Desobediencia civil

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He was bred to no profession; he never married; he lived alone; he never went to church; he never voted; he refused to pay a tax to the State: he ate no flesh, he drank no wine, he never knew the use of tobacco; and, though a naturalist, he used neither trap nor gun. He chose, wisely, no doubt, for himself, to be the bachelor of thought and Nature. He had no talent for wealth, and knew how to be poor without the least hint of squalor or inelegance. .... Thoreau was sincer

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Desobediencia civil

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. ! ! " # "$ & & % ! (&) "! ! * # & " + , ! - . - .- / & 0& &!1 & 223334!4 25 ! 6 7672 !& ! & & " & & &" 8 " 9 " & &" 8 &1 % : ; ! ; ! < !4 !& = >> ? 2
  3. 3. ! % & " & " " $ "@0 8 A " 0 0 & A9 ! " B! &" & " &4; C D &" AE ( & " 0 9 0 &( A &" 8 " 1$@" 0 8 A , 0 " 0 " ( A " & "! ! ( B &! 0 A & ,4@ 0 ( " ( " 8A " &9 F & G" "0 8! # " ( & 0 0 " ! &4% HI J A &" & & : & " :8 & ! " &( " & & ( A " "! (! " &" 8 "( 9" & ( ! ! & & & " 0! " & 4@ :8 & ! " & 8 ! " I 0 ! " & 4@ ! K! 0 (A 8 "! " & " 9 " A ! ! : & & ( & B0 " & H& ! J & 3
  4. 4. " " A ! ! 0 & 8 4 8 & 0 & L8 : ( " D" & " & ! A FA " 0 ! " & " " & " & ! & G ! A ! ,& & ( F ( " & 4 * 0 & " M A " , " & I ( , A &(& & & "& & C! & ("A & & ! ! I J &0 N* , &" 9 I " & " D " " (! " D " "! 9# C & 4@ 0 8 " !8 K A !! K! ! G &" & A ! & " " " & & & ( " " " 4 L " ! 8 " B G! ! ! ! " & "BA "! & !! !I , 0 4 &9 " ( 0 , ! " " ! " & & ! " "! & ! K! ( , "! & ! , & &" 8 " & 4 " "& A 8 : &G & &( & 0 "" " &" A A & , ! ! # " A !O , & ! 4 , " &" ! F 8 4 ,! & &4 , 4@ B& 4
  5. 5. & ! & " 8 ! B! & A &" 0 9# G & 0 9# " & "0 , & ! # " &B 4 0 8 " &9F & 8 A " 0 " " 0 : "! # & G ( " H 9 B &( "B: " K A0 , " " " & " & ! 0 & 4 P , 9 " 9& Q ( 0K "8 0 " & ! &BA 0 & " " " ! & " G 9 O " H 0 & " & : " & 9& & M A & I J M( " " 9 I ,! I J "! & ! A0 &" & 9 4 R & & (A " ! " & "! B& " ,( & &" & AA " " &0 & 1 A H 8 " 0 " ( , 9" 0 4P " " :! &!0 ! # 0 ! &( & " " ! K: " 0 9 "B 4 R 9 & ( " & ! B& !A ! "& 0 " & M " #! ! ! 5
  6. 6. ", ! M , 8 " & "& HF ( " ! A # ! !" H & " (" "! A " 89 " & " 9 & 4L "0 A ! " " "& A &J , !H &I ( " " "& I, " 4R, B! F " 0 " A" , & " & A 8 & NR A " ! AA &J C A H ! B " N , & (" " ! "D & & "D &" &) ( 0 NA &, & B " " & " NR " ! , " "! " 0 " ( K & , D & 4R, 8 H B & ! & C " " F ! & & 4% D 0I ,A & & " 8 9# A A" " & A A H 0 &4 &" # ( " & # (A , " ! I, , &" G" " ! I, " 8 " ! I, " 4% 9# " A "! " H & G ! & & ! &" & " " 8 " & 0 A & " & " " 0 H &I 4S" & " " & " ! & ! 8 , " 6
