Visual Dictionary-Camber


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Visual Dictionary-Camber

  1. 1. Camber Visual Dictionary
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper • Definition: • Air barriers are systems of materials used to control airflow in building enclosures. They typically completely enclose the air within a building .The physical properties which distinguish air barriers from other materials are the ability to resist air flow and air pressure.
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Soffit Vent Ridge Vent Gable Vent
  4. 4. Back Hoe • Definition: • A piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm. They are typically mounted on the back of a tractor or front loader. Backhoes are general purpose tools • Width of Bucket - 12quot; - 36quot;
  5. 5. Batter Boards • Horizontal boards attached level to stakes, used to mark out the boundary of a construction and establish the levels and building line
  6. 6. Brick Arches Arch with Keystone • Centering: Term used for spacing; The measurement of spacing for studs, rafters, and joists in a building from the center of one member to the center of the next.
  7. 7. Brick Bonds Header Rowlocks Sailors Soldiers
  8. 8. Brick Sizes Standard : 4quot; x 2 2/3quot; x 8quot; Modular : 4quot; x 2 2/3quot; x 8quot;
  9. 9. Bulldozer • Definition: • Aheavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front. • Used For: to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc., during construction work.
  10. 10. Cladding • Brick Cladding Structure • Stone Cladding Structure
  11. 11. Code Requirements
  12. 12. Concrete Joints Isolation joints are formed by placing Control Joints are groove inserted into preformed joint material next to the a concrete surface to quot;controlquot; column or wall or standpipe prior to cracking. Essentially, this groove is an pouring the slab. Isolation joint material is intentional, controlled crack placed in typically asphalt-impregnated the concrete to preclude the concrete's fiberboard, although cracking on its own, in an uncontrolled plastic, cork, rubber, and neoprene are manner. also available
  13. 13. Concrete Masonry Unit Definition: Alarge rectangular brick used in construction. 1 CMU=3 Brick Courses Most common size is 8 in × 8 in × 16 in When reinforced with concrete columns and tie beams, is a very common building material for the load-bearing walls of buildings
  14. 14. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units Split Block Ribbed Split-Faced Block
  15. 15. Doors Transom Top Rail Sidelight Stile Exterior Flush Door
  16. 16. Electrical Components Transformer Meter Service Panel Duplex Receptacle
  17. 17. Framing Elements Anchor bolt Floor Joist Ceiling Joist Sill plate -Sheathing -Sole Plate -Behind is Roof -Stud decking -Ceiling Joist shown at -Rafter also Stringer top of Picture shown
  18. 18. Front End Loader • Definition: type of tractor, that has a front mounted square wide bucket connected to the end of two booms to scoop up loose material from the ground, such as dirt, sand or gravel, and move it from one place to another without pushing the material across the ground. • Used To: quot;loadquot; material (asphalt, demolition debris, dirt, feed, gravel, logs, raw minerals, recycled material, rock, sand, wood chips, etc.) into or onto another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, feed- hooper, rail-car, etc.).
  19. 19. Gypsum Board • Definition: made of a paper liner wrapped around an inner core made primarily from gypsum plaster, the semi- hydrous form of calcium sulfate (CaSO4·½ H2O). • Drywall provides a thermal resistance R-value of 0.32 for three-eighths-inch board, 0.45 for half inch, 0.56 for five- eighths inch and 0.83 for one- inch board. In addition to increased R-value, thicker drywall has a higher sound transmission class.
  20. 20. Heat Pump • Advantages: Air heat pumps are emerging as a popular choice due to their simple ‘plug and play’ installation and competitive pricing. Air heat pumps are typically competitive with traditional electrical and fuel- based systems, though not with gas-powered appliances • Disadvantages: Air source heat pumps perform much better in mild temperate. In climates with extended periods of freezing temperatures, air-source heat pumps have large limitations looking like an air conditioner in size and appearance - usually consisting of an outdoor coil, a compressor, a reversing valve and a fan.
