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The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial
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The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial

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An introduction to Open Source, Free Software and the Open Source Geospatial Foundation.

An introduction to Open Source, Free Software and the Open Source Geospatial Foundation.

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  • 1. The OSGeo Foundation Professionally leveraging Open Source Geospatial Asia Geospatial Forum 2011 – Jakarta, Indonesia Arnulf Christl President
  • 2. Arnulf Christl Works as Geospatial Systems Architect in his company metaspatial .
    • President of OSGeo
    • 3. OGC Architecture Board Member
    • 4. OpenStreetMap Advocate
    Founder of several companies and initiatives, travels a lot and provides consulting for SDI.
  • 5. For a living I do... What? Consultation and Implementation of
        • - Spatial Data Infrastructures
        • 6. - Metadata
    Why? To leverage your spatial data needs How: - using Open Source Software
        • - implementing Open Standards
        • 7. - with Agile management
  • 8. A perspective on Open Source Geospatial
  • 9. Agenda
    • Software Development
    • 10. Proprietary and Open Source Thinking
    • 11. Free Software Licensing
    • 12. The Open Source Geospatial Foundation
      • Vision and Mission
      • 13. Formal Structures
    • Geospatial Open Source Software
    This presentation is available for download at http://arnulf.us/Publications
  • 14. Software Development Software development team Solves the problem new version is released Software users have new requirements, find bugs Code is improved Problem is identified
  • 15. Proprietary production Ask questions: When is the software released? When is new functionality implemented? Who cares if something breaks? How many people develop software? What do the others? Market analysis Development team develops software Goal: Sell licenses Product launch beta version release for beta tester beta tester reports errors to development team development team reproduces the error development team solves problem after OK from pm Proprietary motivation: Make Money development team reports to the product management
  • 16. It might feel a bit fuzzy and complicated...
  • 17. Proprietary Business Model Primary Motivation:
      • Make money
    Primary Task:
      • Marketing of differentiation
    Associated Business Model:
      • Restriction of distribution channels
    Market analysis Development team develops software Goal: Sell licenses Product launch beta version release for beta tester beta tester reports errors to development team development team reproduces the error development team solves problem after OK from pm Proprietary motivation: Make Money development team reports to the product management
  • 18. But this can be much easier!
  • 19. Primary motivation: Solve Problem ...publish the Source Code! ...and allow anybody to copy it! Open Source Paradigm
  • 20. Copying is not Theft There is a big difference between material theft and digital copying. We have difficulties understanding this because we are material. But our Mind is not entirely material. So we should be able to understand. A great 60 second cartoon by Nina Paley: Copying is not Theft .
  • 21. Primary motivation: Solve Problem ...and publish the Source Code! Interaction with Users
    • improve the Software,
    ...then release, often! Open Source Paradigm (iterate)
  • 22. Initially the advantages might look rather small
  • 23. Open Source Development The Source Code contains all functionality (and o nly Source Code can be modified).
      • Public access to code improves the quality
      • 24. Typically bugs are fixed faster
      • 25. Often more secure due to multiple scrutiny
      • 26. Innovation is easier – and...
      • 27. Users have full control about what they get
      • 28. ...and many more advantages.
    Read http://producingoss.org by Karl Fogel for details
  • 29. Primary motivation: Solve Problem
    • Publish results
    Interaction with Users
    • Improve Software
    Release often (iterate) Open Source Business Implementation Maintenance Consulting Support bug fixing Training Service Level Agreement No Monopolies, Highly Competitive! Maintain specific distribution
  • 30. Overall Revenue in IT Less than 10% of revenue in IT is generated through selling software usage licenses. (i.e. by restricting copying) Read http://arnulf.us/Cadastre for more details
  • 31. Now the advantages already appear to be quite sizeable
  • 32. Restrict copying. Why do they do that? Because re-selling the same thing again and agin is highly profitable! Why is it not all Open Source? Because the Internet (main distribution media)– emerged late in the 1990s)! Proprietary Business
  • 33.
    • You are not allowed to copy
    • 34. You are not allowed to modify
    • 35. You are not allowed to give away
    • 36. You are not allowed to improve
    • 37. You are not allowed to install
    • 38. You are not allowed to share
    • 39. You are not allowed to...
    Proprietary Licenses ...today we can see a revival in the Terms of Services !
  • 40. Free Software Licensing Free Software Licensing
    • Not as in "free beer" but as in free speech
    • 41. You are free to:
        • use it anywhere for any purpose
        • 42. understand and improve it
        • 43. adjust it to suit your needs
      • collaborate with anybody else
  • 44. Free Software Licensing
    • Not as in "free beer" but as in free speech
    • 45. You are free to:
        • use it anywhere for any purpose
        • 46. understand and improve it
        • 47. adjust it to suit your needs
      • collaborate with anybody else
    Free Software Licensing Guaranteed!
