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Imperialism/Age of Expansion
The US Becomes a World Power
Following the Civil War, America
wanted to do 3 things:
1. Reconstruct the South
2. Settle the West
3. Become Industrial
The US was not interested in
expanding to other
nations, territories or having
international influence.
Our Foreign Policy—(how we deal with
other nations)-was called
Isolationism—the policy of avoiding
involvement in world af...
European countries did the
opposite-they started to practice
expansionism and imperialism-the
economic and political domin...
Where?
Overseas—Africa and Asia.
Why?
• Why were European countries practicing
Imperialism?
• Basically 4 reasons why:
• 1. For Trade (New Markets) and Raw...
2. Strategic Reasons
They started to not only trade with these
countries but also invest in these countries. So
then they ...
The next thing we know Africa and
Asia have been carved up by countries
like Britain, France and Spain.
The US starts to f...
3. Nationalism
• We are a great nation—we should grab our
own colonies before nothing is left
But also we have 4.social reasons-
Attitudes towards other Peoples
• Josiah Strong, a popular minister in the late
1800’s ...
The White Man’s Burden
Rudyard Kipling
White Man’s Burden Take up the White
Man's burden--
Send forth the best ye
breed--
Go bind your sons to
ex...
Expansion in the Pacific- Hawaii
Expansion in the Pacific-Hawaii
• As trade with China and Japan
increased, many Americans became interested
in Hawaii. Shi...
In 1891 Queen Liliuokalani ascended
to the Hawaiian throne.
Faced with an economic crisis and the
queen’s action, the planters backed an
attempt to overthrow the queen.
Supported by ...
Building a Modern Navy
• As Americans were becoming
more willing to risk war in
defense of American interest
overseas, sup...
Alfred T. Mahan wrote a book called The
Influence of Sea Power. In it he wrote about
the importance of a nation having a g...
Summary: By the 1890’s, several ideas
had come together:
• Business leaders wanted new market overseas
and raw materials
•...
Unit iii
Unit iii
Unit iii
Unit iii
Unit iii
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Unit iii

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Transcript of "Unit iii"

  1. 1. Imperialism/Age of Expansion The US Becomes a World Power
  2. 2. Following the Civil War, America wanted to do 3 things:
  3. 3. 1. Reconstruct the South
  4. 4. 2. Settle the West
  5. 5. 3. Become Industrial
  6. 6. The US was not interested in expanding to other nations, territories or having international influence.
  7. 7. Our Foreign Policy—(how we deal with other nations)-was called Isolationism—the policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs
  8. 8. European countries did the opposite-they started to practice expansionism and imperialism-the economic and political domination -taking over smaller countries
  9. 9. Where?
  10. 10. Overseas—Africa and Asia.
  11. 11. Why? • Why were European countries practicing Imperialism? • Basically 4 reasons why: • 1. For Trade (New Markets) and Raw Materials
  12. 12. 2. Strategic Reasons They started to not only trade with these countries but also invest in these countries. So then they needed to protect their investments-with a powerful navy In order to do that they started to exert control over those territories where their investments were and soon these areas became colonies.
  13. 13. The next thing we know Africa and Asia have been carved up by countries like Britain, France and Spain. The US starts to feel like they better get a “piece of the pie” or else…..
  14. 14. 3. Nationalism • We are a great nation—we should grab our own colonies before nothing is left
  15. 15. But also we have 4.social reasons- Attitudes towards other Peoples • Josiah Strong, a popular minister in the late 1800’s linked Anglo-Saxonism-as a “superior race” . He said the Anglo- Saxon was “divinely commissioned to be, in a peculiar sense, his brother’s keeper” • “The White Man’s Burden”
  16. 16. The White Man’s Burden
  17. 17. Rudyard Kipling White Man’s Burden Take up the White Man's burden-- Send forth the best ye breed-- Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need; To wait in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild-- Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child.
  18. 18. Expansion in the Pacific- Hawaii
  19. 19. Expansion in the Pacific-Hawaii • As trade with China and Japan increased, many Americans became interested in Hawaii. Ships traveling between China and the US regularly stopped in Hawaii. Americans soon discovered that the climate and soil of the islands were suitable for growing sugarcane. Planters became very powerful and wealthy. Soon tensions between the planters and the Hawaiians mounted.
  20. 20. In 1891 Queen Liliuokalani ascended to the Hawaiian throne.
  21. 21. Faced with an economic crisis and the queen’s action, the planters backed an attempt to overthrow the queen. Supported by the US marines, a group of planters, with the help of Samuel Dole, forced the queen to give up power and set up a temporary government. Five years later, the US annexed Hawaii.
  22. 22. Building a Modern Navy • As Americans were becoming more willing to risk war in defense of American interest overseas, support for building a large modern navy and acquiring navy bases began to grow.
  23. 23. Alfred T. Mahan wrote a book called The Influence of Sea Power. In it he wrote about the importance of a nation having a great navy. It became a best seller and helped to build public support for a big navy. Along with a very powerful senator, Henry Cabot Lodge, the US was well on its way to becoming one of the top naval powers in the world.
  24. 24. Summary: By the 1890’s, several ideas had come together: • Business leaders wanted new market overseas and raw materials • Anglo Saxonism had convinced many Americans that they had a destiny to dominate the world • Growing European imperialism threatened America’s security • Combined with Mahan’s influence, these ideas convinced congress to authorize the construction of a modern American navy.
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