I selected two historic and naturally important countries such as THAILAND & CHINA. He needs the information about the documents required in that countries, meals, services and assistance in flight. He also want to know the information about import and export regulations, different travel organizations etc. Through this presentation he will understand the benefits of selecting my package.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT I HAVE SELECTED CERTAIN ROUTINGS FOR YOU & AS FOR AS ME IS CONCERNED IT WILL BE ONE OF THE BEST TOUR PACKAGE WITH A VERY ECONOMICAL EXPENSE. FOR THE ABOVE ASSIGNMENT I SHALL THANKS TO MY FACULTY MR. S.B. TIWARI & MY FRIENDS.
AIR +ROAD ROUTING DEL – BDEL – BKK – PTY – BKK – HKG – SHA – HKG – BKK - DEL DEL DEL– BKK – HKG – BKK - DEEE DEL ROAD ROUTING AIR ROUTING
ITINERARY PLAN NOTE:- HOTEL AMBASSADOR PROVIDED IN PATTAYA ON 23 DEC. HOTEL AMBASSADOR PROVIDED IN SHANGHAI ON 27 DEC.
PACKAGEC INCLUDES Air Ticket – INR 30000 (INCL. TAXES) Visa Charges – INR 5000 Hotel Charges – INR 15000 Transportation charges – INR 40,000 Other Charges – INR 20,000 Total package charges = INR 1,00,000
COUNTRIES & CITIES SELECTED THAILAND BANGKOK PATTAYA CHINA HONGKONG SHANGHAI
TRAVEL TO THAILAND FLAG MAP OF THAILAND
THAILAND Thailand is the world's 50th largest country in terms of total area (slightly smaller than Yemen and slightly larger than Spain), with a surface area of approximately 513,000 km2 (198,000 sq mi), and the 20th most-populous country, with approximately 66 million people. About 75% of the population is ethnically Thai, 14% is of Chinese origin, and 3% is ethnically Malay; the rest belong to minority groups including Mons, Khmers and various hill tribes. There are approximately 2.2 million legal and illegal migrants in Thailand. Thailand has also attracted a number of expatriates from developed countries. The country's official language is Thai. Its primary religion is Buddhism, which is practiced by around 95% of all Thais. Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1995 and is a newly industrialized country with tourism, due to well-known tourist destinations such as Pattaya, Bangkok, Phuket, Chiang Mai and KoSamui, and exports contributing significantly to the economy.
CITIES SELECTED : - BANGKOK PATTAYA
DAILY ITINERARY DAY 1 [ 22 DEC 2010] DEPARTED FROM DELHI AIRPORT AT 0030Hrs ON 22DEC 2010 . ARRIVED BANGKOK AT 0600Hrs THEN TOOK A/C CAR & WENT HOTEL FOR REFRESHMENT. AFTER REFRESHMENT LEFT FOR SIGHT SEEING.
THAILAND SIGHT SEEING Bangkok is the capital, largest urban area and primary city of Thailand. Known in Thai as Krung ThepMahaNakhon (Thai: กรุงเทพมหานคร, pronounced [krūŋtʰêːpmáhǎː nákʰɔ̄ːn] , or กรุงเทพฯ Krung Thep (help · info), meaning "city of angels" for short, it was a small trading post at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River during the Ayutthaya Kingdom.
PATTAYA Pattaya is a city in Thailand, located on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand, about 165 km southeast of Bangkok located within but not part of Amphoe Bang Lamung ( Banglamung ) in the province of Chonburi.
PATTAYA BEACHES PICTURE
HISTORY OF PATTAYA The name Pattaya evolved from the march of Phraya Tak (later King Taksin) and his army from Ayutthaya to Chanthaburi, which took place before the fall of the former capital to the Burmese invaders in 1767. When his army arrived at the vicinity of what is now Pattaya, Phraya Tak encountered the troops of NaiKlom, who tried to intercept him. When the two leaders met face to face, NaiKlom was awed by Phraya Tak's dignified manner and his army's strict discipline. He then surrendered without a fight. The place the two armies confronted each other was called Thap Phraya, which means the Army of the Phraya. This was later changed to Phatthaya, which means the wind blowing from the southwest to the northeast at the beginning of the rainy season. Today the city is officially known as Pattaya.
North Pattaya or PattayaNeu (พัทยาเหนือ) North Pattaya or PattayaNeu (พัทยาเหนือ)is adjacent to Haad Wong Ammat. Specifically, it starts from Dolphin roundabout or in front of Dusit Resort. It is the most quiet beach of all the three beaches of Pattaya. The gradual slope makes it a nice spot for swimming, while brown-red sand and light blue sea offers beautiful view. Moderate amount of the beach chairs, beach umbrellas and food stands can be found on this beach, whereas some hotels, restaurants clubs and bars are located along the seaside road. This area is more upmarket than other parts of the city in terms of accommodations and dining options.Pattaya 2nd Rd. in the northern part of Pattaya, there is venue for some lively entertainment. It is where you can find the awe-inspiring and most spectacular performance in Pattaya, Alcaza and Tiffany Shows offering glamorous and dazzling shows by lady boys. There is also a shopping mall at the intersection between North Pattaya and Central Pattaya.
Dor - Shada Resort Dor-shada Resort by The Sea Our luxurious resort itself is located on the lively private Jomthien beach of Pattaya, exposed to the beautiful view with white sandy beach for your comfort and tranquil relaxation. It is just a short distance from downtown bustling area. As aforementioned, our resort has been thoughtfully constructed in typical Thai modern architecture equipped with all kinds of facilities for your comfort. Our hotel is ideally designed for a fantastic panoramic beach view. This unique resort is furnished with 172 room, 16 villas with swimming pool, Jacuzzi, fitness and pool bar.
AFTER DINNER DEPARTED FOR PATTAYA AT 2330 Hrs BY A/C CAR.
DAY 2 [23 DEC. 2010 ] ARRIVED PATTAYA ON 23 DEC.2010 AT 0600 Hrs THEN GO TO HOTEL FOR REFRESHMENT. AFTER REFRESHMENT TOOK A/C CAR FOR SIGHT SEEING.
The name Pattaya evolved from the march of Phraya Tak (later King Taksin) and his army from Ayutthaya to Chanthaburi, which took place before the fall of the former capital to the Burmese invaders in 1767. From this beginning, Pattaya became a popular beach resort which now attracts over 4 million visitors a year. Fishermen's huts along the beach were replaced by resort hotels and retail stores, including Asia's largest beachfront shopping mall, the CentralFestivalPattaya Beach Mall. PATTAYA BEACH
SIGHT OF PATTAYA Once a fishing town, Pattaya first boomed as an R&R destination during the Vietnam War and developed into a family-orientated,seaside destination. Foreign tourism to Thailand as a whole in 2007 amounted to 14.5 million visitors. WatYanasangwararamWoramahawihan is a temple constructed in 1976 for SomdetPhraYanasangwon, the present Supreme Patriarch and later supported by His Majesty the King. Within the compound of the temple are a replica of the Buddha’s footprint, and a large Chedi containing the relics of the Lord Buddha. Pattaya Park Tower The WatKhaoPhra Bat temple overlooking Pattaya Bay features a Buddha statue more than 18 meters tall
Underwater World Pattaya Underwater World Pattaya exhibits sea fish found in the region. The aquarium featuresa 100-meter-long acrylic pedestrian tunnel which is a home to different types of fish, prowling predators and a host of other creatures that inhabit the ocean depths. The marine species displays are divided into three zones including coral zone, cartilaginous fish zone andsunken ship zone. KhaoKheow Open Zoo is the only zoo in Thailand where over 8,000 animals of more than 300 species let free in an area of 5,000 rai in the KhaoKheow-KhaoChomphu Wildlife Reserve. The zoo grounds are divided into a 400 acres of animal habitats, 200 acres of public recreational area and 1,400 acres of research area which is used for breeding the endangered species. KhaoKheow received international recognition and to become a member of World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Visitors can walk, drive through the zoo to observe animals at close range. There is also tram service riding around the zoo.. KhaoKheow Open Zoo
STAYED OVERNIGHT IN PATTAYA IN AMBASSADOR HOTEL.