  7. 7. M ( !& ( , ( " & & & M " !0 " " "! B ( # " ( & & ( " "! & " " G! " 8 " & ! 9# I, & 9 & 4* " ! 9 &" & A &, " & " &G&" & ! F 9 4@ A , ( & N , 0 , " N@ ! A 9 &! K "K ( I 0 " ! & & ! NT K & * & R & "! " 9# 1 F &! " "A " 0 & " 8 ! #9 M & 9 " " " 0 0M( " " !B ( " 0 I, I, " ( " B !8 A ( & &( ! & " " "! " & 9 D ( "! & A $ " R " 9 " " & &A ( A & ! C " " 4 R " " ! & &D" K K & " U 4 7
  8. 8. & 9 " ( " "* & , A " (" " " "BA ( & 0 ! 4* , :8 & ! " &( " F ( ( ! F ( ( "! &4 R " ! & , BA A : F I, " G &B ( & " " C " (C & C ! G 8 "! F A 0"9" " " " "&! 4 R, , " ! & B A " ! & " " & & 4+ " & &A & 4R & & (8 " "A " " H" ! " , 4 B & ( " " 0 (! F & ( 0 (9 B 0 & (A " * & ! ! " & " I( 8 " ! B A "& & A & M " & I M( ,! " & !J " 9# & I J" 4 B " D" & & # A * & &" 8 " " G , K (! & & ("B & ( 9 " (A " ! " & & (" A G * && & 0 " & " " 0 4 S" " " B K B 9 & D& " " "( , H& B C I, $ "! $ ! & " & & 8
  9. 9. ! 9 B : ! ! ( ! !K& (! # 1 $R " ! ! ! ( 0 " @ I & #B & " & A A * & & " UU @ A & 0 " "! & " & " & , ! D&0 F& G " A A , ! " &, & # " 9& 9 & ! 4 V "! & " & 0 & " " " ! & & 0 0 &* & S N % " ! & 8 A & " & 0 ! 9& & 4R " ! " " & ! 0 " 0 #I,! F& A 8& " 8 " 0 4 " & C I ( , H( & 0 9 & 0 "! A & "0 ! &B & 9 4R & & (A & #" A& , & 0 4 "( ! 8 A "( & " 74P 0 8 " "A 0 8 ", ! A & & &: & 0 A 0" ! & ( " ! B 8A , A A (! ! " & " 9
  10. 10. ! " 1& "BA &"&&& # 9I " A " " "! "4 A A 9 " ( 9# " I ! 8 " 0 " 4LA ! K! && 0 &"BA " 0 #I , & ( 9" A " !"BA 4 *" & ! (A " :& ! ! I, " ! F A 0 " 9 D0 8 "! & (A & " ! F 8 H &" & & A & ! " :8 & & 0 " & C " ( # A , 8 " ! , I, " & 4 * 8 &, " 0 & ! 9 & A ! F & , 8 ( ! (A :8 & 8 4 W " ( " & " &" ( &" " !F & && @ " , 0 ( A& A &, 0I J ! F& !9 " K G # $ A 1 * & :0 & & ( H( A & , ! & 0 & " B "!D (8 & A & 0 H M " " 8" 4% "& & ! F ( H &I ! & 10
  11. 11. ! & & # C "! & I , " ! 0 ! & & ( " (! & ! I ( , & 4 # A " H 0 B & A & ! ," " 4L ! A " & " A 0 , ! ( A " ! " F & " A 9 # H &I A A &4P A H &" & &B A 8 I, " " " A 90 ( 0 ( A " " " 90 4 " ( & 8 " &) & 4L A "A & 9 " B! 4@! & " &" A !O 9" C , &" A ! 0 "L8 : (" " A & : & A & ! 4 % I ( J ! B& ( " " ( " B A " AL && &H 0 &" & & N $S" " ( " ! ! & " ( ; & & ( & , " 4 *" & " ! B& ( A !J " C I, " L && , , " " 11
  12. 12. ! F & (" "" " &9# A (A & " " ! 0 K ! 0 & A ! " A , &, ! & 9#H &I L8 : ( 4R, & " "0 & & (" " A A ( "! & " "( ! " "! I , " A &, 0 A 9 " G & D &" " " 9 , 9 ! A 4* &" &" 9" A " " 0 , ! ! G" " , & (! A ! , , & & " & " B " A " & 4R, 8 & ,"! & & A " & H" & , A & ( " A H " 0 " 0 0 "! I , & & G & B !9 " & & " 4 B" ! H 8 &B C , C0 G ! ( 9# " 9& ! !O 9" " G #" 9 W 0& / . (" 9 " & " ", ( # , A ! 9&9# G 0" A &, "8 C 9 & A &, (9 "A & &I J H & " D &" & " & "! L8 : G 8 ! F & A 8 " ! " & & 4 V 8 H &I , " " " & ! & &N 12
