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W.h. the cold war (2)

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  • 1. THE COLD WARUnited States vs. Russia
  • 2. Beginning
  • 3. The BasicsWho What When Where WhyUnited War of 1945- World SovietStates ideas. 1991 Union Communism and Each WantedSoviet country security andUnion tried to the US wanted outdo freedom for each all countries other in many areas
  • 4. The BasicsWho What When Where WhyUnited War of 1945- First in SovietStates ideas. 1991 Eastern Union and Each Europe- wantedSoviet country but it security (Communism)Union tried to spread The US outdo through wanted each the freedom other in World for all. many areas
  • 5. Eastern Europe United States Soviet UnionLiberated nations-self NO!!!!! determination
  • 6. Page 328
  • 7. Military Alliances United States Soviet UnionNATO – North Atlantic Warsaw Pact – Treaty Organization. alliance between Formed between Eastern Europe and Western Europe and Soviet Union US
  • 8. Page 325
  • 9. Marshall Plan Meanwhile, Europe  So the US is in a mess— committed 25 politically, socially million dollars to and economically. the rebuilding of The US said ― a Western Europe— healthy Europe is the Soviets would good for the US‖. not allow Eastern Why? Europe to rebuild.
  • 10. Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan
  • 11. Containment / Truman Doctrine United States Soviet Union Policy to keep the Wanted to spread Soviets and communismcommunism in their borders
  • 12. Containment
  • 13. Germany-would be divided into 4 Zones
  • 14. Berlin United States Soviet Union Controlled the Controlled the western side with eastern side.France and England. Communist. Put up a Democratic . wall to keep people from escaping to the west.
  • 15. Berlin
  • 16. Middle
  • 17. Arms Race United States Soviet Union Build up army and Build up army andweapons to compete weapons to competewith the Soviet Union with the USBoth sides viewed the building up of an army andweapons as a way to keep the world safe so they would be ready if their country was attacked
  • 18. The Cold War Reaches Asia Page 329
  • 19. China turns to Communism After WWII China resumed its Civil War between communist forces led by Mao Zedong and Nationalists led by Chiang Kai-shek. The US sent money to Chiang kai-shek to prevent the spread of Communism. But in the end the Communist prevailed and China became a communist country.
  • 20. The Korean War, 1950-1953
  • 21. Korean War United States Soviet UnionHelped South Korea Supported the Northkeep the Communist Korea and gave them North Korean supplies government frominvading and taking over
  • 22. Korean War
  • 23. Cuban Missile Crisis
  • 24. Cuban Missile Crisis United States Soviet Union Worried that the Put missiles in Cubamissiles in Cuba weregoing to be used on the US Soviets agreed to dismantle the missiles after much negotiations and the US agreed to dismantle some of their missiles in Turkey
  • 25. Cuban Missile Crisis
  • 26. Vietnam War
  • 27. Vietnam War United States Soviet UnionTried to help South Gave military supportVietnam from being invaded by Communist North Vietnam. Effort failed.
  • 28. Vietnam War
  • 29. Space Race United States Soviet Union1st man on the moon Launched Sputnik in in 1969 1957
  • 30. End
  • 31. Leaders United States Soviet Union Ronald Reagan – Mikhail Gorbachev-called Soviets an ―evil Soviet leader who empire‖. Negotiated altered policies tonuclear arms treaties allow private and used economic ownership and more policies to bring democratic policies about the end of communism
  • 32. Detente A relaxation of tensions between both countries brought on by a new leader in the Soviet Union and an agreement to limit the nuclear weapons United States Soviet UnionViewed as an act of Invaded Afghanistan expansion of and brought an end communism to peace
  • 33. Detente
  • 34. Page 334
  • 35. Treaties-S.trategic A.rms L.imitation T.alksSalt Negotiations Intermediate Long Range Nuclear Forces TreatyReduce nuclear Eliminated nuclear proliferation and conventional ground launched ballistic and cruise missiles
  • 36. End of the Cold War Soviet Leader Gorbachev sought to preserve Communism but established some reforms: Glasnost: ―openness‖-more freedoms were allowed Perestroika: economic ―restructuring‖ New Direction in Foreign Policy- Eastern Countries were permitted to hold free democratic elections
  • 37. End of the Cold WarRebellions began to overthrow communist regimes. Germany was unified and the Soviet Union dissolved.
  • 38. Page 335-338
  • 39. End of the Cold War