DAY 3 [ 24 DEC.2010 ] IN THE MORNING TIME AFTER REFRESHMENT WENT REMAINING PART SIGHT SEEING.
HISTORY OF BANGKOK The town of Bangkok (Thai: บางกอก ) began as a small trading center and port community on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River before the establishment of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, the precursor of modern Thailand, which existed from 1350 to 1767. The etymology of the town's name is unclear. Bang is the Central Thai name for a town situated on the bank of a river. It is believed that "Bangkok" derived from either Bangkok, kok (กอก) being the Thai name for the Java plum (ma-kok, มะกอก), one of several trees bearing olive-like fruits); or Bang Koh, koh meaning "island," a reference to the area's landscape which was carved by rivers and canals.
Bangkok has a large number of hospitals and medical centers, which include eight of the country's fifteen medical schools. Many hospitals in Bangkok act as tertiary care centers, receiving referrals from distant parts of the country. Lately, especially in the private sector, there has been much growth in medical tourism, with many hospitals providing services specifically catering to foreigners. The Bumrungrad Hospital is the main international class hospital on Sukumvit Road, and is popular with expats, wealthy Thais and medical tourists. Its closest competitors are SamithivejHospitaland and Bangkok Hospital Medical Center. All 3 of which have achieved accreditation from the Joint Commission International (JCI). Health care IN Bangkok Bangkok International Hospital in Thailand
A white elephant is an idiom for a valuable possession of which its owner cannot dispose and whose cost (particularly cost of upkeep) is out of proportion to its usefulness or worth. An elaborate network of canals known as khlongs gave Bangkok the nickname "Venice of the East" at a time when most transportation was by boat. Today, nearly all of the canals have been filled in and converted into streets. Bhumibol Bridge
Bangkok is one of Asia's most important air transport hubs. In 2005, more than ninety airlines served Don Mueang International Airport (IATA: DMK; ICAO: VTBD). It was the 18th busiest airport in the world, second busiest in Asia by passenger volume, 15th busiest in the world and fourth busiest in Asia in international passenger volume. Don Mueang consistently ranked 19th in the world in cargo traffic, and seventh in the Asia-Pacific region. Don Mueang is considered to be one of the world's oldest international airports, its opening in March 1914 making it almost twenty years older than London Heathrow. It has three terminals and is located about 30 km (19 mi) north from the heart of Bangkok. Terminal at Suvarnabhumi Airport Terminal interior
Modern sports have been introduced to the people of Bangkok dating back a century by King Chulalongkorn. Horse racing followed by golf began in Bangkok 100 years ago when the king bestowed land for the first race course. The objective of His Majesty was to introduce and promote the quality of horse racing and breeding in Thailand, while providing sporting facilities of international standards for Thailand. Today, horse racing is one of the most popular sports in the capital and one of the most famous sport events in the region. Bangkok has hosted the Asian Games four times, in 1966, 1970, 1978 and 1998. Bangkok was also the host of the first SEA Games in 1959 and Summer Universiade in 2007. Rajamangala National Stadium Rajamangala Stadium is Bangkok's new national stadium. It can seat more than 65,000.
Bangkok has large sections of greenery either preserved by the Department of National Forestry or designated as green zones. The city however, continues to lack a green belt development as economic activity continues to pour into the capital, resulting in massive housing projects along the suburbs. Lumphini Park is regionally famous. Renowned as Bangkok's Central Park, it was built in the early 1920s by Rama VI with this intent. It has since been used to hold grand pageants, ceremonies of the Thai constitution, and was a camp for Japanese soldiers during World War II. On Sundays, the western gates are open for runners to run on to Silom Road. Lumphini Park
MBK – MAH BOON KRONG One of the biggest shopping centre in Bangkok. Located in Siam square near to Siam centre and Siam Paragon. The MBK Centre has over 2000 stores spread amongst its 8 floors, with plenty to keep you entertained from casualwear to shoes, bags and mobile phones. Its architecture is modern and striking. DEPARTED FOR BANGKOK AT 2330Hrs BY A/C CAR ON 24 DEC.2010.
DAY 4 [ 24DEC. 2010 ] ARRIVED BANGKOK ON 24 DEC. 2010 AT 0600Hrs WENT HOTEL FOR REFRESHMENT. AFTER REFRESHMENT TOOK A/C CAR FOR SIGHT SEEING.
BANGKOK Bangkok is the centre of all things Thai, and it’s a great place to see many of the most important, not to mention beautiful, buildings and temples in Thailand. There really is plenty to see and do in this vibrant city and we hope this Bangkok guide will help you plan your visit. Among the highrises is a rich heritage of culture Bangkok offers a wealth of culture, interest and sightseeing, contrary to what you might believe. Most Bangkok guide books will dedicate a large chunk to it's many impressive sites, activities and numerous exotic characters.
CHILDEN’S DISCOVERY MUSEUM Children’s Discovery Museum is the first children museum in Thailand. Located on the northern edge of Chatuchak Weekend Market, the museum has 8 galleries of 123 exhibits and activities located in 3 buildings and 1 outdoor space. The museum was opened in 2001 to gives children a chance to learn about life around them through a hand-on approach. There are eight different sections in three buildings, providing insights into science, nature, culture and society.
Safari World are just incomplete without a visit to the Safari World. Spread over an area of about 300 acres, Safari World Park is divided in to four sections, namely, Safari Park, Bird Park, Games Corner and Macaw Island. A journey through the Safari World will no doubt turn out in to one of the most memorable events of your life. Witness the picturesque African settings with intimate encounters with Dolphins, OrangUtans, Seals, Birds and other such animals and birds at the adventurous Safari World, one of the most popular Bangkok Tourist Attractions. Kindle your adventurous spirit by watching cowboys and bandits jostling for power and performing life-threatening stunts in the very exciting Hollywood Cowboy Stunt Show. Don't miss the ultimate visual extravaganza called Spy War Show at Safari World.
