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Let There Be Light!
Let There Be Light!
Let There Be Light!
Let There Be Light!
Let There Be Light!
Let There Be Light!
Let There Be Light!
Let There Be Light!
Let There Be Light!
Let There Be Light!
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Let There Be Light!

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Transcript

  • 1. Let There Be Light! By: Abbie Lamping
  • 2. Indicator
    • 4.2.5 describe investigations using observations and other evidence as support for explanations.
    • http://www.indianastandardsresources.org/files/sci/sci_4_2_classy.pdf
  • 3. Vocabulary
    • Circuit- Also called electric circuit. the complete path of an electric current, including the generating apparatus, intervening resistors, or capacitors.
    • Current- the speed at which such flow moves; velocity of flow.
    • Conductor- a substance, body, or device that readily conducts heat, electricity, sound, etc.
  • 4. Background Info.
    • Battery superposition: 2 batteries cause a bulb to shine twice as bright as one battery regardless of arrangement.
    • Battery as a constant current source: battery supplies same amount of current to each circuit regardless of the circuit’s arrangement
    • Complete circuit: unable to identify a complete circuit—closed loop
    • Light bulb contacts: unable to identify the two contacts on the light bulb
    • Current consumed: current value decreases as you move through circuit elements until you return to the battery where there is no more current left.
    • Direct route: battery is the only source of charge so only those elements with a direct contact to the battery will light.
    • Local: Current splits evenly at every junction regardless of the resistance of each branch.
    • Resistive superposition: 2 resistors reduce the current by 2 relative to one resistor regardless of the resistors' arrangement.
    • Rule application error: misapplied a rule governing circuits; for example, used the equation for resistors in series when the circuit showed resistors in parallel
    • Sequential: only changes before an element will affect that element
    • I/R Term confusion: resistance viewed as being caused by the current; a resistor resists the current so a current must flow for there to be any resistance.
    • I/V Term confusion: voltage viewed as a property of current; current is the cause of the voltage; voltage and current always occur together.
    • Topology: all resistors lined up geometrically in series are in series whether there is a junction or not. All resistors lined up geometrically in parallel are in parallel even if a battery is contained within a branch.within a branch.
  • 5. Activity
    • You will need:
      • Science journal, pencil
      • Clothespin
      • D-cell battery
      • Aluminum foil
      • Flashlight bulb
      • Masking tape
  • 6. Activity
    • Acitivity
    • Think about how you will connect the light bulb and battery to make the light bulb light up.
    • Experiment with your ideas.
    • Record what works and what doesn’t in your science journal.
  • 7. Activity
    • To make the bulb work:
      • Roll 2 strips of foil
      • Secure foil to either end of bulb with tape
      • Secure the other ends around the metal end of the bulb with the safety pin
      • Let there be light!
  • 8. Activity
    • Discuss what you think is causing the light bulb to light up?
      • Do you think it’s the cloths pin?
      • The foil?
      • The battery?
  • 9. Activity
    • Your Science Journal:
      • Is your place to make your recordings and observations. Feel free to add beyond the requirements.
      • If time permits you may decorate it as you wish.
  • 10. Assessment
    • Draw your circuit in your science journal.
    • Explain why the experiment worked
    • How do you think electricity flows through the battery to the light bulb

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