Arroyo Seco RIO Design Plan

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Conceptual design plan of how the proposed Los Angeles River Improvement Overlay Ordinance could enhance land use development in the Highland Park area of Los Angeles, California

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Arroyo Seco RIO Design Plan

  1. 1. Arroyo Seco Highland Park (LA-RIO) River Improvement Overlay District Conceptual PlanCity of Los Angeles<br />Cal Poly Pomona<br />Urban & Regional Planning Department<br />Graduate Student Design Project<br />Fall 2009<br />
  2. 2. PROJECT TEAM MEMBERS<br />1. Ecosystem/Greenway2. Mobility/Transportation<br />Megan Dreger Tim Stapleton<br />Mike Roberts Megan Whalen<br />Amy Chambers Michelle McFadden<br />Alex Campbell Ryan Gilmore<br />Gina Grace NitiAnand<br />KaroTorossian<br />3. Housing4.Special Districts<br />Brian Baldauf Leila Ibrahim<br />Renee van Staveren Fernando Villalba<br />Eric Turner Marie Powell<br />Eric Whitemyer Adrian Huerta<br />Jackie Vandenburgh Troy Gunter<br />5. Economic Development<br />Mike Hofflinger<br />Louise Shammas Professor Meredith McKenzie, JD<br />Nidia Garcia California State Polytechnic University<br />James Combs at Pomona, California<br />Miguel Gonzalez<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Regional View<br />of Arroyo Seco<br />River Corridor <br />
  4. 4. Proposed Arroyo Seco Highland Park LA-RIO District:<br /> ½ mile corridor on each side of Arroyo Seco Stream<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. THE GOAL<br />Provide residents and developers an economic and environmental model for revitalization within Highland Park, appropriate to historical community character and sensitive to resident needs. <br />
  7. 7. PROJECT DESIGN ASSUMES THAT:<br />The Arroyo Seco Highland Park LA-RIO District will be approved under the LA-RIO Ordinance for Los Angeles River tributaries<br />Highland Park welcomes revitalization<br />High potential exists for Transit Oriented Development (TOD)<br />Watershed management is major focus<br />Holistic strategies are desired<br />Affordable and innovative revitalization choices must be attractive to both residents and developers <br />
  8. 8. COMMUNITY CONTEXT<br /><ul><li> </li></li></ul><li>RELEVANT TERMINOLOGY<br /><ul><li>LA-RIO
  9. 9. Los Angeles River Improvement Overlay District 
  10. 10. HPOZ
  11. 11. Historic Preservation Overlay Zone
  12. 12. TOD
  13. 13. Transit Oriented Development
  14. 14. LEED
  15. 15. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
  16. 16. LID
  17. 17. Low Impact Development</li></li></ul><li>RELEVANT LITERATURE REVIEW<br />Los Angeles River Improvement Overlay District (LA-RIO) Draft Ordinance<br />Northeast Los Angeles Community Plan<br />Northeast Los Angeles Linkages Study<br />Arroyo Seco Parkway Corridor Management Plan<br />Arroyo Seco Watershed Restoration Feasibility Study<br />
  18. 18. NEIGHBORHOOD ISSUES<br /><ul><li>Crime
  19. 19. Density
  20. 20. Community context
  21. 21. Access/Mobility
  22. 22. Encroachment of incompatible uses
  23. 23. Design
  24. 24. Preserving</li></ul> residential <br /> character<br /><ul><li>The variety of compatible new housing opportunities
  25. 25. Displacement</li></li></ul><li>HOUSING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES<br /><ul><li>A safe, secure and attractive residential environment for all economic, age and ethnic segments of the community (Northeast Los Angeles Community Plan)
  26. 26. Balance growth with housing</li></ul>Encourage pedestrian activity and use of public transportation<br /> Preserve and enhance the residential character and scale of existing single and multi-family neighborhoods<br />