  • 48. Free Software Licensing Free Software is a legal licensing model (a vaccine) protecting your interests. The opposite is proprietary software (also 'closed' or 'privative') protecting the vendor's interests . Nota bene: "commercial software" is a frequently used misnomer.
  • 49. Summarizing: Open Source is the superior development model The big business has recognized this long ago and provides full Open Source services ( IBM ). Software vendors adopt Open Source in geospatial including Autodesk , Oracle , esri and many others. Even Microsoft nowadays recognizes that Open Source works . Open Source Development
  • 50. If even the die-hards have adopted it... Why don't you too?
  • 51. Yes, … but: Anybody can call anything " Open Source " And a name does not automagically make better software! Using Open Source?
  • 52. Open Source Geospatial Foundation http://www.osgeo.org Your Open Source Compass ...organizes spatial IT Quality Open Source
  • 53.  
  • 54. The OSGeo Foundation
    • OSGeo is a global non-profit organization founded in February 2006
    • 55. Leading voice for
    • 56. Geospatial Open Source
    • 57. Structure similar to the Apache Foundation
    • 58. Volunteer based
    • 59. Funded by sponsorship
  • 60. OSGeo's Mission Support and promote the highest quality Open Source Geospatial Software
  • 61.
    • Provide resources for F OS S 4 G projects:
    • Promote free and open geospatial data
    • 64. Create and maintain a quality brand
    • 65. Create and promote free curriculum
    • 66. Promote and contribute to standards
    OSGeo's Goals http://www.osgeo.org
  • 67. Word cloud copied from Paul Ramsey
  • 68.
    • Support F OS S 4 G on a global scale
    • 69. Support local activities and capacities
    • 70. Facilitate inter-project communication
    • 71. Build a solid market for businesses and users
    • 72. Interface with industry and business
    • 73. Support the education of domain experts not «brand-specialists»
    • 74. Many more...
    Activities
  • 75.  
  • 76.
    • FOSS4G is the global Conference
    • 77. Seed event for local activities
    • 78. Outreach and promotion
    • 79. Inter-project communication
    • 80. Workshops and tutorials
    • 81. Networking
    • 82. Meeting
    The FOSS4G Conference
  • 83. OSGeo's Structure Committees Committees Committees Board of 9 Directors and President Local Chapters Local Chapters Local Chapters Officers Officers 25 Officers Local Chapters Local Chapters Foundation Projects Committees Committees Committees elected by Membership 104 Charter Members Charter Members vote represent Sponsors
  • 84. Mailing Lists Year Number of Lists Subscribers Unique Subscribers 2008 106 13323 10410 2009 137 20640 12904 2010 164 27504 15423 2011 183 32109 19471 http://lists.osgeo.org/ Example activity meter
  • 85. Quality Control Project Health Inspection
    • Copyright, licenses, ownership
    • 86. Development process quality
    • 87. Documentation, tutorials, support
    • 88. Community functioning
    • 89. ...
    More details are available on the Web: http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Incubation
  • 90. OSGeo Projects 2009 Project in incubation deegree UMN Mapserver Mapbender OpenLayers MapFish Map Guide OS web mapping GRASS GIS Quantum GIS OSSIM gvSIG desktop GIS GeoNetwork metadata GEOS FDO GDAL/OGR GeoTools libraries MetaCRS PostGIS
  • 91. Period Projects LOC contrib 12 mo contrib 2007-00 4700000 182 2008-11 15 7766360 442 279 2009-10 16 13406517 547 2010-03 19 12211439 636 299 2010-08 19 12767587 657 301 2011-09 19 15793310 743 269 Project stats 2011
  • 92. web mapping desktop GIS metadata libraries Enterprise ready OpenStreetMap UMN MapServer MapFish GRASS GIS Quantum GIS OSSIM GEOS GDAL/OGR GeoTools MetaCRS PostGIS GeoMajas Quantum GIS MapServer deegree OpenLayers GeoServer MapGuide OS deegree GIS MapNik Viking KOSMO gvSIG SpatialLite uDig Geopublisher Mapbender GeoNetwork GeoKettle GMT ZOO Project FDO
  • 93. Sponsors Charter Members vote appoints represent Board of 9 Directors and President Executive Director 91 Charter Members Sponsors Local Chapters Local Chapters Local Chapters Officers Officers 25 Officers Local Chapters Local Chapters Foundation Projects Committees Committees Committees
  • 94. OSGeo Sponsors
    • Sustain the organization
    • 95. Have priority access to conferences and events
    • 96. Have executive and expert contacts
  • 97.  
  • 98. Outlook
    • Foster and support localization of OSGeo software and groups (Local Chapters)
    • 99. Promote OSGeo & FOSS4G to universities and education
    • 100. Organize code sprints (which typically self organize)
    • 101. Legal support for software projects
    • 102. Have fun
  • 103. Most importantly: OSGeo works because you participate in the IT process ! Participation includes
      • using,
      • 104. learning and then
      • 105. contributing back to the community
    Open Source makes IT a safe investment. http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Indonesia
  • 106. Copyright : Arnulf Christl , metaspatial . This slide set is copyrighted to the commons. 2012 Beijing, China The annual Conference on Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial With friendly support by: Thank you for your Attention! http://www.metaspatial.net
  • 107. References
    • OSGeo Foundation website: http://www.osgeo.org
      • Wiki: http://wiki.osgeo.org
      • 108. OSGeo Mailing lists: http://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/
      • 109. OSGeo Incubation: http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Incubation
    • Support OSGeo: http://www.osgeo.org/sponsorship
    • 110. Open Source: http://producingoss.org by Karl Fogel
    • 111. OGC standards: http://www.opengeospatial.org
    • 112. metaspatial consulting: http://www.metaspatial.net
    • 113. A note on Copyright: http://arnulf.us/Seven:Copyrights
    This presentation is available for download at http://arnulf.us/Publications

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