Arroyo Seco RIO Design Plan
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Arroyo Seco RIO Design Plan

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Conceptual design plan of how the proposed Los Angeles River Improvement Overlay Ordinance could enhance land use development in the Highland Park area of Los Angeles, California

Conceptual design plan of how the proposed Los Angeles River Improvement Overlay Ordinance could enhance land use development in the Highland Park area of Los Angeles, California

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Arroyo Seco RIO Design Plan Arroyo Seco RIO Design Plan Presentation Transcript

  • Arroyo Seco Highland Park (LA-RIO) River Improvement Overlay District Conceptual PlanCity of Los Angeles
    Cal Poly Pomona
    Urban & Regional Planning Department
    Graduate Student Design Project
    Fall 2009
  • PROJECT TEAM MEMBERS
    1. Ecosystem/Greenway2. Mobility/Transportation
    Megan Dreger Tim Stapleton
    Mike Roberts Megan Whalen
    Amy Chambers Michelle McFadden
    Alex Campbell Ryan Gilmore
    Gina Grace NitiAnand
    KaroTorossian
    3. Housing4.Special Districts
    Brian Baldauf Leila Ibrahim
    Renee van Staveren Fernando Villalba
    Eric Turner Marie Powell
    Eric Whitemyer Adrian Huerta
    Jackie Vandenburgh Troy Gunter
    5. Economic Development
    Mike Hofflinger
    Louise Shammas Professor Meredith McKenzie, JD
    Nidia Garcia California State Polytechnic University
    James Combs at Pomona, California
    Miguel Gonzalez
  • 3
    Regional View
    of Arroyo Seco
    River Corridor
  • Proposed Arroyo Seco Highland Park LA-RIO District:
    ½ mile corridor on each side of Arroyo Seco Stream
  • THE GOAL
    Provide residents and developers an economic and environmental model for revitalization within Highland Park, appropriate to historical community character and sensitive to resident needs. 
  • PROJECT DESIGN ASSUMES THAT:
    The Arroyo Seco Highland Park LA-RIO District will be approved under the LA-RIO Ordinance for Los Angeles River tributaries
    Highland Park welcomes revitalization
    High potential exists for Transit Oriented Development (TOD)
    Watershed management is major focus
    Holistic strategies are desired
    Affordable and innovative revitalization choices must be attractive to both residents and developers 
  • COMMUNITY CONTEXT
    •  
  • RELEVANT TERMINOLOGY
    • LA-RIO
    • Los Angeles River Improvement Overlay District 
    • HPOZ
    • Historic Preservation Overlay Zone
    • TOD
    • Transit Oriented Development
    • LEED
    • Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
    • LID
    • Low Impact Development
  • RELEVANT LITERATURE REVIEW
    Los Angeles River Improvement Overlay District (LA-RIO) Draft Ordinance
    Northeast Los Angeles Community Plan
    Northeast Los Angeles Linkages Study
    Arroyo Seco Parkway Corridor Management Plan
    Arroyo Seco Watershed Restoration Feasibility Study
  • NEIGHBORHOOD ISSUES
    • Crime
    • Density
    • Community context
    • Access/Mobility
    • Encroachment of incompatible uses
    • Design
    • Preserving
    residential 
    character
    • The variety of compatible new housing opportunities
    • Displacement
  • HOUSING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
    • A safe, secure and attractive residential environment for all economic, age and ethnic segments of the community (Northeast Los Angeles Community Plan)
    • Balance growth with housing
    Encourage pedestrian activity and use of public transportation
    Preserve and enhance the residential character and scale of existing single and multi-family neighborhoods
  • LA-RIO ORDINANCE
    • Pending Los Angeles City Council Approval
    • " LA-RIO is established to implement the urban design goals and principles established in the Los Angeles River Revitalization Master Plan.... The City's vision for the Los Angeles River and its adjacent Greenway emphasizes a livable, walkable, and sustainable community that is oriented to the River and the surrounding streets.  The LA-RIO is intended to support this vision through the enhancement of environmental and urban design.“
    • *LA-RIO Ordinance
