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Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
Cells and their organelles
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Cells and their organelles

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  • 1. Cells and their Organelles
  • 2. Two Types of Cell Prokaryote Eukaryote <ul><li>No membrane bound organelles </li></ul><ul><li>Flagellum </li></ul><ul><li>Gel-capsule on outside </li></ul><ul><li>bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Has membrane bound organelles </li></ul><ul><li>DNA is contained in nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>All plant and animal cells </li></ul>
  • 3. Two types of Eukaryotic Cell Animal Plant Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Cell membrane Nucleus Nucleolus Mitochondria Ribosomes Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Bodies <ul><li>Large Central Vacuole </li></ul><ul><li>Chloroplasts </li></ul><ul><li>Cell Wall </li></ul>
  • 4. Animal Cell Diagrams
  • 5. Plant Cell Diagrams
  • 6. Cell Membrane <ul><li>Outer covering of the cell </li></ul>
  • 7. Cell Wall <ul><li>Rigid outer covering of a plant cell that protects the cell and gives it shape </li></ul>
  • 8. Cytoplasm <ul><li>Gel-like substance that the organelles float around in </li></ul><ul><li>Contains the cytoskeleton which gives structure to the cell </li></ul>
  • 9. Nucleus <ul><li>Command and control center of the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Contains the DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded by the Nuclear membrane </li></ul>
  • 10. Nucleolus <ul><li>Is inside the nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>Ribosome's are made here </li></ul>
  • 11. Mitochondria <ul><li>Powerhouse of the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Makes ATP which gives the cell energy </li></ul>
  • 12. Chloroplasts <ul><li>Contain chlorophyll the green pigment that makes photosynthesis possible </li></ul><ul><li>Makes glucose = sugar = plant food </li></ul>
  • 13. Ribosome <ul><li>Makes RNA chains which then make proteins </li></ul><ul><li>Can be free floating or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum </li></ul><ul><li>They look like dots in the cell </li></ul>
  • 14. Endoplasmic Reticulum <ul><li>AKA the ER </li></ul><ul><li>Can be smooth or rough </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough has ribosomes attached to it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Makes and transports proteins </li></ul>
  • 15. Golgi Bodies or Apparatus <ul><li>Sort and package proteins and other substances to deliver to the rest of the cell or outside the cell </li></ul><ul><li>The “packages” that move the materials are called vesicles </li></ul>
  • 16. Vacuole <ul><li>Hold food and water for the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Plant cells have a large central vacuole </li></ul><ul><li>Animal cells have small vacuoles </li></ul>
  • 17. Cell Misconceptions <ul><li>The larger the organism doesn’t = larger cells </li></ul><ul><li>All the cells in your body have the EXACT same organelles, they just look different! </li></ul>
  • 18. Different cells in the body

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