Leadership
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Leadership

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Leadership Leadership Presentation Transcript

  • MC I Ye r A a Bus s P c s ine s ro e s Unit II G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • The Meaning of Leadership  Le d rs isinflue ingo rs a e hip nc the to a hie c rta a so c ve e in im r o je tive b c s  Le d rs isa influe e a e hip n nc re tio hip a o le d rsa la ns m ng a e nd fo w rsw s llo e ho trivefo re l r a c ng a o o e tha ha e nd utc m s t re c the s re p o e . fle t ir ha d urp s s G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • What do leaders do?  De id o je tive fo theo a tio c ing b c s r rg niza n  P vid e e ea s ttings nd rd fo the ro ing xp rtis nd e ta a s r o a tio rg niza n  De rm te iningthes tureo theo a tio truc f rg niza n  Allo a c tingre a sa p hm nt w rd nd unis e  Ac tinga ro m d ls s le o e . G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • What makes good leader?  Tra itio l Vie d na w  Ha as ng d c ivec ra te s tro , e is ha c r  Isa ‘xp rt’ there va fie o b ine s n e e in le nt ld f us s  Isa a c t n uto ra  Fo us so p fitsa fina ia s c s c e n ro nd nc l uc e s  Isag o c m unic to od o m a r G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • What makes good leader?  Mo e Vie d rn w  Isc ris a , w afla fo p licre tio ha m tic ith ir r ub la ns  P s e s sp o s s e rinc le ip s  Isa e e nt c m unic to –thisinc e n xc lle o m a r lud s b ingag o lis ne e o d te r  W lc m sa vic a s p rt fro s e ia ts e o e d e nd up o m p c lis  Isfle lea a leto flo xib nd b uris in ac ng h ha ing enviro e nm nt G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Components of Leadership Credibility: LEADERSHIP The quality that the leaders have, that makes people believe or trust them. V A Achieve: I C To succeed in doing something or causing H something to happen S COMMUNICATION I Vision: I E The ability to think about or plan the future with O V great imagination and intelligence N E Communication: The activity or process of expressing ideas and CREDIBILITY feelings or of giving people information G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Principles of Leadership 1. Kno yo e & s e im ro m nt. w urs lf e k p ve e 2. Bete hnic lly P fic nt c a ro ie 3. Se k Re p ns ility & ta re p ns ility fo yo a tio e s o ib ke s o ib r ur c ns 4. Ma So ke unda tim ly d c io nd e e is ns 5. Se thee m le t xa p 6. Ke pSta Info e . e ff rm d 7. Kno yo p o lea lo k o the w ll-b ing w ur e p nd o ut ir e e 8. De lo thes ns o Re p ns ility in yo w rke . ve p e e f s o ib ur o rs 9. Ens tha ta ksa und rs o , s e e , & a c m lis d ure t s re e to d up rvis d c o p he 10.W rk a ate m o s a 11. Us thefull c p b e a a ilitie o yo o a tio s f ur rg niza n G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Factors of Leadership Fo fa to o le d rs : ur c rs f a e hip TheLe d r ae TheFo w r llo e TheSitua n tio TheC m unic tio o m a n G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Factors of Leadership The Leader:  Ha a ho s und rs nd ve n ne t e ta ingof:  Who yo a u re  Wha yo kno t u w  Wha yo d n’kno t u o t w  Wha yo c n d t u a o G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Factors of Leadership The follower: “ s ff m m e w a re p ns lea the ta e b rs ho re s o ib s fo w r” llo e  Kno the w ir:  Ine e nc d le l xp rie e ve p rta e iningtoata k s  C nfid nc le l o e e ve  Ha w rke ? rd o r? ? G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • How Followers Respond to the Leaders Most Likely Response Of Followers Type of Influence tactic Used by Leaders Resistance: Followers may appear to respond but not actually do so. Coercion Or they may get angry and even sabotage the leader’s plan Formal Position Compliance: Followers do what Reward they are told, but without any enthusiasm. Expertise Commitment: Followers are enthusiastic to achieve the leaders’ Charisma objectives, and they accept the objectives as their own G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Factors of Leadership The Situation:  “ a c ng , ne r o in thes m .” Alw ys ha ing ve ne a e  C ns e o id r:  Theta k s  Tim & s ff a ila lefo ta k e ta va b r s  Sub rd tec m e nc le l o ina o p te e ve G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Factors of Leadership Communication:  “ ha eo info a n a id a fro o p rs n to Exc ng f rm tio nd e s m ne e o a the no r.”  