CITY & COUNTRYSIDE OF UTRECHTReach   Density   Uniqueness   Mix-function   Connectivity   Accessibility   Route   Identity
Table of contentIntroduction								             4North	       Reach								            8	       Density								          ...
Introduction                  Reach                                                                         Density       ...
Uniqueness                                                                        Mixed FunctionsWe are trying to find the...
Introduction                               Connectivity                                                                   ...
Routing                                                                             IdentityThe aim of the routing analysi...
North         Legend reach        Reach inside urban fabric                                    Reach pedestrians (1 km)   ...
ReachThis shows the reach of the accesspoints at the north border; the pedestrianreach shows that only the outer edge of t...
North                                                                                                                     ...
Districts and neighborhoods 1999                                                          Density                         ...
North             legendUniqueness                park                area around with 1km                city border     ...
Districts and neighborhoods 1999                                      Population Population     unicity population covered...
North                  Village center(brown)                  Culture(blue)                  -monument & architecture     ...
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
​Urban plan & city analysis   city & countryside utrecht
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​Urban plan & city analysis city & countryside utrecht

  1. 1. CITY & COUNTRYSIDE OF UTRECHTReach Density Uniqueness Mix-function Connectivity Accessibility Route Identity
  2. 2. Table of contentIntroduction 4North Reach 8 Density 10 Unique items 12 Mixed functions 14 Connectivity 16 Accessibility 18 Routing 20 Identity 22West Reach 28 Density 30 Unique items 32 Mixed functions 34 Connectivity 36 Accessibility 38 Routing 40South Reach 42 Density 44 Unique items 46 Mixed functions 48 Connectivity 50 Accessibility 52 Routing 54 Identity 56East Reach 62 Density 64 Unique items 66 Mixed functions 68 Connectivity 70 Accessibility 72 Routing 74 Identity 76Conclusions 82
  3. 3. Introduction Reach Density In order to know how far inhabitants can get into the landscape and what Here the amount of people that live within walking or cycling range of the amount of people is within range of the city border, a reach analysis was countryside is calculated. Based on the map of neighbourhood distribution made for the city border we defined. We took three scales of trips into of Utrecht and statistical data of these neighbourhoods form the CBS, the account: a pedestrian trip of 1,5 hour (small), a bicycle trip of 1,5 hour percentage of population that is covered by the range of the circle is measured; (medium), and a bicycle trip of 4 hour (large). This way, the success or then the density per neighbourhood and also the amount of people living failure of the contact with the landscape can be viewed in the case of the within the walking and cycling distance was taken. city of Utrecht. The number of inhabitants per neighbourhood ( source CBS Statline, ‘Kerncijfers The accessways along the boundary between urban area and landscape Wijken en Buurten 1999’, juli 2002 http://www.cbs.nl/) were used to compare on all sides of Utrecht were mapped. Then the three different kinds of the four different sides of the city in terms of the amount of the population the circle