  27. 27. LA-RIO ORDINANCE<br /><ul><li>Pending Los Angeles City Council Approval
  28. 28. " LA-RIO is established to implement the urban design goals and principles established in the Los Angeles River Revitalization Master Plan.... The City's vision for the Los Angeles River and its adjacent Greenway emphasizes a livable, walkable, and sustainable community that is oriented to the River and the surrounding streets.  The LA-RIO is intended to support this vision through the enhancement of environmental and urban design.“
  29. 29. *LA-RIO Ordinance</li></li></ul><li>LA-RIO PROPERTY IMPROVEMENT GUIDELINES<br />Watershed, Urban Design, Mobility<br /> Single family home projects - achieve minimum 10 points and are required to obtain points from the Watershed category only<br /> All other projects - combined total of 20 points from the Watershed, Urban Design, and Mobility Categories<br />
  30. 30. LA-RIO POINT EXAMPLES<br />Watershed: Stormwater Management, Stream Enhancement, Landscaping, Water Conservation, Hardscape, Open Space<br />Urban Design: Vehicle Parking, Transparency, Site Lighting, Visual Clutter<br />Mobility:  Connectivity, Pedestrian, Transit, Bicycle, Vehicular<br />
  31. 31. 16<br />NEW HOUSING<br />Avenue 57 Gold Line<br />Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Conceptual Plan<br />
  32. 32. EXISTING TOD DEVELOPER PLANS<br />
  33. 33. TOD CASE EXISTING PLAN VIEW<br /><ul><li> </li></li></ul><li>TOD CASE EXISTING PERSPECTIVE<br /><ul><li> </li></li></ul><li>LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN<br />
  34. 34. LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN<br />
  35. 35. LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN <br />
  36. 36. LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN <br />
  37. 37. LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN <br />
  38. 38. LA-RIO TOD CASE PROPOSED NATIVE PLANT EXAMPLES<br /><ul><li> </li></li></ul><li>LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PERSPECTIVE<br />
  39. 39. LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PERSPECTIVE<br />
  40. 40. LA-RIO TOD WATERSHED OUTDOOR SOLUTIONS<br />
  41. 41. LA-RIO TOD WATERSHED OUTDOOR SOLUTIONS<br />
  42. 42. LA-RIO TOD URBAN DESIGN SOLUTIONS<br />
  43. 43. LA-RIO TOD MOBILITY SOLUTIONS<br />
  44. 44. Existing HousingPreserving Heritage<br />Highland Park is the largest historic preservation district in the city<br />Over 80 designated cultural monuments<br />
  45. 45. Community Demographics<br />Population: 50,524<br />Household Income: $60,112<br />Median Age: 32.4<br />Ethnic Background:<br />Latino: 70%<br />White: 30%<br />
  46. 46. Historic Preservation Overlay Zone LID Solutions<br />
  47. 47. LA-RIO HOUSING OUTDOOR WATERSHED SOLUTIONS<br />
  48. 48. LA-RIO HOUSING OUTDOOR WATERSHED SOLUTIONS<br />
  49. 49. LA-RIO HOUSING INDOOR WATERSHED SOLUTIONS<br /><ul><li>Water Efficiency and Plumbing</li></ul>Provide rainwater collection system<br />Install low-water-use kitchen faucet<br />Replace toilets with high-efficiency toilets<br />Install low-water-use showerheads<br />Install water-conserving bathroom faucet aerator <br />Reconfigure plumbing to distribute domestic hot water efficiently<br />Insulate hot water pipes<br />Install on-demand hot water recirculation system<br />Choose high-efficiency water heater<br />Insulate water heater<br />Set water temperature no higher than necessary<br />
  50. 50. LEED/INDOOR LA-RIO SOLUTIONS<br /><ul><li> 
  51. 51. LEED REGREEN
  52. 52. American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) and United States Green Building Council (USGBC) 
  53. 53. EPA Water Sense
  54. 54. EPA Energy Star
