Also check that all electrical wires are well insulated. Want flammable products out of reach, well sealed, and labeled. Know where the fire extinguisher is and how to use it.
Pull the Pin at the top of the extinguisher. The pin releases a locking mechanism and will allow you to discharge the extinguisher. Aim at the base of the fire, not the flames. This is important - in order to put out the fire, you must extinguish the fuel. Squeeze the lever slowly. This will release the extinguishing agent in the extinguisher. If the handle is released, the discharge will stop. Sweep from side to side. Using a sweeping motion, move the fire extinguisher back and forth until the fire is completely out. Operate the extinguisher from a safe distance, several feet away, and then move towards the fire once it starts to diminish. Be sure to read the instructions on your fire extinguisher - different fire extinguishers recommend operating them from different distances. Remember: Aim at the base of the fire, not at the flames!!!! Smoke detectors outside each bedroom and on every floor. Test every month. Change batteries yearly
Stay calm! Want to think clearly. Bring a house phone or a cell phone to call 911
Test all doors and window, to make sure they open easily, by the person whos room it is….if it’s a kids room….the child should practice. fire window escape ladders go through the window. And want to practice using it Animals are smart, and will find a way out of their own if they don’t stay with the family. Never go back in for anyone or anything…..that is the job of the fire department! However, tell them when they arrive that you are missing someone….the name, location possibly in will all help find them safely!
Want to include practicing with the window escape ladder.
Remember to stay low and keep head down to avoid smoke. Leave everything Closing doors helps slow the spread of the fire
Exit can be window or door….something to fresh air
Practice will save lives
1. Family FireFamily Fire
Protection andProtection and
Exit StrategiesExit Strategies
By: Naomi ArnoldBy: Naomi Arnold
““The goal is to educate theThe goal is to educate the
public about the importancepublic about the importance
of balanced fire protection andof balanced fire protection and
to equip families with the basic knowledge of how toto equip families with the basic knowledge of how to
address a fire situation safely.”address a fire situation safely.”
Professional Safety, 2009
Teach families to be prepared when it comes to fire safetyTeach families to be prepared when it comes to fire safety
and protectionand protection
Emphasize a fire protection plan that doesn’t rely on oneEmphasize a fire protection plan that doesn’t rely on one
single safeguard, but rather a complete, detailed andsingle safeguard, but rather a complete, detailed and
stable evacuation planstable evacuation plan
Make families aware about fire hazards in the home.Make families aware about fire hazards in the home.
4. Eliminate Fire HazardsEliminate Fire Hazards
Do not overload electrical outlets.Do not overload electrical outlets.
Switch off all electrical appliances when not using.Switch off all electrical appliances when not using.
Store flammable products away from heat.Store flammable products away from heat.
Have easy access to the fire extinguisher and anyHave easy access to the fire extinguisher and any
emergency exit.emergency exit.
Do not run extension cords behind rugs or curtains.Do not run extension cords behind rugs or curtains.
5. Fire PreventionFire Prevention
Keep operational fire extinguishers handy.Keep operational fire extinguishers handy.
Make sure everyone knows how to use a fire extinguisher.Make sure everyone knows how to use a fire extinguisher.
Smoke detectorsSmoke detectors
Test regularlyTest regularly
6. Tips for a Good Escape PlanTips for a Good Escape Plan
Two ways outTwo ways out
Outside meeting placeOutside meeting place
Working smoke alarmsWorking smoke alarms
Draw up a diagram of the house to visualize each way out.Draw up a diagram of the house to visualize each way out.
Pick a designated person to call 911 – once outsidePick a designated person to call 911 – once outside
PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICEPRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE
7. Family Exit ProceduresFamily Exit Procedures
Done as a family:Done as a family:
Draw a diagram of the houseDraw a diagram of the house
Walk around to each room with the diagramWalk around to each room with the diagram
and point out 2 exits.and point out 2 exits.
If live in a multi-story home, invest in fire windowIf live in a multi-story home, invest in fire window
escape ladders.escape ladders.
