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Bar, Pisani, and Weber - ARS april 7 2008

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Annenberg Research Seminar, April 7, 2008 …

Annenberg Research Seminar, April 7, 2008
Francois Bar, Francis Pisani, Matt Weber.
licenced under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0

Published in: Technology, Business
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    • 1.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
      • François Bar
      • Francis Pisani
      • Matthew Weber
      slides: http://slideshare.net/arnic
    • 2.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
          • 0. inspiration
          • appropriation
          • innovation model
          • research questions
          • current projects
    • 3.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
    • 4.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
      1556
    • 5.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
      1556 1928
    • 6.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
      “ Só me interessa o que não é meu. Lei do homem. Lei do antropófago” 1556 1928
    • 7.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
      1556 1928 1960s
    • 8.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
      1556 1928 1960s 2003
    • 9.  
    • 10.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
      “ la créolisation, c'est le métissage avec une valeur ajoutée qui est l'imprévisibilité” Edouard Glissant, Introduction à une poétique du divers (1996)
    • 11.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
    • 12.
      • Mobile technology appropriation in a distant mirror: baroque infiltration, creolization and cannibalism
      photos: Bernardo Bolaños
    • 13. photos: caracoleserrantesbolivia (flickr)
    • 14. “ Among the angels and the vines of the façade of San Lorenzo, an Indian princess appears, and all the symbols of the defeated Incan culture are given a new lease on life. The Indian half-moon disturbs the traditional serenity of the Corinthian vine. American jungle leaves and Mediterranean clover intertwine. The sirens of Ulysses play the Peruvian guitar. And the flora, the fauna, the music, and even the sun of the ancient Indian world are forcefully asserted. There shall be no European culture in the New World unless all of these, our native symbols, are admitted on an equal footing.” Carlos Fuentes (1999) The Buried Mirror - Reflections on Spain and the New World ,
    • 15. -1- three appropriation modes: baroquization / creolization / cannibalism
    • 16. Appropriation modes: baroquization photos: samsooma (flickr)
    • 17. Appropriation modes: baroquization photos: superlocal (flickr)
    • 18. Appropriation modes: baroquization
    • 19. Appropriation modes: baroquization
    • 20. Appropriation modes: creolization photos: Araba Sey, Ruud Elmendorp
    • 21. Appropriation modes: creolization
    • 22. Appropriation modes: creolization Horse-phone: “ Like earlier horse-phones, it had a cord. Wire stored on a 5-mile reel played out as a scout rode. The improved model let a rider make calls without having to first dismount and then drive a spike into the ground to complete the electrical connection. Instead, the grounding wire was attached to the horse’s skin. The mild electrical current would pass through its body to its hoofs, one of which was almost always touching the ground.” (Popular Mechanics, Sep. 1907)
    • 23. Appropriation modes: creolization photo/graphic: Mike Ousmegine
    • 24. Appropriation modes: creolization photo: Jan Chipchase photo: timonoko (flickr)
    • 25. Appropriation modes: creolization Photo: Araba Sey Photo: Jan Chipchase
    • 26. Appropriation modes: creolization
    • 27. Appropriation modes: cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
    • 28. Appropriation modes: cannibalism Photo: Kathleen Diga
    • 29. Appropriation modes: cannibalism Photo: Araba Sey
    • 30. Appropriation modes: cannibalism source: http://www.vavolo.com/productdetails.asp,ProductID,2400,,.htm
    • 31. Appropriation modes: cannibalism
    • 32. Appropriation modes: cannibalism
    • 33. -2- appropriation within the technology cycle
    • 34. 1. roll-out
    • 35. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate
    • 36. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    • 37. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    • 38. m-banking
    • 39. m-banking 1. roll-out Photos: Jan Chipchase
    • 40. m-banking
      • roll-out
      2. appropriate sente Photos: Jan Chipchase
    • 41. m-banking 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim Photos: Jan Chipchase sente
    • 42. m-banking 1. roll-out 3. re-claim ?
    • 43. 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    • 44. three reclamation modes: co-opt / adapt / block
    • 45. three reclamation modes: co-opt / adapt / block echo: baroquize / creolize / cannibalize
    • 46. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block
    • 47. Iterative Cumulative End-user driven Structured learning Embedded knowledge Path-dependent 1. roll-out 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    • 48. -3- research questions?
    • 49. what is open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    • 50. what remains open? ? 1. adopt 2. appropriate 3. re-claim
    • 51. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block
    • 52. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block
    • 53. suppliers roll-out technology users appropriate suppliers re-claim users adopt reject users baroquize creolize cannibalize suppliers co-opt adapt block who are the “users”? what motivates them? what resources can they draw upon? how do they go about it? can they get help from others? (“appropriation-for-hire”)
    • 54. -4- research projects
    • 55. Comunicaciones Móviles y Desarrollo en América Latina (CMDAL)
      • Econometric Model of mobile impact (18 countries)
      • Case studies: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, and Perú
      • Funding: Fundación Telefónica
      • Partners:
        • Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Spain
        • Universidad de San Andrés, Argentina
        • Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, Perú
        • Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil
        • Instituto de Pesquisas e Projetos Sociais e Tecnológicos (IPSO), Brasil
    • 56. Brazil: economic experiment
      • motoboys
      • 160,000
      • young
      • marginal
      • mobile
      • information dependent
      • ( CANAL* motoboy )
    • 57. Brasil: mergulho na comunidade
    • 58. Brasil: RedeJovem http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v = hOtMKOeXw_U
    • 59. Los Angeles: Mobile Voices
      • Open-source storytelling platform for recent immigrants in Los Angeles to create and publish stories about their community, directly from cellphones
      • Partner:
        • Instituto de Educacion Popular del Sur de California (IDEPSCA)
        • Runs 6 day-labor centers in L.A.
        • Popular Education for empowerment
        • Technology literacy initiatives
    • 60.
      • Project goals
      • community building through storytelling
      • ICT access for disenfranchised people
      • create economic/social opportunities
      • Usage scenarios
      • mobile storytelling
      • annotated city
      • mobile labor market
      • Design approach
      • low cost
      • participatory design
      • open source, generic tool ( https:// docs.indymedia.org/view/Global/VozMob )
      • Project timeline
      • Spring 08: prototyping
      • June08-May09: IDEPSCA deployment
      • after June09: broader diffusion
    • 61.
      • Technical Research Challenges
      • Privacy
      • reveal as little information as possible, but still collect enough to tell stories
      • user-controlled disclosure
      • server-side policies for purging data
      • Low-cost
      • portable to low-cost java phones (e.g. motorola i855)
      • minimize data transfer (or cope with low bandwidth)
      • minimize power consumption
      • Generic platform
      • favor open, flexible design for adaptation to various use patterns
    • 62. Further information
      • wiki: https://docs.indymedia.org/view/Global/VozMob
      • Knight Foundation grant proposal: http://mobilevoices.net/Knight
      • Inspiration/advisors: Zexe: http://zexe.net Mologogo: http://mologogo.com
    • 63. http://abaporu.net

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