Apport des technologies spatiales            pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires                       ...
Contexte & Problématique                                               Background & Research problem                      ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology                    Prototype & exam...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology            Prototype & examples    ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology           Prototype & examples     ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology                          Prototype ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology            Prototype & examples    ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology              Prototype & examples  ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology                                    ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology           Prototype & examples     ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology                       Prototype & e...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology            Prototype & examples    ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology            Prototype & examples    ...
Background & research problem                                         Spatial Ontology            Prototype & examples    ...
Conclusion   Evolution of the maritime threat needs new Sea border surveilance system   We need maritime expert to design ...
Questions ?   Arnaud Van De Casteele   arnaud {dot} van_de_casteele {at} mines-paristech {dot} fr   Mines ParisTech   Cent...
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Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires

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Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires

  1. 1. Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour - Arnaud Van De Casteele - Sous la direction de Aldo Napoli Mines ParisTech – CRCApport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 1/16MARISK 2012technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviourUsing spatial – 26/27 Janvier
  2. 2. Contexte & Problématique Background & Research problem Contexte Background Nouveaux Systèmes de Surveillance New Sea border surveillance system Enjeux de recherche Research issues Ontologies spatiales Spatial Ontologies Quest ce quune ontologie ? What is an ontology ? Lontologie de comportements anormaux Abnormal vessel behavior ontology Raisonnement spatial Spatial reasoning Prototype & exemples Prototype & examples Architecture proposée Prototype architecture Exemples de comportement anormal Examples of abnormal vessel behaviourApport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 2/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  3. 3. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples > background New sea border surveillance system Research issues Context Economic 90% of world trade is transported by sea In EU 90% of oil and gas are transported by sea Illegal Fishing Only 6% of illegal fishing frauds are detected 88% of fishing stocks in the EU are overexploited Pollution 30 000 illegal oil spills are estimated every year (EU) Illegal immigration 55% of illegal border crossing immigration is done by sea (EU) 3000 illegal know immigrants lost their life at sea every year Source : ICC International Maritime BureauLimburg oct 2002 (terrorism) MSC Napoli janvier 2007 (storm) Hebei Spirit Dec 2007 (collision) Ponant Avril 2008 (piracy)Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 3/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  4. 4. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples > background New sea border surveillance system Research issues There might be a better way to visualize and analyze so much information isnt it ?Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 4/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  5. 5. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples background > New sea border surveillance system Research issuesApport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 5/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  6. 6. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples background New sea border surveillance system > Research issues Spatial OLAP Geo- Spatial Data collaboration Mining Center for research on Maritime Risks and Surveillance Crisis System Visualization Storage and and Research & training Interface restitution Business creation Industrial partnerships Modelling strong industrial contacts and SimulationApport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 6/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  7. 7. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples background New sea border surveillance system > Research issues Research Themes: Marine traffic analysis and detection of abnormal behaviours ● Spatial Data mining ● Ontology formalisation and modelling ● Bayesian Network ● Design and development of Decision Support Systems ● Geomatic portal, geodecisional system, GeocollaborationApport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 7/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  8. 8. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples > What is an Ontology Abnormal Vessel behavior ontology Spatial reasoning Vessel Pétrolier Tanker Navire Boat Super-Tanker > How can we share knowledge inside decision support system ?Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 8/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  9. 9. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples > What is an Ontology Abnormal vessel behaviour ontology Spatial reasoning « An ontology is a formal explicit specification of a shared conceptualization » Studer, 1998An ontology can be use to : Knowledge representation Knowledge sharing and reuse Automatic Reasoning Formal vocabulary, etc. Gruninger & Lee, 2002 Source : Ontology Dimension Map; Ontology Summit 2007Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 9/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  10. 10. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples What is an Ontology > Abnormal vessel behavior ontology Spatial reasoning Modeling of abnormal vessel behavior > How can we use spatial knowledge of maritime experts ?Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 10/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  11. 11. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples What is an Ontology Abnormal vessel behavior ontology > Spatial reasoning Example of rules detection If a type of vessel has a speed above X then rise alert : Vessel(?vessel), OP_Vessel_hasVesselType(?vessel, ?vesselType), DP_Vessel_hasSpeed(?vessel, ?speedVessel), DP_Vessel_hasSpeed(?vesselType, ?speedTypeVessel), greaterThan(?speedTypeVessel, ?speedVessel) -> OP_Vessel_hasAlert(?vessel, Alert_Speed_HighSpeed) If a vessel enters in a restricted area then rise alert : Vessel(?vessel), DP_Vessel_hasPosition(?vessel, ?position), DP_Analysis_DataPath(Alert_Area_Restricted, ?geoData), intersects(?geoData, ?position) -> OP_Vessel_hasAlert(?vessel, Alert_Area_Restricted)Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 11/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  12. 12. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples > Prototype architecture Example of abnormal vessel behaviourApport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 12/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  13. 13. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples Prototype architecture > Example of abnormal vessel behaviour Identification of abnormal vessel behaviour Alert age of ship Alert Area Restricted Alert SpeedApport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 13/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  14. 14. Background & research problem Spatial Ontology Prototype & examples Prototype architecture > Example of abnormal vessel behaviour Map VisualizationApport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 14/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  15. 15. Conclusion Evolution of the maritime threat needs new Sea border surveilance system We need maritime expert to design this system Ontologies can be used to model the expert knowledge Ontologies and spatial ontologies can be used to analyze abnormal vessel behaviourApport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 15/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour
  16. 16. Questions ? Arnaud Van De Casteele arnaud {dot} van_de_casteele {at} mines-paristech {dot} fr Mines ParisTech Centre de recherche sur les Risques et les Crises (CRC) Rue Claude Daunesse, BP 207 06904 Sophia-Antipolis Cedex - France Tél : + 33(0)4.93.95.75.77 http://www.i2c.eu Recent publications and conferences A. Van De Casteele, A. Napoli, M. Morel, Apport du géodécisionnel et de la géocollaboration aux nouveaux systèmes de surveillance maritime, Conférence INFORSID, 2011 (France) Idiri, B., Extraction de connaissances dans un système géodécisionnel dédié à la surveillance maritime, Conférence INFORSID, 2011 (France) Chaze X, X., Bouejla A., Napoli A., Guarnieri F., Eude T., Alhadef B., The contribution of bayesian networks to manage risks of maritime piracy against oil offshore fields Conférence DASFAA 2012 (Corée du Sud)Apport des technologies spatiales pour la détection de comportements anormaux de navires 16/16Using spatial technologies to detect abnormal vessel behaviour

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