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The norman conquest

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Transcript

  • 1. The Norman Conquest
  • 2. Competition for the Crown
    • Death of King
    • Edward the Confessor:
    • January 1066
    • Succession:
    • Harold Godwinson -> brother-in-law of Edward
  • 3. Four Kings Edgar The Aetheling Harold Godwinson William, Duke Of Normandy Swegn Estrithson, King Of Denmark
  • 4.
    • Two invasions :
      • Harald Hardrada of Norway
      • William, the duke of Normandy
  • 5. The Battle of Hastings
    • 14 October 1066
      • Army of 20000 Norman warriors
      • Combination of different arms
      • Offensive strategy
  • 6. The Church
    • Controversy:
    • Dead religion before the Norman Conquest?
    • Normans and Britons – many things in common?
  • 7. Reforming Christianity? Powerful positions: French clergy Construction of new churches across England
  • 8. Arts
    • Clunaic reform: recovery of consecrated scriptoria
    • Norman stonework
    • The Bayeaux Tapestry
  • 9. Literature Old English topics French ones
    • Romance
    • Allegory
    • Popular tales
    • Exempli
    • Fabliau
    • Bestiaries
    • Chronicles
  • 10. The Bayeaux Tapestry
    • Very significant work of medieval art
    • Bishop Odo of Bayeaux, half-brother of William the Conqueror
  • 11. The Norman perspective
    • Justification of the illegitimate invasion
    • Harold slain with an arrow through his eye
  • 12. English Romanesque Architecture
    • 800AD – 1100 AD
    • Origins: The Bizantine Empire
    • New kind of buildings, materials and techniques
  • 13. Stone vault ceilings Archs Buttressess
  • 14. The expansion of castles in England
    • The Motte and
    • Bailey Castles
    Fear Submission Wealth Envy
  • 15.
    • Virtual tour of the Motte and Baley Castle
    • http://www.timeref.com/3dindex.htm
  • 16. Language changes
  • 17. Society
    • Intermarriage common among all levels of society
    • Population  Bigger cities and towns
    • Rural society changed:
    • CROP ROTATION
    • Kept the country profitable
  • 18.
    • Wool processed in England
    • Generated new
    • jobs
    • Construction of buildings and cathedrals  artisans and craftmen with jobs for lifetime.
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22. Economy
    • 10thC economy
    • Markets
    • Towns
    • Kings and lords Stimulated the wealth
    • of their country
    • coinage
    • boroughs
    • Men wealth strength of hierarchic society
    • role or lordship
  • 23. Summary
    • Elite replacement
    • Change on governmental system  Feudalism
    • Language: French – Latin – English
    • Castles introduced in England
    • Laws passed to give normans more power
    • Change of buildings’ style
    • Army occupation in much of the country
    • English bishops and monks  Norman bishops and monks
  • 24. Questions
    • 1.- Which of these were the consequences of the Norman Conquest?
    • a)Introduction of French
    • b)Establishment of the monarchy
    • c)Introduction of Feudalism
    • c) All of these
    • d) None of these
    • 2.- After The Norman Conquest there was a linguistic change:
    • a)The common people started to speak French.
    • b)The aristocracy and the clergy spoke Latin.
    • c) Everyone took French as the daily language.
    • d)None of these.
    • 3.- The innovation in architecture was the proliferation of castles. T/F
    • 4.- The English law system was the same as the Norman law system. T/F
  • 25. Extra exercises
    • To help you revise:
    • http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/lessons/1066_claims/diagram.htm
    • Quizz on the Feudal System:
    • http://www.btinternet.com/~mrfield/Conquest/feudalism/fedud_recap.htm
    • Ordering Game of The Battle of Hastings
    • http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/year7links/1066/orderinghomework.pdf
    • A 1066 word search
    • http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/year7links/1066/1066Search.PDF
  • 26. Bibliography used
    • www.SchoolHistory.co.uk
    • www.passmorehistory.homestead.com
    • www.eyewitnesstohistory.com
    • http://geoffboxell.tripod.com/1066.htm
    • www.localhistories.org/middle.html
    • http://en.wikipedia.org
    • www.essentialnormanconquest.com/encyclopedia.htm
    • www.bbc.co.uk/history
    • www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/architecture_01.shtml
  • 27.
    • Done by:
    • Christina Munder Estelles
    • and
    • Armonía Hita Garrido