  55. 55. LEED for Homes Rating System
  56. 56. Indoor Solutions
  57. 57. Configure for solar access
  58. 58. Consider solar water heating
  59. 59. Consider solar electric (photovoltaic) system
  60. 60. Provide homeowner’s manual of green features and O&M practices
  61. 61. Complete client education
  62. 62. Practice energy-efficient, healthy lifestyle
  63. 63. Provide for line-drying options for laundry</li></li></ul><li>HPOZ CASE STUDY SITE<br />602 South Avenue 57, Highland Park<br />
  64. 64. HPOZ EXISTING PLAN VIEW<br />
  65. 65. HPOZ SOLUTIONS PLAN VIEW<br /><ul><li> </li></li></ul><li>42<br />NORTH FIGUEROA<br /> BUSINESS IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT <br />ENTERPRISE ZONE<br />LA-RIO SOLUTIONS<br />
  66. 66. Avenue 58 Plaza<br />Closing Avenue 58 between Figueroa and the Gold Line Metro Station will provide:<br />A permanent home for LA’s Oldest Farmers Market<br />A new home for the suggested Highland Park Classic Car Show <br />An attractive destination for community functions and gatherings<br />
  67. 67. Avenue 58 Plaza Concept Designs<br />
  68. 68. Job development along Figueroa<br />Geographically convenient to major educational institutions and job centers<br />Green jobs training center location potential<br />Design/software training<br />Federal funding for <br /> retooling<br />
  69. 69. Job Development Work Center<br />Proposed Center constructed to optimal LEED standards<br />Solar panels / passive solar / windows can open<br />Green walls / parkways<br />Close Proximity to mass transit<br />
  70. 70. Corridor Beautification Goal<br /><ul><li>Attract new business by reviving and creating charming architecture for business venues.</li></li></ul><li>Figueroa Beautification Design<br />Attract high foot traffic to local businesses<br />Improve existing streetscape, facades of structures and walkability.<br />
  71. 71. Arroyo Culture Beautification<br />Encourage coffee houses, restaurants, sports bars and small retail shop owners to integrate design elements reflecting historic Arroyo culture<br />Revive local cultural and social architectural monuments including the Heritage Square Museum, Southwest Museum and Highland Park Theater. <br />Create outdoor terraces to showcase the area’s river canyon viewshed (Southwest Museum, Debs Park, Mount Washington, San Rafael Hills) <br />Preserve historic homes and make them open to the public.<br />
  72. 72. Business Beautification<br />Create facades & terraces that showcase Hillside and City views<br />Use trolleys for local street transit. <br />Connect consistent design element look throughout corridor<br />
  73. 73. Street Beautification<br />Create a more easily walkable and pleasant streetscape to improve the overall atmosphere for shoppers and residents<br />Bump in first floor of businesses<br />Plant a parkway between cars and pedestrians<br />Update street lighting<br />Repair damaged sidewalks <br />
  74. 74. Suggested Street Front with Solar Roof Panels<br />
  75. 75. Suggested Street front with ‘Bump in’ Terrace Seating<br />
  76. 76. Signage Program Ideas<br />
  77. 77. Need for Signage Consistency<br />
  78. 78. Destination-Oriented Signage Plan<br />
  79. 79. Gastrobus/Food Truck Parking<br />Across from Library, Recreation Center and the Senior Center just below York Blvd<br />
  80. 80. Suggested North Figueroa Micro-Brewery & Restaurant<br />
  81. 81. Non-Motorized Mobility/Transportation Elements<br />
  82. 82. Mobility ProgramGoals<br />Provide residents with safe, affordable transportation methods other than automobiles<br />Connect residents with other parts of the city and allow others to easily access Highland Park with multiple modes and routes<br />
