The uterus medical terminology p1


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The uterus medical terminology p1

  2. 2. UTERUS: ORIGIN<br />Latin word meaning womb, belly<br />Plural form: uteruses or uteri<br />
  3. 3. THE UTERUS: WHAT IS IT?<br />When most people think of the female sex organ, they feel the vagina is all there is to the human female reproductive system. <br />NOT TRUE!!!<br />The Uterus is:<br />the female reproductive organ<br />hollow, pair-shaped<br />about 2.5 to 3 in. long and 2.5 in wide at the top<br />located between the bladder and rectum <br />
  5. 5. ANATOMY OF THE UTERUS<br />There are three sections of the uterus:<br />Fundus: upper part where the fallopian tubes connect.<br />Corpus: the body of the uterus, central portion.<br />Cervix: lower portion, which opens into the vagina.<br />
  6. 6. ANATOMY OF THE UTERUS (continued)<br />Made of layers of tissue:<br />Perimetrium: outer layer of the uterus<br />Endometrium: inner layer of the uterine wall<br />This thickens and grows each month in preparation to receive a fertilized egg.<br />This series of monthly changes is known as the menstrual cycle.<br />Menstruation occurs when this tissue is not used (no occurring pregnancy), so it disintegrates and passes through the vagina.<br />
  7. 7. ANATOMY OF THE UTERUS (continued)<br />Myometrium: thick muscular walls of the uterus<br />Expands during pregnancy to hold the growing fetus.<br />Contracts during labor to deliver the baby.<br />On each side at the top of the uterus are the fallopian tubes<br />Together, the uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, and ovaries make up the human female reproductive system.<br />
  8. 8. THE UTERUS<br />
  9. 9. FUNCTIONS OF THE UTERUS<br />To prepare a bed for a fertilized ovum (egg).<br />To nourish the developing embryo during pregnancy<br />To expel the fetus<br />To provide blood flow to the ovaries<br />To provide structural support to the bladder, bowel, pelvic bones and organs<br />Helps separate and keep the bladder in its natural position above the pubic bone and the bowel in its natural configuration behind the uterus.<br />
  10. 10. FUNCTIONS OF THE UTERUS<br />The uterus is essential in sexual response by directing blood flow to the pelvis and external genitalia<br />This is needed for uterine orgasm to occur<br />
  11. 11. THE UTERUS AND PREGNANCY<br />During pregnancy, the uterus grows upward out of the woman’s pelvis<br />After about 12 weeks of pregnancy, the fundus can be felt by your caregiver feeling your belly.<br />
  12. 12. THE UTERUS AND PREGNANCY (continued)<br />By 24 weeks of pregnancy, the myometrium muscles start stretching upward, forming the thick upper segment of the uterus<br />This leaves the lower segment as a thinner layer of muscle<br />The lower segment has the role of absorbing the cervix as it dilates during labor<br />The lower segment muscles are relatively weaker with less blood supply<br />For this reason, the cut to perform a Cesarean is done in the lower segment of the uterus<br />It is less likely to cause bleeding<br />
  13. 13. PATHOLOGY OF THE UTERUS<br />There are many diseases and disorders of the uterus. Here are a few:<br />CERVICAL CANCER<br />Malignant (cancerous) growth in the cervix<br />Some cases are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV), which is sexually transmitted. There has recently been a vaccine created for it.<br />Starts as a pre-cancerous condition called dysplasia (abnormal development)<br />Early detection through regular pap smear tests.<br />Difficult to treat<br />
  14. 14. PATHOLOGY OF THE UTERUS (continued)<br />ENDOMETRIAL CANCER<br />Affects the endometrial lining of the uterus<br />Symptoms:<br /> abnormal uterine bleeding and/or abnormal menstrual periods<br />Bleeding between normal periods before menopause<br />Vaginal bleeding or spotting after menopause<br />Extreme long, heavy, or frequent episodes of vaginal bleeding after age 40.<br />Abdominal pain or pelvic cramping<br />Thin white or clear vaginal discharge after menopause<br />Treatments of endometrial cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.<br />
  15. 15. Endometrial Adenocarcinoma<br />
  16. 16. Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma<br />
  17. 17. PATHOLOGY OF THE UTERUS (continued)<br />FIBROIDS<br />Benign tumor or growth<br />Most common tumors in women<br />Women of African-American heritage are 3 to 9 times more likely to develop fibroids than Caucasian women.<br />Term is misleading because they consist of muscle tissue, not fibrous tissue<br />Medical term is leiomyoma<br />
  18. 18. PATHOLOGY OF THE UTERUS (continued)<br />FIBROIDS (continued)<br />Found in the wall of the uterus<br />Can develop within the uterine wall or attach to it<br />May grow as a single tumor or in clusters<br />Symptoms include:<br />Excessive menstrual bleeding (mennorrhagia)<br />Pelvic pain<br />Frequent urination<br />
  19. 19. PATHOLOGY (continued)<br />FIBROIDS (continued)<br />Treatment<br />The location of the fibroid plays a significant role on how to approach treatment<br />Most of the time, fibroids do not need to be treated<br />Fibroids grow as a woman gets older, and tend to shrink after menopause<br />Smaller fibroids are easier to treat, but most of them never will need to be treated<br />Many women with fibroids have successful pregnancies as long as the fibroids are not inside the uterine cavity<br />
  20. 20. Picture of Uterus with Uterine Fibroids<br />
  21. 21. Uterus With Fibroids After Hysterectomy<br />
  22. 22. CONCLUSION<br />It is very important for all women to make their health a priority.<br />Annual women’s wellness checkups are very critical for early prevention of female reproductive issues.<br />
  23. 23. SOURCES<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Medical Terminology: A Living Language (4th Edition). By Bonnie F. Fremgen & Suzanne S. Frucht<br />