  13. 13. * & "( ! " C # "! &I (" J 9# " 8 9& 4 " " & ! I (! , 9 " ! A & " " " ( 9 " A &! " & ! " &4R " ( " 9 , A ! & " & 0 9 &( "! " &&" " & && & ( ! 0 "( H &4 B & & ! & & ! " " " & G" 8" 9B " 0 A " 0 ,& "! B 4 & I 8 " &! , H 0 (& " " 0 ", ( " " I " , ( " &A &J " G 8 A B ! & &H0 4 @ B& & , & I 4 J " " & M & #M " " &8 " G" , & " & & A & & 4* & ! & : , !" 4@ "! " & ( & 9 " ( " 0 A 4R " " " & &"! ! A 8 & 4T ! "9 " :! ! " & " " H A & ! 4 S" " " B , : B A 8 & ", & " ! B A 13
  14. 14. &K & 8 9 I " 4 B & IJ " " 4V 9 " & " & 9 I, & ( " 1 B 9 & C , &, & B" & ! , ! & 4% & ( D , ( &0 & " 4@ & A ! ! I, & 8 A " "A 9" ! K! & 8 &4 * & 9 " A B " - &" ( " & 0A A ( " I ! , " & C ! G I, 8 "! & ! ! " & ! & H ! F & ! 9 G"A "! & ) & B ! F , & , ! " " " ! &( & 0 & ! &B N R 9" & (! " & " &0 & ( , 8" " NP B A , ! " ! 0 & ! & N R, B" & ! &! F A , 9 AE & " I NL J , 8 A 1 ! A " " ! & B 0! I , ! , & " ! I! F( A " & A ! F ! 4% ! & " & " ! 14
  15. 15. D ( ! ! ! A" " &B ! & ! " 0 0 4@ & " " " ," A & & " & "! " & 0 ! & 4@ XT ! " " " A H " " "A & ( " # " # " ( " A , ! X% && & F &, 1 & 0 & " 4V & : &" " "" A & ! FN 9 " & & B "4% %"8 9 , &! "0 I , " N@ " & " 9 " & C " 8 , " " & " @ / 3 ( H & 0 & &! F ! &9 ! " B& 0 0 B (! " 9 &9 & & 0 H & 9 IG ! ! I ! " , " & & " 8 9 &, " IJ 9 " &G & " " & & 0 ! & 0 # " & 9 ! DK9 , A ! & : & "G " !! (8 " " " A K " H "! P 0 L D& (A! " & " & &4 9&( " " " &" C I, A A " (" "" " G ! " & " & & 15
  16. 16. ! ! I J A " # "4 L &""F " 0I , ", 9 & CA &, ( , " ! ( , A A ! ! B& C H &I 4P " & " & I (! J" 9 , & 9# C & 0 8 " " H " &H & 4T! A " ! A&" 8 ! " & ! 9# I 4 + H" J " & " & " 0 4 YB 0 " & ) # "1 $ VA " " ! " & " & ! & L8 : M! , & &( " & " ! & " && & (9# &" & ! 90 ( ! " &" & & 8 4 @ A! & ! " 0 H & 8 ! ! A A , " ! 0 H & A 9# 0 G8 ! ! A H I , & ! # #G& 9 " * & & 9 &" & ! ! & & " F& ! (" 9 &" & ! ! & "! ! " & & A & ! " 4* & " & ( & 9 " ( 9 " " "0 ( ! " 0 16
  17. 17. ! C ! K! 4P #" & ! " ! ( 0 ! & 9 I4 " " ," ( , 8& , B " ! &! A & F" 4 @ " "! " " :0 & " 0 ! " & 4 P, " ! F ! 9" &A A " " & &B H& & ! & & " 4P " D ( " & 0 ( " &9 AE & " & " ! & 9 " ( , A A ! " B& " " 0 ( " & & & ! 4 B0 & & & ! 9 # ! &I J * &L && & S , ! # " IJ ! &4@ (! A " " , " , & * & " ! 0 & "! & N R, &, " " I, " * & A A & " &" "8 S ,N* , , " " #J A & " & * & C S , & * & N " ! " " " & 9# "" ! " ! , 9& N 0 " 9 & ! , A 9 N P # 17