ranges for three different lengths of trips were drawn for each city border of that particular side would reach. accesspoint.Reach Density In the calculations, the average walking speed is estimated at 4km/h. The maximum time people would like to spend to get the border of landscape is taken as 15 min, and the time people spend in the countryside is one hour (30 minutes back and 30 min forth). So the radius of the circle for short trip of 1,5 hour walking is 1 km inside the border (15 min x 4 km/h = 1 km) and 2 km outside the border (30 min x 4 km/h =2 km). The same analysis was made for the 1,5 hour cycling trip. The average cycling within the city is estimated at 12 km/h, and 15km/h in the countryside. Here too, one would spend 15 min to get to the border and 1 hour in landscape. Then the radius will be 3km inside (15 min x 12 km/h =3 km) and 7,5 km outside the border (30 min x 15 km/h =7.5 km). The longest trip is taken at 4 hours, consisting of maximum of 30 min get to the border and 3 hours in landscape including one hour of no movement. The radius will be 6 km inside (30 min x 12 km/h =6 km) and 15 km outside the border (1 hour x 15 km/h =15 km). 4
  4. 4. Uniqueness Mixed FunctionsWe are trying to find the alternatives for the countryside available such as In the analysis of mixed functions the study is made to analyse how thelarge parks which can compete with countryside as recreational area within the trip to the countryside can be combined to with a visit to an attraction orborder. These parks should be large enough for people to take a longer trip café/restaurant. In this the attractions or attractive areas are the villagein a landscape-like area, and have good accessibility for serving more people. centres, cultural, transportation, shopping, catering industry and sports.If they are near the border of the landscape, it might be considered as an The number of these mixed functions is calculated and compared withentrance for the landscape of countryside. People that live within the range of the various functions. This helps to derive the density of each functionthese park areas can reach the countryside through these ‘green fingers’. and compare between them and also with other sides. Uniqueness Mixed functions 5
  5. 5. Introduction Connectivity Accessibility In the analysis of connectivity, the main approach is first – second – third The goal of the research on accessibility is to define how many alternatives step grade connectivity according to the space syntax method. It measures people have when they get into the landscape from the urban area. The the to-movement or accessibility potential of each street segment with research method was calculating the number of entrances to the landscape respect to all others. It helps to observe how spatial networks relate per kilometre, and compare ‘entrance density’ of the four different sides of the to functional patterns. The 3-steps analysis is done for three aspects: city. automobile system (car), biking system and pedestrian system. It helps In order to draw the various networks of accessibility, and also to show the to understand the influence of each transitional system and analyse how quality of the various entrances to the countryside, the type of entrances deep the countryside is anchored in the urban tissue. It is a set of theories is categorised by recreational activity, and the number of entrances wereConnectivity Accessibility about how countryside landscape networks relate in general to the social calculated per kilometre. cognitive factors which shape them and are affected by them. This is The length of the access lines from entrances to both sides of the urban and the carried out first by analysing the accessways to the urban area from the landscape were drawn to show which access is easier to reach the landscape countryside and then the 3-steps analysis from the border towards the by without turning points. A longer line means that it is easier to find your way city. The relationship of the four city fronts towards the landscape is a vital towards the accesspoint. quality for urban life. 6
