UDL is a set of principles for development that gives all students an equal opportunities to learn. It provides an outlines for creating instructional goals, methods, materials and assessments that work for everyone and can be adjusted based on needs.
Students should be provided with different was to learn the materials. A unit should having activities for the following type of learner: Auditory, Visual, and kinesthetic. This will help reduce barriers because the information is equally perceptible to all learners.
Teachers should provide students with materials that all learners can interact with. For example a student that struggles with math can be given manipulatives to help solve problems. Students should be given the tools and opportunity to fully access the content. Teachers should keep in mind that the alternative assignment should not be less challenging.
Its important to provides students with varies way to express and communicate their knowledge. For example if a student struggles with writing a story they could you a word-to text program or orally tell their story through a voice thread. Give students the opportunity to practice and performance. Student should complete performance task because it allows them to synthesize their learning. For example, give student different ways to demonstrate their knowledge. Students can complete write narrative or create a song about what they have learned.
Teacher should use a variety of sources to help engaged students. Students engagement is affected by their culture, personal relevance, subjectivity and background knowledge. Student should be provided with options of their interest. When doing so select activities that are challenging, determine the tools used for information gathering/production, and timing for completion
Teachers need to reduce the amount of distractions in the learning environment. Classrooms should be an accepting and supportive environment. Creating class routines will help minimizes distractions.
Students are engaged by information that and activities that are relevant and valuable to their interest and goals. Activities should contain one of the following: Personlized to the learners lives, culturally/socailly relevant, and age and ability appropriate,
Students are engaged by the information and activities that are relevant and valuable to their interest and goals.Consider varying activities by: cultural, socially relevant, age and ability appropriate.
Recognition: How facts are gather and categorize. Information should be provided in multiple ways. Each recognition pathways is organized into a hierarchical continuum, containing some brain regions that are highly complex, some that are comparatively simple, and others that are somewhere in between.
Bottom up processing Creates understanding based on an analysis of external stimuli. Information flows from structures at lower levels of the brain (carrying out more basic roles) to higher-level brain structures (carrying out more sophisticated roles).I
The top down method enables prior knowledge and context to influence understanding . Information flows from higher-level structures in the brain (carrying out more sophisticated roles) to lower-level structures (carrying out more basic roles).
Strategic- Planning and conducting tasks. How information is expressed. Differentiate the ways students can express their knowledge. Affective- How students are engaged and stay motivates. Stimulating the students interest to motivate them to learn.
The implications of UDL in the classroom will give all students access to the content. The content must be presented in various format to activate different parts of the brain that helps student learn. Technology is a very flexible tool that allows teachers to present information in various formats to engaged students. Student can use technology to help the access the content or use it as a tool to demonstrate their knowledge of the content. In order to become an effective teacher that reaches and give all students the opportunity to learn the UDL methods must be used to activate all parts of the brain.
CAST is an educational research & development organization that works to expand learning opportunities for all individuals through Universal Design for Learning. CAST works to apply Universal Design for Learning (UDL) to educations greatest challenges Thanks to the generosity of our funders, CAST offers free multimedia learning tools.
Read-Write-Think: is an excellent tools to use for planning lessons. The lesson plans found on the site supports the UDL structure. We are currently writing units for Common Core and this will an helpful site to select lesson from or follow the basic format. PBS teacher is another tool that would be good to use. This site offer videos that are update and interesting that will keep students attention. The website relates topic to real world events and has projects for students to do to help enforce the content.
Finally the free text-to- speech software. This program will help students who have difficulty expressing their ideas on paper. This program would be the starting foundation and eventually ending with students expressing their ideas on paper.
Rose, D., & Meyer, A. (2002). Teaching every student inthe digital age: Universal design for learning. Retrievedfromhttp://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/ideas/tes/AST, Inc. (2002–2011). Teaching every student: Tools andactivities. Retrieved fromhttp://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/tools/CAST, Inc. (2007–2011). Curriculum self-check: Exploreresources. Retrieved fromhttp://udlselfcheck.cast.org/resources.php#curriculum