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Osterhofen

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Transcript

  • 1. Informations about the National Park in the Bavarian Forest
  • 2. Nationalpark Animals in the Park Location of the National Park Development of the park
  • 3. Location of the National Park The park is located in the Bavarian Forest in 1200 meters altitude. The area is about 2400 ha. 1200 people are working in the national park.
  • 4. Animals in the Park
    • Lynx
    • Wolves
    • Marten
    • Wood grouse
    • Tree falcon
    • Bark beetle
  • 5. Development of the National Park The park was founded by Mr. Eisemann in 1969. It was founded in order to keep the infrastructure.
  • 6. The National Park The seize of the National Park is about 24.500 ha It is visited by 2 million tourists a year.
  • 7. The influences of the National Park The influences on the environment of the National Park has been very positive. It is very good for the infrastructure and jobs. The impact on tourism is also very positive.
  • 8. The jobs in the National Park There are 1200 jobs. There are, for example, trained biologists and animal rangers. The apprenticeship for animal rangers lasts for 3 years. The biologists have to study.
  • 9. The bark beetle Up to 15 months old. Flies from a temperature of 15°C. The largest is the Buchdrucker.
  • 10. How do you recognize bark beetle infestation?
    • There is dust outside of the bark.
    • The needles get brown
    • The bark breaks off
  • 11. What different types of beetles are there in the spruce? letterpress copper engraver Spruce raffia beetle spruce bark beetle
  • 12. How many broods are there per year?
    • there are usually 2-3 broods
    • it depends on the weather
    • The larvas eat bast (part of the bark)
  • 13. How does the bark beetle destroy the trees?
    • It drills into the bark and eats parts of the inner side of the tree. It lies down larvas there and they eat the bark.
    • The tree has no more water and dies.
  • 14. Spruces in the National Park
    • 70% of all the trees are spruces, 20% are beeches, and 10% are firs
    • Spruces are living for about 600 years
  • 15. Features of the spruces
    • The roots are flat in the ground
    • The roots keep the ground
    • Particularly light and soft pine
    • The pine is not as wide up the mountains as in the plains
  • 16. Usage of the spruce wood
    • Electricity
    • Material for heating
    • The wood is also used for construction and building of houses
    • Interior design, furniture
    • Production of things made of wood, for example paper
  • 17. The death of the spruces
    • If the climate stays like today for the next 30 years, there will be no more spruces in the future.
    • In the years 1970-1988 there was sour rain and a lot of wood was destroyed
    • Nowadays the sour rain isn´t so bad
    • 2003 was the worst year, the bark beetle destroyed 43000m³ of wood
    • 2004 the bark beetle destroyed more than 100000m³ of wood
  • 18. Lusen Why do the trees on the Lusen die? Why are there so many stones on the top of the Lusen? What kind of trees are there on the Lusen? Is the Lusen known as a holiday destination? What stories are there about the Lusen? What animals are there on the Lusen?
  • 19. Details about the Lusen. 1.The Lusen is 1375m high 2. The national Park creates 1200 jobs
  • 20. Which kind of animals can you find near the Lusen? There are: 1.Lynx 2.Wolves 3.Deer 4.Marten 5.Wood grouse 6.Tower falcon 7.in former times: Elephants
  • 21. Why there are stones on the top of the Lusen? 1. There are stones on the mountain because the Lusen was a complete stonerock in former times. 2 . By the time the humus layer was removed from the mountain top. 3. The stones had broken into pieces.
  • 22. What kind of trees are there on the top of the Lusen? The most frequent trees are spruces, beeches, oaks and jaws. Nearly all spruces were destroyed by the bark beetle.
  • 23. Why do the trees on the Lusen die? 1. Bark beetle 2. Sour rain 3. Dryness (2005) 4. Human influences 5. Browsing Trees can protect themselves, however, by a mushroom that grows on the trees. The mushroom cleans the wood.
  • 24. Is the Lusen popular as a holiday destination? Yes the Lusen is popular as a holiday destination: 1.Beautiful view 2.Winter skiing 3.Winter sledging 4.Nice long or short trails 5.Fresh air 6.quiet location 7.You learn a lot about nature
  • 25. What story is there about the Lusen? A history mentioned that the devil wanted to build a house on the top of the Lusen. He put stones in the barrow and climbed up the Lusen. When the midday bell rang in the valley, the devil was so frightened that the whole stones fell on the mountain in such a way like it is today. The devil was so frightened that he never returns.