<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism  </li></u...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism  </li></ul...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li>...
 
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque infiltration,  creolization  and   cannibalism   </l...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque  infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li...
<ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror:  baroque  infiltration, creolization and   cannibalism   </li...
photos: caracoleserrantesbolivia (flickr)
“ Among the angels and the vines of the façade of San Lorenzo, an Indian princess appears, and all the symbols of the defe...
-1- three appropriation modes: baroquization  /  creolization  /  cannibalism
Appropriation modes:  baroquization photos: samsooma (flickr)
Appropriation modes:  baroquization photos: superlocal (flickr)
Appropriation modes:  baroquization
Appropriation modes:  baroquization
Appropriation modes:  creolization photos: Araba Sey, Ruud Elmendorp
Appropriation modes:  creolization
Appropriation modes:  creolization Horse-phone: “ Like earlier horse-phones, it had a cord. Wire stored on a 5-mile reel p...
Appropriation modes:  creolization photo/graphic: Mike Ousmegine
Appropriation modes:  creolization photo: Jan Chipchase photo: timonoko (flickr)
Appropriation modes:  creolization Photo: Araba Sey Photo: Jan Chipchase
Appropriation modes:  creolization
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism Photo: Araba Sey
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism source:  http://www.vavolo.com/productdetails.asp,ProductID,2400,,.htm
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism
Appropriation modes:  cannibalism
-2- appropriation within the technology cycle
1. roll-out
1. roll-out 2. appropriate
1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
m-banking
m-banking 1. roll-out Photos: Jan Chipchase
m-banking <ul><li>roll-out </li></ul>2. appropriate sente Photos: Jan Chipchase
m-banking 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim Photos: Jan Chipchase sente
m-banking 1. roll-out 3. re-claim ?
1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
three reclamation modes: co-opt  /  adapt  /  block
three reclamation modes: co-opt  /  adapt  /  block echo: baroquize  /  creolize  /  cannibalize
suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users  adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibaliz...
Iterative Cumulative End-user driven Structured learning Embedded knowledge Path-dependent 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. r...
-3- research questions?
what is open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
what remains open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users  adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibaliz...
suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users  adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibaliz...
suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users  adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibaliz...
-4- research projects
Comunicaciones Móviles y Desarrollo en América Latina (CMDAL) <ul><li>Econometric Model of mobile impact (18 countries) </...
Brazil: economic experiment <ul><li>motoboys </li></ul><ul><li>160,000 </li></ul><ul><li>young  </li></ul><ul><li>marginal...
Brasil:  mergulho na comunidade
Brasil:  RedeJovem   http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = hOtMKOeXw_U
Los Angeles: Mobile Voices <ul><li>Open-source storytelling platform for recent immigrants in Los Angeles to create and pu...
<ul><li>Project goals </li></ul><ul><li>community building through storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>ICT access for disenfran...
<ul><li>Technical Research Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>reveal as little information as possible...
Further information <ul><li>wiki: https://docs.indymedia.org/view/Global/VozMob </li></ul><ul><li>Knight Foundation grant ...
http://abaporu.net
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Bar, Pisani, and Weber - ARS april 7 2008

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Annenberg Research Seminar, April 7, 2008
Francois Bar, Francis Pisani, Matt Weber.
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  • Bar, Pisani, and Weber - ARS april 7 2008