  • LA-RIO PROPERTY IMPROVEMENT GUIDELINES
    Watershed, Urban Design, Mobility
    Single family home projects - achieve minimum 10 points and are required to obtain points from the Watershed category only
    All other projects - combined total of 20 points from the Watershed, Urban Design, and Mobility Categories
  • LA-RIO POINT EXAMPLES
    Watershed: Stormwater Management, Stream Enhancement, Landscaping, Water Conservation, Hardscape, Open Space
    Urban Design: Vehicle Parking, Transparency, Site Lighting, Visual Clutter
    Mobility:  Connectivity, Pedestrian, Transit, Bicycle, Vehicular
  • 16
    NEW HOUSING
    Avenue 57 Gold Line
    Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Conceptual Plan
  • EXISTING TOD DEVELOPER PLANS
  • TOD CASE EXISTING PLAN VIEW
    •  
  • TOD CASE EXISTING PERSPECTIVE
    •  
  • LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN
  • LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN
  • LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN
  • LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN
  • LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PLAN
  • LA-RIO TOD CASE PROPOSED NATIVE PLANT EXAMPLES
    •  
  • LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PERSPECTIVE
  • LA-RIO TOD CASE SOLUTIONS PERSPECTIVE
  • LA-RIO TOD WATERSHED OUTDOOR SOLUTIONS
  • LA-RIO TOD WATERSHED OUTDOOR SOLUTIONS
  • LA-RIO TOD URBAN DESIGN SOLUTIONS
  • LA-RIO TOD MOBILITY SOLUTIONS
  • Existing HousingPreserving Heritage
    Highland Park is the largest historic preservation district in the city
    Over 80 designated cultural monuments
  • Community Demographics
    Population: 50,524
    Household Income: $60,112
    Median Age: 32.4
    Ethnic Background:
    Latino: 70%
    White: 30%
  • Historic Preservation Overlay Zone LID Solutions
  • LA-RIO HOUSING OUTDOOR WATERSHED SOLUTIONS
  • LA-RIO HOUSING OUTDOOR WATERSHED SOLUTIONS
  • LA-RIO HOUSING INDOOR WATERSHED SOLUTIONS
    • Water Efficiency and Plumbing
    Provide rainwater collection system
    Install low-water-use kitchen faucet
    Replace toilets with high-efficiency toilets
    Install low-water-use showerheads
    Install water-conserving bathroom faucet aerator 
    Reconfigure plumbing to distribute domestic hot water efficiently
    Insulate hot water pipes
    Install on-demand hot water recirculation system
    Choose high-efficiency water heater
    Insulate water heater
    Set water temperature no higher than necessary
  • LEED/INDOOR LA-RIO SOLUTIONS
    •  
    • LEED REGREEN
    • American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) and United States Green Building Council (USGBC) 
    • EPA Water Sense
    • EPA Energy Star
    • LEED for Homes Rating System
    • Indoor Solutions
    • Configure for solar access
    • Consider solar water heating
    • Consider solar electric (photovoltaic) system
    • Provide homeowner’s manual of green features and O&M practices
    • Complete client education
    • Practice energy-efficient, healthy lifestyle
    • Provide for line-drying options for laundry
  • HPOZ CASE STUDY SITE
    602 South Avenue 57, Highland Park
  • HPOZ EXISTING PLAN VIEW
  • HPOZ SOLUTIONS PLAN VIEW
    •  
  • 42
    NORTH FIGUEROA
    BUSINESS IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT
    ENTERPRISE ZONE
    LA-RIO SOLUTIONS
  • Avenue 58 Plaza
    Closing Avenue 58 between Figueroa and the Gold Line Metro Station will provide:
    A permanent home for LA’s Oldest Farmers Market
    A new home for the suggested Highland Park Classic Car Show
    An attractive destination for community functions and gatherings
  • Avenue 58 Plaza Concept Designs
  • Job development along Figueroa
    Geographically convenient to major educational institutions and job centers
    Green jobs training center location potential
    Design/software training
    Federal funding for
    retooling
  • Job Development Work Center
    Proposed Center constructed to optimal LEED standards
    Solar panels / passive solar / windows can open
    Green walls / parkways
    Close Proximity to mass transit
  • Corridor Beautification Goal
    • Attract new business by reviving and creating charming architecture for business venues.