SIAM OCEAN WORLD Two storeys underneath the glitzy Siam Paragon shopping mall, an aquatic wonderland the size of three Olympic swimming pools awaits your discovery at the Siam Ocean World. This underground aquarium, one of the largest in Southeast Asia, will dazzle you with innovative world-class exhibits and over 30,000 curious looking creatures from various depths and aquatic regions across the globe. For kids, a few hours spent at the Siam Ocean World will be as educational as it is exhilarating and memorable. Siam Ocean World
4D THEATRE The fun doesn't stop only in the deep blue sea. Come up for a breath of fresh air and a 25-minute virtual reality adventure with the Sanyo 4D-Xventure (charges apply). Using state-of-the-art technology, the virtual environment created by the theatre and its ‘4D Invader’ seats promises to squeeze a scream or a giggle out of every viewer during the movie – that extra thrill that makes 3D theatres so yesterday's news. So, hold on to your seats and enjoy the dive into the virtual underwater world! Thailand’s First 4D Theatre AFTER DINNER DEPARTED FOR HONK KONG AT 0530Hrs BY AIR.
CHINA TOUR CITIES : - HONG KONG SHANGHAI FLAG CHINA MAP
History of china Ancient China was one of the earliest centers of human civilization. Chinese civilization was also one of the few to invent writing, the others being Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley civilization, the Maya and other Mesoamerican civilizations, the Minoan civilization of ancient Greece, and Ancient Egypt. Archaeological evidence suggests that the earliest hominids in China date from 250,000 to 2.24 million years ago. A cave in Zhoukoudian (near present-day Beijing) has fossils dated at somewhere between 300,000 to 780,000 years.The fossils are of Peking Man, an example of Homo erectus who used fire. The earliest evidence of a fully modern human in China comes from Liujiang County, Guangxi, where a cranium has been found and dated at approximately 67,000 years old. Although much controversy persists over the dating of the Liujiang remains, a partial skeleton from Minatogawa in Okinawa, Japan has been dated to 16,600 to 18,250 years old, so modern humans probably reached China before that time.
DAY 5 [ 25 DEC.2010 ] ARRIVED HONG KONG AT 0600Hrs ON 25 DEC.2010.THEN WENT FOR REFRESHMENT,TOOK A/C CAR & WENT FOR SIGHT SEEING.
HONG KONG Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港) is one of two special administrative regions (SARs) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), the other being Macau. Situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour . With a land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world . Hong Kong's population is 95 percent ethnic Chinese and 5 percent from other groups. Hong Kong's Han Chinese majority originate mainly from the cities of Guangzhou and Taishan in the neighbouring Guangdong province. MAP
HISTORY OF HONG KONG Archaeological studies support a human presence in the Chek Lap Kok area from 35,000 to 39,000 years ago, and in Sai Kung Peninsula from 6,000 years ago. Wong Tei Tung and Three Fathoms Cove are the two earliest sites of human habitation in the Palaeolithic period. It is believed the Three Fathom Cove was a river valley settlement and Wong Tei Tung was a lithic manufacturing site. Excavated Neolithicartefacts suggest cultural differences from the Longshan culture in northern China and settlement by the Che people prior to the migration of the Yue people. Eight petroglyphs were discovered on surrounding islands, which dated to the Shang Dynasty in China. During the Tang Dynasty period, the Guangdong region flourished as a regional trading center. In 736, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang established a military town in TuenMun to defend the coastal area in the region. The first village school, Li Ying College, was established around 1075 in the New Territories under the Northern Song Dynasty. During the Mongol invasion in 1276, the Southern Song Dynasty court moved to Fujian, then to Lantau Island and later to Sung Wong Toi (modern Kowloon City), but the child Emperor Huaizong of Song committed suicide by drowning with his officials after being defeated in the Battle of Yamen. Hau Wong, an official of the emperor is still worshipped in Hong Kong today.
In 1839, the refusal by Qing Dynasty authorities to import opium resulted in the First Opium War between China and Britain. Hong Kong Island was occupied by British forces on 20 January 1841 and was initially ceded under the Convention of Chuenpee as part of a ceasefire agreement between Captain Charles Elliot and Governor Qishan, but the agreement was never ratified due to a dispute between high ranking officials in both governments. It was not until 29 August 1842 that the island was formally ceded in perpetuity to the United Kingdom under the Treaty of Nanking. The British established a crown colony with the founding of Victoria City the following year.
In 1860, after China's defeat in the Second Opium War, the Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutter's Island were ceded in perpetuity to Britain under the Convention of Peking. In 1898, under the terms of the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, Britain obtained a 99-year lease of Lantau Island and the adjacent northern lands, which became known as the New Territories. Hong Kong's territory has remained unchanged to the present.In 1894, the deadly Third Pandemic of bubonic plague spread from China to Hong Kong, causing 50,000–100,000 deaths.
The Lei Cheng Uk Han Tomb Museum located in northwest Kowloon was built in 1969 after the tomb's discovery in 1955 A view of Hong Kong Island from Kowloon in 1840
Hong Kong is located on China's south coast, 60 km (37 mi) east of Macau on the opposite side of the Pearl River Delta. It is surrounded by the South China Sea on the east, south, and west, and borders the Guangdong city of Shenzhen to the north over the Shenzhen River. The territory's 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) area consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, and over 200 offshore islands, of which the largest is Lantau Island. Of the total area, 1,054 km2 (407 sq mi) is land and 50 km2 (19 sq mi) is inland water. Hong Kong claims territorial waters to a distance of 3 nautical miles (5.6 km). Its land area makes Hong Kong the 179th largest inhabited territory in the world. Geography of Hong Kong,
CLIMATE Situated just south of the Tropic of Cancer, Hong Kong has a humid subtropical climate (KöppenCwa). Summer is hot and humid with occasional showers and thunderstorms, and warm air coming from the southwest. Summer is when typhoons are most likely, sometimes resulting in flooding or landslides. Winter weather usually starts sunny and becomes cloudier towards February, with the occasional cold front bringing strong, cooling winds from the north. The most temperate seasons are spring, which can be changeable, and autumn, which is generally sunny and dry. Hong Kong averages 1,948 hours of sunshine per year,while the highest and lowest ever recorded temperatures at the Hong Kong Observatory are 36.1 °C (97.0 °F) and 0.0 °C (32.0 °F), respectively. DEPARTED FOR SHANGHAI AT 2330Hrs BY A/C CAR
DAY 6 [ 26 DEC.2010 ] ARRIVED SHANGHAI ON 26DEC.2010 AT 0600Hrs THEN GO TO HOTEL FOR REFRESHMENT. AFTER REFRESHMENT TOOK A/C CAR FOR SIGHT SEEING.
HISTORY OF SHANGHAI During the Song Dynasty (AD 960–1279) Shanghai was upgraded in status from a village (村) to a market town (镇) in 1074, and in 1172 a second sea wall was built to stabilise the ocean coastline, supplementing an earlier dike. From the Yuan Dynasty in 1292 until Shanghai officially became a city for the first time in 1297, the area was designated merely as a county (縣) administered by the Songjiangprefecture. Two important events helped promote Shanghai's development in the Ming Dynasty. A city wall was built for the first time in 1554, in order to protect the town from raids by Japanese pirates. It measured 10 metres high and 5 kilometres in circumference.Duringthe Wanli reign (1573–1620), Shanghai received an important psychological boost from the erection of a City God Temple (城隍庙) in 1602. This honour was usually reserved for places with the status of a city, such as a prefectural capital (府), and was not normally given to a mere county town (镇) like Shanghai. The honour was probably a reflection of the town's economic importance, as opposed to its low political status.