  18. 18. 0 # & "" K ( , & 9# " & 0 ( "! " I, A 9 0 # " " " " 0 &J & " & " G A 9 #8 & "" 9& " & ! & & " 0 4 %IJ " ! F ! M! !I, : I, A 8 & M" 9 " I G J I, & 08 " & B , # &0 " & A A ! : & & 4* , ! * & Z H G 09 "F G & " 8 " ( ! K 4 *: & " H & G " " & "! ( " & & " B & C 8 9 " ( " & 0 " & " &N R " " " 0 " ( " " 0 ! " A " ! &8A & " " & 4% ! , 8 A !K& & ! " "8 ! A " " & 4L 8 ! " &0 ! ! &) "8 ! A " 4TA 9# & 9 ! 4 A 0 , 8" ! # & ! ! & ! 9 " N A , # B 18
  19. 19. " N A & & & N A , &" ! & ! I, & , ! A " & " 9 !" A : 0 "N A : 0 "N A "! 9 Y &( : " 0 !8 ; &A 9 W 0& / . N R, 8 ! A D &!& 0 , A 0 ! 9 0I , ! B& & G , 9 "( ! A &, , & & ! ( F! ! NP " " " " ! ! ! ! " # : 9 * & (8 ! ! ! # H "& , 8 & ! A A A IG ! # 8 & " : " & ! F& A " C! , 4L & # : * & ( " & B " & " 4 P H &I 8 ! & &B &&9 " & "BA 0 " & (A H "1& # # " 0 & M &" & "BA 9 B H & 4P H &I 9 " ! I & " " : M ( ( " M( F & &, # H B H 0 19
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
  21. 21. & &" &4 " I ! " , "( & " " & " &(A! #" J ! 4 R, & " 9" A & A && " & " "& 9& " & & ! M " & "! ! ! M 0* & L & ( & , 9 ! & A 8 0" 9 " " & &" ! K &, I 9 & & 8 4 A & A &B ( A " AD &" & & 9# " H & B9 4 *( 8 " & (A A " " " & A # HB && "" ! & 4 T ! " #! ( , " A (A " & " &0 & " ( " 0 & A ! &1 8 A! ! & "! & G 8D &) " A " " " " & I, , ! : & " 0 G ! & ! & # " &1 $ [ I " * , 4 B &9 " " "! (" 9& ( H & & (" ! B " 0 & ! & ( :! ! & 9I, ! " " I, 18 21
  22. 22. ! 0B ( A " " &4 @ & "! & 8 " # ,(8 " A & ! A 9 & & & & " ( , & ! 0" ( A & " & !& ! " 0 &0 " & 4 B & " 9 " & A 8 A 9# A & 0 & 0 ( A & " "( , A 9 I A & &" & " "( # A ! & " & " " " F ( A " " F N P B ! # ! &B C " " ! " & " ! "" "! & "! I N , & &1 " ( "( # "A I M ! # " &8 " D " " * &L & ( & ( !O 9" F " * & (! 0 " 0 &" ! ( & " A I , & * & S%"8 4 , "! & A ! "! ! I"! A 1 A 9# " 9 &9# ! "! 4 L ! 9 " & &1 8 " , ( #" 4 B # H 9 " (" , B " D " "4 @ " A 22
  23. 23. # (A "! ! ! " : L && A "! C I, A &J & " )" ( & " I " 0 " ! , P G & &( & ! * &L & ( & * & A " & I C P I, ! " , " & " & , & 8" " && ! !& " " & ! 0 " (;0 & , ! # " " & & , & 8 ! K: " P "0 A ! A A " " H & " &( D 0 0 ! " " " H & 8&" 8 " ! ,4 H " ( 0 ! K! ( D 0 A L && ! & & "" & , ! J (A , 9 & 0* & (! " & ! K! * & ! A , ! ! , H B & & " 9 ! F ! 4 * F A " & A 9 " ! ! 90 (! ! " : " ! F 0 (! D " IJ"! & ! G 8 F ( , " (" & " , ( * & ! & A , &, " " 23
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
