EGYPT. Ruth, Claudia i Maria


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EGYPT. Ruth, Claudia i Maria

  1. 1. Around the world in eighty days
  2. 2. Egypt
  3. 3. Location/Map/Capital <ul><li>Egypt is a country in north-eastern Africa, is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Israel and the Red Sea, Sudan and Libya. </li></ul><ul><li>Capital city: Cairo. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Flag/National anthem/ Official/Language/Currency <ul><li>Official language: Arabic </li></ul><ul><li>Currency: Egyptian pound. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Geography <ul><li>It possesses a land Bridge between Africa and Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>The principal geographic feature is the Nile River . The majority of Egypt is a desert. </li></ul><ul><li>The winds blowing can create sand dunes. </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt includes parts of the Sahara desert and the Lybian desert . </li></ul><ul><li>Important towns and cities: </li></ul><ul><li>-Alexandria </li></ul><ul><li>-Aswan </li></ul><ul><li>-Cairo </li></ul><ul><li>-Port Said </li></ul><ul><li>-Suez </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  6. 6. Climate <ul><li>Egypt’s climate is arid, with hot summers and warm winters. </li></ul><ul><li>Every year, a predictable flooding of the Nile happens. This gives the country consistent harvest throughout the year. Many know this event as The Gift of the Nile. </li></ul>WINTER SUMMER
  7. 7. Politics <ul><li>Governement: Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Prime minister: Ahmed Nazif </li></ul><ul><li>President of the republic: Mohamed Hosni Mubarak </li></ul>Ahmed Nazif Mohamed Hosni
  8. 8. Economy (Industry, resources…) <ul><li>Egypt possesses one of the most developed economies in the Middle East. </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt’s economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum exports, and tourism. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Religion <ul><li>The Egyptian legal system only recognizes three religions: </li></ul><ul><li>Islam ( official religion ) </li></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism </li></ul>
  10. 10. Culture <ul><li>ARCHITECTURE: </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural nation of the Middle East. </li></ul><ul><li>·The Pyramid of Khafre </li></ul><ul><li>· The temple of Abu Simbel </li></ul><ul><li>· The Valley of the Kings. </li></ul><ul><li>... </li></ul><ul><li>Modern contemporary Egyptian art is diverse. </li></ul>
  11. 11. PAINTING : The themes included the journey through the afterworld. Frontalism- strict rules. -The head of the character was always drawn in profile, while the body is seen from the front. Techniques -Every figure in paintings, stands or sits with a formal, and rigid posture. The faces are calm and serene. -Slaves and animals were painted more natural and relaxed. - Men’s skin was colored red while women’s was yellow.
  12. 13. <ul><li>SCULPTURE </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptian sculpture represented the Egyptian gods and Pharaohs. </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian had very strict conventions. </li></ul><ul><li>The materials used by the Egyptians sculptors were: clay, wood, metal, ivory and stone. </li></ul><ul><li>Important sculptor: </li></ul><ul><li>Mahmoud Mokhtar </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>LITERATURE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-Hymns to the gods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Mythological and magical texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Mortuary texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Biographical and historical texts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Scientific premises </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The ancient Egyptians wrote works on papyrus as well as walls, tombs, pyramids, ovelisks and more. </li></ul>Naguib Mahfouz Nawal El Saadawi Book by Alifa Rifaat
  14. 15. Philosophy <ul><li>Some Egyptian philosophers are: </li></ul><ul><li>Hassan Hanafi </li></ul><ul><li>Abdel Wahab Elmessiri </li></ul><ul><li>Plotinous </li></ul><ul><li>Ihab Hassan </li></ul>Hassan Hanafi Abdel Wahab Elmessiri Plotinus Ihab Hassan
  15. 16. Science <ul><li>Scientific Developments in Ancien Egypt: </li></ul><ul><li>-Agriculture : Advanced irrigation. </li></ul><ul><li>- Medicine: It was highly advanced . </li></ul><ul><li>-Imhotep: He was the first engineer architect and physician in the Egyptian history.Other physicians were Hesy-Ra and Merit. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Music, cinema and theatre </li></ul>Egyptian music is a mixture of indigenous, Mediterranean, African and Western elements. In antiquity, Egyptians played harps and flutes, including two indigenous instruments: The ve y and the oud . Famous Egyptian pop singers are: Amr Diab Mohamed Mounir
  17. 18. Education <ul><li>The basic education stage for 4-14 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, the secondary school stage is for 3 years, for ages 15 to 17, followed by the tertiary level. </li></ul><ul><li>Education is compulsary for 9 academic year between the ages of 6 and 14. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Folklore and traditions <ul><li>Egypt is famous for its many festivals and religious carnivals. </li></ul><ul><li>Ramadan has a special flavor in Egypt. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Sports <ul><li>Popular sports : </li></ul><ul><li>Football </li></ul><ul><li>Squash </li></ul><ul><li>Tennis </li></ul><ul><li>Handball </li></ul>Egyptian handball Egyptian squash
  20. 21. Cuisine <ul><li>Egyptian cuisine makes heavy use of legumes and vegetables. </li></ul><ul><li>Kofta </li></ul><ul><li>Kebab </li></ul><ul><li>Mahshi </li></ul><ul><li>Bread forms the backbone of Egyptian cuisine. </li></ul><ul><li>Tea is the national drink. </li></ul>
  21. 22. 2nA - Ruth Calleja - Claudia Lozano - Maria López THe end