During the Qing Dynasty, Shanghai became one of the most important sea ports in the Yangtze Delta region. This was a result of two important central government policy changes. First of all, Emperor Kangxi (1662–1723) in 1684 reversed the previous Ming Dynasty prohibition on ocean going vessels, a ban that had been in force since 1525. Secondly, in 1732 Emperor Yongzheng moved the customs office (hai guan) for Jiangsu province from the prefectural capital of Songjiang city to Shanghai, and gave Shanghai exclusive control over customs collections for Jiangsu Province's foreign trade. As a result of these two critical decisions, Professor Linda Cooke Johnson has concluded that by 1735 Shanghai had become the major trade port for all of the lower Yangtze River region, despite still being at the lowest administrative level in the political hierarchy. The walled city of Shanghai during the Ming Dynasty
CLIMATE Shanghai has a humid subtropical climate (KöppenCfa) and experiences four distinct seasons. In winter, cold northerly winds from Siberia can cause nighttime temperatures to drop below freezing, although most years there are only one or two days of snowfall. Summer in Shanghai is hot and humid, with usually 8.7 days of the year exceeding 35 °C (95 °F). with occasional downpours or freak thunderstorms. The city is also susceptible to typhoons in summer and the beginning of autumn, none of which in recent years has caused considerable damage. The most pleasant seasons are Spring, although changeable and often rainy, and Autumn, which is generally sunny and dry. The city averages 4.2 °C (39.6 °F) in January and 27.9 °C (82.2 °F) in July, for an annual mean of 16.1 °C (61.0 °F). Shanghai experiences on average 1,878 hours of sunshine per year, with the hottest temperature ever recorded at 40.2 °C (104 °F), and the lowest at −12.1 °C (10 °F). The average number of rainy days is 112 per year, with the wettest month being June. The average frost-free period is 276 days
MUSEUMS Shanghai boasts several museums of regional and national importance. The Shanghai Museum of art and history has one of the best collections of Chinese historical artifacts in the world, including important archaeological finds since 1949. The Shanghai Art Museum, located near People's Square, is a major art museum holding both permanent and temporary exhibitions. The Shanghai Natural History Museum is a large scale natural history museum. In addition, there is a variety of smaller, specialist museums, some housed in important historical sites such as the site of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea and the site of the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China.
SHANGHAI Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: Shànghǎi; Shanghainese: Zånhae [z̥ɑ̃̀hé]; Mandarin: [ʂɑ́ŋxài]) is the most populous city in China. A global city, Shanghai exerts influence over commerce, finance, culture, art, fashion, research and entertainment. The city is located at the middle portion of the Chinese coast, and sits at the mouth of the Yangtze River. The city is a tourist destination renowned for its historical landmarks such as the Bund and City God Temple, and its modern and ever-expanding Pudong skyline including the Oriental Pearl Tower. Today, Shanghai is the largest centre of commerce and finance in mainland China, and has been described as the "showpiece" of the world's fastest-growing major economy. MAP
Shanghai is administratively equal to a province and is divided into 18 county-level divisions: 17 districts and one county. Even though every district has its own urban core, the real city centre is between Bund to the east, Nanjing Rd to the north, Old City Temple and Huaihai Road to the south. Prominent central business areas include Lujiazui on the east bank of the Huangpu River, and The Bund and Hongqiao areas in the west bank of the Huangpu River. The city hall and major administration units are located in Huangpu District, which also serve as a commercial area, including the famous Nanjing Road. Other major commercial areas include Xintiandi and the classy Huaihai Road (or Avenue Joffre before Liberation) in Luwan district and Xujiahui (which used to be translated into English as Zikawei, reflecting the Shanghainese pronunciation) in Xuhui District. Many universities in Shanghai are located in residential areas of Yangpu District and Putuo District. Shanghai municipal government building
On May 27, 1949, the CommunistPeople's Liberation Army took control of Shanghai, which was one of only three former Republic of China (ROC) municipalities not merged into neighbouring provinces over the next decade (the others being Beijing and Tianjin). Shanghai underwent a series of changes in the boundaries of its subdivisions, especially in the next decade. After 1949, most foreign firms moved their offices from Shanghai to Hong Kong, as part of an exodus of foreign investment due to the Communist victory. Shanghai STAYED OVERNIGHT AT AMBASSADAR HOTEL .
DAY 7 [ 27 DEC.2010 ] IN THE MORNING AFTER BREAKFAST TOOK THE A/C CAR & WENT FOR THE REMAINING SIGHT SEEING OF SHANGHAI & SHOPPING & ALSO FOR PARKS.
YUYUAN GARDEN Yuyuan Garden is a famous classical garden located in AnrenJie, Shanghai. The garden was finished in 1577 by a government officer of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) named Pan Yunduan. Yu in Chinese means pleasing and satisfying, and this garden was specially built for Pan's parents as a place for them to enjoy a tranquil and happy time in their old age. Yuyuan Garden occupies an area of 20,000 square meters (about five acres). However, the small size is not a representative of the attractions of the garden. The pavilions, halls, rockeries, ponds and cloisters all have unique characteristics. There are six main scenic areas in the garden: Sansui Hall, Wanhua Chamber, Dianchun Hall, Huijing Hall, Yuhua Hall and the Inner Garden. Each area features several scenic spots within its borders.
Shanghai Museum Located in the center of Shanghai in People's Square, Shanghai Museum is a large museum of ancient Chinese art. The museum style and presentation surround visitors with artifacts demonstrating ancient wisdom and philosophy. The exterior design of the round dome and the square base symbolizes the ancient idea of a round heaven and a square land. The museum is divided into eleven galleries and three exhibition halls. The eleven Galleries cover most of the major categories of Chinese art: Ancient Bronze, Ancient Ceramics, Paintings, Calligraphy, Ancient Sculpture, Ancient Jade, Coins, Ming and Qing Furniture, Seals, and Minority Nationalities.
Oriental Pearl TV Tower The Oriental Pearl TV Tower is located in Pudong Park in Lujiazui, Shanghai. The tower, surrounded by the Yangpu Bridge in the northeast and the Nanpu Bridge in the southwest, creates a picture of 'twin dragons playing with pearls'. The entire scene is a photographic jewel that excites the imagination and attracts thousands of visitors year-round. This 468 meters (1,536 feet) high tower is the world's third tallest TV and radio tower surpassed in height only by towers in Toronto, Canada and Moscow, Russia. The pearl at the very top of the tower contains shops, restaurants, (including a rotating restaurant) and a sightseeing floor. The view of Shanghai from this height fills you with wonder at the beauty that surrounds you. Truly, 'oriental pearl' is the most suitable name for this tower.
Zhujiajiao Ancient Town
Shanghai's VeniceLocated in a suburb of Shanghai city, Zhujiajiao is an ancient water town well-known throughout the country, with a history of more than 1700 years. Covering an area of 47 square kilometers, the little fan-shaped town glimmers like a bright pearl in the landscape of lakes and mountains.
Endowed with another elegant name - 'Pearl Stream' - the little town is the best-preserved among the four ancient towns in Shanghai. Unique old bridges across bubbling streams, small rivers shaded by willow trees, and houses with courtyards attached all transport people who have been living amidst the bustle and hustle of the modern big city to a brand-new world full of antiquity, leisure and tranquillity.