  • Figueroa Beautification Design
    Attract high foot traffic to local businesses
    Improve existing streetscape, facades of structures and walkability.
  • Arroyo Culture Beautification
    Encourage coffee houses, restaurants, sports bars and small retail shop owners to integrate design elements reflecting historic Arroyo culture
    Revive local cultural and social architectural monuments including the Heritage Square Museum, Southwest Museum and Highland Park Theater.
    Create outdoor terraces to showcase the area’s river canyon viewshed (Southwest Museum, Debs Park, Mount Washington, San Rafael Hills)
    Preserve historic homes and make them open to the public.
  • Business Beautification
    Create facades & terraces that showcase Hillside and City views
    Use trolleys for local street transit.
    Connect consistent design element look throughout corridor
  • Street Beautification
    Create a more easily walkable and pleasant streetscape to improve the overall atmosphere for shoppers and residents
    Bump in first floor of businesses
    Plant a parkway between cars and pedestrians
    Update street lighting
    Repair damaged sidewalks
  • Suggested Street Front with Solar Roof Panels
  • Suggested Street front with ‘Bump in’ Terrace Seating
  • Signage Program Ideas
  • Need for Signage Consistency
  • Destination-Oriented Signage Plan
  • Gastrobus/Food Truck Parking
    Across from Library, Recreation Center and the Senior Center just below York Blvd
  • Suggested North Figueroa Micro-Brewery & Restaurant
  • Non-Motorized Mobility/Transportation Elements
  • Mobility ProgramGoals
    Provide residents with safe, affordable transportation methods other than automobiles
    Connect residents with other parts of the city and allow others to easily access Highland Park with multiple modes and routes
  • CityBike
    Provides residents with bicycle renting and buying options at a low cost through grants and donations
    Encourages using bikes as a healthier, zero-emissions alternative to automobiles
    Helps participants access jobs and opportunities by providing a means of transportation
    Supports and lobbies for items like bike paths and amenities that make biking accessible and more comfortable
  • Temporary Street Closures
    Allows street fairs, regular businesses, and markets to operate regularly while offering a safe, comfortable environment for customers . Avenue 58 is ideal initial location for street closures.
  • StrØget, Copenhagen Denmark is a “walking street” that offers a great model of how street closures can have multiple benefits
  • Bicycle Stations
    Bicycle storage
    Community gathering space
    Café
    Located next to Gold Line Station
    Bicycle Co-op
    http://kellyslongbeachblog.com/
    • Medium sized bike station
    • Integrated into the landscape
    • Acts as node where bikers can meet
  • Transit-Oriented Bicycle Storage
    http://washcycle.typepad.com/
    http://www.naparstek.com/
  • Bicycle Co-op
    Volunteer run
    Membership dues
    Bicycle education
    Maintenance workshop
    Bicycle and bicycle parts purchasing
    Community gathering space
    http://sf.streetsblog.org/
  • Bicycle Repair Training Workshop
  • Bicycle Lockers
    Safe bicycle storage
    Located near bus stops and shopping areas
    Opportunity for community murals
    http://www.transport.wa.gov.au
  • Sharrows
    Freedom to move further to the left within travel lane, rather than brave the door zone , squeezed between moving and parked cars, without such markings, bicyclists might seek refuge on the sidewalk or travel in the wrong direction.Reduce aggressive motorist behaviorencourage correct bicycling behavior Increase the comfort of (and therefore the number of) bicyclists on shared roads
    http://www.capitolhillseattle.com/media/news/2009/5/21/0iMm3PDG8CBhzFRdOlJqJw4wRo.gif
  • Improves the position of bicyclists and motorists on roads without bicycle lanes
  • Sharrows Implementation
    along Monte Vista Street
  • Sharrows Implementation
    along MarmionWay
  • North Figueroa Street Pedestrian Safety
    Mid Block Crosswalks
    http://www.xwalk.com/Main-graphic-5_HR4.jpg
  • Alternative A Overview
  • Alternative A Design
  • Alternative B Overview
  • :
    Alternative B Design
  • Possible Solution to In-Channel Bike Path
  • Proposed Out-of-Channel Bicycle Path
    Easement created between channel and residential property
    Existing paths and access roads
  • Bike Path Problems and Possible SolutionsAvenue 52
  • Bike Path Sycamore Creek Bridge Modification
  • Bike Path Tunnels at Avenue 43 and the 110 Freeway Ramps
  • LED Lighting & water stops along bike path next to Arroyo Seco helps increase usage & awareness of water and urban nature issues
  • SPECIAL DISTRICTS
    Library District, School District, Caltrans, Metro/Gold Line
    Special Districts create a unique challenge because the LA-RIO Ordinance does not directly apply to these agencies with infrastructure and services located within the proposed Arroyo Seco Highland Park LA-RIO District.
