Cells and their Organelles
Two Types of Cell Prokaryote Eukaryote <ul><li>No membrane bound organelles </li></ul><ul><li>Flagellum </li></ul><ul><li>...
Two types of Eukaryotic Cell Animal Plant Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Cell membrane Nucleus Nucleolus Mitochondria Ribosomes En...
Animal Cell Diagrams
Plant Cell Diagrams
Cell Membrane  <ul><li>Outer covering of the cell </li></ul>
Cell Wall <ul><li>Rigid outer covering of a plant cell that protects the cell and gives it shape </li></ul>
Cytoplasm <ul><li>Gel-like substance that the organelles float around in </li></ul><ul><li>Contains the cytoskeleton which...
Nucleus <ul><li>Command and control center of the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Contains the DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded by ...
Nucleolus  <ul><li>Is inside the nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>Ribosome's are made here </li></ul>
Mitochondria <ul><li>Powerhouse of the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Makes ATP which gives the cell energy </li></ul>
Chloroplasts <ul><li>Contain chlorophyll the green pigment that makes photosynthesis possible </li></ul><ul><li>Makes gluc...
Ribosome <ul><li>Makes RNA chains which then make proteins  </li></ul><ul><li>Can be free floating or attached to the endo...
Endoplasmic Reticulum <ul><li>AKA the ER </li></ul><ul><li>Can be smooth or rough </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough has ribosome...
Golgi Bodies or Apparatus <ul><li>Sort and package proteins and other substances to deliver to the rest of the cell or out...
Vacuole <ul><li>Hold food and water for the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Plant cells have a large central vacuole  </li></ul><ul...
Cell Misconceptions <ul><li>The larger the organism doesn’t = larger cells </li></ul><ul><li>All the cells in your body ha...
Different cells in the body
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Cells and their organelles

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Cells and their organelles

  1. 1. Cells and their Organelles
  2. 2. Two Types of Cell Prokaryote Eukaryote <ul><li>No membrane bound organelles </li></ul><ul><li>Flagellum </li></ul><ul><li>Gel-capsule on outside </li></ul><ul><li>bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Has membrane bound organelles </li></ul><ul><li>DNA is contained in nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>All plant and animal cells </li></ul>
  3. 3. Two types of Eukaryotic Cell Animal Plant Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Cell membrane Nucleus Nucleolus Mitochondria Ribosomes Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Bodies <ul><li>Large Central Vacuole </li></ul><ul><li>Chloroplasts </li></ul><ul><li>Cell Wall </li></ul>
  4. 4. Animal Cell Diagrams
  5. 5. Plant Cell Diagrams
  6. 6. Cell Membrane <ul><li>Outer covering of the cell </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cell Wall <ul><li>Rigid outer covering of a plant cell that protects the cell and gives it shape </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cytoplasm <ul><li>Gel-like substance that the organelles float around in </li></ul><ul><li>Contains the cytoskeleton which gives structure to the cell </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nucleus <ul><li>Command and control center of the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Contains the DNA </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded by the Nuclear membrane </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nucleolus <ul><li>Is inside the nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>Ribosome's are made here </li></ul>
  11. 11. Mitochondria <ul><li>Powerhouse of the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Makes ATP which gives the cell energy </li></ul>
  12. 12. Chloroplasts <ul><li>Contain chlorophyll the green pigment that makes photosynthesis possible </li></ul><ul><li>Makes glucose = sugar = plant food </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ribosome <ul><li>Makes RNA chains which then make proteins </li></ul><ul><li>Can be free floating or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum </li></ul><ul><li>They look like dots in the cell </li></ul>
  14. 14. Endoplasmic Reticulum <ul><li>AKA the ER </li></ul><ul><li>Can be smooth or rough </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough has ribosomes attached to it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Makes and transports proteins </li></ul>
  15. 15. Golgi Bodies or Apparatus <ul><li>Sort and package proteins and other substances to deliver to the rest of the cell or outside the cell </li></ul><ul><li>The “packages” that move the materials are called vesicles </li></ul>
  16. 16. Vacuole <ul><li>Hold food and water for the cell </li></ul><ul><li>Plant cells have a large central vacuole </li></ul><ul><li>Animal cells have small vacuoles </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cell Misconceptions <ul><li>The larger the organism doesn’t = larger cells </li></ul><ul><li>All the cells in your body have the EXACT same organelles, they just look different! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Different cells in the body
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