Closed comedones - whiteheads;
the follicle is completely blocked
Open comedones - blackheads;
black because of surface pigment (melanin)
rather than dirt
red, tender bumps with white pus at their tips
Nodules; large, solid, painful lumps beneath
the surface of the skin. Formed by the buildup of
secretions deep within hair follicles.
Cysts; painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the
surface of the skin. These boil-like infections can
Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls
during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge
and make more sebum. Hormonal changes during
pregnancy and oral contraceptives can also affect sebum
Corticosteroids, androgens are known to cause acne
Studies indicate that certain dietary factors, including dairy
products and carbohydrate-rich foods (high glycemic
index) — such as bread, bagels and chips, which increase
blood sugar — may trigger acne.
Factors that may Worsen
Greasy foods and chocolate have proved to
have little to no effect on acne.
Dirty skin or poor hygiene. Acne isn't caused
Adults don't get acne - it’s more likely to be
reddish nodules around your mouth and jaw,
rather than whiteheads and blackheads
scattered all over your forehead, nose, and
Stress, sexual activity, masturbation ,
Cleanse skin with mild, non oily
It is best to wash the face
morning, evening and after heavy
Often gels work better than
creams since creams may have
more of an oil base.
All products used should be non-
How to Treat Acne
Over washing, instead of eliminating oil on
the skin, may work to produce more
oil because it stimulates the oil
Scrubbing the face with harsh
cleansers also encourages more
Use mild, oil free
Keeping oily skin
Lactic acid, a type of alpha hydroxy acid - is a
keratolytic. Rids hardened sebum and also can
promote firming of the skin by thickening deeper
L-Carnitine- reduces sebum secretion,
which in turn results in fewer comedones
Decandiol- reduces growth of bacteria
Lidochalone- anti inflammatory
Use medicated pads and/or cosmetic blotters during the day. Apply pad
or blotter to oily areas such as the nose, forehead and chin. Avoid
rubbing but hold pad or tissue to the skin for only as long as it takes to
blot up the oil, 15-20 seconds.
The goal is not to trigger the oil glands to produce yet more oil. So steer
clear of products with high alcohol content or products that make skin
become dryer as they will trigger the oil glands to then produce more oil.
Other treatment options include topical antibiotics, retinols, retinoids,
benzoyl peroxide and many other prescription medications available by
Lasers and chemical peels are other options
Acne can have lasting
consequences in how you feel
about yourself -- and left
untreated, or improperly managed, it
can leave permanent scars.
Be Patient !
Treatments can take 4-12 weeks
to show results depending on
symptoms at onset.