  25. 25. ! & 8 $ 1P 9& A 9# 0 " ( &, 0 V 4 D & 0 9 B 0( & , I , "! & 4L " ! A B 4 R, ! F" A " 0 , C&" 8 ! " " &! 9 " & 0 N S"9 " & ! ! & & " " & " " "( 0 & " " & & 8 4 0 ( 0 4 * ! ! , 9 & ( , 9 M " " " " " " 9" M( ! AA 9" " & A (! ( ," ! 0 ! " * & !& ( "0 , 0 &" " & & "! " I, ! ! 4 " " * & ! & I & " & ! A " "! & " & : & &( ! & " & A , 0 # " & ! ! 0 A & 4P A " & " & " (! K! * & & " :0 A & 0 " A & 4 @ " " ( & & M , ! & & " "! I, H M(8 "! "C && I A , A 4/ "& " & (A & " (" & G 25
  26. 26. ! & !J & " " " H& ! "& A "! G & 0 " 9 " , 8 " 0 & 4@ " " & ! 0 & A & 9 " ! 9# G & ( D ! 0 & A & 8 9 ( " F !8 9 1$ " 0 & B N S" " " " 9 (! & & ( "! " " 4% ! & " "! ! " & D" AA " $" % " 49& " ! & & "! ! " " " 8 # ! A & A ! 4 & ! 0 " & I , 4$L & " " & & ( G " & " " 4 &,Y & 1$P " "" 0" 8 ( A " I, A ( H( & 9 # , ! & &0 0 8 ( & ! 0 " , ! A :0 4 & &( 8 A 8 8 (A 8 & , " & 0 " & G , A " 4 V " " & " # ( ! A ( ! &" & A 0" ! & 26
  27. 27. 0 # ! "! ! I , " & AE !D ( 9" & & # 0 &1 ,! " ", ! &I , 0 &&" " AE A! ! ! 9 "F 4" ! &( , 0 & " 0 A ! 0 " ! ! &I , * & 4L 0 & * & A ! & " & "! & ( 0 9 B ! B " ! !& & B " & # C" 9 "F ! "! 4* 8 " ! ! & " & 4Z& "! F " A H " & " & & 9 &B " ! & :& 4R, ! "! ! G &" & ! 4@ A &" 9# 8 0 A ! " & &( & "! A " 0 &! I 4+ , &" A & " " ! " " ( "! " 9&! & ! " I G ," & F 4 %& " " 8 A! 9 ( "& 9 " " D &0 & 4 9 D 1 P " * & 80 ! ! F ! # ( ! , # " 8 , 9& & G "* & , 8 0 ! ! F! # ( , A # , 9& 27
  28. 28. & ] R, X %& A 4 8 & " " & ! & (A ! &I , * &L & " & H & " 9"! " ( & A 8 " A ! & ! 9 " & "! & "O A " * & (! 0" 0 0 & C" ! ! C" 4P" &( " & & ( 9! ! A 4@ 9 " A " & " F 4 B 0 * & ! " " " " 0 #I , 0 &" " ! 0 " & A & & & & " ! 0 A " ! &"9 AE & G & &4$ 0 B & ( * & 4* " ! 0 4 Z9 # " &( & &( & " " " 9# ! 0" & " " " 4R, 0 ! A" & ! 0 "! & ! & & 8 0 , 8 0 & ! & & " & G! ," & * & ( & & " " IJ &B 4R, " & ! A , ! & &"! & 9# " A * & ! (H & " 0 #I , 0 (! & ,4 R & &( 28
  29. 29. " ! ! " " " 9# " I , ! & H I, 9" " "1 $ P " & A & & I , " A ( ( , H &0 &A A 0 # CA , & * & 0 4 & :& &B" ! 4 & " &8 H4P ! & & A , A " " A 0 #I , 0 ( * & " " 9# " :0 ! G ( & &(A & & A & ! ! & ! ! & 0 " A " 4P 9 ! F " ( & 0 " " " &(" " ,( & 0 #I JA , " " G" , & " & "! & 4 B A , ! 0 "! & 4/ & #! ( ! " & ! G A & & "!! (9 ! ! K " & !8 ! ( ! & " 9 " " !8 !0 9 A 9 &" & #( , ! : ! & " && I , A " & & " 9 ! 0 "& 9 4/ A ! A & 29
  30. 30. F (9 " &(A A "9 " " (&" 8 "( A H" 0& ! & " I 0 " & " 4+ A ! 0! ! & "" " , ( & " " " " &" 9F & 0 "&, A & 4R " ! " " " & " & 9 ( ! ! " " " ! F " ! 0" 4@ " &" & A &D " , ! 0 "! & 4* & A , " " "0 A "! & " " !! 4 " " " I " I (! , ! "A " " H & & A ! ! 4R, ! : ! & " A 9 "! & & " " 9 :J M A "! " ! & 9 " 0 9 G ! 0 & 9& & 4 " & 9 ( " ! " ! G 0 " "" ! # 9 & " !A " &" A &, , " & 9& 4 A * & " & ( &" F " " & C & " ! & ( ! # & 0 "0 " 0 G! & ! & 30
