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Elective Geography Secondary 3 Normal Academic- Reasons for Variations in Develoment in the World

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  • 1. + Secondary 3 Elective- NA Chapter 9: Reasons for Variations in Development in the World 8th March Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 1
  • 2. + 2 S.H.E.E.P Framework Political Social HistoricalEnvironmental Economic Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 3. + 3 Variations in Development: Historical Factors Colonial Power strategic location development of port and city raw materials by building infrastructure and exploitation of raw materials investmentsArmanAlluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 4. + 4 Feedback on Worksheet 9.1  Is it true to say that colonialism slows down development? Country Colonised by UN HDI ranking in 2005 (Period of Colonisation) United Kingdom Nil 15 France Nil 16 Singapore United Kingdom (1847-1941); 25 (1945-1963) Portugal Nil 27 Thailand Nil 73 Angola Portugal (15th Century) 127Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 5. + 5 Feedback on Worksheet 9.1  Is it true to say that colonialism slows down development?  Step 1: Take a stand eg. Yes/ No/ Probably  Step 2: Extract figures out from the graph  Singapore’s UN HDI Ranking 25  Angola’s UN HDI Ranking 127  Step 3: Give reasons for the figures extracted  Why UK’s and France’s Ranking is different from Singapore and Angola?Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 6. + 6 Feedback on Worksheet 9.1  Step 3: Give reasons for the figures extracted  Why UK’s and France’s ranking is different from Singapore and Angola?  Why Singapore’s ranking is different from Angola?  Step 4: Other interesting trends  Comments on the period of Colonization?  Comments on Thailand’s position even though it was not colonized?Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 7. + (pg 190-192) Economic Factors Affecting Development Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 7
  • 8. + 8 Lesson Objectives  By the end of lesson, we would be able  to explain the difference in levels of development due to economic factors EconomicArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 9. + 9 Economic Factors: Tokyo, Japan http://vimeo.com/29186408Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 10. + 10 Economic Factors: Satellite Image of Earth at NightArmanAlluwie TP2 (SHSS) open larger image
  • 11. + 11 Economic Factors: Satellite Image of Earth at Night core peripheryArmanAlluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 12. + 12 Core- Periphery Concept  What is the Core?  Higher concentration of people and wealth  Higher standard of living  More job opportunities  eg. Richer Areas of Country, Developed Country  What is the Periphery?  Lower concentration of people and wealth  Lower standard of living  Fewer job opportunities  eg. Poorer Areas of Country, Less Developed CountryArmanAlluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 13. + 13 Core-Periphery Concept: Backwash Effect Core Periphery movement ofArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) raw materials
  • 14. + 14 Core-Periphery Concept: Backwash Effect Movement of Labor and Raw Materials Core Periphery  leaving the peripheryArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) at a disadvantage
  • 15. + 15 Core-Periphery Concept: Backwash Effect  Cumulative Causation  how movement of people and resources from the periphery area increases the wealth of the core area  Multiplier Effect  Initial development of the core results in benefit that drive its further developmentArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) (whiteboard visualization)
  • 16. + 16 Core-Periphery Concept: Spread Effect  Spread of wealth and knowledge throughout the periphery from the core  Centrifugal Growth/ Outward- Directed Growth  Benefits the PeripheryArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) (whiteboard visualization)
  • 17. + 17 Core-Periphery Concept: Spread Effect Expanded Core core Periphery spread of wealth and knowledgeArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 18. + 18 Variations in Development: Economic Factors Developed Country Less Developed Country  Core  Periphery (Cumulative causation, Fig.  E.g.:Bangladesh 9.11 pp. 190)  Eg.: SingaporeArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)
  • 19. + 19 Lesson Objectives  By the end of lesson, we would be able  to explain the difference in levels of development due to economic factors EconomicArman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS)