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EGYPT. Ruth, Claudia i Maria
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EGYPT. Ruth, Claudia i Maria

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Transcript

  • 1. Around the world in eighty days
  • 2. Egypt
  • 3. Location/Map/Capital
    • Egypt is a country in north-eastern Africa, is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Israel and the Red Sea, Sudan and Libya.
    • Capital city: Cairo.
  • 4. Flag/National anthem/ Official/Language/Currency
    • Official language: Arabic
    • Currency: Egyptian pound.
  • 5. Geography
    • It possesses a land Bridge between Africa and Asia.
    • The principal geographic feature is the Nile River . The majority of Egypt is a desert.
    • The winds blowing can create sand dunes.
    • Egypt includes parts of the Sahara desert and the Lybian desert .
    • Important towns and cities:
    • -Alexandria
    • -Aswan
    • -Cairo
    • -Port Said
    • -Suez
  • 6. Climate
    • Egypt’s climate is arid, with hot summers and warm winters.
    • Every year, a predictable flooding of the Nile happens. This gives the country consistent harvest throughout the year. Many know this event as The Gift of the Nile.
    WINTER SUMMER
  • 7. Politics
    • Governement: Republic
    • Prime minister: Ahmed Nazif
    • President of the republic: Mohamed Hosni Mubarak
    Ahmed Nazif Mohamed Hosni
  • 8. Economy (Industry, resources…)
    • Egypt possesses one of the most developed economies in the Middle East.
    • Egypt’s economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum exports, and tourism.
  • 9. Religion
    • The Egyptian legal system only recognizes three religions:
    • Islam ( official religion )
    • Christianity
    • Judaism
  • 10. Culture
    • ARCHITECTURE:
    • Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural nation of the Middle East.
    • ·The Pyramid of Khafre
    • · The temple of Abu Simbel
    • · The Valley of the Kings.
    • ...
    • Modern contemporary Egyptian art is diverse.
  • 11. PAINTING : The themes included the journey through the afterworld. Frontalism- strict rules. -The head of the character was always drawn in profile, while the body is seen from the front. Techniques -Every figure in paintings, stands or sits with a formal, and rigid posture. The faces are calm and serene. -Slaves and animals were painted more natural and relaxed. - Men’s skin was colored red while women’s was yellow.
  • 12.  
  • 13.
    • SCULPTURE
    • The Egyptian sculpture represented the Egyptian gods and Pharaohs.
    • Egyptian had very strict conventions.
    • The materials used by the Egyptians sculptors were: clay, wood, metal, ivory and stone.
    • Important sculptor:
    • Mahmoud Mokhtar
  • 14.
    • LITERATURE
      • -Hymns to the gods
      • -Mythological and magical texts
      • -Mortuary texts
      • -Biographical and historical texts
      • -Scientific premises
    • The ancient Egyptians wrote works on papyrus as well as walls, tombs, pyramids, ovelisks and more.
    Naguib Mahfouz Nawal El Saadawi Book by Alifa Rifaat
  • 15. Philosophy
    • Some Egyptian philosophers are:
    • Hassan Hanafi
    • Abdel Wahab Elmessiri
    • Plotinous
    • Ihab Hassan
    Hassan Hanafi Abdel Wahab Elmessiri Plotinus Ihab Hassan
  • 16. Science
    • Scientific Developments in Ancien Egypt:
    • -Agriculture : Advanced irrigation.
    • - Medicine: It was highly advanced .
    • -Imhotep: He was the first engineer architect and physician in the Egyptian history.Other physicians were Hesy-Ra and Merit.
  • 17.
    • Music, cinema and theatre
    Egyptian music is a mixture of indigenous, Mediterranean, African and Western elements. In antiquity, Egyptians played harps and flutes, including two indigenous instruments: The ve y and the oud . Famous Egyptian pop singers are: Amr Diab Mohamed Mounir
  • 18. Education
    • The basic education stage for 4-14 years old.
    • Then, the secondary school stage is for 3 years, for ages 15 to 17, followed by the tertiary level.
    • Education is compulsary for 9 academic year between the ages of 6 and 14.
  • 19. Folklore and traditions
    • Egypt is famous for its many festivals and religious carnivals.
    • Ramadan has a special flavor in Egypt.
  • 20. Sports
    • Popular sports :
    • Football
    • Squash
    • Tennis
    • Handball
    Egyptian handball Egyptian squash
  • 21. Cuisine
    • Egyptian cuisine makes heavy use of legumes and vegetables.
    • Kofta
    • Kebab
    • Mahshi
    • Bread forms the backbone of Egyptian cuisine.
    • Tea is the national drink.
  • 22. 2nA - Ruth Calleja - Claudia Lozano - Maria López THe end