Jade Buddha Temple In the western part of Shanghai, a very modern and flourishing city, there is a venerable and famous Buddhist temple, Jade Buddha Temple. In 1882, an old temple was built to keep two jade Buddha statues which had been brought from Burma by a monk named Huigen . The temple was destroyed during the revolution that overthrew the Qing Dynasty. Fortunately the jade Buddha statues were saved and a new temple was built on the present site in 1928. It was named the Jade Buddha Temple. The Jade Buddha Temple is a good place to go whether you are a Buddhist or not, the peaceful and transcendent atmosphere adds a kind of richness to our busy modern society.
AFTER DINNER DEPARTED FOR HONG KONG AT 2330 Hrs BY A/C CAR.
DAY 8 [ 28 DEC. 2010 ] ARRIVED HONGKONG ON 28 DEC. 2010 AT 0600 Hrs BY A/C CAR. THEN WENT HOTEL FOR REST OF THE SIGHT SEEING & SHOPPING.
Ocean Park Ocean Park is a major attraction in Hong Kong, the luminous pearl of the Orient and world financial center in southeast China. Hong Kong's mild climate and coastal scenery, attracts throngs of visitors annually from all over world. Any visit to Hong Kong should include the world famous Ocean Park. Hong Kong Ocean Park is located on the south end of Hong Kong Island. The larger of two sections is on the headlands of Mount Nanlang. The smaller section is in the Huang Zhu Keng Valley lowlands. With an area of 170 acres, it's one of the largest ocean parks in the world. The two entrances to Ocean Park (Tai Shue Wan Entrance and Main Entrance) are connected by cable-car.
Beyond the Panda habitat one enters the 'Dinosaur-Now and Then' exhibits. Here tourists will see vivid dinosaur models, especially the model of Tyrannosaurus Rex. Learn how the dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago. 'Dinosaur- Now and Then' attractions include the Chinese Alligator and Chinese Giant Salamander. Additional wildlife exhibits on the lowland section include the Butterfly House, the Goldfish Pagoda among others. Most of the exhibitions emphasize the importance of protecting endangered species. Hong Kong Ocean Park also is famous for its many thrilling rides on the headland. The latest ride is the Abyss Turbo drop, which moves vertically on a 185 foot tower. Hong Kong Ocean Park will fill your day with wonder, pleasure and excitement and reward you with satisfying memories of your visit to the impressive Hong Kong Ocean Park.
Wong Tai Sin Temple Wong Tai Sin Temple, a Taoist temple established in 1921, is one of the most famous temples in Hong Kong. It is also renowned among overseas Chinese in Southern Asia, Europe, and America. Wong Tai Sin Temple is named after Wong Chuping. When Wong Chuping was 15, he began to follow Taoism. Forty years later, he achieved enlightenment and became immortal. People called him Wong Tai Sin from then on. It is said that he punishes evils, heals the wounded, and rescues the dying. The influence of Wong Tai Sin spread from Guangdong Province to Hong Kong in the early 20th century. Also at the temple are the Nine Dragon Wall--a replica of the renowned Nine Dragon Wall in Beijing, and the Good Wish Garden - a miniature copy of Beijing's Summer Palace Additionally, Wong Tai Sin Temple is the only temple that offers facilities for wedding ceremonies in Hong Kong. Gate of Wong Tai Sin Temple, Hong Kong Pious worshippers in the temple
Deep Water Bay
Address: Southern District, Hong Kong, China, CNSituated on Hong Kong Island's south coast, close to Aberdeen Harbour, is Deep Water Bay, a scenic seaside area in which visitors can escape the hustle and bustle of the concrete jungle and immerse themselves in the pretty natural environment. Besides relaxing on one of Hong Kong's finest beaches, tourists can take a stroll along the stunning beautiful walkway between Deep Water Bay and Repulse Bay.Hong Kong tourist attraction open: dailyHong Kong tourist attraction admission: free
DEPARTED FOR HONGKONG AT 2330 Hrs BY AIR.
DAY 9 [29 DEC. 2010 ] ARRIVED BANGKOK ON 29 DEC. 2010 AT 0600 Hrs. THEN GOTO HOTEL FOR REFRESHMENT. AFTER REFRESHMENT TOOK A/C CAR FOR DINNER.
[ 30 DEC. 2010 ] DEPARTED FROM BANGKOK AIRPORT AT 0830 Hrs ON 30 DEC. 2010 ARRIVED DELHI AT 1130 Hrs & THEN TOOK A/C CAR & WENT HOME.
bibliography www.google.co.in www.wikipedia.org
PASSPORT VISA CURRENCY AIR TICKET CUSTOMS MEDICAL CERTIFICATE ( IF REQUIRED ) Document required
INTRODUCTION : - passport is a document, issued by a national government, which certifies, for the purpose of international travel, the identity and nationality of its holder. The elements of identity are name, date of birth, sex, and place of birth. Most often, nationality and citizenship are congruent. A passport does not of itself entitle the passport holder entry into another country, nor to consular protection while abroad or any other privileges. It does, however, normally entitle the passport holder to return to the country that issued the passport. Rights to consular protection arise from international agreements, and the right to return arises from the laws of the issuing country. A passport does not represent the right or the place of residence of the passport holder in the country that issued the passport.
TYPES OF PASSPORT Ordinary passport, [Tourist passport, Regular passport, Passport] Issued to citizens and generally the most-issued type of passport. Sometimes it is possible to have children registered within the ordinary passport of the parent, rendering the passport functionally equal to a family passport. Official passport [Service passport] Issued to government employees for work-related travel, and to accompanying dependents. Emergency passport [Temporary passport] Issued to persons whose passports were lost or stolen, and who do not have time to obtain replacement passports. Sometimes laissez-passer are used for this purpose. Collective passport :Issued to defined groups for travel together to particular destinations, such as a group of school children on a school trip to a specified country. Family passport Issued to family members—father, mother, son, daughter. There is one passport holder. The passport holder may travel alone or with one or more other family members. A family member who is not the passport holder cannot use the passport for travel unless accompanied by the passport holder.
AIR TRAVEL INSURANCE INTRODUCTION : - Travel Insurance is insurance that is intended to cover medical expenses and financial (such as money invested in nonrefundable pre-payments) and other losses incurred while traveling, either within one's own country, or internationally. Temporary travel insurance can usually be arranged at the time of the booking of a trip to cover exactly the duration of that trip, or a more extensive, continuous insurance can be purchased from travel insurance companies, travel agents or directly from travel suppliers such as cruiselines or tour operators. However, travel insurance purchased from travel suppliers tends to be less inclusive than insurance offered by insurance companies. Travel insurance often offers coverage for a variety of travelers. Student travel, business travel, leisure travel, adventure travel, cruise travel, and international travel are all various options that can be insured.