  6. 6. Routing IdentityThe aim of the routing analysis is to show how many attractive landscapes or In assessing the identity of roads accessing the countryside and forminggreen routes are available, and which side of the city has more routes out of the its usage, the following system of criteria was formed.city for people who want to get into the countryside from the city as well as toget one hour recreational walking in the landscape. 1 Distinctiveness – the belonging of the road by its attributes andTo find out the various paths in the countryside and the city, the routes which morphological features. It is thought that the road serving the countrysideare suitable for recreational trips are defined mainly by bicycle and pedestrian should consequently have corresponding elements such as green inletsuse so that the highway routes were excluded for the calculating. and water elements.In order to estimate the quantity of the routing system as well as the density 2 Unique elements – the presence and amount of the environmentalof routes in four sides of the landscape, the length of recreational routes and a elements (manmade and natural) that can be put forth as an elementnumber of intersections are measured. For this, the pedestrian, cycling and car composing the unique character of the particular territory.routes that fall within the reach of 10 km outside are considered. 3 Identification – this sets forward the possibilities of the territory to offer Routing Identity diverse activities to people with different interests, backgrounds, etc. ThisDensity > length of recreational routes > km recreational route per square is what enables people to identify themselves with the certain place.kilometre 4 Recognisability (or: the 5 aspects of Kevin Lynch) – this consists of 5Density > Number of intersections > the number of intersections says parameters: path or road clarity & fluency, edges, districts, nodes, andsomething about the possibility to make different routes. The occurrence of landmarks (see picture).more intersections means more options to form a unique route. 5 Social and cultural heritage criteria shows the amount of socially and culturally valuable elements present in the territory. As additional criteria for the evaluation we considered it to be essential to add the classification of the roads by its vehicle and landscape domination with regard to its significance to the road’s attraction. Thus, the roads with prevailing car traffic would be less attractive than the roads assigned primarily for bicycle and pedestrian movement and vice versa. 7
  7. 7. North Legend reach Reach inside urban fabric Reach pedestrians (1 km) 0 0.5 1 2 3 5km 0 0.5 1 2 3 5km reach of pedestrian trip of max 1,5 hour, with max 15 mi- reach of cycling trip of max 1,5 hour, with max 15 minutes to Reach cycle short (3 km) nutes to get to border get to borderReach Reach cycle long (6 km) reach of cycling trip of max 4 hour, with max 30 minutes to get to border Reach outside urban fabric Reach pedestrians (2 km) Reach cycle short (7,5 km) Reach cycle long (15 km) 8 0 0.5 1 2 3 5km
  8. 8. ReachThis shows the reach of the accesspoints at the north border; the pedestrianreach shows that only the outer edge of the city is covered within 15 minutes.The short cycling reach shows the reach of the same 15 minutes, but now bybike; even from the city centre the border can be reached.The large cycling reach covers the whole city can be covered if taking 15minutes to cycle. 9
