Fire presentation

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fire safety

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Fire presentation

  1. 1. Objective  Definition of Fire  Types of Fire  Types of Fire Extinguisher  How to use Fire Extinguisher  Safety Measures  Protective Measures during Fire  How to Evacuate
  2. 2. Fire  DEFINITION  Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the chemical process of combustion , releasing heat, light, and various reaction products
  3. 3. Mode of expansion of Fire  Conduction The transfer of thermal energy through matter  Convection Convection is the movement of molecules within fluids (i.e. liquid, gases)  Radiation Radiation is a process in which energetic particles or energy or waves travel through a medium or space
  4. 4. Principles of Fire Fighting  Cooling Reducing the temperature of Fire  Smothering Smothering is the mechanical obstruction of the flow of air from the environment into the fire  Starvation Cutting off Fuel supply
  5. 5. Triangle of Fire 1. Enough OXYGEN to sustain combustion, 2. Enough HEAT to raise the material to it's ignition temperature, 3. Some sort of FUEL or combustible material, and 4. The CHEMICAL, EXOTHERMIC REACTION that is fire.
  6. 6. Types of Fire A -Class B-Class C-Class D-Class E-Class F-Class Solid Fire Liquid Fire Gas Fire Metal Fire Electric Fire Kitchen Fire Cloth, Paper, Plastic. Paint, Petrol, Gasoline. CNG ,LPG Phosphorus Wiring Short Gas cylinder , Aluminum circuit
  7. 7. Fire Extinguisher  A manually operated device for extinguishing small fire is called fire extinguisher
  8. 8. Types of Fire Extinguisher  Water Type Fire Extinguisher  Foam type Fire Extinguisher  Dry chemical powder Fire Extinguisher  Halotron Fire Extinguisher  CO2 Gas Fire Extinguisher
  9. 9. Fire Type A-Solid Fire B-Liquid Fire Fire Extinguisher Type Water Type Fire Extinguisher Foam type Fire Extinguisher C-Gas Fire Dry chemical powder Fire Extinguisher D-Metal Fire Halotron Fire Extinguisher E-Electric Fire CO2 Gas Fire Extinguisher F-Kitchen Fire According to Situation
  10. 10. Multipurpose Fire Extinguisher Fire Extinguisher Type Water Type Fire Extinguisher Foam type Fire Extinguisher Fire Type A Class Fire A & B Class Dry chemical powder Fire Extinguisher A, B & C Class Halotron Fire Extinguisher D & E Class CO2 Gas Fire Extinguisher B & C Class
  11. 11. Color-code of Fire Extinguishers Fire Extinguisher Type Water Type Fire Extinguisher Foam type Fire Extinguisher Fire Type RED OFF WHITE /YELLOW Dry chemical powder Fire Extinguisher BLUE Halotron Fire Extinguisher GREEN CO2 Gas Fire Extinguisher BLACK
  12. 12. How to use Fire Extinguisher PASS  Pull the pin  Aim the bass  Squeeze the liver slowly  S weep from side to side

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