Elective Geography Secondary 3/4 Normal Academic (Old)- Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Development
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Elective Geography Secondary 3/4 Normal Academic (Old)- Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Development

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Elective Geography Secondary 3/4 Normal Academic (Old)- Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Development Elective Geography Secondary 3/4 Normal Academic (Old)- Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Development Presentation Transcript

  • + Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Development Geography Elective - NA Chapter 10 Uneven Development on a National Scale KCPSS (Arman Alluwie) 1
  • + 2 RecapKCPSS (Arman Alluwie)
  • 3KCPSS (Arman Alluwie)
  • + Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Development 4 International Cooperation National Development International International Improving access Population Organisations Agreements to clean water control supply and sanitation•World Bank •United Nations•Asian Development Millennium Bank Development Goals •United Nations Improving Job creation Convention on the education and financial Law of the Sea standards assistance Today Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 5 Lesson Objectives  By the end of the lesson, we would have  described efforts in job creation and providing financial assistance for the poor to promote national development  described measures taken to improve education standards to promote national development  described measures taken to improve water supply and sanitation in LDCs  described efforts taken to control populations to promote national developmentArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 6 Periphery Core Paraisopolis, Sao PauloArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 7 Alleviate Uneven Development: National Scale  Core- Periphery  Core  rich urban areas  wealthy, enjoys a good quality of life  Peripheries  poor rural villages  poverty, poor quality of lifeArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 8 National Development  Definition  increase in the wealth of a country, resulting in a higher standard of living for its citizens  Different countries, different challenges Environmental Challenge Political ChallengeArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 9 total income generated by a country in one year National Development  AimsImproving access Population 1. Increase GDP and GDPto clean water control per capitasupply andsanitation 2. Overcome problems cause by rapid population growth Improving Job creation education and financial 3. Improve quality of life standards assistanceArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 10 Job Creation and Financial Assistance: KALAHI  government needs to ensure that there are enough jobs for the people  countries with lower GDP per capita develop more slowly than countries with a higher GDP per capita  improve quality of life for example, buying a sewing machine so that she can sew curtain drapes for saleArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 11 KALAHI Project: Before  4.3 million poor families in the Philippines  Widening income gap between rich and poor  Most of the poor working in informal sector  small family-run business, delivery and domestic services pg 214- 215Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 12 KALAHI Project: During  “Linking Arms Against Poverty”  help poor set up and run small businesses  small loans to productive businesses  interest free loans to ultra-poor  training and advice  provided by banks and private organizationsArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 13 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RUhr_eg3k6YArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 14 KALAHI Project: After  3 million people benefited  600 000 agricultural jobs created in rural areas  1.7 million people provided with jobs through job placement schemes  poverty rates reduced in rural areasArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Development Geography Elective - NA Chapter 10 Uneven Development on a National Scale KCPSS (Arman Alluwie) 15
  • + 16 Lesson Recap  Read through “Job Creation and Financial Assistance” on page 11 of your notes  Look through pg 214-215 of your textbook on the KALAHI plan  Describe how “job creation and providing financial assistance” can promote national developmentArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 17Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Un-MpHd08kg
  • + 18 Improving Education Standards: Hill Tribes, Northern Thailand  Higher literacy rate tend to be more developed  More people who can read and write  Higher likelihood of them finding a job  Upgrade their skills through training and development programmesArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 19 Hill Tribes, Northern Thailand: Before  1 million people from hill tribes  living in extreme poverty  no formal education  much lower standard of livingArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 20 Hill Tribes, Northern Thailand: During  Hill Tribe Education Project  volunteer teachers from developed regions  lived with  taught hill tribe community Thai and Maths  basic life and social skills  sustainable developmentArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 21 Hill Tribes, Northern Thailand: After  found employment in cities to increase incomes  agricultural production improved  BUT  limited effectiveness as hill tribes were isolated (far) and difficult to communicate withArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 22 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-EeYe9xpVYArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 23 Improving Access to Clean Water Supply and Sanitation  Water essential for survival  Contaminated water results in water-borne diseases such as cholera and polio  Sanitation facilities ensures proper disposal of human waste  may contaminate groundwater/ water sourcesArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 24 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=orIFs72HGmMArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 25 Ahmedabad, India: Before  41% of population in Gurjarat live in slums and squatter settlements  25% do not have toilet facilitiesArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 26 Ahmedabad, India: During  Parivartan Slum Networking Programme  local authorities and banks came together to provide basic infrastructure to slums and help locals adapt to changes  clean water supply  underground sewerage  individual toilets  solid waste collectionArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 27 Ahmedabad, India: After  56000 people in 40 slums have benefited  project expanded to cover 59 more slums  death rate decrease from 6.9 per 1000 to 3.7 per 1000Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 28 Checkpoint 3  Read through “Improving Water Supply and Sanitation Facilities” on page 10 of your notes  Look through pg 210 of your textbook on the Parivartan Slum Networking Programmer  Describe how “improving water supply and sanitation” can promote national developmentArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 29 Population Control  Large population requires a lot of resources to support  overpopulation  shortage of jobs and housing  limited access to educationArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 30 China’s “One Child Policy”: Before  fertility rate of 5.8 in 1970  number of children that would be born to a woman  live to the end of her childbearing years  bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 31 China’s “Once Child Policy”: During  incentives for 1 child  priority in housing  free education  better job prospects  disincentives for > 1 child  compulsory sterilizations  forced abortionsArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 32 China’s “One Child Policy”: After  Fertility rate of 2.1 in 1991  Ageing population  Two- Children policy  if the first child is a daughter  BUT difficult to implement in rural areas  additional help on their farmsArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + 33 2:30- 06:06 of http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H4OWJlyaHt0Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • + Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Development 34 International Cooperation National Development International International Improving access Population Organisations Agreements to clean water control supply and sanitation•World Bank •United Nations Today•Asian Development Millennium Bank Development Goals •United Nations Improving Job creation Convention on the education and financial Law of the Sea standards assistance Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • Strategies to Alleviate Uneven Development+ 35 International Cooperation National Development International International _____________ Agreements Improving access Population control to clean water supply and •World Bank •United Nations sanitation ________________ ________________ Provides ____________ 8 development Case Study Country: Case Study Country: for public services goals to be achieved ___________________ ___________________ by 2013 •___________________ •United Nations ___________________ _________________ _________ Convention on ___________________ _________________ the Law of the Sea Case Study Country:More focused, provides Hill Tribes inloans for specific projects Northern Thailand Set up economic Case Study Country: ___________________ Kalahi Project, Philippines