  • Arroyo Seco Magnet Museum Science School
    “Everyone will be motivated to learn in an engaging environment enhanced by a focus on museum science studies”
  • Arroyo Seco Magnet Museum Science School Footprint
  • LAUSD and Magnet Green Building Programs
    Alternative Schools
    High Performance Schools
    Collaborative for High Performance Schools (CHPS)
    LEED for Schools
  • Current Campus Parking Lot
  • LA-RIO Recommendations for School Site
    Remove exotic/invasive plants
    Teach about & plant native species
    Install high efficiency irrigation system
    Involve students in landscape maintenance
    Recycle greywater and stormwater onsite
    Remove large areas of concrete & enhance permeability
  • Examples of LA-RIO
    Friendly Landscapes
  • BEFORE: Above photos.
    AFTER: Southern California Desert Grape – Native Plants
  • Honey suckle for fenced screening
  • School Mobility & Urban Design
    Transportation information designated area
    Bicycle racks
    Parking stalls for mopeds, scooters and motorcycles
    Ridesharing program
    Landscape barriers
    LED/downward beamed Lighting
    Secure trash enclosures
  • Current vegetation at
    school entrance offers
    potential for LA-RIO
    Outdoor Solutions
    Demonstration Site.
  • Native flowering
    plants both beautify the playground as well as support LA-RIO Outdoor Solutions
  • Arroyo SecoRegional Branch LibraryCommunity and Environmental Enrichment Program
     
    Library Architecture
    Reflects Arroyo Culture in
    River Rock Motif
  • Arroyo Seco Library/Recreation Center Aerial View
  • Arroyo Seco Library Footprint
    • Community Resource
    • Location
    • Connectivity
    • Environment
  • Library Opportunities
    Community Resource
    I. Library shares parcel with the Highland Park Recreation Center
    II. Residential Neighborhood
    III. Community Assemblage
    Location
    I. Area accessibility
    II. Public Transit
    III. Busy Intersection
    Connectivity
    I. Senior Center
    II. Park
    III. Schools
    Environment
    I. Too much concrete
    II. Natural Landscaping
    III. Recommendations
  • Library Environmental Enrichment
    Rain Gardens to capture oil & water run-off
  • Library Environmental Enrichment
    Urban Outdoor Classrooms provide natural creative learning environments.
  • Library Environmental Enrichment
    Permeable Pavers support stormwater recharge
  • CA Dept of Transportation: Caltrans
    • Arroyo Seco Parkway:
    • State Route 110 (SR-110) beginning at the intersection of SR-110/US-101 and continuing northeast to Glenarm St. in Pasadena.
    • Existing Plans 
    • Arroyo Seco Parkway Corridor Management Plan
    • Federal National Scenic Byway Designation
    • intended to connect Downtown LA with Downtown Pasadena, with the Arroyo Seco Parkway viewshed as the corridor connector 
    • Focus on preservation, protection & promotion
    • California Scenic Highway
  •  
     
    Construction:
    Cost $17 million 
    Nov 8 09 – Oct 30 10 
     
     
     
    • Downward facing lights built into wall
    • Replacement of metal fence with decorative barriers
    • Historical Cobble stone walls
    • recommend permeable concrete or hybrid alternatives to 100% concrete design
  • Caltrans Right-of-Way and Arroyo Seco
    *Replacement of concrete slabs
    with turf blocks (permeable
    pavement) around existing and
    proposed footbridge locations.
