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The uterus  medical terminology p1
 

The uterus medical terminology p1

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    The uterus  medical terminology p1 The uterus medical terminology p1 Presentation Transcript

    • THE UTERUS
      BY ARNESHIA MCCONNELL
    • UTERUS: ORIGIN
      Latin word meaning womb, belly
      Plural form: uteruses or uteri
    • THE UTERUS: WHAT IS IT?
      When most people think of the female sex organ, they feel the vagina is all there is to the human female reproductive system.
      NOT TRUE!!!
      The Uterus is:
      the female reproductive organ
      hollow, pair-shaped
      about 2.5 to 3 in. long and 2.5 in wide at the top
      located between the bladder and rectum
    • FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
    • ANATOMY OF THE UTERUS
      There are three sections of the uterus:
      Fundus: upper part where the fallopian tubes connect.
      Corpus: the body of the uterus, central portion.
      Cervix: lower portion, which opens into the vagina.
    • ANATOMY OF THE UTERUS (continued)
      Made of layers of tissue:
      Perimetrium: outer layer of the uterus
      Endometrium: inner layer of the uterine wall
      This thickens and grows each month in preparation to receive a fertilized egg.
      This series of monthly changes is known as the menstrual cycle.
      Menstruation occurs when this tissue is not used (no occurring pregnancy), so it disintegrates and passes through the vagina.
    • ANATOMY OF THE UTERUS (continued)
      Myometrium: thick muscular walls of the uterus
      Expands during pregnancy to hold the growing fetus.
      Contracts during labor to deliver the baby.
      On each side at the top of the uterus are the fallopian tubes
      Together, the uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, and ovaries make up the human female reproductive system.
    • THE UTERUS
    • FUNCTIONS OF THE UTERUS
      To prepare a bed for a fertilized ovum (egg).
      To nourish the developing embryo during pregnancy
      To expel the fetus
      To provide blood flow to the ovaries
      To provide structural support to the bladder, bowel, pelvic bones and organs
      Helps separate and keep the bladder in its natural position above the pubic bone and the bowel in its natural configuration behind the uterus.
    • FUNCTIONS OF THE UTERUS
      The uterus is essential in sexual response by directing blood flow to the pelvis and external genitalia
      This is needed for uterine orgasm to occur
    • THE UTERUS AND PREGNANCY
      During pregnancy, the uterus grows upward out of the woman’s pelvis
      After about 12 weeks of pregnancy, the fundus can be felt by your caregiver feeling your belly.
    • THE UTERUS AND PREGNANCY (continued)
      By 24 weeks of pregnancy, the myometrium muscles start stretching upward, forming the thick upper segment of the uterus
      This leaves the lower segment as a thinner layer of muscle
      The lower segment has the role of absorbing the cervix as it dilates during labor
      The lower segment muscles are relatively weaker with less blood supply
      For this reason, the cut to perform a Cesarean is done in the lower segment of the uterus
      It is less likely to cause bleeding
    • PATHOLOGY OF THE UTERUS
      There are many diseases and disorders of the uterus. Here are a few:
      CERVICAL CANCER
      Malignant (cancerous) growth in the cervix
      Some cases are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV), which is sexually transmitted. There has recently been a vaccine created for it.
      Starts as a pre-cancerous condition called dysplasia (abnormal development)
      Early detection through regular pap smear tests.
      Difficult to treat
    • PATHOLOGY OF THE UTERUS (continued)
      ENDOMETRIAL CANCER
      Affects the endometrial lining of the uterus
      Symptoms:
      abnormal uterine bleeding and/or abnormal menstrual periods
      Bleeding between normal periods before menopause
      Vaginal bleeding or spotting after menopause
      Extreme long, heavy, or frequent episodes of vaginal bleeding after age 40.
      Abdominal pain or pelvic cramping
      Thin white or clear vaginal discharge after menopause
      Treatments of endometrial cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
    • Endometrial Adenocarcinoma
    • Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma
    • PATHOLOGY OF THE UTERUS (continued)
      FIBROIDS
      Benign tumor or growth
      Most common tumors in women
      Women of African-American heritage are 3 to 9 times more likely to develop fibroids than Caucasian women.
      Term is misleading because they consist of muscle tissue, not fibrous tissue
      Medical term is leiomyoma
    • PATHOLOGY OF THE UTERUS (continued)
      FIBROIDS (continued)
      Found in the wall of the uterus
      Can develop within the uterine wall or attach to it
      May grow as a single tumor or in clusters
      Symptoms include:
      Excessive menstrual bleeding (mennorrhagia)
      Pelvic pain
      Frequent urination
    • PATHOLOGY (continued)
      FIBROIDS (continued)
      Treatment
      The location of the fibroid plays a significant role on how to approach treatment
      Most of the time, fibroids do not need to be treated
      Fibroids grow as a woman gets older, and tend to shrink after menopause
      Smaller fibroids are easier to treat, but most of them never will need to be treated
      Many women with fibroids have successful pregnancies as long as the fibroids are not inside the uterine cavity
    • Picture of Uterus with Uterine Fibroids
    • Uterus With Fibroids After Hysterectomy
    • CONCLUSION
      It is very important for all women to make their health a priority.
      Annual women’s wellness checkups are very critical for early prevention of female reproductive issues.
    • SOURCES
      www.emedicinehealth.com
      www.gynalternatives.com/fibroids.htm
      www.medterms.com
      www.medicinenet.com
      www.pregnancytoday.com
      www.birth.com.au
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/endometrial_cancer
      Medical Terminology: A Living Language (4th Edition). By Bonnie F. Fremgen & Suzanne S. Frucht