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Elective Geography Secondary 3 Normal Academic- Reasons for Variations in Develoment in the World
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Elective Geography Secondary 3 Normal Academic- Reasons for Variations in Develoment in the World

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  • 1. + Secondary 3 Elective- NA Chapter 9: Reasons for Variations in Development in the World 8th March Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 1
  • 2. + S.H.E.E.P Framework Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 2 SocialPolitical Historical EconomicEnvironmental
  • 3. + Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 3 Colonial Power development of port and city by building infrastructure and investments exploitation of raw materials raw materialsstrategic location Variations in Development: Historical Factors
  • 4. +  Is it true to say that colonialism slows down development? Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 4 Country Colonised by (Period of Colonisation) UN HDI ranking in 2005 United Kingdom Nil 15 France Nil 16 Singapore United Kingdom (1847-1941); (1945-1963) 25 Portugal Nil 27 Thailand Nil 73 Angola Portugal (15th Century) 127 Feedback on Worksheet 9.1
  • 5. + Feedback on Worksheet 9.1  Is it true to say that colonialism slows down development?  Step 1: Take a stand eg. Yes/ No/ Probably  Step 2: Extract figures out from the graph  Singapore’s UN HDI Ranking 25  Angola’s UN HDI Ranking 127  Step 3: Give reasons for the figures extracted  Why UK’s and France’s Ranking is different from Singapore and Angola? Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 5
  • 6. + Feedback on Worksheet 9.1  Step 3: Give reasons for the figures extracted  Why UK’s and France’s ranking is different from Singapore and Angola?  Why Singapore’s ranking is different from Angola?  Step 4: Other interesting trends  Comments on the period of Colonization?  Comments on Thailand’s position even though it was not colonized? Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 6
  • 7. + Economic Factors Affecting Development (pg 190-192) Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 7
  • 8. + Lesson Objectives  By the end of lesson, we would be able  to explain the difference in levels of development due to economic factors Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 8 Economic
  • 9. + Economic Factors: Tokyo, Japan Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 9 http://vimeo.com/29186408
  • 10. + Economic Factors: Satellite Image of Earth at Night Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 10 open larger image
  • 11. + Economic Factors: Satellite Image of Earth at Night Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 11 core periphery
  • 12. + Core- Periphery Concept  What is the Core?  Higher concentration of people and wealth  Higher standard of living  More job opportunities  eg. Richer Areas of Country, Developed Country  What is the Periphery?  Lower concentration of people and wealth  Lower standard of living  Fewer job opportunities  eg. Poorer Areas of Country, Less Developed Country Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 12
  • 13. + Periphery Core Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 13 Core-Periphery Concept: Backwash Effect movement of raw materials
  • 14. + Core-Periphery Concept: Backwash Effect Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 14 Core Periphery Movement of Labor and Raw Materials  leaving the periphery at a disadvantage
  • 15. + Core-Periphery Concept: Backwash Effect  Cumulative Causation  how movement of people and resources from the periphery area increases the wealth of the core area  Multiplier Effect  Initial development of the core results in benefit that drive its further development Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 15 (whiteboard visualization)
  • 16. + Core-Periphery Concept: Spread Effect  Spread of wealth and knowledge throughout the periphery from the core  Centrifugal Growth/ Outward- Directed Growth  Benefits the Periphery Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 16 (whiteboard visualization)
  • 17. + Core-Periphery Concept: Spread Effect Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 17 core Periphery spread of wealth and knowledge Expanded Core
  • 18. + Variations in Development: Economic Factors  Core (Cumulative causation, Fig. 9.11 pp. 190)  Eg.: Singapore  Periphery  E.g.:Bangladesh Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 18 Developed Country Less Developed Country
  • 19. + Lesson Objectives  By the end of lesson, we would be able  to explain the difference in levels of development due to economic factors Arman Alluwie TP2 (SHSS) 19 Economic