  83. 83. CityBike<br />Provides residents with bicycle renting and buying options at a low cost through grants and donations<br />Encourages using bikes as a healthier, zero-emissions alternative to automobiles<br />Helps participants access jobs and opportunities by providing a means of transportation<br />Supports and lobbies for items like bike paths and amenities that make biking accessible and more comfortable<br />
  84. 84. Temporary Street Closures<br />Allows street fairs, regular businesses, and markets to operate regularly while offering a safe, comfortable environment for customers . Avenue 58 is ideal initial location for street closures. <br />
  85. 85. StrØget, Copenhagen Denmark is a “walking street” that offers a great model of how street closures can have multiple benefits<br />
  86. 86. Bicycle Stations<br />Bicycle storage<br />Community gathering space<br />Café<br />Located next to Gold Line Station<br />Bicycle Co-op<br />http://kellyslongbeachblog.com/<br />
  87. 87. <ul><li>Medium sized bike station
  88. 88. Integrated into the landscape
  89. 89. Acts as node where bikers can meet </li></li></ul><li>Transit-Oriented Bicycle Storage<br />http://washcycle.typepad.com/<br />http://www.naparstek.com/<br />
  90. 90. Bicycle Co-op<br />Volunteer run<br />Membership dues<br />Bicycle education<br />Maintenance workshop<br />Bicycle and bicycle parts purchasing<br />Community gathering space<br />http://sf.streetsblog.org/<br />
  91. 91. Bicycle Repair Training Workshop<br />
  92. 92. Bicycle Lockers<br />Safe bicycle storage<br />Located near bus stops and shopping areas<br />Opportunity for community murals<br />http://www.transport.wa.gov.au<br />
  93. 93. Sharrows<br />Freedom to move further to the left within travel lane, rather than brave the door zone , squeezed between moving and parked cars, without such markings, bicyclists might seek refuge on the sidewalk or travel in the wrong direction.Reduce aggressive motorist behaviorencourage correct bicycling behavior Increase the comfort of (and therefore the number of) bicyclists on shared roads<br />http://www.capitolhillseattle.com/media/news/2009/5/21/0iMm3PDG8CBhzFRdOlJqJw4wRo.gif<br />
  94. 94. Improves the position of bicyclists and motorists on roads without bicycle lanes<br />
  95. 95. Sharrows Implementation<br />along Monte Vista Street <br />
  96. 96. Sharrows Implementation<br />along MarmionWay<br />
  97. 97. North Figueroa Street Pedestrian Safety <br /> Mid Block Crosswalks<br />http://www.xwalk.com/Main-graphic-5_HR4.jpg<br />
  98. 98.
  99. 99.
  100. 100. Alternative A Overview<br />
  101. 101. Alternative A Design<br />
  102. 102.
  103. 103. Alternative B Overview<br />
  104. 104. :<br />Alternative B Design<br />
  105. 105.
  106. 106. Possible Solution to In-Channel Bike Path<br />
  107. 107. Proposed Out-of-Channel Bicycle Path<br />Easement created between channel and residential property<br />Existing paths and access roads<br />
  108. 108. Bike Path Problems and Possible SolutionsAvenue 52<br />
  109. 109. Bike Path Sycamore Creek Bridge Modification<br />
  110. 110. Bike Path Tunnels at Avenue 43 and the 110 Freeway Ramps<br />
  111. 111. LED Lighting & water stops along bike path next to Arroyo Seco helps increase usage & awareness of water and urban nature issues<br />
  112. 112. SPECIAL DISTRICTS<br />Library District, School District, Caltrans, Metro/Gold Line<br />Special Districts create a unique challenge because the LA-RIO Ordinance does not directly apply to these agencies with infrastructure and services located within the proposed Arroyo Seco Highland Park LA-RIO District.<br />
  113. 113.