    1. 1. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul><ul><li>François Bar </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Pisani </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew Weber </li></ul>slides: http://slideshare.net/arnic
    2. 2. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>0. inspiration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>appropriation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>innovation model </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>research questions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>current projects </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>1556
    5. 5. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>1556 1928
    6. 6. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>“ Só me interessa o que não é meu. Lei do homem. Lei do antropófago” 1556 1928
    7. 7. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>1556 1928 1960s
    8. 8. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>1556 1928 1960s 2003
    9. 10. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>“ la créolisation, c'est le métissage avec une valeur ajoutée qui est l'imprévisibilité” Edouard Glissant, Introduction à une poétique du divers (1996)
    10. 11. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>
    11. 12. <ul><li>Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism </li></ul>photos: Bernardo Bolaños
    12. 13. photos: caracoleserrantesbolivia (flickr)
    13. 14. “ Among the angels and the vines of the façade of San Lorenzo, an Indian princess appears, and all the symbols of the defeated Incan culture are given a new lease on life. The Indian half-moon disturbs the traditional serenity of the Corinthian vine. American jungle leaves and Mediterranean clover intertwine. The sirens of Ulysses play the Peruvian guitar. And the flora, the fauna, the music, and even the sun of the ancient Indian world are forcefully asserted. There shall be no European culture in the New World unless all of these, our native symbols, are admitted on an equal footing.” Carlos Fuentes (1999) The Buried Mirror - Reflections on Spain and the New World ,
    14. 15. -1- three appropriation modes: baroquization / creolization / cannibalism
    15. 16. Appropriation modes: baroquization photos: samsooma (flickr)
    16. 17. Appropriation modes: baroquization photos: superlocal (flickr)
    17. 18. Appropriation modes: baroquization
    18. 19. Appropriation modes: baroquization
    19. 20. Appropriation modes: creolization photos: Araba Sey, Ruud Elmendorp
    20. 21. Appropriation modes: creolization
    21. 22. Appropriation modes: creolization Horse-phone: “ Like earlier horse-phones, it had a cord. Wire stored on a 5-mile reel played out as a scout rode. The improved model let a rider make calls without having to first dismount and then drive a spike into the ground to complete the electrical connection. Instead, the grounding wire was attached to the horse’s skin. The mild electrical current would pass through its body to its hoofs, one of which was almost always touching the ground.” (Popular Mechanics, Sep. 1907)
    22. 23. Appropriation modes: creolization photo/graphic: Mike Ousmegine
    23. 24. Appropriation modes: creolization photo: Jan Chipchase photo: timonoko (flickr)
    24. 25. Appropriation modes: creolization Photo: Araba Sey Photo: Jan Chipchase
    25. 26. Appropriation modes: creolization
    26. 27. Appropriation modes: cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
    27. 28. Appropriation modes: cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
    28. 29. Appropriation modes: cannibalism Photo: Araba Sey
    29. 30. Appropriation modes: cannibalism source: http://www.vavolo.com/productdetails.asp,ProductID,2400,,.htm
    30. 31. Appropriation modes: cannibalism
    31. 32. Appropriation modes: cannibalism
    32. 33. -2- appropriation within the technology cycle
    33. 34. 1. roll-out
    34. 35. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate
    35. 36. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    36. 37. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    37. 38. m-banking
    38. 39. m-banking 1. roll-out Photos: Jan Chipchase
    39. 40. m-banking <ul><li>roll-out </li></ul>2. appropriate sente Photos: Jan Chipchase
    40. 41. m-banking 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim Photos: Jan Chipchase sente
    41. 42. m-banking 1. roll-out 3. re-claim ?
    42. 43. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    43. 44. three reclamation modes: co-opt / adapt / block
    44. 45. three reclamation modes: co-opt / adapt / block echo: baroquize / creolize / cannibalize
    45. 46. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block
    46. 47. Iterative Cumulative End-user driven Structured learning Embedded knowledge Path-dependent 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    47. 48. -3- research questions?
    48. 49. what is open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    49. 50. what remains open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    50. 51. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block
    51. 52. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block
    52. 53. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block who are the “users”? what motivates them? what resources can they draw upon? how do they go about it? can they get help from others? (“appropriation-for-hire”)
    53. 54. -4- research projects
    54. 55. Comunicaciones Móviles y Desarrollo en América Latina (CMDAL) <ul><li>Econometric Model of mobile impact (18 countries) </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, and Perú </li></ul><ul><li>Funding: Fundación Telefónica </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universidad de San Andrés, Argentina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, Perú </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instituto de Pesquisas e Projetos Sociais e Tecnológicos (IPSO), Brasil </li></ul></ul>
    55. 56. Brazil: economic experiment <ul><li>motoboys </li></ul><ul><li>160,000 </li></ul><ul><li>young </li></ul><ul><li>marginal </li></ul><ul><li>mobile </li></ul><ul><li>information dependent </li></ul><ul><li>( CANAL* motoboy ) </li></ul>
    56. 57. Brasil: mergulho na comunidade
    57. 58. Brasil: RedeJovem http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = hOtMKOeXw_U
    58. 59. Los Angeles: Mobile Voices <ul><li>Open-source storytelling platform for recent immigrants in Los Angeles to create and publish stories about their community, directly from cellphones </li></ul><ul><li>Partner: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instituto de Educacion Popular del Sur de California (IDEPSCA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Runs 6 day-labor centers in L.A. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Education for empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology literacy initiatives </li></ul></ul>
    59. 60. <ul><li>Project goals </li></ul><ul><li>community building through storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>ICT access for disenfranchised people </li></ul><ul><li>create economic/social opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Usage scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>mobile storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>annotated city </li></ul><ul><li>mobile labor market </li></ul><ul><li>Design approach </li></ul><ul><li>low cost </li></ul><ul><li>participatory design </li></ul><ul><li>open source, generic tool ( https:// docs.indymedia.org/view/Global/VozMob ) </li></ul><ul><li>Project timeline </li></ul><ul><li>Spring 08: prototyping </li></ul><ul><li>June08-May09: IDEPSCA deployment </li></ul><ul><li>after June09: broader diffusion </li></ul>
    60. 61. <ul><li>Technical Research Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>reveal as little information as possible, but still collect enough to tell stories </li></ul><ul><li>user-controlled disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>server-side policies for purging data </li></ul><ul><li>Low-cost </li></ul><ul><li>portable to low-cost java phones (e.g. motorola i855) </li></ul><ul><li>minimize data transfer (or cope with low bandwidth) </li></ul><ul><li>minimize power consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Generic platform </li></ul><ul><li>favor open, flexible design for adaptation to various use patterns </li></ul>
    61. 62. Further information <ul><li>wiki: https://docs.indymedia.org/view/Global/VozMob </li></ul><ul><li>Knight Foundation grant proposal: http://mobilevoices.net/Knight </li></ul><ul><li>Inspiration/advisors: Zexe: http://zexe.net Mologogo: http://mologogo.com </li></ul>
    62. 63. http://abaporu.net

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