    *Plant bioswales in blocks
    with smooth vegetation
    (low friction vegetation) 
  • Coordination/Collaboration Opportunity Library District, City of Los Angeles & Caltrans
    • Roundabout Design: North Figueroa Street 
    • Traffic calming measure
    • Safety for pedestrians and vehicles
    • Connection between Library, Bus Stop, Recreation Center, Senior Center and New Development(s)
    •  LID Elements:
    • Bioswales (native-plants)
    • Permeable Pavers (Interlocking
    concrete)
  • Computer-
    Generated
    North Figueroa
    Library
    Round-About
    Design
  • View looking south down North Figueroa
    from York Boulevard
    towards Round-About
    and Arroyo Seco Library.
  • Special Districts Proposed Cooperative Plans
    Plan 1: Share information and cultivate sense of stewardship by fostering cooperative learning centered around community heritage, resource conservation, and wildlife & habitat education.
    Audubon Center at Debs Park: vital community resource dedicated to resource conservation and preserving habitat and wildlife.
    Arroyo Seco Regional Library: community historians as well as modern information disseminators.
    Community groups: Arroyo Seco Foundation, Northeast Trees, and others are valuable mentors and educators.
    Arroyo Seco Museum Science Magnet School: teachings emphasize preserving, organizing, and communicating information.
  • Special Districts Proposed Cooperative Plans
    Plan 2: Encourage safe access and pedestrian and bicycle pathways between educational and recreational nodes.
    • Coordinate the stated goals of Caltrans and the LA-RIO for enhanced safe mobility
    • Monitor safe connections to learning centers
    • Utilize planned dedicated bike/pedestrian paths
    • Implement LAUSD’s Office of Environmental Health and Safety recommendation that students cross at signaled intersections, 4-way stops, and crossing guard stations.
  • 117
    Highland Park: Arroyo Seco RiverEcoSystem Restoration Elements
    Arroyo Seco Watershed Restoration & Protection
    Environmental Planners:
    Alexis Campbell, Amy Chambers
    Megan Dreger, Gina Grace,
    Michael Roberts & Karo Torossian
  • The Arroyo Seco Stream
    118
    Before Restoration
    After Restoration
  • The Plan
    (Add photo of plan)
    119
    The Plan
  • Water Treatment Device PlanDemonstration ProjectHermon Park ‘Island’
    120
  • Roadside Water Retention Buffers
    121
    Biofiltration and Infiltration Best Management Practices
    (BMPs): -BioSwales
    -Trenches
  • Water Treatment Bio-Swales for Parkway Runoff
    122
  • Water Treatment for Historic Arroyo Seco Parkway
    Freeway Sweeping
    Educational Campaign
    Media Outlets
    Signage throughout the Parkway
    Best Management Practices (BMP) Treatment Site
    123
  • EXISTING OPEN SPACE ENHANCES GROUNDWATER RECHARGE
    124
    The Audubon Center
    Ernest E. Debs Park
  • 125
    Groundwater Percolation
    Daylightingthe North Branch of the Arroyo Seco at Sycamore Grove Park
  • The Fly Rail Arroyo Seco CrossingSouthwest Museum to Debs Park
    126
    (Show map of fly rail from plan)
  • The Arroyo Fly Rail
    127
  • Park-Intensive District
    128
    Supports Healthy Cities Initiative & Nature Education Opportunities
  • Trail Connectivity
    129
    (Show map of fly rail from plan)
    Goal: Mobility Maximizing Nature & Viewsheds
  • Trails
    130
    Trail Lighting
    Trail Ground Materials
  • Arroyo Culture Trail Design
    131
  • Wildlife Habitat Restoration
    132
    Sycamore-Oak Remnant
    Oak-Walnut-Toyon Woodland
    Coastal Sage Scrub
    Walnut Savannah
  • 133
    Habitat Restoration Plan
    Habitat Enhancement/
    Reintroduction Area
    Wetland/ Stream
    Habitat Enhancement/
    Reintroduction Area
    Wildlife / Pedestrian Link
  • Ultimate Objective:Community & Culture Connectivity
    134
  • We welcome questions & comments to arroyolover
    @gmail.com
    135