Ch. 23 The New FrontierThe Election of 1960First time in the history 2 Presidentialcandidates debate on Television.John Kennedy Democrat Catholic WealthyRichard Nixon Republican Quaker Mid-classhttp://youtu.be/zHGs4535W_o
“And so my fellow Americans, ask notwhat your country can do for you, butwhat you can do for your country”
The Peace Corps• A program aimed at helping less developednations fight poverty. The Corps sent youngAmericans to perform humanitarian servicesin these countries. They would build roads, laysewer systems, teach English etc. Still activetoday, the Corps remains one of Kennedy’smost enduring legacies.
The Space Race• The Russians not only put the first satellite inorbit but also the put the first person to orbitthe earth.• They were winning the space race. JFK wasworried about this so he committed the US toland the first man on the moon.• “We choose to go to the moon in this decade,not because it is easy but because it is hard”.• http://youtu.be/kwFvJog2dMw
The Bay of Pigs• In 1959 Cuba became a communist country.Just 90 miles from Florida. Almostimmediately Fidel Castro establishes ties withRussia.
The Bay of Pigs• The CIA trained and armed Cuban rebels toinvade Cuba and start an uprising againstCastro. On April 17, 1961, 1,400 armed Cubanexiles landed at the Bay of Pigs. The invasionwas a disaster. Kennedy had called off the airsupport to keep the US involvement a secret.Within two days, Castro’s forces killed orcaptured almost all the exiles. This made theUS looked weak and disorganized.
The Berlin Wall Goes Up• http://youtu.be/QwOfphFsUwM• Kennedy’s speech in Berlin-Ich Bin Ein Berliner• http://youtu.be/GK907TwM7q0
The Cuban Missile Crisis- 13 Days• In the Summer of 1962, the CIA learned that theSoviets had placed long range missiles in Cuba—capable of delivering missiles to the US.• Many advisors said: Invade!!• Kennedy ordered a naval blockade to stop theSoviets from delivering more missiles and hedemanded that they dismantle existing missilesties.• After many secret negotiations, the Soviet Unionoffered a deal—they would remove the missiles ifthe US removed missiles from Turkey and Greeceand promise never to invade Cuba again.
The Death of the President• On November 22, 1963, while Kennedy andhis wife were traveling in Dallas, Kennedy wasshot while riding in his motorcade.• http://youtu.be/JbXI0WSlTGw• http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=CFF47E47-B865-4D8E-ADFE-7295214E624B