IMPORTANCE OF AIR TRAVEL INSURANCE An aero plane or air travel is the only mode of transportation which can be adopted when people need to travel long distances especially other countries. Some people decide to travel by air when they have to travel long distances even within the same country. People who travel by air on a regular basis should make sure that they have air flight insurance. The availability of this air flight insurance will provide protection against any eventuality which is likely to take place during the course of the journey. A large number of difficulties and obstacles can be circumvented when people decide to take air flight insurance. A delay in the flight, cancellation of the flight as well as the loss of luggage can be easily compensated using air flight insurance The cost of air travel insurance is not very high. This form of insurance will provide protection against the cancellation of a flight, lost luggage or death and dismemberment. Other forms of coverage during the course of travel will be provided when the person decides to take the complete travel insurance package. A lot of benefits can be attained by taking a complete travel insurance package. It will provide insurance coverage in case the flight has been cancelled or when the luggage is missing apart from any kind of medical emergency when the passenger is suddenly taken ill either due to some preexisting conditions or sudden illnesses. Any medical needs which are likely to arise due to the flight delay will also be covered by the air travel insurance package. There is no age limit to get air travel insurance and the person who requires air travel insurance will only have to answer a few questions which have been put forward by his agent. The processing of air travel insurance will also be done in a quick and easy manner.
INTRODUCTION : - Travel Insurance is insurance that is intended to cover medical expenses and financial (such as money invested in nonrefundable pre-payments) and other losses incurred while traveling, either within one's own country, or internationally. Temporary travel insurance can usually be arranged at the time of the booking of a trip to cover exactly the duration of that trip, or a more extensive, continuous insurance can be purchased from travel insurance companies, travel agents or directly from travel suppliers such as cruiselines or tour operators. However, travel insurance purchased from travel suppliers tends to be less inclusive than insurance offered by insurance companies. Travel insurance
In flight meal SOME OF THE MEALS THAT COULD BE PROVIDED IN FLIGHT ARE : - Cultural diets, such as French, Italian, Chinese, Japanese or Indian style. Infant and baby meals Medical diets, including low/high fiber, low fat/cholesterol, diabetic, peanut free, non-lactose, low salt/sodium, low-purine, low-calorie, low-protein, bland (non-spicy) and gluten-free meals. Religious diets, including Kosher, Halal and Hindu, Buddhist and Jain vegetarian (sometimes termed Asian vegetarian) meals. Vegetarian and vegan meals. Some airlines do not offer a specific meal for vegetarians; instead, they are given a vegan meal.
IMPORT & EXPORT REGULATIONS OF THAILAND Customs Rules Import regulations:: Free import by each passenger holding a passport of his own, irrespective of age:1. 200 cigarettes or 250 grammes of tobacco or equal weight of cigars;2. 1 litre of alcoholic liquor;3. One still camera with 5 rolls of film or one movie camera with 3 rolls of 8 or 16 mm. film. Free import for non-residents:- for holders of transit visas or who can obtain a visa on arrival: up to THB 10,000 per person or THB 20,000 per family.- for holders of tourist visas: up to THB 20,000 per person or THB 40,000 per family. Prohibited (without licence):1. Firearms and ammunition incl. explosive articles and fireworks, drugs of narcotic nature, e.g. heroin.
2. Gold bullion. Moreover it must be declared on arrival and can, if no import licence is available, be left in Customs bond at the airport of entry to be retrieved on departure.3. Meat from any country affected by Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) or mad cow and foot-and-mouth diseases. The measure covers meat from all European Union countries and any other infected country. Those carrying such diseased meat will be fined THB 40,000 and/or imprisoned for up to two years. Additional Information on regulations:: Violation of these rules or false declaration will result in heavy fines and forfeiture of articles concerned. The import of heroin may result in imprisonment for life or even death penalty. A declaration of goods acquired abroad is required if the total value exceeds THB 10,000.- per person.
Export regulations:: Free export of tobacco products and/or tobacco: any quantity.Prohibited (without licence):1. Antique or objects of art, whether offically registered as art or not;2. Religious articles (excluding one small Buddha image normally carried on person). Crew members customs regulations:: same regulations as for passengers apply. Pets:: Import: must be accompanied by a health certificate, completed in English and signed or further endorsed by a full-time authorized veterinary official of the government of the exporting country and are subject to taxation (to find applicable tariff, please refer to: igtf.customs.go.th/igtf/en/main_frame.jsp). Dogs and cats also need a rabies certificate if the country has not been rabies free for at least the past 12 months. Any person wishing to import or transit animals or birds into/through Thailand should confirm prior to transportation the exact flight itinerary and arrival date, together with details of the animal(s) (i.e. breed, sex and quantity) with the Bangkok Airport Animal Quarantine Station, at the following: tel: +662 1340731/2; fax: +662 1343640.The Department of Livestock Development of Thailand has banned the importation of the following into Thailand: Pitbull Terrier or American Staffordshire Terrier.Exportof any animal is only permitted if holding an export license and an official health certificate, which can be obtained at the chief veterinary officer of Bangkok airport. Pets may enter as passenger's checked baggage, in the cabin or as cargo.
Currency rules Currency Import regulations: Local currency: up to THB 50,000.- per person or THB 100,000.- per family holding one passport.Foreign currencies: unlimited. However, amounts of foreign currency exceeding USD 20,000.- (or equivalent) must be declared to a Customs Officer upon arrival by all travellers. Currency Export regulations: Local currency: up to THB 50,000.- per person or THB 100,000.- per family holding one passport.Foreign currencies: unlimited. However, amounts of foreign currency exceeding USD 20,000.- (or equivalent) must be declared to a Customs Officer upon departure by all travellers.
IMPORT & EXPORT REGULATIONS OF CHINA Import regulations by China customs The following items may be imported into China by passengers staying less than 6 months without incurring customs duty:400 cigarettes (600 cigarettes for stays of over six months); two bottles (up to 75cl) of alcoholic beverages (four bottles for stays of over six months); a reasonable amount of perfume for personal use.Chinese customs authorities may enforce strict regulations concerning temporary importation into or export from China of items such as antiquities, banned publications, some religious literature, or vehicles not conforming to Chinese standards. It is advisable to contact the Embassy of China in Washington or one of China's consulates in the United States for specific information regarding customs requirements.
Export regulations by China customs Prohibited items:Arms and ammunition (prior approval may be obtained courtesy of the travel agency used), pornography (photographs in mainstream Western magazines may be regarded as pornographic), radio transmitters/receivers, exposed but undeveloped film, fruit and certain vegetables (tomatoes, aubergines and red peppers), political and religious pamphlets (a moderate quantity of religious material for personal use is acceptable). Any printed matter directed against the public order and the morality of China.Some Americans report that items purchased in China and believed to be antiques or genuine gems are often later determined to be reproductions. Some travelers report that this occurs even at state-owned stores and museum stores. Travel agencies and tour guides will often escort tour groups to particular shops at which the travel agency or tour guide will share in the profit, and may claim to guarantee the authenticity of items sold in those shops. Travelers are warned to be vigilant when purchasing items in China.