  31. 31. A & ! ! B ! " &B 4 & &( * & 9 & & " & &" & & &" " " "(" ! ! ( & 4* , 8 & 0 ! & ( ! " 9 I 9 F 4* , ! 0 4V !9 " A " " 4+ " A " 8" 9 &4 V 9 I &" " " & , N @D A ! " " 0 , A " " " & A " 4* 0" " " 4R9 A & " !" & J & A 9 " 4V&! N V 9 & "0 A " #$ % X(! A ! " " & 0 " N * & # &H ! ! "0 ! &( " A 9 # 4R, ! H B 4* " " G 0 " H 4R, ! " 0 & 4 R, " & ! B! " 9 " & "BA 4R, 9 " A & 4R "" A " & & " ( " , & ! #C & G! &B ( " 0 ! K! ( & "( " 9 " " " ! F ( 31
  32. 32. & A 8 " ! ! & & 4P " ! & , ! " & #( & , " G" " & " " " "4 % & A ! ! ,( 8 " " ( 9 &" 8 " " & &4 @! ( " " 0 " ( & F" & ( ! & &9 &G " & " A " " 0 4L 1$ + "( ! # (H 8B & ! & ! A & " "! "! &" & # 4@ ! & " " "! (A 9 " $" H& ! " " " " ! & 4 ! &( " &" ! " !8 :! " " " & ! 4% " " #! " G (! " ( ! &" & " ( " B " "!! " & " "! & 4R & " & A! A & ! GA & " &K ( 9 " #! 0 & ( ! I , & A " " " &G ( " A & ( , & A 9& " " " & 4* 1 ( @ " "& " G" , 9 ]4 32
  33. 33. A ! ! ( ! " & 9 & ( (! " " ( , " & 9" " G " ! 90 " 4* & 9" " " " ! &( 0 & " H 0 " &G & & & " ! G " & " & & & (H A B , ! 0 ! " "& & 4 * 9 " H ( H & C & G! A 0 8 9 " ! !" & & "! & ! &! ! ! H 4 *" ! & "!& 9 & A & ( 9A ! &0! & " 90 ( " 0& &K B K! & A ! &G ! A & " " 8 " &K &0 A , 0 " & ! 4 * 8! " & D " ! A , ! " 9 " (" A , 0" 4L & " " " 0 A &! 9& ! 0 H H & &&90 & 9 & G 0 " " 4 33
  34. 34. & A ! " "! (! &" " & &B G" 9 " & " " " : ! "" & 9 ! 0 "! 4 / & ! " D & 9 " H " ! F & &( " ! F A& " 0 & 4 " A & K0 F & G ! A "F " " H & (H & & ! & 0 4 * " & "! " & C # ZL8 ( 9"& 9 " & & "[ GC "9 & 9 " J & 4% # A " &0 0 4 / ! & & &" &B & A 9# # # # ! M " :! & " & ! " "4 " , "" F &" " & 4* & # " & ! & " 4R & && I 4* J 8 " && I J ! (! 8 4 " "! A ! ! & & 4 V 0 " ,( HH "9 "! ! & & 8 " 34
  35. 35. ! &G " & H & &" & " ! I , & " !,! & GH & " 9 4V 9 ! " I, ( " :! 9 & & A A & !, A , " G " " "! ! 0 !, "0 B ! " I ! H & 4 ! ( : " A F ! & " "! 9 # I (! & G , & &" G &, " " A A F " 4 V F ! , M ! 0 8" & 9 ! 0 " "! & M( ! 9 I ( , 0 " I & ! A !H H & O! 0 B 0 4% " " ! ! & & & " " ( * & ! F( ! & " " I " A9 ! " ! 0" & "! 4+ " # " * & A & 4+ & A 8 ! & ! 9 " & ) " # "0 G! A "# ! !" " & & AE G & A ,&" 0 & I J ! & " &G A (& " " ( 35
  36. 36. 9 " " " I 9 &" (! ! & ! &I GJ &&A , " " "! ! & 9F ! " G A ( 9" & ( , , & , ! & 0 & & , 9 " 9 & A & & &GA KA " " ( & 8 IJ 9 &( 0 " IJ & I, "& ! & " & & & D& " " & , 4T ! F A &H ! 9 " H 0" &" # (! & A " , A : & " && I & , " 4 % &0 " & ( ( &" ! A F" & 8 ! & " 9 " " H! ,G ! 0 & 8" & 1$ " N R, I, " (A ! " " " ! & " ( " & " 0 0 "4 * & !A " 0 ! & ! " & & 4V 9 & " , 0 &( &" A & 9# ( ! I & & (H & " "0 !A ! & 9 & & " A " 0 4* " ! " " M! 36