  9. 9. North Zuilen Noord 2980 Bedrijvengebied Overvecht 140 Tigris-Bostondreef e.o. 5160 Zambesidreef e.o. 4240 Amazone-Nicaraguadreef e.o. 6080 Neckardreef e.o. 4180 De Muinck Keizerin 1850 Pr. Berhardpin Schaakwijk Zamenhofdreef e.o. 3160 2580 Wolga-Donaudreef e.o. 2350 4150 Geuzenwijk 3500 Taag-Rubicondreef e.o. 3830 Elinkwijk Voordorp 4460 3 540 Terwijde De Driehoek 5 800 790 Tuindorp West Vleuten 6430 6 960 Julianapark e.o. 2810 Tuindorp-Oost 2 430 Binnenstad-Noord 30 130 Zeeheldenbuurt 3 330 Wittevrouwen 13 840 Vleuterweide Parkwijk 8 520 & ‘t zand Buiten Wittevrouwen 9 100 8 778 Binnenstad-West 17 650 Binnenstad Rijnsweerd 15 240 2 060 Wilhelminapark 3 050 Oudwijk 4 510 Binnenstad-Zuidwest Langerak Abstede Schildersbuurt 3 820 1 280 3 460 Galgenwaard Tolsteegsingel 170 830 Veldhuizen Sterrenwijk Rubenslaan 8 690 940 2 400 De meern & Rijnenburg Watervogelbuurt 1 0550 Kanaleneiland Noord 1920 13395 Transwijk population figures per area with reach of pedestrian 9277 L. Napoleonplantsoen Rivierenwijk 910 1124 Tolsteegsingel l1538 Bokkenbuurt 4093 trip Oud Hoograven Maarschalkerweerd 9839 190 Lunetten Noord Kanaleneiland Zuid 6203 8419 Leidsche Rijn 152 covers Nieuw Hoograven 7573 Lunetten Zuid 3513 legend 30 089 inhanitants 10,1% of UtrechtDensity Binnenstad-West 17 650 neighbourhoods reach radii - pedestrian reach radii - cycling city border Bedrijvengebied Overvecht 78 project side border Tigris-Bostondreef e.o. 7 127 Zuilen Noord 4 338 Zambesidreef e.o. 11 372 urban area Amazone-Nicaraguadreef e.o. 5 480 Neckardreef e.o. De Muinck Keizerin 7 681 7 667 highway Pr. Berhardpin Schaakwijk Zamenhofdreef e.o. 11 362 7 508 Wolga-Donaudreef e.o. 5 847 7 805 Geuzenwijk 16 009 Taag-Rubicondreef e.o. 7 230 Elinkwijk Voordorp 2 141 water 9 785 Terwijde De Driehoek 1 557 9 950 Tuindorp West Vleuten 9 282 3 399 Julianapark e.o. 10 531 Tuindorp-Oost 4 202 Binnenstad-Noord 11 330 Zeeheldenbuurt 13 844 0 0.5 1 2 3 5km Wittevrouwen 5 930 Vleuterweide Parkwijk 4 042 & ‘t zand Buiten Wittevrouwen 2 801 4 250 Binnenstad-West 12 866 Binnenstad Rijnsweerd 7 311 1 355 Wilhelminapark 5 355 Oudwijk 14 646 Binnenstad-Zuidwest 3 751 Langerak Abstede Schildersbuurt 3 148 13 017 8 962 0 0.5 1 2 3 5km Galgenwaard Tolsteegsingel 377 11 538 Veldhuizen Sterrenwijk Rubenslaan 4 585 9 211 8 125 De meern & Rijnenburg Watervogelbuurt 2 455 Kanaleneiland Noord 7 198 2 717 Transwijk 381 L. Napoleonplantsoen Rivierenwijk 4 103 172 Tolsteegsingel 1 771 Bokkenbuurt Oud Hoograven Maarschalkerweerd 2 118 81 Lunetten Noord Kanaleneiland Zuid population figures per area with reach of cycling trip 1 430 0 957 Leidsche Rijn 10 covers Nieuw Hoograven 1 111 Lunetten Zuid 0 260 105 810 inhanitants 10 35,3% of Utrecht
  10. 10. Districts and neighborhoods 1999 Density Population Population Reach by population inhabitants Density walk % within walking These maps show the reach diagrams based on the accesspoints with populationWijk 02 Noordwest 41070 8.973 data of Utrecht per neighbourhood.Pijlsweerd-Zuid 3310 11.247 0 0 On the left, the reached areas area calculated by the percentage of area thatPijlsweerd-Noord 2020 9.875 0 0 is covered, and added up. This gives an estimate on the amount of inhabitantsOndiep 6320 10.963 0 0Tweede Daalsebuurt e.o. 3570 10.722 0 0 that is reached on foot.Egelantierstraat-Mariendaalstraat e.o 2980 13.182 0 0 For the walking reach, about 30.089 people can reach the border on foot withinGeuzenwijk 3500 16.009 0 0 15 min, which corresponds to 28,4% of the total population of the north sideDe Driehoek 790 9.95 0 0Julianapark e.o. 2810 10.531 0 0 of the city.Elinkwijk e.o. 4460 9.785 0 0 For the cycling reach, the whole north area is covered, indicating