The freedoms of the air are a set of commercial aviation rights granting a country's airline(s) the privilege to enter and land in another country's airspace. Formulated as a result of disagreements over the extent of aviation liberalisation in the Convention on International Civil Aviation of 1944, (known as the Chicago Convention) the United States had called for a standardized set of separate air rights which may be negotiated between states but most of the other countries involved were concerned that the size of the U.S. airlines would dominate all world air travel if there were not strict rules. The convention was successful in drawing up a multilateral agreement in which the first two freedoms, known as the International Air Services Transit Agreement, or "Two Freedoms Agreement" were open to all signatories. As of the summer of 2007, the treaty is accepted by 129 countries. The following are the rights attached to each of the freedoms of the air. FREEDOMS OF THE AIR
First freedom : - The first freedom is the right to fly over a foreign country without landing . It is also known as the technical freedom. It grants the privilege to fly over the territory of a treaty country without landing. Member states of the International Air Services Transit Agreement grant this freedom (as well as the second freedom) to other member states, subject to the transiting aircraft using designated air routes. As of the summer of 2007, 129 countries were parties to this treaty, including such large ones as the United States of America, India, and Australia. However, Brazil, Russia, Indonesia, and China never joined, and Canada left the treaty in 1988. These large and strategically located non-IASTA-member states prefer to maintain tighter control over foreign airlines' overflight of their airspace, and negotiate transit agreements with other countries on a case-by-case basis. Since the end of the Cold War, first freedom rights are almost completely universal, although most countries require prior notification before an overflight, and charge substantial fees for the privilege.
Second freedom : - The second freedom allows technical stops without the enplaning or deplaning of passengers or cargo.:31 It is the right to stop in one country solely for refueling or other maintenance on the way to another country. The most famous example of the second freedom is Shannon Airport, which was used as a stopping point for most North Atlantic flights until the 1960s. Anchorage was similarly used for flights between Western Europe and East Asia, bypassing Soviet airspace, until the 1980s. Anchorage is still used by some mainland Chinese and Taiwanese airlines for flights to the U.S. and Toronto from mainland China and Taiwan. Also, flights between Europe and South Africa often stopped at Ilha do Sal (Sal Island), off the coast of Senegal, due to many African nations refusing to allow South African flights to overfly their territory during the Apartheid regime. Gander, Newfoundland was also a frequent stopping point for airlines from the USSR and East Germany on the way to the Caribbean, Central America, Mexico and South America. Because of longer range of modern airliners, second freedom rights are comparatively rarely exercised by passenger carriers today, but they are widely used by air cargo carriers, and are more or less universal between countries
Third freedom : - The third freedom is the right to carry passengers or cargo from one's own country to another. The third freedom was the first commercial freedom.
Fourth freedom : - The right to carry passengers or cargo from another country to one's own is the fourth freedom. Third and fourth freedom rights are almost always granted simultaneously in bilateral agreements between countries.
Fifth freedom : - The fifth freedom allows an airline to carry revenue traffic between foreign countries as a part of services connecting the airline's own country. It is the right to carry passengers from one's own country to a second country, and from that country to a third country (and so on). The "unofficial 'seventh freedom'", is a variation of the fifth freedom and allows international services wholly outside of an airline's origin. An example of a fifth freedom flight is a 2004 Emirates Airlines flight originating in Dubai, then going on to Brisbane, Australia, and then from Brisbane to Auckland, New Zealand, where tickets can be sold on any or all sectors, and in the reverse direction if flights are offered. It is also called a connecting flight.
Sixth freedom : - The unofficial sixth freedom combines the third freedom and fourth freedoms and is the right to carry passengers or cargo from a second country to a third country by stopping in one's own country. Cathay Pacific Airways, Thai Airways, Malaysia Airlines, Singapore Airlines and other airlines in Asia use sixth-freedom rights extensively to fly passengers between Europe and Australasia (also known as the Kangaroo Route). Likewise, American Airlines connects passengers from Europe and Asia to other countries in the Americas via U.S. ports. Unlike the Kangaroo Route, however, these flights are not direct. For argument's sake, AA 168 from Tokyo-Narita to JFK ends in JFK. However, AA 290 from JFK to EZE is a different flight number. The point being, on Kangaroo flights one can catch, say, BA 167 from SYD to BKK to LHR on the same flight number. British Airways commonly tickets passengers from America to Asia via London. Icelandair sells tickets between Europe and North America via Iceland, Finnair sells tickets from North America to Asia via Helsinki.
WORLDMAP FREEDOM OF THE AIR RULE NO.6 IS AFFECTING AS PER AS MY ROUTING.
INTRODUCTION : - The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is an internationalindustry trade group of airlines headquartered in Montreal, Canada, where the International Civil Aviation Organization is also headquartered. IATA's mission is to represent, lead, and serve the airline industry. IATA represents some 230 airlines comprising 93% of scheduled international air traffic. The Director General and Chief Executive Officer is Giovanni Bisignani. Currently, IATA is present in over 150 countries covered through 101 offices around the globe. The IATA Head Office are located at 800 Place Victoria (Montreal Stock Exchange Tower) in Montreal since 1977 (having been located at Central Station (Montreal) since its founding) and the executive offices are at the Geneva Airport in Switzerland.
HISTORY : - IATA was formed on 19 April1945, in Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, founded in The Hague in 1919, the year of the world's first international scheduled services. At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europe and North America. Today it has about 230 members from more than 140 nations in every part of the world.
MISSION : - Traffic Department • Provides a forum for traffic coordination discussions • Services as a central source of traffic information for publishers and members • Lists and verifies services of cargo and travel agents worldwide on behalf of the member airlines • Coordinates training programmes for cargo and travel agents • Arranges centralised billing and reporting of agents' sales • Provides a forum for airlines to resolve scheduling problems • Helps represent the industry on airmail issues. Legal Department • Provides professional legal advise and interpretations to individual members as required from an airline perspective • Distributes and publishes information on legal or regulatory issues of industry-wide interest and importance • Formulates industry positions vis-à-vis bodies like ICAO, the European Community and individual governments. Technical Department • Develops standards to help maximise flight safety, in cooperation with governments, airlines and manufacturers • Advocates airline positions on operational needs • Provides guidance on medical standards for crew, health and hygiene; sets standards for catering and seeks to facilitate travel for all passengers including the handicapped • Assimilates safety statistics and conducts security and safety related seminars.
4. Government and Industry Affairs Department • Lobbies government and international organisations to promote and defend the interests of scheduled airlines • Represents IATA on a regional level and also supports efforts of regional airline organisations on behalf of their member airlines to maintain good working relations with governments • Runs low cost training programmes for staff from developing nations' airlines and related projects • Provides after sales service to new members . 5. Public Relations Department • Represents and defends collective airline interests vis-à-vis the media, consumer groups and the public at large • Serves as a channel for airlines of sizes to benefit from each others' public relations and expertise • Helps market IATA products • Maintains information flow to members. 6. Industry Automotive and Financial Services Department • Operates an industry clearing house handling in excess of USD 25 billion annually • Oversees the functioning of interline agreements designed to offer cargo shipments and passenger convenience • Maintains standard operation criteria and procedures to speed the flow of passengers, baggage and cargo and publishes various types of industry reference material • Assembles, analyses and publishes comparative statistical data for use by airline managements in their planning.
INTRODUCTION : - The United Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations (UFTAA) emanates from the Universal Federation of Travel Agents’ Associations created in Rome, Italy, on November 22nd, 1966. UFTAA was originally founded as a result of a merger of two large world organisations, FIAV and UOTAA, recognising the need to unify travel agencies and tour-operators into one international federation. In 1989, coming from Brussels, UFTAA set up its General Secretariat in the Principality of Monaco. UFTAA started its operation as a Confederation on January 1st, 2003. It is a non-profit Confederation of international scope, representing Regional Federations comprising some 80 national associations.