  37. 37. 0 " M 0"&! " " & " ( " 9 & & ( & A O" & G , ! * & " 0 "4 * & 8 &K "! & $L! J 4 R " ! 0 "! & 9 &C &(! " & " " # 8& 0 , A & " !8 " D &G A & C & &I , ( & " & 9I " ! & & 9 " & ) 4 R, 8 " & "! & "! & A " 9#! 0 " &4 V ! 0* & ( A " & " " & 9& " & 9 & 4R, " "! & " 0 & H& K K A ! 0 M " " 9 ! F M( & 8 ! & " A & & " " " "! " " !" & " " "G K 8 & 4@ A ""! & 8 0 9& " 4R ( " & 0* & (C " " ( " & B & &0 " A & ! ( " &" & & & I 4J P & " ! 0 "! & A* & " :0 ( " 9# " 8" A H B 37
  38. 38. 9# " A ! 0 " "! & (" ( &" " H &I 8" "& A * & ! 4P ! 0" "! & ! & " A & ! & A A , ! 0 (!! ! ! & " &( K ! A , " & " " & A & & , ! "& A &" & ! & & 9 " "0 4 * & (! & & (8 " ! I , & 4L , ! 9 :0 " & " &) (! A & && H ! & I , !! ! I, ! " ! ,! K: " 4 V " 9# !A ( K " " & &4 # ! "1 ( ! &" & I (" 8 0 J &G 9 " " 0 G! A "" # 9 I B & & " "9 " &B C I NL J !! 1 , B" & ! ! "! ! "& A " ! 9 " &&! 4* 0 " " " " 1A" & " J " ( " ! :, ( " & ( " &" & !A A &! ( ! " ! !: ( " A & # ! & & & :0 & " 38
  39. 39. ! (! ( 9# " ! & " J " (! A :! & 9 I & N+ , &B 9 C 9" ( &C " & & & I G, " &! 9 " & " "! I J " 4+ , I 90 4L : &" & " " A , & 9 I & " & & M " " 9 I! " & " M " A A" & IJ " " J " & " & " J " MA , , ! & " M( H&" 8 A " 8! F ! I 1 " ! " , &) ! &( ! " ! G " 0 &) (! " ! & 4L ! " I 90 ! !K & , B ! ! F 9&90 90 ( D !! AE 4 P 0 " A & 0 " & " & & 9& " " & " ,( & &B " ,! " & " " :0 :! & & " " " F" ( & ( " , " " I "9& & ( & A " 9 I ! 9 # " " , ! " A& ! 0 & 4 *( " & ( B " 9 I & & 39
  40. 40. 9 I " & ! " & & & 1 9 I 8A ! & " 0 " 9& 4 R, ! ! " & # ! ( B " (& " @ 9 4 R, A ! "# " A A " " I 4 R, A , 9# 9 0 ( & & IJ " " & I, ! C " # 4* & (! "&( & " " 8 " !! & ! F 4* & ! ! & 8 " ! 4R & ! && " & ! ! & """ " G (A ! :" 8! & & "! & ( ! " ! & & ! I J 0 & 0 & ( !F & ! (! " ! & :& ! 4 " & 9& ! F "!* A A & "! "R " D & 9# " ! & 9& C "V &, 0, (* , H "F 9 4 F % & A 0 * & B ! # " & 0 & &! &, , " ! & & A & " 40
  41. 41. & ) 4* " ! & &" ( && I ( "& , 9 & (8 " & G & ," & ! & B G " " * &L && 0 * & S %"8 ,( " " & ! & ( " B & & (! A " 0 & ( & " " " & & && I 4 L J " " ! ! & &(" & " & " G " 8"( &8 0 " " &(A " B ! # # A , ( A " ! B # A A ! B 9& N * & & &( , " ! ! " & "0 ( A " D"! F 9 :J 4L " " & "8 0 ( , ! " & " " & H& " 0 4 P " " " 8! " &( ! 9 & (" 0 I (, " A A A! " ! & & "! (0 & 9 " & , , ! # "! " & 9 & 4 P A " " !" 9 & " "G " , & " " ! " & 9& " " A " ! 9 " & & & 41
