46023981 ayurvedic-system-of-medicine


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46023981 ayurvedic-system-of-medicine

  1. 1. 08/21/12 AYURVEDIC SYSTEM OF MEDICINE1 Gadade Dipak D. Dept. of Pharmaceutics, Shri Bhagwan College of Pharmacy, Aurangabad
  2. 2. Charka Dhanwantari INTRODUCTION Ayur (life) and veda (science or knowledge) 08/21/12 Upaveda of Atharveda Ayurveda deals with-herbs plants, anatomy and physiology of body and principles of tretment of diseases Charaka samhita- Oldest text of Ayurveda edited from Agnivesh Samhita by Charaka (Physician of Kanishka) Agnivesh- founder of medicine(diciple of Sage Atreya) Sushruta samhita- author Sushruta (Father of surgical medicine) Nagarjuna- App. Of chemistry, metallurgy & alchemy to medicine (Philosopher, Physician and alchemist) He written Rasa-Ratnakar, Rasa-kachhaputa and Yoga Sataka Sushruta Nagarjuna 2
  3. 3. THEORY AND BASIC CONCEPTS 08/21/12 Ayurveda is based on three fundamental principles Panchamahabhuta Siddhanta Tridosha theory Rasa-Guna-Virya-Vipaka-Prabhava Siddhanta 3
  4. 4. PANCHA MAHABHUTA SIDDHANTA 08/21/12 Every substance is combination of panchamahabuta Each of it have own chr’ features, properties & means of identification Perfect balance of P.M.-healthy state Disturbed balance of P.M.-Illness Prithvi- Shape and form of body Apa- Moisture , Liquidity & lubrication Tej- Agni & Fire- Heat & energy Vayu- Prana-Vital force controlling respiration Akash- Vacuoles and pores responsible for 4 transportation of nutritional elements
  5. 5. TRIDOSHA THEORY 08/21/12 Dosha means impurities Imbalance of doshas cause diseased state Vata- Vayu & Akash- Chr’: lightness & mobility balanced vata bring about by respiration and imbalace is bring by cold weather & vata quality diet Pitta- Agni & Fire- Chr’: hot,bright & acidic balanced pitta helps in digestion & energy production and inbalance is caused by hot, spicy food & in summer Kapha- Prithvi & Apa- Chr’: Watery & heavy balanced kapha affords lubrication of joints & stability of body while imbalance is by weeather, spring, heavy metal & too much rest 5
  6. 6. RASA-GUNA-VIRYA-VIPAKA-PRABHAVA SIDDHANTA 08/21/12• Important pharmacological principle of dravya or drug• These principles cover all chr’s of drug Rasa- Therapeutically active agent Guna- Quality Virya- Active principle by which potency is characterized Vipaka- End product of digestion Prabhava- Actual therapeutic activity of drug 6
  7. 7. OTHER CONCEPTS 08/21/12 Tridosha- Dhatu- Mala Siddhanta Dhatus: Rasa, Raktam, Mansa, Meda, Asthi, Majja, shukra and oja Mala: Purisha (Feaces), Mutra (Urine), Sweda (Sweat)• Triguna: Satva (Good), Raja (Aggressiveness), Tama (Dullness) 7
  8. 8. PANCHKARMA• Procedures adopted for cleansing of body 08/21/12 and mind accumulated waste Snehan- Smoothing of body with massage with antivatic sesame oil Swedan- Steaming of body for removal of sweda and for lightning Vaman- Expulsion of Kapha dosha with large quantities of qwath Virechan- Expulsion of sputum with of Rechak Dravya Basti- Cleansing of urino genital system with medicated 8 enemas.
  9. 9. TREATMENTTreatment of the disease consists in 08/21/12 avoiding causative factors responsible for disequilibrium of the body matrix through the use of Panchkarma procedures, medicines, suitable diet, activity and regimen for restoring the balance and strengthening the body mechanisms to prevent or minimize future occurrence of the disease. 9
  10. 10. TREATMENT 08/21/12Types of Treatment : The treatment of diseasecan broadly be classified as Shodhana therapy (Purification Treatment with panchkarma) Shamana therapy (Palliative Treatment for reconstituion of humor-doshas) Pathya Vyavastha (Prescription of diet and 10 activity- do’s and don’ts of diet )
  11. 11. TREATMENT 08/21/12 Nidan Parivarjan (Avoidance of disease causing and aggravating factors) Satvavajaya (Psychotherapy) Rasayana therapy (use of immunomodulators and rejuvenation medicines) 11
  12. 12. BRANCHES OF TREATMENT INAYURVEDA 08/21/12Sr. No. Types of Chikitsa Treatment1 Kayachikitsa General Medicine2 Shalakyatantra Opthalmology3 Shalyatantra Surgery4 Agada Tantra Toxicology5 Rasayana Chikitsa Geriatrics6 Vajeekaran Diseases of genital organs7 Kumaryabhyatrya Pediatrics tantra8 Bhutvidya Psychitrics 12
  13. 13. AYURVEDA AND DIET 08/21/12 An individual’s mental and spiritual development as well as his temperament is influenced by the quality of food consumed by him. Food in human body is transformed first into chyle or Rasa and then successive processes involve its conversion into blood, muscle, fat, bone, bone-marrow, reproductive elements and ojas. Thus, food is basic to all the metabolic transformations and life activities. Lack of nutrients in food or improper transformation of food lead to a variety of 13 disease conditions.