If live in a multi-story apartment building, mapIf live in a multi-story apartment building, map
out as many routes as possible to exit stairwaysout as many routes as possible to exit stairways
on your floors of the building.on your floors of the building.
Agree on a meeting place outside the house (ex:Agree on a meeting place outside the house (ex:
mailbox or a neighbors yard)mailbox or a neighbors yard)
Never go back inside for anyone or anything.Never go back inside for anyone or anything.
8. Family Exit Fire DrillFamily Exit Fire Drill
Once plan is complete….PracticeOnce plan is complete….Practice
Create a scenario of where the fire takes place, haveCreate a scenario of where the fire takes place, have
everyone go to their roomseveryone go to their rooms
Once everyone is in their rooms “asleep” have someoneOnce everyone is in their rooms “asleep” have someone
set off the smoke detectorset off the smoke detector (start of the drill)(start of the drill)
Practice with different escape routes, but always meetingPractice with different escape routes, but always meeting
at the family meeting place.at the family meeting place.
9. Test the DoorTest the Door
Always use the back of your handAlways use the back of your hand
Stay low, smoke will riseStay low, smoke will rise
If door is warmIf door is warm use alternativeuse alternative
route outsideroute outside
If door is coolIf door is cool brace body behindbrace body behind
door, open door a crack to check fordoor, open door a crack to check for
smoke, continue outside tosmoke, continue outside to
meeting placemeeting place
Always close doors behind youAlways close doors behind you
10. Stay Low!!!Stay Low!!!
Always remember to stay low!!Always remember to stay low!!
Smoke will rise!Smoke will rise!
Want crawl on your hands andWant crawl on your hands and
knees to the closest exit.knees to the closest exit.
If available, grab a cloth to coverIf available, grab a cloth to cover
your nose and mouth.your nose and mouth.
Over 4,000 Americans dieOver 4,000 Americans die
each year in house fires.each year in house fires.
Over 20,000 get injured every year from house fires.Over 20,000 get injured every year from house fires.
In a few seconds a fire can become out of control, and leadIn a few seconds a fire can become out of control, and lead
to evacuation.to evacuation.
Having a working smoke detector in your home cuts yourHaving a working smoke detector in your home cuts your
chances of dying in a house fire by 50%.chances of dying in a house fire by 50%.
U.S. Fire Administration, 2009
(2009). ExtinguisherTrainingVideo Educates Public on Fire Safety.(2009). ExtinguisherTrainingVideo Educates Public on Fire Safety. Professional SafetyProfessional Safety,, 5454(6),(6),
6. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database. 10/5/106. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database. 10/5/10
(2008). In the Loop.(2008). In the Loop. Professional SafetyProfessional Safety,, 5353(10), 6. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier(10), 6. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier
database. 10/5/10database. 10/5/10
Diment, E. (2008). A Practical Guide toTenant Fire Safety: PART 2.Diment, E. (2008). A Practical Guide toTenant Fire Safety: PART 2. Journal of Housing &Journal of Housing &
Community DevelopmentCommunity Development,, 6565(5), 34-36. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.(5), 34-36. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
(2008). Life Safety Code Under Revision.(2008). Life Safety Code Under Revision. Professional SafetyProfessional Safety,, 5353(7), 36. Retrieved from(7), 36. Retrieved from
MasterFILE Premier database. 10/5/10MasterFILE Premier database. 10/5/10
Burn Institute (2010) Retrieved October 12, 2010.Burn Institute (2010) Retrieved October 12, 2010.
Sparky the fire dog (n.d.) Retrieved October 12, 2010.Sparky the fire dog (n.d.) Retrieved October 12, 2010. http://www.sparky.org/safety_tips.htmlhttp://www.sparky.org/safety_tips.html
U.S. Fire Administration (2009). Get out safely (Electronic version). Homeland SecurityU.S. Fire Administration (2009). Get out safely (Electronic version). Homeland Security