  42. 42. A &J & ! 4 9& " &, &0 " & & && I ( , " * & 0 0 " B " &4* 0 &" 9 " I (" , &" " ! & ! & 9 4 A H & " & :! &8 &" & ! # &" 0 & D& (! 8 A "0 & , G" & 0 & & , & ! " & "& & " & & & 4* & " AA " , 80 & 8 J 4 W & 0 & 0 (! ( , ! " & & 4% ! , B ! ! 0 A , 0& " A A 9 " 0 : & &G! :0 ! A 9# " ( " 0 # &4 I 0 " ! H ! IJ B 0 " "& !& " 0 I , W & 4L " "( A "! " ! !8 " IJ " 9 " "" & A !! F & " 0 ( ! ,! & " & D A &" " 42
  43. 43. G " ! 0 8! & " " W & 4 *" & " "! & ( 8 "! "! & ( 0 ( " & (! B& 4L & , 8 ( " ! 4% "H & , 8 + (" & ( " & &4 % &B "! " " 0 " " ("! & ) ! ! , 8 H &IA ! & ! " " 4W & " " && F ! A 8 1$ 9 && I , 4 9&( , ! & (" ! " 9 & 0 ! 4* , 8 "F ( " " 0 4@ F , && & 4* ! K!! 1$ R &" ! & &" " & G ! ! & ! " & M A " 0 ! A * & 9 " "S , % 4 " & & A && I , BC ,( # 1$ A YB 8! & ! & 0 ( A & , %! 4 0 # ! ( , 0 " 9& I J " " & ! F & ! & "! B & " & :0 ! ! &" & ! & & M ! : "! ( A "!J " " & H " * & S & & 0 9 & C 43
  44. 44. ,G & &( 8 9 " " ! & ! & "A 0 ( & A 9 " & " & ( " " " " ! & 1$ 9 " %! A 0 * & : & , " 0 " & B 8" & 8 ! K! I ( ! , A , ! B ! & , (! & 0 ! ! ( " H &I ( ! & 4 V A IJ 9 " " & 0 (" " " &" & "! :, " ( " A A & 0 "(&" " &4 RA A ! ( V 4 0 K 0 0I J ! 9 ! " & N A , " 9 & "! (A , A " "! &# (!I, M B M 8 & "! -F && I G , B FA ,( " " G" ! A A 0 " ! A " " " " & 0 A " (8! ! ! ! ! & ! 0 I ( & , 8 0 C &4 % , 0 " " " & 0! 0 ! F4 " " , 44
  45. 45. &K " 4@ (! F & " AE & : &" " G" &" ! # ! # "! : A &J 4%" " A ! "8 &! K! ( , ! !! " A A ( " !! ! 0 " F" 4 @ 0 , ! " & 0 & "8 9 &C (C , C & , 4* , &"0 & & " ! A &J & " & "! K "! & (9 I ( "8 D & ( 0 & 4 % %"8 R & , 0" & ! " & & "! ! I , & IJ 9O " C ! &#! 0 & G9 # " & &" " :! " " ! & & 9& ! 4 # , & & 9" & (" R &" & 9 & B " & & G & & & 0 9 &" & B! B& ! ! & & A& :& 0 I N , % & 0 (" " 0 A & ! & " " & M ! " & 9I, A "9I " " A ( & ! & ( &8 A , " " 9I " 45
  46. 46. &, " M( 8 "! G! & " & H &( ! & " I, " &" & 0 4* , ! & " ! " A A & ! 8" A 4 @ ! 0 " " A & ! " " A && ( & ! " " (8 " ! 0 & ! & ! F 4P BA " & " " 8D &" ! 9I " & ! F " & " & 0 N R, B ! F "! " & 0 # & " "N R B " * & " & & A 8 F " !" ! & M A 0 #I ,! F & ! K! ! ! K! & M & A 8 F " & &" & ! &4 /" 0 ( " ! # ( " * & A ! 9" : H & " & " & & F ! & " &( " " # G" 0 "* & A A " ! 0 C & AE : & 0 ! " A " C! & ( " & " & " " " ! 0 ( A "! " & # " 4 S" * & A ! # 46
  47. 47. & !8 9 &( A & ! & :B 0 A " ( " ! " * & " ! 9&0 G H 9A B " 0 " * & (" & "A A 0 4 47
  48. 48. " ? Z & & W & ! & ! 9 9 4 R4 %4U ? $ - 9P Y L & ? W 9 6 ? R4 *4UU ? $ 0 Y ^ ? %& +( ? W 4P . !? R4 * 48
  49. 49. = M + , ! - . - .- _________ _________ R " M & A A " 4 P ! 0 ! +@ ` /@Z[@S-% @X + &" & " & & && F a[b Z P & 9 &1 - .- 4 0* IJ "! 9 I, - .; - .- 4 0 _________ _________ L I >> 49

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