  21. 21. Insulation Loose Fill loose fibers or fiber pellets that are blown into building Batt or Blanket cavities or attics using special equipment. usually fills nooks and crannies easier, reduces air leakage processed fiberglass or rock wool -- and is used to better, and provides better sound insulation than batt- insulate below floors, above ceilings, and within walls. type insulation. Rigid Board made from fiberglass, polystyrene, or polyurethane and comes in a Foamed variety of thicknesses with a high insulating value (approximately R- 4 to R-8 per inch).used for reproofing work on flat roofs, on two-part liquid containing a polymer (such as basement walls and as perimeter insulation at concrete slab polyurethane or modified urethane) and a foaming edges, and in cathedral ceilings. agent. both an insulation and an air barrier
  22. 22. Lintel • a horizontal architectural member spanning and usually carrying the load above an opening
  23. 23. Mortar Tooled Tooled Apartment building Fraternity House M M
  24. 24. Oriented Strand Board • an engineered wood product of nonveneered panel product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations. In appearance it may have a rough and variegated surface with the individual strips (around 2.5 by 15 cm (approx. 1 in by 6 in) each) lying unevenly across each other.
  25. 25. Paul Rudolph’s House
  26. 26. Plumbing Tub being installed Lavatory Definition: plumbing fixture and disposal system primarily intended for the disposal of the bodily wastes Drop in sink Size piping used to drain lavatory (1’-1/2”)
  27. 27. Plywood Type of engineered board made from thin sheets of Veneer: is a thin covering over wood, called plies or wood another surface veneers. The layers are glued together, each with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for greater strength.
  28. 28. Radiant Barrier • Radiant barriers work by reducing heat transfer by thermal radiation across the air space between the roof deck and the attic floor, where conventional insulation is usually placed. All materials give off, or emit, energy by thermal radiation as a result of their temperature.
  29. 29. Rebar • This rebar is to support a column on a front porch of a house. # 8 is used here
  30. 30. Steep Roof Drainage • • Gutter: a narrow channel which collects rainwater Water collected by a rain gutter is fed, usually via a from the roof of a building and diverts it away from downspout (traditionally called a leader or conductor[4]), from the roof edge to the base of the the structure, typically into a drain. building where it is either discharged or collected Rainwater pouring out of your downspout can erode soil and cause moisture problems around your foundation. To avoid those headaches, these splash pads, positioned beneath your downspouts, help direct and distribute that rainwater away from the foundation, to help minimize erosion.
  31. 31. Steep Roof Materials • Underlayment- typically made from polypropylene, polyester, or fiberglass fabric which weighs less than felt building paper, can be manufactured with an anti-slip surface, and can withstand exposure to the elements for six months. Shingle Roof Shingle - A flat covering element for a roof, including Shake (roof) Clay Tile Roof Roof shingle Rolls of Underlayment Preformed Metal Roof
  32. 32. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Roof Gambrel Roof Hip Roof
  33. 33. Steep Roof Terms Soffit also without fascia With fascia displaying the rake also shows eave Ridge Valley
  34. 34. Vapor Retarder • A vapor retarder is a specially treated paper, thin plastic sheeting, or low permeance paint that prevents condensation of water vapor inside wall or ceiling materials. This trapped moisture can cause damage to the wallboard and paint as well as structural deterioration. • They keep this moisture in a warm area where it will not condense. For this reason, vapor retarders should be applied (in colder climates) behind the drywall of a wall or ceiling next to existing insulation and on the warm- in-winter side (between the insulation and the conditioned space) of insulated floor sections over crawl spaces.
  35. 35. Waterproofing • a building or structure is waterproofed with the use of membranes to protect contents underneath or within as well as protecting structural integrity. The waterproofing of the building envelope in construction specifications is under '07 - Thermal and Moisture' protection and includes roofing material as well as waterproofing materials. • Waterproofing is used in reference to building structures (basements, decks, flat roofs, wet areas, etc.), watercraft, canvas, cl othing and paper (e.g., milk and juice cartons).
  36. 36. Weep Hole • Small openings left in the outer wall of masonry construction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate.
  37. 37. Welded Wire Fabric • Welded plain wire fabric for concrete reinforcement shall conform to quot;Specification for Steel Welded Wire Fabric, Plain, for Concrete Reinforcementquot; (ASTM A 185), except that for wire with a specified yield strength fy exceeding 60,000 psi, fy shall be the stress corresponding to a strain of 0.35 percent if the yield strength specified in the design exceeds 60,000 psi. Welded intersections shall not be spaced farther apart than 12 in. in direction of calculated stress, except for wire fabric used as stirrups in accordance with 12.13.2.
  38. 38. Windows • Casement- open outward • Double Hung-top can be open fully, easily allowing fresh while bottom remains closed air and sunshine into your home. Gliding- chosen by people who want maximum ease when opening and closing windows.