Using Spatial Ontologies                                                              for Detecting Abnormal              ...
Background & Research problem    Maritime Domain Background    Maritime Domain Awareness    Research issues    Spatial Ont...
Background & research problem                                  Spatial Trajectory Ontology                Prototype & exam...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology          Prototype & examples  > M...
Background & research problem                                Spatial Trajectory Ontology   Prototype & examples     Mariti...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology    Prototype & examples   Maritime...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology             Prototype & examples  ...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology                                   ...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology                       Prototype & ...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology              Prototype & examples ...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology          Prototype & examples     ...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology       Prototype & examples        ...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology         Prototype & examples     >...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology                  Prototype & examp...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology        Prototype & examples       ...
Background & research problem                               Spatial Trajectory Ontology        Prototype & examples       ...
ConclusionEvolution of the maritime threat needs new Sea border surveilance systemWe need maritime expert to design this s...
Questions ?                Arnaud                Van De Casteele                arnaud {dot} van_de_casteele {at} mines-pa...
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Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour

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Présentation effectuée lors de la conférence OCEANS 2012 en Corée

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Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour

  1. 1. Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour Arnaud Van De Casteele Mines ParisTech – CRC Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime BehaviourOCEANS2012 1/18
  2. 2. Background & Research problem Maritime Domain Background Maritime Domain Awareness Research issues Spatial Ontologies What is an ontology ? Abnormal vessel behavior ontology Prototype & examples Prototype architecture Examples of abnormal vessel behaviourUsing Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 2/18
  3. 3. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples > Maritime Domain Background Maritime Domain Awareness Research Issues Context Economic 90% of world trade is transported by sea In EU 90% of oil and gas are transported by sea Illegal Fishing Only 6% of illegal fishing frauds are detected 88% of fishing stocks in the EU are overexploited Pollution 30 000 illegal oil spills are estimated every year (EU) Illegal immigration 55% of illegal border crossing immigration is done by sea (EU) 3000 illegal know immigrants lost their life at sea every year Source : ICC International Maritime BureauLimburg oct 2002 (terrorism) MSC Napoli janvier 2007 (storm) Hebei Spirit Dec 2007 (collision) Ponant Avril 2008 (piracy) Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 3/18
  4. 4. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples > Maritime Domain Background Maritime Domain Awareness Research IssuesThere might be abetter way tovisualize and analyze so much information Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 4/18
  5. 5. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples Maritime Domain Background > Maritime Domain Awareness Research Issues Scanmaris Tamaris Sismaris : sismaris.org I2C : i2c.euF. Jangal, M. Giraud, A. Littaye, M. Morel, J-P. Mano, A. Napoli, ISAP08 -Taïwan,Extraction of Suspicious Behavior of Vessels in the Exclusive Economic Zone (2008) Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 5/18
  6. 6. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples Maritime Domain Background Maritime Domain Awareness > Research Issues Center for research on Risks and Crisis Spatial OLAP Geo- Spatial Data collaboration Mining Maritime Surveillance System Visualization Storage and and Interface restitution Modelling and Simulation Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 6/18
  7. 7. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples > What is an Ontology Abnormal Vessel behavior ontologyWhat does the vessel notion really means ? 油船 Vessel Pétrolier Tanker Navire Boat Super-Tanker ‫ناقلة‬ 탱커 petrolero « People cant share knowledge if they dont speak a common language » Thomas Davenport Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 7/18
  8. 8. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples > What is an Ontology Abnormal vessel behaviour ontology Your answer is based on a shared ontology Knowledge Representation Knowledge Sharing and reuse Automatic Reasoning Formal vocabulary Source : Ontology Dimension Map; Ontology Summit 2007 « An ontology is a formal explicit specification of a shared conceptualization » Studer, 1998 Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 8/18
  9. 9. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples What is an Ontology > Abnormal vessel behavior ontologyOntological infrastructure for maritime management Geography Ontology Network Relations Geometric Trajctory Ontology Topography Trajectory Application Domain Country Spatio-Temporal Spatial Relations Ontology Temporal Spatial Illegal Activities Port State Control Maritime Law Maritime Management Yan, 2008 Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 9/18
  10. 10. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples What is an Ontology > Abnormal vessel behavior ontologyGeometric Trajectory Ontology Trajectory Move outMove inMove toStop fromStop trajIsCompOfStop Stop Time stopHasTime isa hasDuration Interval Duration Baglioni, 2008 Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 10/18
  11. 11. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples What is an Ontology > Abnormal vessel behavior ontologyGeography Trajectory Ontology Context Smuggling has isCloseTo Country Country Wind War Country highWind LowWind Waves Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 11/18
  12. 12. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples What is an Ontology > Abnormal vessel behavior ontologyApplication Domain Ontology > How can we use spatial knowledge of maritime experts ? Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 12/18
  13. 13. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples > Prototype architecture Example of abnormal vessel behaviourOntology DrivenGIS Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 13/18
  14. 14. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples > Prototype architecture Example of abnormal vessel behaviourExample of rules detection If a type of vessel has a speed above X then rise alert : Vessel(?vessel), OP_Vessel_hasVesselType(?vessel, ?vesselType), DP_Vessel_hasSpeed(?vessel, ?speedVessel), DP_Vessel_hasSpeed(?vesselType, ?speedTypeVessel), greaterThan(?speedTypeVessel, ?speedVessel) -> OP_Vessel_hasAlert(?vessel, Alert_Speed_HighSpeed) If a vessel enters in a restricted area then rise alert : Vessel(?vessel), DP_Vessel_hasPosition(?vessel, ?position), DP_Analysis_DataPath(Alert_Area_Restricted, ?geoData), intersects(?geoData, ?position) -> OP_Vessel_hasAlert(?vessel, Alert_Area_Restricted) Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 14/18
  15. 15. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples Prototype architecture > Example of abnormal vessel behaviourIdentification of abnormal Alert age of shipvessel behaviour Alert Area Restricted Alert Speed Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 15/18
  16. 16. Background & research problem Spatial Trajectory Ontology Prototype & examples Prototype architecture > Example of abnormal vessel behaviourMap Visualization Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 16/18
  17. 17. ConclusionEvolution of the maritime threat needs new Sea border surveilance systemWe need maritime expert to design this systemOntologies can be used to model the expert knowledgeOntologies and spatial ontologies can be used to analyze abnormal vessel behaviour Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 17/18
  18. 18. Questions ? Arnaud Van De Casteele arnaud {dot} van_de_casteele {at} mines-paristech {dot} frMines ParisTechCentre de recherche sur les Risques et les Crises (CRC)Rue Claude Daunesse, BP 20706904 Sophia-Antipolis Cedex - FranceTél : + 33(0)4.93.95.75.77http://www.i2c.euCRC - Recents publications and conferencesA. Van De Casteele, A. Napoli, M. Morel,Apport du géodécisionnel et de la géocollaboration aux nouveaux systèmes de surveillance maritime,Conférence INFORSID, 2011 (France)Idiri, B.,Extraction de connaissances dans un système géodécisionnel dédié à la surveillance maritime,Conférence INFORSID, 2011 (France)Chaze X, X., Bouejla A., Napoli A., Guarnieri F., Eude T., Alhadef B.,The contribution of bayesian networks to manage risks of maritime piracy against oil offshore fieldsConférence DASFAA 2012 (Corea) Using Spatial Ontologies for Detecting Abnormal Maritime Behaviour 18/18
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