  114. 114. Arroyo Seco Magnet Museum Science School<br />“Everyone will be motivated to learn in an engaging environment enhanced by a focus on museum science studies”<br />
  115. 115. Arroyo Seco Magnet Museum Science School Footprint<br />
  116. 116. LAUSD and Magnet Green Building Programs<br />Alternative Schools<br />High Performance Schools<br />Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS)<br />LEED for Schools<br />
  117. 117. Current Campus Parking Lot<br />
  118. 118. LA-RIO Recommendations for School Site<br />Remove exotic/invasive plants<br />Teach about & plant native species<br />Install high efficiency irrigation system<br />Involve students in landscape maintenance<br />Recycle greywater and stormwater onsite<br />Remove large areas of concrete & enhance permeability<br />
  119. 119. Examples of LA-RIO<br />Friendly Landscapes<br />
  120. 120. BEFORE: Above photos.<br />AFTER: Southern California Desert Grape – Native Plants<br />
  121. 121. Honey suckle for fenced screening<br />
  122. 122. School Mobility & Urban Design<br />Transportation information designated area<br />Bicycle racks<br />Parking stalls for mopeds, scooters and motorcycles<br />Ridesharing program<br />Landscape barriers<br />LED/downward beamed Lighting<br />Secure trash enclosures<br />
  123. 123. Current vegetation at <br />school entrance offers<br />potential for LA-RIO <br />Outdoor Solutions <br />Demonstration Site.<br />
  124. 124. Native flowering<br />plants both beautify the playground as well as support LA-RIO Outdoor Solutions <br />
  125. 125. Arroyo SecoRegional Branch LibraryCommunity and Environmental Enrichment Program<br /> <br />Library Architecture <br />Reflects Arroyo Culture in <br />River Rock Motif<br />
  126. 126. Arroyo Seco Library/Recreation Center Aerial View<br />
  127. 127. Arroyo Seco Library Footprint<br /><ul><li>Community Resource
  128. 128. Location
  129. 129. Connectivity
  130. 130. Environment</li></li></ul><li>Library Opportunities<br />Community Resource<br />I. Library shares parcel with the Highland Park Recreation Center<br /> II. Residential Neighborhood<br /> III. Community Assemblage<br />Location<br />I. Area accessibility<br /> II. Public Transit<br /> III. Busy Intersection<br />Connectivity<br />I. Senior Center<br /> II. Park<br /> III. Schools<br />Environment<br />I. Too much concrete<br />II. Natural Landscaping<br />III. Recommendations<br />
  131. 131. Library Environmental Enrichment<br />Rain Gardens to capture oil & water run-off<br />
  132. 132. Library Environmental Enrichment<br />Urban Outdoor Classrooms provide natural creative learning environments.<br />
  133. 133. Library Environmental Enrichment<br />Permeable Pavers support stormwater recharge<br />
  134. 134. CA Dept of Transportation: Caltrans<br /><ul><li>Arroyo Seco Parkway:
  135. 135. State Route 110 (SR-110) beginning at the intersection of SR-110/US-101 and continuing northeast to Glenarm St. in Pasadena.
  136. 136. Existing Plans 
  137. 137. Arroyo Seco Parkway Corridor Management Plan
  138. 138. Federal National Scenic Byway Designation
  139. 139. intended to connect Downtown LA with Downtown Pasadena, with the Arroyo Seco Parkway viewshed as the corridor connector 
  140. 140. Focus on preservation, protection & promotion
  141. 141. California Scenic Highway </li></li></ul><li> <br />  <br />Construction:<br />Cost $17 million <br />Nov 8 09 – Oct 30 10  <br /> <br /> <br /> <br /><ul><li>Downward facing lights built into wall
  142. 142. Replacement of metal fence with decorative barriers
  143. 143. Historical Cobble stone walls
  144. 144. recommend permeable concrete or hybrid alternatives to 100% concrete design</li></li></ul><li>Caltrans Right-of-Way and Arroyo Seco<br />*Replacement of concrete slabs<br />with turf blocks (permeable <br />pavement) around existing and<br />proposed footbridge locations.<br />*Plant bioswales in blocks <br />with smooth vegetation <br />(low friction vegetation)  <br />
  145. 145. Coordination/Collaboration Opportunity Library District, City of Los Angeles & Caltrans<br /><ul><li>Roundabout Design: North Figueroa Street 
  146. 146. Traffic calming measure
