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The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
The norman conquest
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The norman conquest

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  • 1. The Norman Conquest
  • 2. Competition for the Crown <ul><li>Death of King </li></ul><ul><li>Edward the Confessor: </li></ul><ul><li>January 1066 </li></ul><ul><li>Succession: </li></ul><ul><li>Harold Godwinson -&gt; brother-in-law of Edward </li></ul>
  • 3. Four Kings Edgar The Aetheling Harold Godwinson William, Duke Of Normandy Swegn Estrithson, King Of Denmark
  • 4. <ul><li>Two invasions : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harald Hardrada of Norway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William, the duke of Normandy </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. The Battle of Hastings <ul><li>14 October 1066 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Army of 20000 Norman warriors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of different arms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offensive strategy </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. The Church <ul><li>Controversy: </li></ul><ul><li>Dead religion before the Norman Conquest? </li></ul><ul><li>Normans and Britons – many things in common? </li></ul>
  • 7. Reforming Christianity? Powerful positions: French clergy Construction of new churches across England
  • 8. Arts <ul><li>Clunaic reform: recovery of consecrated scriptoria </li></ul><ul><li>Norman stonework </li></ul><ul><li>The Bayeaux Tapestry </li></ul>
  • 9. Literature Old English topics French ones <ul><li>Romance </li></ul><ul><li>Allegory </li></ul><ul><li>Popular tales </li></ul><ul><li>Exempli </li></ul><ul><li>Fabliau </li></ul><ul><li>Bestiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Chronicles </li></ul>
  • 10. The Bayeaux Tapestry <ul><li>Very significant work of medieval art </li></ul><ul><li>Bishop Odo of Bayeaux, half-brother of William the Conqueror </li></ul>
  • 11. The Norman perspective <ul><li>Justification of the illegitimate invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Harold slain with an arrow through his eye </li></ul>
  • 12. English Romanesque Architecture <ul><li>800AD – 1100 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Origins: The Bizantine Empire </li></ul><ul><li>New kind of buildings, materials and techniques </li></ul>
  • 13. Stone vault ceilings Archs Buttressess
  • 14. The expansion of castles in England <ul><li>The Motte and </li></ul><ul><li>Bailey Castles </li></ul>Fear Submission Wealth Envy
  • 15. <ul><li>Virtual tour of the Motte and Baley Castle </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.timeref.com/3dindex.htm </li></ul>
  • 16. Language changes
  • 17. Society <ul><li>Intermarriage common among all levels of society </li></ul><ul><li>Population  Bigger cities and towns </li></ul><ul><li>Rural society changed: </li></ul><ul><li>CROP ROTATION </li></ul><ul><li>Kept the country profitable </li></ul>
  • 18. <ul><li>Wool processed in England </li></ul><ul><li>Generated new </li></ul><ul><li>jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of buildings and cathedrals  artisans and craftmen with jobs for lifetime. </li></ul>
  • 19. &nbsp;
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  • 21. &nbsp;
  • 22. Economy <ul><li>10thC economy </li></ul><ul><li>Markets </li></ul><ul><li>Towns </li></ul><ul><li>Kings and lords Stimulated the wealth </li></ul><ul><li>of their country </li></ul><ul><li>coinage </li></ul><ul><li>boroughs </li></ul><ul><li>Men wealth strength of hierarchic society </li></ul><ul><li>role or lordship </li></ul>
  • 23. Summary <ul><li>Elite replacement </li></ul><ul><li>Change on governmental system  Feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>Language: French – Latin – English </li></ul><ul><li>Castles introduced in England </li></ul><ul><li>Laws passed to give normans more power </li></ul><ul><li>Change of buildings’ style </li></ul><ul><li>Army occupation in much of the country </li></ul><ul><li>English bishops and monks  Norman bishops and monks </li></ul>
  • 24. Questions <ul><li>1.- Which of these were the consequences of the Norman Conquest? </li></ul><ul><li>a)Introduction of French </li></ul><ul><li>b)Establishment of the monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>c)Introduction of Feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>c) All of these </li></ul><ul><li>d) None of these </li></ul><ul><li>2.- After The Norman Conquest there was a linguistic change: </li></ul><ul><li>a)The common people started to speak French. </li></ul><ul><li>b)The aristocracy and the clergy spoke Latin. </li></ul><ul><li>c) Everyone took French as the daily language. </li></ul><ul><li>d)None of these. </li></ul><ul><li>3.- The innovation in architecture was the proliferation of castles. T/F </li></ul><ul><li>4.- The English law system was the same as the Norman law system. T/F </li></ul>
  • 25. Extra exercises <ul><li>To help you revise: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/1066_claims/diagram.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Quizz on the Feudal System: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.btinternet.com/~mrfield/Conquest/feudalism/fedud_recap.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Ordering Game of The Battle of Hastings </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/year7links/1066/orderinghomework.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>A 1066 word search </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/year7links/1066/1066Search.PDF </li></ul>
  • 26. Bibliography used <ul><li>www.SchoolHistory.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>www.passmorehistory.homestead.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.eyewitnesstohistory.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://geoffboxell.tripod.com/1066.htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.localhistories.org/middle.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.essentialnormanconquest.com/encyclopedia.htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.bbc.co.uk/history </li></ul><ul><li>www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/architecture_01.shtml </li></ul>
  • 27. <ul><li>Done by: </li></ul><ul><li>Christina Munder Estelles </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Armonía Hita Garrido </li></ul>

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