MISSIONS : - To comply with its mission, the Confederation develops the following functions : - To unite and consolidate the Federations of Travel Agents’ National Associations and to globally enhance the interests of their members ; - To represent the travel agents’ activities before various world-wide bodies, governmental authorities and suppliers ; - To work towards the adoption of measures that will ease travel for the consumer and to offer services to its member federations ; - To be an investigation and information centre supporting the member Federations’ work and to offer information for technological development ; - To offer, as a voluntary mechanism, an arbitration service which assists in solving conflicts resulting from commercial relations for which amicable settlement cannot be reached ; - To organise a world congress of travel agents and other meetings necessary to the exchange and transmission of knowledge.
INTRODUCTION : - The Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) is a membership association acting as a catalyst for the responsible development of the Asia Pacific travel and tourism industry. In partnership with PATA’s private and public sector members, we enhance the sustainable growth, value and quality of travel and tourism to, from and within the region.
2. By the early 1950s those who had an interest in the region were facing a tremendous range of opportunities. In 1952, commercial use of the jet airplane was still several years away and so was the explosion in Pacific travel that would occur in the 1960s. However, the Pacific Area Travel Conference of 1952 began to lay the essential foundation for the boom years to follow. 3. At the Second Pacific Area Travel Conference, the young organisation became known as the Pacific Area Travel Association. In 1986, in Kuala Lumpur, the Board of Directors approved the Association’s current name, Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA).
ABOUT : - The PATA Foundation is a natural extension of PATA’s dedication to the principles of conservation, which are part of the Association’s charter. When the concept of a charitable foundation was first proposed at the 33rd PATA Annual Conference in 1984, there was unanimous member approval. PATA FOUNDATION
INTRODUCTION : - The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. Its headquarters are located in the Quartier International of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The ICAO should not be confused with the International Air Transport Association (IATA), a trade organization for airlines also headquartered in Montreal, or with the Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation (CANSO), an organization for Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSP's) with its headquarters at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in the Netherlands. The ICAO flag
Foundation of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) The consequence of the studies initiated by the US and subsequent consultations between the Major Allies was that the US government extended an invitation to 55 States or authorities to attend, in November 1944, an International Civil Aviation Conference in Chicago. Fifty-four States attended this Conference end of which a Convention on International Civil Aviation was signed by 52 States set up the permanent International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) as a means to secure international co-operation an highest possible degree of uniformity in regulations and standards, procedures and organisation regarding civil aviation matters. At the same time the International Services Transit Agreement and the International Air Transport Agreement were signed.
The most important work accomplished by the Chicago Conference was in the technical field because the Conference laid the foundation for a set of rules and regulations regarding air navigation as a whole which brought safety in flying a great step forward and paved the way for the application of a common air navigation system throughout the world. This Organization was in operation from August 1945 to April 1947 when the permanent ICAO came into being. Its seat was in Montreal, Canada and in 1947 the change from PICAO to ICAO was little more than a formality. However, it also brought about the end of ICAN because, now that ICAO was firmly established, the ICAN member States agreed to dissolve ICAN by naming ICAO specifically as its successor Organization. As a consequence of the above ICAO adopted the concept of Regions and Regional Offices on the understanding that any regional activities could only be undertaken provided they did not conflict with the world-wide activities of the Organization. However, it was also recognised that such activities could vary from Region to Region taking into account the general economic, technical or social environment of the Region concerned.
INTRODUCTION : - The Warsaw Convention is an international convention which regulates liability for international carriage of persons, luggage or goods performed by aircraft for reward. Originally signed in 1929 in Warsaw (hence the name), it was amended in 1955 at The Hague and in 1975 in Montreal. United States courts have held that, at least for some purposes, the Warsaw Convention is a different instrument from the Warsaw Convention as Amended by the Hague Protocol. In particular, the Warsaw Convention: mandates carriers to issue passenger tickets; requires carriers to issue baggage checks for checked luggage; creates a limitation period of 2 years within which a claim must be brought (Article 29); and limits a carrier's liability to at most: 250,000 Francs or 16,600 Special Drawing Rights (SDR) for personal injury; 17 SDR per kilogram for checked luggage and cargo, or $20USD per kilogram for non-signatories of the amended Montreal Protocols. ..... 5,000 Francs or 332 SDR for the hand luggage of a traveller. On June 1, 2009, the exchange rate was 1.00 SDR = 1.088 EUR or 1.00 SDR = 1.548 USD. The Montreal Convention, signed in 1999, replaced the Warsaw Convention system.
INTRODUCTION : - The Montreal Convention, formally the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage, is a treaty adopted by a Diplomatic meeting of ICAO member states in 1999. It amended important provisions of the Warsaw Convention's regime concerning compensation for the victims of air disasters. The Convention re-establishes urgently needed uniformity and predictability of rules relating to the international carriage of passengers, baggage and cargo. Whilst maintaining the core provisions which have successfully served the international air transport community for several decades (i.e. the Warsaw regime), the new convention achieves the required modernisation in a number of key areas. It protects passengers by introducing a two-tier liability system and by facilitating the swift recovery of proven damages without the need for lengthy litigation.
INTRODUCTION : - The Convention on International Civil Aviation, also known as the Chicago Convention, established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels from tax. The document was signed on December 7, 1944 in Chicago, Illinois, by 52 signatory states. It received the requisite 26th ratification on March 5, 1947 and went into effect on April 4, 1947, the same date that ICAO came into being. In October of the same year, ICAO became a specialized agency of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). The Convention has since been revised eight times (in 1959, 1963, 1969, 1975, 1980, 1997, 2000 and 2006). Links to all versions of the document can be found in the external links section. The original signed document resides in the National Archives of the United States.
Reason to choose our package THIS PACKAGE IS GOOD BECAUSE IT PROVIDE FACILITY TO PASSENGER & IF YOU CHOOSE THIS PACKAGE THEN HOTEL GIVE DISCOUNT & ONE NIGHT STAY FREE IN 5 STAR HOTEL. Convenience. An all-inclusive tour package offers the ultimate in convenience. Rather than having to book everything yourself, including hotel, airfare, transportation, excursions and other amenities, an all-inclusive tour package includes everything at one set price. Cost. The price of an all-inclusive tour package is often much lower than if you were to handle all of the arrangements yourself. How is this possible? Because the provider(s) of an all-inclusive tour package bring a lot of business to a specific area and/or businesses, which means they are able to get a discount on certain amenities and they can pass this savings on to you. If you want to see the best attractions while on tour, an all-inclusive tour package is designed to give you a look at the best an area has to offer. The most popular local attractions and tourist destinations are sure to be included in most offers.
Something for everyone. An all-inclusive tour package is designed to have something for everyone, especially if you choose a package that relates specifically to your family and their personalities. If you have children, its important to select a package that also offers fun activities for the little ones. China & Thailand is becoming more and more popular as a tourist destination. it really was a place for the adventurous at heart. Full breakfast daily plus 3 dinners. If you are interested in purchasing an all-inclusive tour package, consult with a professional travel agent or a hotel located in the area that you will be visiting.