  14. 14. TYPES OF DRUG FORMULATION 08/21/12Powders Liquids Semisolids SolidsChurna Taila Kalka VatikaBhasma Asava Ghrita GutikaSatva Arishta Malham VatiKshar Arka AvlehaMandur Kwath RasayogaParpati Hima 14
  15. 15. IMP. AYURVEDIC DRUGS AND THEIR USESS Ayurvedic Drugs Type of Usesr. formulation1 Arjunaristha Arishtha Heart Diseases2 Khadirarishtha Arishtha Skin Diseases3 Kumaryasava Asava Liver Tonic4 Triphala churna Churna General tonic, Stomachic5 Sitophaladi Churna Cough, Asthama churna6 Parad bhasma Bhasma Antidiarrhoeal7 Yasad bhasam Bhasma In eye diseases8 Shatavari ghruta Ghruta Piles9 Amrutprabha Vati Vati Indigestion 1510 Medohar Vati Vati Hypolididemic 08/21/12
  16. 16. IMP. AYURVEDIC DRUGS AND THEIRUSESSr. Ayurvedic Drugs Type of Uses 08/21/12 formulation11 Dhananjaya Vati Vati In Cough12 Chirayata Arka Arka Antipyretic13 Kasturi Gutika Gutika Aphrodisiac14 Sarpagandha Yog Heart diseases Churnayog15 Vidangasava Asava Antimicrobial16 Adulasa Kshar Kshar Expectorant17 Shankhapushpi Sharbat Memory tonic Sharbat18 Dashmukha Qwath Qwath Ailments of Kapha & Vata 1619 Balant Kadha Kadha For pregnant womens after pregnancy
  17. 17. INTRODUCTION TO SOME AUYUR.DOSAGE FORMS… 08/21/12 Arishtha:• Mediacted weak alcoholic liquors prepared by fementation• Raw material: Veg. juices with honey or jaggery• plants parts like roots, leaves & barks cut into pieces and Decoction is prepared• Honey or jaggery is mixed with Decoction of drug• Fermentation is carried out for about 7 to 10 days in hot condition and 15 to 30 days in cold conditions. 17• eg. Arjurishtha, Khadirarishtha
  18. 18. INTRODUCTION TO SOME AUYUR.DOSAGE FORMS 08/21/12 Asava• Mediacted alcoholic liquors prepared by fementation• Raw material: Veg. juices with honey or jaggery• plants parts like roots, leaves & barks cut into pieces and infusion is prepared• Honey or jaggery is mixed with infusion of drug• Fermentation is carried out for about 6 months• generally used as stomachic, stimulant, tonic & astringent, etc.• Eg. Kumariasava, 18
  19. 19. INTRODUCTION TO SOME AUYUR.DOSAGE FORMS… 08/21/12 Vatika:• Decoction of crude drug is prepared and converted to soft extrat to thick consitancy• It is mixed with powdered medicines, raw sugar, honey, gum, etc. to form pill mass• Pill mass is converted to pill pipe and pills are prepared from it to form vatika 19
  20. 20. INTRODUCTION TO SOME AUYUR.DOSAGE FORMS… 08/21/12 Churna:• Powdered mixtures of minerals, animal or vegetable substances prepared in morter-pestle• Powdered mixture then passed through cloth, linen or fine sieve.• Equal quantity of jaggery or double the quantity of sugar is mixed with powdered mixture.• It is taken with milk, hot water or cow’s urine.• Eg. Sitophaladi churna, Ashwagandha churna 20
  21. 21. INTRODUCTION TO SOME AUYUR.DOSAGE FORMS… 08/21/12 Tailas:• Medicated oils are prepared by boiling drugs in water, milk, or other liquids• Water is completely removed from preparation• Tailas are generally used for external local application some are also used internally• Eg. Nilgiri Taila (Eucalyptus Oil) , Til Taila (Sesame Oil) 21
  22. 22. INTRODUCTION TO SOME AUYUR.DOSAGE FORMS… 08/21/12 Ghrita• These are medicated ghees or clarified butter• Ghees or butter is heated on fire to remove water• Little turmeric juice is then added to purify it.• Purified ghruta mixed with drug powder or decoction of drug and heated in earthen pot, copper pot or iron pan to remove traces of water.• It is strained through cloth and preserved for use.• Used internally. 22
  23. 23. 08/21/12Sushruta performing Surgery4,000 years ago. Published byMNC Park Davies Drugcompany 23
  24. 24. 08/21/12 24