C2-H5-OH (Ethyl Alcohol) Depressant drug-slows mind Alcoholic Beverages Alcohol Production includes -Fermentation -Brewing -Distillation It has been a big industry in India and all over the World.In South East Asia, India is the largest producer and importerof Liquor.
Curiosity Peer pressure Socialize Family Tradition After That to celebrate, relieve stress , relax and escape the problems and the real world. Then the drinker starts to like the taste and the after effects of getting “high”. Easy access (often at home) and Absence of religious attachment can turn a man into an addict.
BODY WEIGHT THOUGHTS and EXPECTATIONS AMOUNT of alcohol consumed
Alcoholism (alcohol dependence) - means compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcohol, usually to the detriment of the drinkers health, personal relationships, and social standing. People suffering from alcoholism are often called "alcoholics“. WHO estimates that there are 140 million people with alcoholism worldwide. “Dual disease“-Biological and mental. Biological causes unknown & Mental include Social environment, stress, mental health, family history etc.
Alcohol abuse is a psychiatric diagnosis of Alcoholism. Binge drinking(more than 5 drinks) is another form of alcohol abuse It is the heavy episodic drinking popular in college campuses nowadays. Abuses of alcohol include violence, injuries, unprotected sexual activities ,one night stands, social and financial crisis.
An alcohol abuser isdifferent from an alcoholicAn alcohol abuser still hassome ability to set a limiton their drinking. However,an alcohol abuser tend tobe self-destructive andsometimes led to homeviolence or crimes due tothe use of alcohol.
ACUTE-Physical performance gets impairedHallucinationsThirstBlackoutsPoor Sexual PerformanceHANGOVER(happens when alcohol leaves the system)-It includes headaches, fatigue, Nausea, dehydration-there is no cure or short cut of getting rid of it.ALCOHOL POISONING(hospitalization)
CHRONIC- Tolerance Develops Thinking skills get impaired Organs get damaged. Cirrhosisof liver, Brain damage, Deliriumcan lead to death. Tremens(hallucinationswhen alcoholic stops drinking) . Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases(Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, Hypertension)
Increased risk of cancer: (liver, stomach, colon, pancreas, breast, mouth, throat) Reproductive problems Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Growth retardation Facial malformations Small head Greatly reduce intelligence
Behavioral Consequences of Alcohol Use Contributes to 50% of all motor vehicle fatalities Contributes to unsafe sex and increased risk of AIDS Contributes to risky behavior and accidental death Domestic Violence
Alcohol permanently destroys brain cells.TRUE it happens every time you drink. Teens have more effect of alcohol on themTRUE, They have a smaller body and less body mass. Less psychological Tolerance Teens nowadays are under a lot of stress(both academic and relationship wise) Liver is not mature enough to oxidise alcohol quickly
Patterns of consumption vary. Kerala, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh Chhattisgarh , Goa and the North-Eastern States have a much higher proportion of alcohol consumption. Women tend to drink more in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim (the North-east) Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh than their counterparts in the rest of the country
62.5 million alcohol users estimated in India Per capita consumption of alcohol increased by 106.7% over the 15-year period from 1970 to 1996. About 80% of alcohol consumption is in the form of hard liquor or distilled spirits(High Conc. Drinks). The mean age of initiation of alcohol use has decreased from 23.36 years in 1950 to 1960 to 19.45 yearin 1980 to 1990. India has been identified as the potentially third largest market for alcoholic beverages in the world.
Studies by Alcohol & Drug Information Centre (ADIC) show alarming increase in alcohol consumption among adolescents and youth during the last 20 years. The average age of initiation to alcohol in Kerala which was 19 years in 1986 has come down to 14 years in 2006. The study of National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences shows that 20 per cent of women reported domestic violence due to husband’s drinking habits. Another study by ADIC(India) reveals that 40% of the Road accidents were alcohol related.
Indian Alcohol Policy Alliance (IAPA) is a registered NGO started in 2004 to prevent alcohol related harm through policy intervention, advocacy and capacity building. Development of alcohol policy that addresses issues related to alcohol taxation, rules on age restrictions, drinking and driving laws and advertising Public awareness, costs of alcohol use and advocacy efforts to reduce harmful impact of alcohol.
The ideal approach to treatment is to help the person realize how much their alcohol use is harming their life and those around them. Alcohol recovery or support programs can help you stop drinking completely. These programs usually offer: Counselling and therapy , Mental health support and Medical care. Support Groups are available to help people who are dealing with alcoholism and offer emotional support.
The American Medical Association(AMA) stated that alcoholism is a chronic, life-long disease, such as diabetes. Genes play a large role in the development of alcoholism. However not necessary to develop alcoholism. Similarly, not everyone with a genetic predisposition develops Alcoholism. Current evidence indicates that in both men and women, alcoholism is 50-60% genetically determined, leaving 40- 50% for environmental and other influences. Some critics of the disease model argue alcoholism as a choice, not a disease. The disease concept gives the substance abuser an excuse. A disease cannot be cured by force of will but alcoholism cab be.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism recommends: Women should not drink more than 1 drink per day Men should not drink more than 2 drinks per dayOne drink is defined as 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces ofwine, or 1½ ounces of spirits.
Limit number of drinks Drink less than 1 per 90 min. Sip slowly Eat lots of protein/starch Avoid carbonated drinks Measure drinks carefully Dont drive if intoxicated Don’t drink if pregnant
It’s not the drinking that is tobe blamed, but the excess.