The norman conquest

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The norman conquest

  1. 1. The Norman Conquest
  2. 2. Competition for the Crown <ul><li>Death of King </li></ul><ul><li>Edward the Confessor: </li></ul><ul><li>January 1066 </li></ul><ul><li>Succession: </li></ul><ul><li>Harold Godwinson -> brother-in-law of Edward </li></ul>
  3. 3. Four Kings Edgar The Aetheling Harold Godwinson William, Duke Of Normandy Swegn Estrithson, King Of Denmark
  4. 4. <ul><li>Two invasions : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harald Hardrada of Norway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William, the duke of Normandy </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Battle of Hastings <ul><li>14 October 1066 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Army of 20000 Norman warriors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of different arms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offensive strategy </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Church <ul><li>Controversy: </li></ul><ul><li>Dead religion before the Norman Conquest? </li></ul><ul><li>Normans and Britons – many things in common? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reforming Christianity? Powerful positions: French clergy Construction of new churches across England
  8. 8. Arts <ul><li>Clunaic reform: recovery of consecrated scriptoria </li></ul><ul><li>Norman stonework </li></ul><ul><li>The Bayeaux Tapestry </li></ul>
  9. 9. Literature Old English topics French ones <ul><li>Romance </li></ul><ul><li>Allegory </li></ul><ul><li>Popular tales </li></ul><ul><li>Exempli </li></ul><ul><li>Fabliau </li></ul><ul><li>Bestiaries </li></ul><ul><li>Chronicles </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Bayeaux Tapestry <ul><li>Very significant work of medieval art </li></ul><ul><li>Bishop Odo of Bayeaux, half-brother of William the Conqueror </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Norman perspective <ul><li>Justification of the illegitimate invasion </li></ul><ul><li>Harold slain with an arrow through his eye </li></ul>
  12. 12. English Romanesque Architecture <ul><li>800AD – 1100 AD </li></ul><ul><li>Origins: The Bizantine Empire </li></ul><ul><li>New kind of buildings, materials and techniques </li></ul>
  13. 13. Stone vault ceilings Archs Buttressess
  14. 14. The expansion of castles in England <ul><li>The Motte and </li></ul><ul><li>Bailey Castles </li></ul>Fear Submission Wealth Envy
  15. 15. <ul><li>Virtual tour of the Motte and Baley Castle </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.timeref.com/3dindex.htm </li></ul>
  16. 16. Language changes
  17. 17. Society <ul><li>Intermarriage common among all levels of society </li></ul><ul><li>Population  Bigger cities and towns </li></ul><ul><li>Rural society changed: </li></ul><ul><li>CROP ROTATION </li></ul><ul><li>Kept the country profitable </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Wool processed in England </li></ul><ul><li>Generated new </li></ul><ul><li>jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Construction of buildings and cathedrals  artisans and craftmen with jobs for lifetime. </li></ul>
  19. 22. Economy <ul><li>10thC economy </li></ul><ul><li>Markets </li></ul><ul><li>Towns </li></ul><ul><li>Kings and lords Stimulated the wealth </li></ul><ul><li>of their country </li></ul><ul><li>coinage </li></ul><ul><li>boroughs </li></ul><ul><li>Men wealth strength of hierarchic society </li></ul><ul><li>role or lordship </li></ul>
  20. 23. Summary <ul><li>Elite replacement </li></ul><ul><li>Change on governmental system  Feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>Language: French – Latin – English </li></ul><ul><li>Castles introduced in England </li></ul><ul><li>Laws passed to give normans more power </li></ul><ul><li>Change of buildings’ style </li></ul><ul><li>Army occupation in much of the country </li></ul><ul><li>English bishops and monks  Norman bishops and monks </li></ul>
  21. 24. Questions <ul><li>1.- Which of these were the consequences of the Norman Conquest? </li></ul><ul><li>a)Introduction of French </li></ul><ul><li>b)Establishment of the monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>c)Introduction of Feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>c) All of these </li></ul><ul><li>d) None of these </li></ul><ul><li>2.- After The Norman Conquest there was a linguistic change: </li></ul><ul><li>a)The common people started to speak French. </li></ul><ul><li>b)The aristocracy and the clergy spoke Latin. </li></ul><ul><li>c) Everyone took French as the daily language. </li></ul><ul><li>d)None of these. </li></ul><ul><li>3.- The innovation in architecture was the proliferation of castles. T/F </li></ul><ul><li>4.- The English law system was the same as the Norman law system. T/F </li></ul>
  22. 25. Extra exercises <ul><li>To help you revise: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/1066_claims/diagram.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Quizz on the Feudal System: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.btinternet.com/~mrfield/Conquest/feudalism/fedud_recap.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Ordering Game of The Battle of Hastings </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/year7links/1066/orderinghomework.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>A 1066 word search </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/year7links/1066/1066Search.PDF </li></ul>
  23. 26. Bibliography used <ul><li>www.SchoolHistory.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>www.passmorehistory.homestead.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.eyewitnesstohistory.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://geoffboxell.tripod.com/1066.htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.localhistories.org/middle.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.essentialnormanconquest.com/encyclopedia.htm </li></ul><ul><li>www.bbc.co.uk/history </li></ul><ul><li>www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/architecture_01.shtml </li></ul>
  24. 27. <ul><li>Done by: </li></ul><ul><li>Christina Munder Estelles </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>Armonía Hita Garrido </li></ul>

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