that allPrins Bernhardplein e.o. 3160 11.362 0 0 inhabitants can reach the boundary by bike within 15 min.Schaakbuurt e.o. 2580 7.508 0 0J.M. de Muinck Keizerlaan e.o. 1850 7.667 0 0Zuilen-Noord 2980 4.338 85 2533Loevenhoutsedijk e.o. 750 2.011 0 0Wijk 03 Overvecht 30340 3.75Taag-Rubicondreef e.o. 3830 7.23 70 2681Zamenhofdreef e.o. 2350 5.847 55 1292.5Wolga-Donaudreef e.o. 4150 7.805 100 4150Neckardreef e.o. 4180 7.681 100 4180Amazone-Nicaraguadreef e.o. 6080 5.48 25 1520Zambesidreef e.o. 4240 11.372 100 4240Tigris-Bostondreef e.o. 5160 7.127 100 5160Bedrijvengebied Overvecht 140 0.078 90 126Poldergebied Overvecht 230 0.109 100 230Wijk 04 Noordoost 34400 7.094Vogelenbuurt 3760 20.678 0 0Lauwerecht 1760 7.723 0 0Staatsliedenkwartier 1480 11.332 0 0Tuinwijk-West 2430 12.614 0 0Tuinwijk-Oost 2550 8.183 0 0Tuindorp Van Lieflandlaan-West 6430 9.282 45 2893.5Tuindorp-Oost 2430 4.202 30 729Huizingalaan K. Doormanlaan e.o. 760 3.609 0 0Zeeheldenbuurt Hengeveldstraat e.o. 3330 13.844 0 0Wittevrouwen 5930 13.84 0 0Voordorp Voorveldsepolder 3540 2.141 10 354total 30089 11
  11. 11. North legendUniqueness park area around with 1km city border project side border highway water 12 map showing the green areas on the east side that compete with the countryside as recreative areas
  12. 12. Districts and neighborhoods 1999 Population Population unicity population covered inhabitants Density % by the parkWijk 02 Noordwest 41070 8.973Pijlsweerd-Zuid 3310 11.247 0 0 UniquenessPijlsweerd-Noord 2020 9.875 0 0 The map shows that about half of the population of the north side can reachOndiep 6320 10.963 85 5372Tweede Daalsebuurt e.o. 3570 10.722 0 0 the park within 15 min on foot.Egelantierstraat-Mariendaalstraat e.o 2980 13.182 0 0 The green belt goes along with the river deep into the inner city, which coversGeuzenwijk 3500 16.009 100 3500 the highest density part of the north side. Thanks to the shape of the greenDe Driehoek 790 9.95 100 790Julianapark e.o. 2810 10.531 10 281 area, the accessibility of it is very good.Elinkwijk e.o. 4460 9.785 15 624Prins Bernhardplein e.o. 3160 11.362 85 2686Schaakbuurt e.o. 2580 7.508 100 2580J.M. de Muinck Keizerlaan e.o. 1850 7.667 100 1850Zuilen-Noord 2980 4.338 100 2980Loevenhoutsedijk e.o. 750 2.011 0 0Wijk 03 Overvecht 30340 3.75Taag-Rubicondreef e.o. 3830 7.23 30 1149Zamenhofdreef e.o. 2350 5.847 80 1880Wolga-Donaudreef e.o. 4150 7.805 0 0Neckardreef e.o. 4180 7.681 0 0Amazone-Nicaraguadreef e.o. 6080 5.48 100 6080Zambesidreef e.o. 4240 11.372 20 848Tigris-Bostondreef e.o. 5160 7.127 40 2064Bedrijvengebied Overvecht 140 0.078 65 91Poldergebied Overvecht 230 0.109 0 0Wijk 04 Noordoost 34400 7.094Vogelenbuurt 3760 20.678 0 0Lauwerecht 1760 7.723 0 0Staatsliedenkwartier 1480 11.332 0 0Tuinwijk-West 2430 12.614 0 0Tuinwijk-Oost 2550 8.183 0 0Tuindorp Van Lieflandlaan-West 6430 9.282 30 1929Tuindorp-Oost 2430 4.202 95 2308.5Huizingalaan K. Doormanlaan e.o. 760 3.609 100 760Zeeheldenbuurt Hengeveldstraat e.o. 3330 13.844 100 3330Wittevrouwen 5930 13.84 70 4151Voordorp Voorveldsepolder 3540 2.141 100 3540total 48793.5 13
  13. 13. North Village center(brown) Culture(blue) -monument & architecture -Museum -Touristic PlacesMixed functions Transportation(grey) -Bike lenting -Parking -Stations -Gas station Shopping(orange) -shops Catering industry(red) -Restaurant -Cafe/ Bar & Club -Hotels Village center(brown Culture(blue) -monument & archite -Museum Sports (green) -Touristic Places Transportation(grey) -Sports indoor -Bike lenting -Parking -Stations -Gas station -Sports outdoor Shopping(orange) -shops Catering industry(red Parks -Restaurant -Cafe/ Bar & Club -Hotels 0 0.5 1 2 3 5km Sports (green) -Sports indoor -Sports outdoor Parks 14

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