  147. 147. Safety for pedestrians and vehicles
  148. 148. Connection between Library, Bus Stop, Recreation Center, Senior Center and New Development(s)
  149. 149.  LID Elements:
  150. 150. Bioswales (native-plants)
  151. 151. Permeable Pavers (Interlocking</li></ul> concrete)<br />
  152. 152. Computer-<br />Generated<br />North Figueroa <br />Library<br />Round-About<br />Design<br />
  153. 153. View looking south down North Figueroa<br />from York Boulevard <br />towards Round-About<br />and Arroyo Seco Library.<br />
  154. 154. Special Districts Proposed Cooperative Plans<br />Plan 1: Share information and cultivate sense of stewardship by fostering cooperative learning centered around community heritage, resource conservation, and wildlife & habitat education.<br />Audubon Center at Debs Park: vital community resource dedicated to resource conservation and preserving habitat and wildlife. <br />Arroyo Seco Regional Library: community historians as well as modern information disseminators.<br />Community groups: Arroyo Seco Foundation, Northeast Trees, and others are valuable mentors and educators.<br />Arroyo Seco Museum Science Magnet School: teachings emphasize preserving, organizing, and communicating information.<br />
  155. 155. Special Districts Proposed Cooperative Plans<br />Plan 2: Encourage safe access and pedestrian and bicycle pathways between educational and recreational nodes.<br /><ul><li>Coordinate the stated goals of Caltrans and the LA-RIO for enhanced safe mobility
  156. 156. Monitor safe connections to learning centers
  157. 157. Utilize planned dedicated bike/pedestrian paths
  158. 158. Implement LAUSD’s Office of Environmental Health and Safety recommendation that students cross at signaled intersections, 4-way stops, and crossing guard stations.</li></li></ul><li>117<br />Highland Park: Arroyo Seco RiverEcoSystem Restoration Elements<br />Arroyo Seco Watershed Restoration & Protection <br />Environmental Planners:<br />Alexis Campbell, Amy Chambers<br />Megan Dreger, Gina Grace,<br /> Michael Roberts & Karo Torossian<br />
  159. 159. The Arroyo Seco Stream<br />118<br />Before Restoration<br />After Restoration<br />
  160. 160. The Plan<br />(Add photo of plan)<br />119<br />The Plan<br />
  161. 161. Water Treatment Device PlanDemonstration ProjectHermon Park ‘Island’<br />120<br />
  162. 162. Roadside Water Retention Buffers<br />121<br />Biofiltration and Infiltration Best Management Practices<br />(BMPs): -BioSwales<br /> -Trenches<br />
  163. 163. Water Treatment Bio-Swales for Parkway Runoff<br />122<br />
  164. 164. Water Treatment for Historic Arroyo Seco Parkway<br />Freeway Sweeping<br />Educational Campaign<br />Media Outlets<br />Signage throughout the Parkway<br /> Best Management Practices (BMP) Treatment Site<br />123<br />
  165. 165. EXISTING OPEN SPACE ENHANCES GROUNDWATER RECHARGE<br />124<br />The Audubon Center <br />Ernest E. Debs Park<br />
  166. 166. 125<br />Groundwater Percolation<br />Daylightingthe North Branch of the Arroyo Seco at Sycamore Grove Park<br />
  167. 167. The Fly Rail Arroyo Seco CrossingSouthwest Museum to Debs Park<br />126<br />(Show map of fly rail from plan)<br />
  168. 168. The Arroyo Fly Rail <br />127<br />
  169. 169. Park-Intensive District <br />128<br />Supports Healthy Cities Initiative & Nature Education Opportunities<br />
  170. 170. Trail Connectivity<br />129<br />(Show map of fly rail from plan)<br />Goal: Mobility Maximizing Nature & Viewsheds<br />
  171. 171. Trails<br />130<br />Trail Lighting<br />Trail Ground Materials<br />
  172. 172. Arroyo Culture Trail Design<br />131<br />
  173. 173. Wildlife Habitat Restoration<br />132<br />Sycamore-Oak Remnant<br />Oak-Walnut-Toyon Woodland<br />Coastal Sage Scrub<br />Walnut Savannah<br />
  174. 174. 133<br />Habitat Restoration Plan<br />Habitat Enhancement/<br />Reintroduction Area<br />Wetland/ Stream<br />Habitat Enhancement/<br />Reintroduction Area<br />Wildlife / Pedestrian Link<br />
  175. 175. Ultimate Objective:Community & Culture Connectivity<br />134<br />
  176. 176. We welcome questions & comments to arroyolover<br /> @gmail.com<br />135<br />

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