The French RevolutionThe opposite of the American Revolution
The Beginning• The French social system—their society was set up unfairly—they had something called the Estate System—a caste like system• .05% Clergy______________________ 1.05% Nobility_________________ 98% everyone else-serfs,_______Peasants, Bourgeoisie-the MiddleClass, merchants, artisans, etc.
Causes of the French Revolution• Absolutism—King Louis XVI
• Social Inequalities with the Estate System
• Inequalities with the High Tax(es) System
• The Enlightenment• Locke—natural rights• Montesquieu- checks and balances
• The example of the American Revolution
Ideas• Famine: No Food• Social Inequality• Estates
Middle• 3 Stages of the French Revolution• 1st –King Louis had a Estates General Meeting• When the King didn’t really do anything, the people stormed the Bastille
1792• The people rose up and wrote The French Declaration of the Rights of Man• Lots of Chaos• Leaders fear other countries wanted to invade• The Reign of Terror—Radicals take control of the government and sent thousands to the guillotine.
Ideas• Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen— basic Human Rights are listed—freedom of religion, speech, equal justice to all, government protects rights• Parliament-Congress
End 1799• Moderates come into power and stop riots— give people peace, bread and land.• But government gets too weak• A General Napoleon comes into power in a coup détat—a takeover.
Effects• Positive: Restores order in France• Napoleonic Codes: uniform set of laws• Public schools for all• Invests $$$ into France• Negative: Tries to take over the world— Germany, Prussia—never gets England and tries Russia—big mistake—Battle of Waterloo• King comes back to power
EffectsSpread of the Ideals of DemocracyGrowth of Nationalism