P y a ntio to a tte n :  Wo c ic rd ho e  P ic l a tio hys a c ns  Vo eto ic ne G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Leadership Variables Leader Traits and Skills Leader Behavior Exogenous Situational Variables Managerial Motivation Task-Oriented Behavior Task Characteristics & Technology Self – Confidence Group-Maintenance ” Scope of Formal Authority Technical Skills Influencing Subordinates Legal – Political Constraints Human Relations Skills Representative Behavior Environmental Forces Conceptual Skills Subordinate Needs, Values & Personality Energy Level Emotional Maturity Leader Power Physical Attributes Expert Power Intervening Variables Reward Power Subordinate effort & commitment Coercive Power Subordinate Skills Referent Power Subordinate Role Clarity Upward Power Subordinate – Leader Relation Lateral Power Support Services & Resources Legitimate Power Task – Role Organization Group Cohesiveness & Teamwork End – Result Variables Group Performance Goal Attainment Group Capability Member Psychology Health and Growth G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Leadership Models  Ma g ria Grid na e l .  Fo Fra ew rk Ap ro c ur m o p a h. G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • The Managerial Grid Model G Roy AntonyConcern for Production or Process Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Types based on Grid Model  Authoritarian (9o ta k, 1 o p o le n s n ep )  Team Builder(9o ta k, 9o p o le n s n ep )  Country Club (1 o ta k, 9o p o le n s n ep )  Impoverished (1 o ta k, 1 o p o le n s n e p ). G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Four Framework Approach  In the Four Framework Approach, Bolman and Deal suggest that leaders display leadership behaviors in one of four types of frameworks:  Structural Framework  Human Resource Framework  Political Framework  Symbolic Framework G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Structural Framework  In an effective leadership situation, the leader is a social architect whose leadership style is analysis and design.  While in an ineffective leadership situation, the leader is a petty tyrant whose leadership style is details.  Structural Leaders focus on  structure,  strategy,  environment,  Implementation,  experimentation, and  adaptation. Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus G Roy Antony College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Human Resource Framework  In an effective leadership situation, the leader is a catalyst and servant whose leadership style is support, advocate, and empowerment.  while in an ineffective leadership situation, the leader is a pushover, whose leadership style is abdication and fraud.  Human Resource Leaders believe in people and communicate that belief; they are visible and accessible; they empower, increase participation, support, share information, and move decision making down into the organization. G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Political Framework  In an effective leadership situation, the leader is an advocate, whose leadership style is coalition and building.  While in an ineffective leadership situation, the leader is a hustler, whose leadership style is manipulation.  Political leaders clarify what they want and what they can get; they assess the distribution of power and interests; they build linkages to other stakeholders, use persuasion first, then use negotiation and coercion only ifRoy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus G necessary. College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Symbolic Framework  In an effective leadership situation, the leader is a prophet, whose leadership style is inspiration.  While in an ineffective leadership situation, the leader is a fanatic or fool, whose leadership style is smoke and mirrors.  Symbolic leaders view organizations as a stage or theater to play certain roles and give impressions; these leaders use symbols to capture attention; they try to frame experience by providing plausible interpretations of experiences; they discover and communicateG a vision. Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus Roy Antony Arnold College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  • Leadership Styles Flexible & Seeks Advice adaptable Expert Decisive Modern Charismatic Traditional Downward Good communicator communicator Strong Leader Discussion Sets objectives Labor turnover Democratic Autocratic Decentralization Delegation Power at top Downward communicator G Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India