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Alcoholism-SOC 473
 

Alcoholism-SOC 473

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    Alcoholism-SOC 473 Alcoholism-SOC 473 Presentation Transcript

    • 
    •  C2-H5-OH (Ethyl Alcohol) Depressant drug-slows mind Alcoholic Beverages Alcohol Production includes -Fermentation -Brewing -Distillation It has been a big industry in India and all over the World.In South East Asia, India is the largest producer and importerof Liquor.
    •  Curiosity Peer pressure Socialize Family Tradition After That to celebrate, relieve stress , relax and escape the problems and the real world. Then the drinker starts to like the taste and the after effects of getting “high”. Easy access (often at home) and Absence of religious attachment can turn a man into an addict.
    •  BODY WEIGHT THOUGHTS and EXPECTATIONS AMOUNT of alcohol consumed
    •  Alcoholism (alcohol dependence) - means compulsive and uncontrolled consumption of alcohol, usually to the detriment of the drinkers health, personal relationships, and social standing. People suffering from alcoholism are often called "alcoholics“. WHO estimates that there are 140 million people with alcoholism worldwide. “Dual disease“-Biological and mental. Biological causes unknown & Mental include Social environment, stress, mental health, family history etc.
    •  Alcohol abuse is a psychiatric diagnosis of Alcoholism. Binge drinking(more than 5 drinks) is another form of alcohol abuse It is the heavy episodic drinking popular in college campuses nowadays. Abuses of alcohol include violence, injuries, unprotected sexual activities ,one night stands, social and financial crisis.
    • An alcohol abuser isdifferent from an alcoholicAn alcohol abuser still hassome ability to set a limiton their drinking. However,an alcohol abuser tend tobe self-destructive andsometimes led to homeviolence or crimes due tothe use of alcohol.
    •  ACUTE-Physical performance gets impairedHallucinationsThirstBlackoutsPoor Sexual PerformanceHANGOVER(happens when alcohol leaves the system)-It includes headaches, fatigue, Nausea, dehydration-there is no cure or short cut of getting rid of it.ALCOHOL POISONING(hospitalization)
    •  CHRONIC- Tolerance Develops Thinking skills get impaired Organs get damaged. Cirrhosisof liver, Brain damage, Deliriumcan lead to death. Tremens(hallucinationswhen alcoholic stops drinking) . Increased risk of cardiovascular diseases(Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, Hypertension)
    •  Increased risk of cancer: (liver, stomach, colon, pancreas, breast, mouth, throat) Reproductive problems Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Growth retardation Facial malformations Small head Greatly reduce intelligence
    • Behavioral Consequences of Alcohol Use Contributes to 50% of all motor vehicle fatalities Contributes to unsafe sex and increased risk of AIDS Contributes to risky behavior and accidental death Domestic Violence
    •  Alcohol permanently destroys brain cells.TRUE it happens every time you drink. Teens have more effect of alcohol on themTRUE,  They have a smaller body and less body mass.  Less psychological Tolerance  Teens nowadays are under a lot of stress(both academic and relationship wise)  Liver is not mature enough to oxidise alcohol quickly
    •  Patterns of consumption vary. Kerala, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh Chhattisgarh , Goa and the North-Eastern States have a much higher proportion of alcohol consumption. Women tend to drink more in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim (the North-east) Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh than their counterparts in the rest of the country
    •  62.5 million alcohol users estimated in India Per capita consumption of alcohol increased by 106.7% over the 15-year period from 1970 to 1996. About 80% of alcohol consumption is in the form of hard liquor or distilled spirits(High Conc. Drinks). The mean age of initiation of alcohol use has decreased from 23.36 years in 1950 to 1960 to 19.45 yearin 1980 to 1990. India has been identified as the potentially third largest market for alcoholic beverages in the world.
    •  Studies by Alcohol & Drug Information Centre (ADIC) show alarming increase in alcohol consumption among adolescents and youth during the last 20 years. The average age of initiation to alcohol in Kerala which was 19 years in 1986 has come down to 14 years in 2006. The study of National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences shows that 20 per cent of women reported domestic violence due to husband’s drinking habits. Another study by ADIC(India) reveals that 40% of the Road accidents were alcohol related.
    •  Indian Alcohol Policy Alliance (IAPA) is a registered NGO started in 2004 to prevent alcohol related harm through policy intervention, advocacy and capacity building. Development of alcohol policy that addresses issues related to alcohol taxation, rules on age restrictions, drinking and driving laws and advertising Public awareness, costs of alcohol use and advocacy efforts to reduce harmful impact of alcohol.
    •  The ideal approach to treatment is to help the person realize how much their alcohol use is harming their life and those around them. Alcohol recovery or support programs can help you stop drinking completely. These programs usually offer: Counselling and therapy , Mental health support and Medical care. Support Groups are available to help people who are dealing with alcoholism and offer emotional support.
    •  The American Medical Association(AMA) stated that alcoholism is a chronic, life-long disease, such as diabetes. Genes play a large role in the development of alcoholism. However not necessary to develop alcoholism. Similarly, not everyone with a genetic predisposition develops Alcoholism. Current evidence indicates that in both men and women, alcoholism is 50-60% genetically determined, leaving 40- 50% for environmental and other influences. Some critics of the disease model argue alcoholism as a choice, not a disease. The disease concept gives the substance abuser an excuse. A disease cannot be cured by force of will but alcoholism cab be.
    •  The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism recommends: Women should not drink more than 1 drink per day Men should not drink more than 2 drinks per dayOne drink is defined as 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces ofwine, or 1½ ounces of spirits.
    •  Limit number of drinks Drink less than 1 per 90 min. Sip slowly Eat lots of protein/starch Avoid carbonated drinks Measure drinks carefully Dont drive if intoxicated Don’t drink if pregnant
    • It’s not the drinking that is tobe blamed, but the excess.